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Alfonso IV of Aragon

Alfonso IV, called the Kind was the King of Aragon and Count of Barcelona from 1327 to his death. His reign saw the incorporation of the County of Urgell, Duchy of Athens, Duchy of Neopatria into the Crown of Aragon. Alfonso was born in the second son of James II and Blanche of Anjou. In 1314, aged 14, he married Teresa d'Entença y Cabrera, heiress of Urgell, the same age as him. Teresa's granduncle Ermengol X of Urgell had died childless in La Llitera. Alfonso was at this time only the second son of the king of Aragon, he and his father agreed to Ermengol's condition, Alfonso married Teresa in 1314 in the Cathedral of Lerida. The teenage bridegroom is reputed to have been so liberal in the expenses during the wedding, that the local counsels imposed restrictions on how much he could spend. Alfonso and Teresa became the parents of seven children. Alfonso became heir to the throne in December 1319 after his older brother James renounced his rights to become a monk. During the reign of his father, Alfonso was the procurator-general of the Crown, in 1323–1324, he undertook the conquest of Sardinia.

Alfonso's father and first wife Teresa died within a few days of each other in 1327. Teresa died in childbirth on 20 October 1327, James II died on 2 November 1327, whereupon Alfonso became king. In 1329, he began a long war with the Republic of Genoa; the city of Sassari had surrendered to Alfonso in 1323, but rebelled three more times. In February 1329, Alfonso married Eleanor of the sister of king Alfonso XI of Castile. Eleanor had been married to Alfonso's elder brother James the monk; that marriage, which James had refused to consummate, had been annulled in 1319-20. Eleanor had remained unmarried. By December the same year, the couple were rejoiced to become the parents of a son, followed five years by another son, John. Eleanor earnestly sought to advance the interests of her own infant sons over those of her stepson, the Infante Peter, the heir-apparent, she convinced her husband to grant large and significant territories to her sons. On 28 December 1329, Alfonso granted his new-born son Ferdinand the Marquisate of Tortosa and the cities of Albarracín, Callosa d'en Sarrià, Alicante, Elda, La Mola and Aspe.

Eleanor's younger son John, born five years was granted several lordships when he was only a toddler: Elche and Bolsa were all bestowed upon him. These territories would be controlled by Eleanor, who had received the city of Huesca and some other villages and castles belonging to the Aragonese crown at the time of her wedding. Nor was this all. While all of the above grants had been made from among the possessions of the Aragonese crown, the King sought to bestow estates located within the Kingdom of Valencia upon the toddler Ferdinand, but he was prevented from doing so; when the King granted Ferdinand the cities of Xàtiva, Sagunto, Morella and Castellón de la Plana, all located in the Kingdom of Valencia, the local subjects protested, for this reason the King decided to revoked these patents. These grants of land diminished the territorial patrimony of the crown and affected the Infante Peter, Alfonso's son by his first wife, who however was too young to make any significant protest. However, the issue agitated the court, created a climate of resentment and divided the nobility into two camps.

Alfonso died in January 1336, aged only 36. He was succeeded by his 16-year-old son from his first marriage. By Teresa d'Entença: Alfonso Constance, married in 1336 to James III of Majorca. Peter IV, successor. James I, Count of Urgell inherited Entença and Antillon. Elizabeth. Frederick. Sancho, lived only a few days. By Eleanor of Castile: Ferdinand, Marquis of Tortosa and Lord of Albarracín and Fraga. John, Lord of Elche and Bolsa, married in 1355 to Isabel Núñez de Lara and was killed by order of his cousin Pedro of Castile. Diccionario universal de historia y de geografía, p. 152. By Lucas Alamán, Manuel Orozco y E. Michael. Medieval Iberia: An Encyclopedia. Routledge. O'Callaghan, Joseph F.. A History of Medieval Spain. Cornell University Press. Previté-Orton, Charles William; the Shorter Cambridge Medieval History. Vol. II The Twelfth Century to the Renaissance. Cambridge at the University Press

János Kemény (author)

