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Alfred Binet

Alfred Binet was a French psychologist who invented the first practical IQ test, the Binet–Simon test. In 1905, the French Ministry of Education asked psychologist Alfred Binet to devise a method that would determine which students did not learn from regular classroom instruction so they could be given remedial work. Along with his collaborator Théodore Simon, Binet published revisions of his test in 1908 and 1911, the last of which appeared just before his death. Binet attended law school in Paris, received his degree in 1878, he studied physiology at the Sorbonne. His first formal position was as a researcher at a neurological clinic, Salpêtrière Hospital, in Paris from 1883 to 1889. From there, Binet went on to being a researcher and associate director of the Laboratory of Experimental Psychology at the Sorbonne from 1891 to 1894. In 1894, he was promoted to being the director of the laboratory until 1911. Binet educated himself by reading psychology texts at the National Library in Paris, he soon became fascinated with the ideas of John Stuart Mill, who believed that the operations of intelligence could be explained by the laws of associationism.

Binet realized the limitations of this theory, but Mill's ideas continued to influence his work. In 1883, years of unaccompanied study ended when Binet was introduced to Charles Féré, who introduced him to Jean-Martin Charcot, the director of a clinic called La Salpêtrière, Paris. Charcot became his mentor and in turn, Binet accepted a job offer at the clinic, working in his neurological laboratory. At the time of Binet's tenure, Charcot was experimenting with hypnotism. Binet was influenced by Charcot, published four articles about his work in this area. Charcot's conclusions did not hold up under professional scrutiny, Binet was forced to make an embarrassing public admission that he had been wrong in supporting his teacher, he had established his name internationally in the field, Morton Prince for example stating in 1904 that, "certain problems in subconscious automatism will always be associated with the names of Breuer and Freud in Germany and Alfred Binet in France."When his involvement with hypnosis waned as a result of failure to establish professional acceptance, he turned to the study of development spurred on by the birth of his two daughters and Armande, calling Armande a subjectivist and Marguerite an objectivist, developing the concepts of introspection and externospection in an anticipation of Carl Jung's psychological types.

In the 21-year period following his shift in career interests, Binet "published more than 200 books and reviews in what now would be called experimental, educational and differential psychology." Bergin and Cizek suggest that this work may have influenced Jean Piaget, who studied with Binet's collaborator Théodore Simon in 1920. Binet's research with his daughters helped him to further refine his developing conception of intelligence the importance of attention span and suggestibility in intellectual development. Despite Binet's extensive research interests and wide breadth of publications, today he is most known for his contributions to intelligence. Wolf postulates; because Binet did not have any formalized graduate study in psychology, he did not hold a professorship with a prestigious institution where students and funds would be sure to perpetuate his work. Additionally, his more progressive theories did not provide the practical utility that his intelligence scale would evoke. Binet and his coworker Fere discovered what they called transfer and they recognized perceptual and emotional polarization.

Binet and Fere thought. After investigations by many, the two men were forced to admit that they were wrong about their concepts of transfer and polarization, their patients had known what was expected, what was supposed to happen, so they assented. Binet had risked everything on his experiment and its results, this failure took a toll on him. In 1890, Binet resigned from La Salpêtrière and never mentioned its director again, his interests turned towards the development of his children and Alice, who were two years apart. This research presages that done by Jean Piaget just a short time regarding the development of cognition in children. A job presented itself for Binet in 1891 at the Laboratory of Physiological Psychology at the Sorbonne, he worked for a year without pay and by 1894, he took over as the director. This was a position that Binet held until his death, it enabled him to pursue his studies on mental processes. While directing the Laboratory, Theodore Simon applied to do doctoral research under Binet's supervision.

This was the beginning of their fruitful collaboration. During this time he co-founded the French journal of psychology, L'Annee psychologique, serving as the director and editor-in-chief of the journal, the first scientific journal in this domain. In 1899, Binet was asked to be a member of the Free Society for the Psychological Study of the Child. French education changed during the end of the nineteenth century, because of a law that passed which made it mandatory for children ages six to fourteen to attend school; this group to which Binet became a member hoped to begin studying children in a scientific manner. Binet and many other members of the society were appointed to the Commission for the Retarded; the question became "What should be the test given to children thought to poss

Asheboro City Schools

Asheboro City Schools is located in Asheboro, North Carolina. 4,485 students 620 staff Five elementary schools Two middle schools One high school One additional site that houses the Early Childhood Development Center as well as an alternative school program called The Learning CenterStudent demographics White 30.1% Black 14.2% Hispanic 48.8% Asian 1.6% Multi-racial 5.1% American Indian Less than 1%Statistics accurate as of September 26, 2018 History On March 6, 2005, Asheboro City Schools turned 100 years old. Our centennial brought many joyful reminders of all the ways this community supports and sacrifices on behalf of providing the best education possible for all its children; as an outgrowth of our celebrations, we asked each school staff to prepare a brief history. While we would have benefited from more in-depth historical records, we were able to publish a special section to highlight just a few of the accomplishments and moments in history significant to Asheboro City Schools. We recognize many of the most special moments are held in the memories of our students, staff and community, both past and present.

