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Alfonso XI of Castile

Alfonso XI of Castile, called the Avenger, was the king of Castile, León and Galicia. He was the son of his wife Constance of Portugal. Upon his father's death in 1312, several disputes ensued over who would hold regency, which were resolved in 1313. Once Alfonso was declared adult in 1325, he began a reign that would serve to strengthen royal power, his achievements include solving the conquest of Algeciras. Alfonso XI was the son of King Ferdinand IV of Constance of Portugal, his father died. His grandmother, María de Molina, his mother Constance, his granduncle Infante John of Castile, Lord of Valencia de Campos, son of King Alfonso X of Castile and uncle Infante Peter of Castile, Lord of Cameros, son of King Sancho IV assumed the regency. Queen Constance died first on 18 November 1313, followed by Infantes John and Peter during a military campaign against Granada in 1319, which left Dowager Queen María as the only regent until her death on 1 July 1321. After the death of the infantes John and Peter in 1319, Juan Manuel and Juan el Tuerto split the kingdom among themselves according to their aspirations for regency as it was being looted by moors and the rebellious nobility.

As soon as he took the throne, he began working hard to strengthen royal power by dividing his enemies. His early display of rulership skills included the unhesitant execution of possible opponents, including his uncle Juan el Tuerto in 1326, he managed to extend the limits of his kingdom to the Strait of Gibraltar after the important victory at the Battle of Río Salado against the Marinid Dynasty in 1340 and the conquest of the Kingdom of Algeciras in 1344. Once that conflict was resolved, he redirected all his Reconquista efforts to fighting the Moorish king of Granada, he is variously known among Castilian kings as the Avenger or the Implacable, as "He of Río Salado." The first two names he earned by the ferocity with which he repressed the disorders caused by the nobles during his long minority. Alfonso XI never went to the insane lengths of his son Peter of Castile, but he could be bloody in his methods, he killed for reasons of state without any form of trial. He neglected his wife, Maria of Portugal, indulged a scandalous passion for Eleanor of Guzman, who bore him ten children.

This set Peter an example. It may be that his early death, during the Great Plague of 1350, at the Fifth Siege of Gibraltar, only averted a desperate struggle with Peter, though it was a misfortune in that it removed a ruler of eminent capacity, who understood his subjects well enough not to go too far. Alfonso died in the night of 25–26 March 1350. Alfonso XI first had the union annulled two years later, his second marriage, in 1328, was to his double first cousin Maria of Portugal, daughter of Alfonso IV of Portugal. They had: Ferdinand. By his mistress, Eleanor of Guzman, he had ten children: Pedro Alfonso, Lord of Aguilar de Campoo Sancho Alfonso, 1st Lord of Ledesma Henry II of Castile King of Castile; the marriage was annulled and in 1366 she married Felipe de Castro. "... King Alfonso was not tall but well proportioned, he was rather strong and had fair skin and hair." Chapman, Charles Edward and Rafael Altamira, A history of Spain, The MacMillan Company, 1922. This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domain: Hannay, D..

"Alphonso". In Chisholm, Hugh. Encyclopædia Britannica. 1. Cambridge University Press. León-Sotelo, María & González Crespo, Esther. "Notas para el itinerario de Alfonso XI en el periodo de 1344 a 1350". En la España Medieval. Vol. 8 no. 5. Complutense University of Madrid. Pp. 575–589. ISSN 0214-3038. Medieval Iberia: an encyclopedia, Ed. E. Michael Gerli and Samuel G. Armistead, Routledge, 2003

Dead or Alive Xtreme 3

Dead or Alive Xtreme 3 is a sports video game in the Dead or Alive series developed by Team Ninja and published by Koei Tecmo as the second sequel to the beach volleyball spin-off title Dead or Alive Xtreme Beach Volleyball. It was released in 2016, under two titles for the two different platforms, as Dead or Alive Xtreme 3: Fortune for PlayStation 4 and as Dead or Alive Xtreme 3: Venus for PlayStation Vita; the game was distributed in Asian territories, where it does contain an English language option. A PC web browser version called Dead or Alive Xtreme Venus Vacation was released in 2017. An update for PlayStation 4 and Nintendo Switch ports, entitled Dead or Alive Xtreme 3: Scarlet was released at 2019, followed by a Steam port of Venus Vacation for specific Asia regions six days later. Dead or Alive Xtreme 3 is a sports game played from a third-person perspective and retains the camera mode from the earlier installments in the DOAX series, it features multiple gameplay modes, which includes mini-games such as beach volleyball and "butt battle".

Game modes include beach flag, in which characters will compete in a race to retrieve a flag, rock climbing. The feature which displays tan lines and swimsuit malfunctions is only available in PlayStation 4 version. In addition, there is a new suntanning system; as the player unlocks new costumes for one character, the items will be available for use to all characters. There are new modes like Girl Mode, where the player can take direct control of the girl they have selected, Owner Mode, where the player becomes an owner of another island; the player is able to initiate various activities with the girls, such as dating. A new variation known as Photo Paradise was released in September 2016, allowing owners to take gravure pictures of the heroines in a variety of poses and swimsuits; the PlayStation Vita version uses gyro sensor features. The PS4 was added a virtual reality functionality; the development of Dead or Alive Xtreme 3 was first disclosed by Team Ninja head Yosuke Hayashi during Dead or Alive Festival on August 1, 2015.