Baron János Kemény was a Hungarian writer, theater director and founder of the Marosvécs/Brâncoveneşti Helikon community. János Kemény's mother, the actress Ida Berenice Mitchell, lost her husband, István Kemény, shortly after János was born and could not afford to support her four children, she therefore moved from the United States to her grandfather's house in Transylvania in 1904. János attended the Reformed College in Kolozsvár/Cluj, enrolled in the fall of 1921 at the College of Land Cultivation in Vienna, he was married in 1923 to a woman of Scottish-Greek origin, Augusta Paton, daughter of William Roger Paton, they had six children. In 1926, János Kemény and Aladár Kuncz organized a literary conference of Transylvanian Hungarians at Kemény's estate in Brâncoveneşti, Mureş County; this led to the formation of the Helikon community, which from 1928 published the influential Hungarian literary periodical Erdélyi Helikon. In 1930, Kemény was awarded the Corvin Wreath by the Hungarian Government.

For ten years from 1931, he headed the Hungarian Thália Theater in Kolozsvár/Cluj and published literary work. From 1945 to 1952 he was among the founding organizers of the Székely theatre in Târgu Mureş. However, he was obliged to do manual work in the communist period, before finding a job in the library of Târgu Mureş art college and working on the Hungarian-language magazine Új Élet in the same city. A succession of his works appeared between 1957 and his death in 1971, but he managed to complete only one volume of a planned autobiography, his first writing "Emlékezetem" Kutyakomédia The Kemény family webpage Kemény János, the Maecenas Hungarian Biographical Lexicon Famous Hungarians A legend of János Kemény Poor comedy masterwork

Binghamton shootings

The Binghamton shootings took place on April 3, 2009, at the American Civic Association immigration center in Binghamton, New York. At 10:30 a.m. EDT, Jiverly Antares Wong, a 41-year-old naturalized American citizen from Vietnam, entered the facility and shot numerous people inside. Wong had taken English language classes there from January to March 2009 before dropping out. Wong wounded four others before committing suicide. At about 10:30 a.m. EDT, Jiverly Wong barricaded the rear door of the Binghamton American Civic Association building with a vehicle registered in his father's name, he was described as wearing a bullet-proof vest, a bright green nylon jacket, dark-rimmed glasses. Wong entered through the front door, firing a number of bullets at people in his path. At 10:30 am, Broome County Communications received several 911 calls, the first police were dispatched to the scene. Two of the Civic Association's receptionists were among the first victims shot. While one of the receptionists was reported to have been shot through the head and killed, the second, shot in the stomach, feigned death and, when the gunman moved on, took cover under a desk and called 911.

The receptionist's call was taken by 911 staff at 10:38 am. The wounded receptionist, 61-year-old Shirley DeLucia, remained on the line for 39 minutes, despite her gunshot wound, relayed information until she was rescued, she recounted that the gunman had opened fire without saying anything. The gunman entered a classroom just off the main reception areas, where an ESL class was being given to students. Out of the 16 people in the room, Wong hit 13 of them, including the professor, he took dozens of other students hostage. Police arrived within minutes of the 911 calls. Hearing the alarms, Wong committed suicide by shooting himself at 10:33 am, three minutes after he first opened fire. In all, Wong fired 11 from a.45-caliber Beretta. Police remained at the perimeter of the property, having locked down nearby Binghamton High School and a number of streets in the area. At one point, not knowing if the gunman was alive or dead, police summoned Broome Community College Assistant Professor Tuong Hung Nguyen, fluent in Vietnamese, to help communicate with Wong in the event of contact.

