Pedrosa de Río Úrbel
Pedrosa de Río Úrbel is a municipality and town in Burgos Province, Castile and León, Spain. According to the 2004 census, the municipality has a population of 269 inhabitants
Albillos is a municipality and town in the province of Burgos, located about 10 kilometers from the province's capital, Burgos
Burgos is a city in northern Spain and the historic capital of Castile. It is situated on the confluence of the Arlanzón river tributaries, at the edge of the Iberian central plateau, it has another 20,000 in the metropolitan area. It is the capital of the province of Burgos, in the autonomous community of León. Burgos was once the capital of the Crown of Castile, the Burgos Laws or Leyes de Burgos which first governed the behaviour of Spaniards towards the natives of the Americas were promulgated here in 1512, it has many historic landmarks, of particular importance. A large number of churches and other buildings from the medieval age remain; the city is surrounded by the Fuentes Blancas and the Paseo de la Isla parks. Castilian nobleman, military leader and diplomat El Cid Campeador is a significant historical figure in the city, as he was born a couple of kilometres north of Burgos and was raised and educated here; the city forms the principal crossroad of northern Spain along the Camino de Santiago, which runs parallel to the River Arlanzón.
It has a well-developed transportation system, forming the main communication node in northern Spain. In 2008, the international Burgos Airport started to offer commercial flights. Furthermore, AVE high speed trains are planned to start service in the near future, stopping at the newly-built Rosa de Lima train station; the Museum of Human Evolution was opened in 2010, unique in its kind across the world and projected to become one of the top 10 most-visited museums in Spain. The museum features the first Europeans. Burgos was selected as the "Spanish Gastronomy Capital" of 2013. In 2015 it was named "City of Gastronomy" by UNESCO and has been part of the Creative Cities Network since then. There are several possible origins for the toponymy; when the city was founded, the inhabitants of the surrounding country moved into the fortified village, whose Visigothic name of Burgos signified consolidated walled villages. The city began to be called Caput Castellae. Early humans occupied sites around Burgos as early as 800,000 years ago.
When the Romans took possession of what is now the province of Burgos, the site had been a Celtic city. In Roman times, it belonged to Hispania Citerior and to Hispania Tarraconensis. In the 5th century, the Visigoths drove back the Suebi the Berbers occupied all of Castile in the 8th century, though only for a brief period, left little if any trace of their occupation. King Alfonso III the Great of León reconquered it about the middle of the 9th century, built several castles for the defence of Christendom, extended through the reconquest of lost territory; the region came to be known as Castile, i.e. "land of castles". Burgos was founded in 884 as an outpost of this expanding Christian frontier, when Diego Rodríguez "Porcelos", count of Castile, governed this territory with orders to promote the increase of the Christian population; the city began to be called Caput Castellae. The county of Castile, subject to the Kings of León, continued to be governed by counts and was extended. In the 11th century, the city became the see of the Roman Catholic Diocese of Burgos and the capital of the Kingdom of Castile.
Burgos was a major stop for pilgrims on the French Way the most popular path to Santiago de Compostela and a centre of trade between the Bay of Biscay and the south, which attracted an unusually large foreign merchant population, who became part of the city oligarchy and excluded other foreigners. Throughout the 13th and 14th centuries, Burgos was a favourite seat of the kings of León and Castile and a favoured burial site; the consejo or urban commune of Burgos was in the hands of an oligarchic class of caballeros villanos, the "peasant knights" of Burgos, who provided the monarchs with a mounted contingent: in 1255 and 1266 royal charters granted relief from taxes to those citizens of Burgos who owned horses and could arm themselves, provided that they continue to live within the city walls. The merchant oligarchy succeeded the cathedral chapter as the major purchasers of land after 1250. A few families within the hermandades or confraternities like the Sarracín and Bonifaz succeeded in monopolising the post of alcalde, or mayor.
By the reign of Alfonso X, the exemption of the non-noble knights and religious corporations, combined with exorbitant gifts and grants to monasteries and private individuals, placed great stress on the economic well-being of the realm. In the century following the conquest of Seville on the Moors, Burgos became a testing ground for royal policies of increasing power against the consejo, in part by encouraging the right to appeal from the consejo to the king. In 1285, Sancho IV added a new body to the consejo which came to dominate it: the jurado in charge of collecting taxes and overseeing public works; the city perceived that danger to its autonomy came rath
Arcos de la Llana
Arcos de la Llana is a Spanish town and municipality in the province of Burgos, Castilla la Vieja, in the autonomous community of Castilla y León, the region of Alfoz de Burgos, the judicial district of Burgos, head of the city council of Arcos de la Llana. The municipality of Arcos de la Llana is made up of two towns: Arcos de la Llana and Villanueva Matamala. Arcos de la Llana is crossed by the Ausín river. At the entrance to town, there is a small linear park around the river, restored. List of municipalities in Burgos
Palazuelos de la Sierra
Palazuelos de la Sierra is a municipality and town located in the province of Burgos, Castile and León, Spain. According to the 2004 census, the municipality has a population of 73 inhabitants
Cubillo del Campo
Cubillo del Campo is a municipality located in the province of Burgos, Castile and León, Spain. Cubillo del Campo is a Spanish town located in the province of Burgos; the distance between Burgos and this town is about 22 km. According to the 2016 census, the municipality has a population of 104 inhabitants, an area of 14.06 km². Cubillo's population has always been dedicated to the agriculture and the extraction of stone in quarries. From these quarries, the stone of the Burgos Cathedral, among other monuments, were extracted. Within the municipality there are two gravel extraction plants and a poultry farm, located inside an old military camp. Cubillo del Campo is crossed by the national road N-234, which connects Sarracín; this road is locally known as Soria's road. Many rural hiking routes cross this town, such as the Ruta del Cid; the catering offer is reduced to Bar La Plaza, located in the Plaza de Santa Ana, in the centre of the town. Other tourist towns near to Cubillo del Campo are Burgos, Covarrubias and Santo Domingo de Silos.
The current mayor is Jesús Navarro Manero presented by the People's Party. Jesús Navarro was elected in 2007, re-elected in 2011 and 2015. Previous mayors were Carmelo Navarro, Daniel Blanco or Angel del Pino; the village has two neighborhood associations, which are the association of retired people, called Santa Ana, the association Friends of Cubillo del Campo. These organizations are responsible of organizing cultural activities during the year. One of the most important activities organized by the association Friends of Cubillo del Campo is the Association Day, in which a popular lunch is prepared and everybody is welcome to participate. During this day, people can enjoy different cultural activities, as well as an athletics competition, organized by Félix Hernando, ex-world champion marathon in veterans category; the patron saint of this town is Santa Marina, whose feast is celebrated on July 18. In this date, this saint is paraded on the shoulders of the young men of the place. During this festivity, which takes place during all weekend, a popular lunch is organized.
People can enjoy different activities, such as musical performances and cards competitions, as well as other local games, including bowling and tuta. Official website of the town hall
Arlanzón, Province of Burgos
Arlanzón is a municipality and town located in the province of Burgos, Castile and León, Spain. According to the 2004 census, the municipality has a population of 411 inhabitants; the municipality of Arlanzón is made up of five towns: Arlanzón, Agés, Santovenia de Oca and Zalduendo