It was unveiled one week in Famitsu, the first screenshots were published on August 21. The PlayStation 4 version of game features an improved breast physics engine from Dead or Alive 5 Last Round, called Soft Engine 2.0, with the PlayStation Vita version using Soft Engine Lite. The Soft Engine 2.0 allows the developers to implement greater realism towards object interactions, such as clothing wetness and deformation. The PlayStation 4 version is compatible with the PlayStation VR headset system; the release date was scheduled for February 25, 2016, however it was pushed back to March. A free-to-play version of the game was released on May 16, 2016; the version contains all gameplay features and activities to try out, but the player can only play as Kasumi. The PlayStation VR support patch was meant to be included for October 13, 2016, but was delayed for some unknown reasons. Support was made available on January 24, 2017. During Tokyo Game Show 2016, a PC web browser version called Dead or Alive Xtreme Venus Vacation was announced to be released in 2017.

During the 2018 Dead or Alive festival held in Japan in November, Koei Tecmo announced a new edition of the game, Dead or Alive Xtreme 3: Scarlet, will launch for the PlayStation 4 and the Nintendo Switch on March 20, 2019 in Japan and Asia at least, with pre-orders for the game opening on November 19, 2018. DOAX3 was released to Asian markets for PlayStation versions only, but following protests from fans, Hayashi said a version of the game "adjusted for North America" might come to the West if the demand is high enough. However, on November 24, 2015, Team Ninja posted on the franchise's Facebook page stating that they will not release the game in Western territories; the Asian version is region-free on both systems. Following the announcement not to release the PlayStation version of the game outside Asia, a public debate arose whether this was due to avoid criticism of the sexualized portrayal of women in the games, or the comparatively low North American and European sales of the previous game in the Dead or Alive Xtreme series.

Shuhei Yoshida, president of Sony Interactive Entertainment Worldwide Studios, said in a statement. The West has its own thinking about how to depict women in games media, different from Japan." In response to the decision not to distribute, the developer behind the adult puzzle game and dating sim HuniePop offered Koei Tecmo a million dollars for distribution rights in North America. The original game's nine playable female characters were selected from the 15 candidates of the roster of Dead or Alive 5 Last Round as the ones whose paid character themes have been downloaded most by fans on the PlayStation Store, but only the downloads from Japan count; the top two characters will be featured in the first-print run bonuses. The results were announced during Tokyo Game Show 2015. No additional characters are planned to be added through DLC until they were added in the update versions. Marie Rose Honoka Kasumi Ayane Kokoro Nyotengu Hitomi Momiji Helena Douglas Dead or Alive Xtreme: Venus Vacation exclusive characters.

Only Leifang and the new character Misaki who were added in Scarlet: Misaki Luna Tamaki Leifang Nagisa Fiona Kanna Monica Sayuri In the first week of its release, the Fortune version sold 44,723 copies while the Venus version sold 21,959 copies. In an April 2016 financial report, Koei Tecmo revea

77th Street station (IRT Lexington Avenue Line)

77th Street is a local station on the IRT Lexington Avenue Line of the New York City Subway, located at the intersection of Lexington Avenue and 77th Street on the Upper East Side of Manhattan. It is served by the 6 train at all times, the <6> train during weekdays in the peak direction, the 4 train during late nights. 77th Street opened on July 17, 1918 as part of an expansion of the IRT Lexington Avenue Line north of Grand Central–42nd Street. This station has two side platforms; the express tracks of the Lexington Avenue Line, used by the 4 and 5 trains during daytime hours, pass beneath the station and are not visible from the platforms. Both platforms has a fare control, both areas have a turnstile bank, four staircases to the street; the northbound side leads to the east side of Lexington Avenue while the southbound side leads to the west side. There are no crossunders to allow free transfers between directions; the downtown platform is the only platform in the station to house a token booth.

The uptown platform token booth was closed by the MTA after making a series of layoffs and has been removed. Some old wall lights exist after the station's renovation in 2003, but most are gone or falling off the walls. Both platforms have emergency exits from the lower level express tracks; the 2004 artwork here is called 4 Seasons Seasoned by Robert Kushner. It is installed on the ceiling above the fare control staircases and features mosaics related to the four seasons of the year. Lenox Hill Hospital Hunter College School of Social Work Media related to 77th Street at Wikimedia Commons nycsubway.org – IRT East Side Line: 77th Street nycsubway.org — 4 Seasons Seasoned Artwork by Robert Kushner Station Reporter — 4 Train Station Reporter — 6 Train MTA's Arts For Transit — 77th Street 77th Street entrance from Google Maps Street View Platforms from Google Maps Street View