SWAT members entered the Civic Center building and began clearing it at 11:13 am—43 minutes after the first call to the police at 10:30 am, 40 minutes after patrol officers first arrived on the scene at 10:33 am. At the time of their entry, they had not yet confirmed that Wong had committed suicide, they proceeded with caution. At 12:00 pm, ten people left the building, with another ten following forty minutes later; some of the hostages had escaped to a basement. Thanh Huynh, a high school teacher of Vietnamese background, was asked to translate so the Vietnamese survivors could be interviewed by the police. Wong was found dead from a self-inflicted gunshot wound, in the first-floor classroom with his victims. Items found on Wong's body included a hunting knife in the waistband of his pants. Found at the scene were a number of unspent magazines, at least two empty magazines with a 30-round capacity each, a firearm laser sight. By 2:33 pm, SWAT had completed the clearing of the building, all those inside had been evacuated.

Jiverly Antares Wong, a resident of Johnson City, New York, was identified as the perpetrator of the shootings. Wong was born into an ethnic Chinese family in South Vietnam, he and his parents, Henry Voong and Mui Thong, immigrated to New York in the late 1980s. In 1992, Wong was convicted of a misdemeanor charge of fraud for forgery. Wong became a naturalized American citizen in November 1995. Sometime after that, he left the United States to live in Ontario, in Canada, he returned to the U. S. taking up residence in Inglewood, California, in December 1999. In California, Wong registered another gun. While living there, Wong married and divorced Xiu Ping Jiang; the couple had no children. Wong worked for seven years as a delivery man for Kikka Sushi, a catering company located in Los Angeles. Wong failed to show up to work one day in July 2007, having moved to Binghamton, New York, that month, near his parents, he called the company to get a copy of his W-2 earnings statement in 2008, asking that it be forwarded to a New York state address.

Although early reports suggested Wong had lost his job at a local IBM plant in nearby Endicott, New York, IBM said they had no records showing Wong had worked for the company. Wong worked at a local Shop-Vac vacuum cleaner plant until it closed in November 2008. Wong had been taking English classes at the center, beginning in January 2009 and continuing through March, his attendance was intermittent, he stopped coming altogether. He shot the students and teacher in the classroom where he had attended sessions. Several sources suggested possible motives for Wong's attack, including feelings of being "degraded and disrespected" for his poor English language skills, depression over losing his job, difficulty in finding work in New York. A few years before the killings, he had worked as an engineer at Endicott Interconnect Technologies, a high-tech electronics company. In 2004, the company laid off five percent

Atlanta Braves award winners and league leaders

This is a list of award winners and league leaders for the Atlanta Braves professional baseball franchise, including its years in Boston and Milwaukee. Note: This was re-named the Kenesaw Mountain Landis Memorial Baseball Award in 1944. Johnny Evers Bob Elliott Hank Aaron Dale Murphy Terry Pendleton Chipper Jones Warren Spahn Tom Glavine Greg Maddux John Smoltz Note: This was re-named the Jackie Robinson Rookie of the Year Award in 1987. Alvin Dark Sam Jethroe Earl Williams Bob Horner David Justice Rafael Furcal Craig Kimbrel Ronald Acuña Jr. See footnoteBobby Cox Brian Snitker Note: This award is given to the best defensive player in each league. Andrelton Simmons Hank Aaron Del Crandall Joe Torre Clete Boyer Félix Millán Phil Niekro Dale Murphy Terry Pendleton Greg Maddux Marquis Grissom Andruw Jones Mike Hampton Jeff Francoeur Jason Heyward Andrelton Simmons Ender Inciarte Freddie Freeman Nick Markakis Michael Bourn Jason Heyward Andrelton Simmons Note: In its first two years, the award was given to a player on each MLB team.

Starting in 2014, the award is now given to one player at each position for all of Major League Baseball. Team Michael Bourn Andrelton Simmons Shortstop Andrelton Simmons Right fielder Jason Heyward Dale Murphy Ron Gant Tom Glavine David Justice Fred McGriff Jeff Blauser John Smoltz Chipper Jones Mike Hampton Javy López Gary Sheffield Johnny Estrada Andruw Jones Brian McCann Ronald Acuña Jr. Ozzie Albies Freddie Freeman Andruw Jones Craig Kimbrel Craig Kimbrel Davey Johnson Lonnie Smith Terry Pendleton Andrés Galarraga Javy López Tim Hudson See: This Year in Baseball Awards § Award winners Note: These awards were renamed the "GIBBY Awards" in 2010 and the "Esurance MLB Awards" in 2015. Note: Voted by five groups as the best in all of Major League Baseball. See footnoteJohn Smoltz See footnoteCraig Kimbrel See footnoteChris Hammond Andrelton Simmons Phil Niekro Dale Murphy John Smoltz Lew Burdette Tom Glavine Note: This was re-named the Ted Williams Most Valuable Player Award in 2002. Fred McGriff Brian McCann Hank Aaron Warren Spahn Babe Ruth Cy Young Rogers Hornsby Note: The nominees were: Chipper Jones, Phil Niekro, John Smoltz, Warren Spahn.

Hank Aaron — voted by MLB fans as the most outstanding player in the history of the franchise, based on on-field performance, leadership quality and character value Hank Aaron Right field runner up behind Babe Ruth Warren Spahn Left handed starting pitcher runner up behind Sandy Koufax. Babe Ruth Right field winner Rogers HornsbySecond base winner Warren SpahnRight handed starting pitcher runner up behind Walter Johnson *Casey StengelManager winner Baseball's 100 Greatest Players See footnoteHank Aaron 5th Warren Spahn 21st Greg Maddux 39th Eddie Mathews 63rd See: Baseball Prospectus Internet Baseball Awards#Team of the Decade Rotation: Greg Maddux, Cubs–Braves Tom Glavine, Braves Pitcher of the Decade: Greg Maddux, Cubs–Braves Note: Awarded by fellow major-league players as the Player of the Year in Major League Baseball. Andruw Jones Chipper Jones Andruw Jones Greg Maddux John Smoltz See footnoteJohn Smoltz Craig Kimbrel Note: Awarded as the Rookie of the Year in Major League Baseball.

2000 – Rafael Furcal 2010 – Jason Heyward Chipper Jones Rafael Furcal Craig Kimbrel Ronald Acuña Jr. Note: In 1961 and from 1963 to 2003, the award was split into two categories: Rookie Pitcher of the Year and Rookie Player of the Year. For the first three years and in 1950, there was only one award, for all of MLB. Carl Willey Earl Williams Bob Horner Steve Bedrosian Craig McMurtry David Justice Chipper Jones Rafael Furcal Jason Heyward Craig Kimbrel Craig Kimbrel Craig Kimbrel See: Baseball America#Baseba

Æthelstan of East Anglia

Æthelstan was king of East Anglia in the 9th century. As with the other kings of East Anglia, there is little textual information available. Æthelstan did, leave an extensive coinage of both portrait and non-portrait type. It is suggested that Æthelstan was the king who defeated and killed the Mercian kings Beornwulf and Ludeca, he may have attempted to seize power in East Anglia on the death of Coenwulf of Mercia. If this is the case, he was defeated by Coenwulf's successor Ceolwulf; the end of Æthelstan's reign is placed in late 840s. He was succeeded by Æthelweard. Kirby, D. P; the Earliest English Kings. London: Unwin Hyman, 1991. ISBN 0-04-445691-3 Yorke, Barbara and Kingdoms of Early Anglo-Saxon England. London: Seaby, 1990. ISBN 1-85264-027-8 Æthelstan 80 at Prosopography of Anglo-Saxon England

List of Billboard Adult Contemporary number ones of 2020

Adult Contemporary is a chart published by Billboard ranking the top-performing songs in the United States in adult contemporary music, based on weekly airplay data from radio stations compiled by Nielsen Broadcast Data Systems. In the issue of Billboard dated January 4, "Sucker" by the Jonas Brothers returned to the top spot, displacing another of the group's songs, "Like It's Christmas", the final chart-topper of 2019. "Sucker" had spent 11 weeks atop the chart in the fall of 2019 and added a further six weeks to its total in 2020 before being displaced by "Someone You Loved" by Scottish singer Lewis Capaldi, which returned to the top spot having spent a single week at number one the previous year. 2020 in American music Current Billboard Adult Contemporary chart