It is amazing to look back at the many community leaders that impacted our school system in its early years and how their work still lives on today. Asheboro City Schools is fortunate to have a history of strong parent and community support and a tradition of seeking out proactive strategies to improve the quality of our students’ education. Asheboro High School Asheboro High School Zoo School South Asheboro Middle School North Asheboro Middle School Guy B. Teachey Elementary School Lindley Park Elementary School Charles W. McCrary Elementary School Donna Lee Loflin Elementary School Balfour Elementary School Dr. Aaron WoodyPreviously Dr. Terry Worrell Currently Vacant Ms. Sandra Spivey, Finance Officer Mr. Ed Keller, Director of Facilities and Maintenance Dr. Drew Maerz, Director of Testing and Accountability Dr. Cayce McCamish, Director of Exceptional Child Services Mrs. Carla L. Freemyer, Executive Director of Human Resources Mr. Jordi Roman, Director of Elementary Curriculum Mr. Anthony Woodyard, Director of Technology and Innovation Mrs. Robin Harris, Director of Federal Programs and EL Mr. D.

R. Cash, Director of Support Services Mrs. Leigh Anna Marbert, Public Information Officer Ms. Gidget Kidd, Board Chair Mr. Phillip R. Cheek, Board Vice Chair Mr. Gustavo Agudelo, Finance Committee Chair Mrs. Linda Cranford, Policy Committee Chair Mr. Baxter Hammer Mrs. Joyce Harrington Mr. Ryan Patton Dr. Beth Knott Ms. Gwen Williams Mr. Archie Priest, Jr. Mr. Michael B. Smith

Wilf Shaw

Wilfred "Wilf" Shaw was an English footballer who played as a right back for Doncaster Rovers. He was killed in action in World War II. Shaw signed to Doncaster from local club Rossington Colliery for the start of the 1930–31 season, though didn't get his first game until 2 May 1931; the following season he made just 2 appearances, it wasn't until the end of the 1933-34 season that he became a regular feature playing in every league and FA Cup game in the 1934-35 season. In December 1935, Smith was in the Doncaster team that played their first game against a club from outside the British Isles when they entertained F. C. Austria of Vienna, a game they lost 1–2, he was in the first Rovers side to venture abroad when they played a friendly against the Dutch International XI on 21 October 1936 at the Sparta Rotterdam Arena, losing 7–2. During the first season of the war, Shaw was a regular feature for Doncaster in the East Midlands War League, though in each of the following two seasons he only played in one game.

His last appearance for Rovers was on 24 October 1942 in a 2-4 home defeat to Sheffield United in the War League North. He was registered with Gloucester City for the 1941–42 season, though never played any competitive games. Doncaster Rovers Third Division NorthChampions 1934–35 His brother was George Shaw who played for Doncaster in the 1920s, went on to be an FA Cup winner with West Bromwich Albion and made an appearance for England. A private in the Argyll And Sutherland Highlanders, 2nd Bn, Shaw was killed in action on the Western Front during Operation Veritable on 20 February 1945, he is buried in the Reichswald Forest War Cemetery near Kleve in Germany, his name is on the War Memorial in Cantley, Doncaster

Thomas Rivers (nurseryman)

Thomas Rivers was an English nurseryman, known for developing new varieties of roses and fruits. The son of Thomas and Jane Rivers of Sawbridgeworth, Hertfordshire, he was born there on 27 December 1798, his ancestor John Rivers from Berkshire, established the Rivers family nurseries at Sawbridgeworth in 1725. On the retirement of his father in 1827, Rivers concentrated on the cultivation of roses; as a practical nurseryman, by the introduction of the "Early Rivers" plum, Rivers both extended the fruit season and enabled British fruit-growers to compete with European rivals. He developed small fruit trees, in 1854 took part in founding the British Pomological Society. Rivers died at Bonks Hill, Sawbridgeworth, on 17 October 1877, was buried at Sawbridgeworth. Rivers published: Catalogue of Roses, 1833; the Rose Amateur's Guide 1837, 11th edition 1877. Miniature Fruit Garden; the Orchard House. He contributed to gardening journals, beginning with a paper on apple cultivation in Loudon's Gardener's Magazine in 1827.

By his marriage in 1827 to Mary Ann, Rivers left four daughters. His son Thomas Francis Rivers edited his father's works, it was Thomas Francis Rivers. His granddaughter, Thomas Francis' daughter, May Rivers was a notable botanical illustrator. Attribution This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domain: Lee, Sidney, ed.. "Rivers, Thomas". Dictionary of National Biography. 48. London: Smith, Elder & Co

Shigeaki Hinohara

Shigeaki Hinohara was a Japanese physician. In 1941 he began his long working association with St. Luke's International Hospital in central Tokyo and worked as a medical doctor throughout the wartime firebombing of the city. From 1990 he served as the hospital's honorary director, he was Sophia University's Grief Care Institute director emeritus. He was honorary chairman of the Foundation Sasakawa Memorial Health Cooperation. Hinohara is credited with popularizing Japan's practice of annual medical checkups. Hinohara was born in Yoshiki District, Yamaguchi Prefecture and graduated from the school of medicine at Kyoto Imperial University in 1937. During his career Hinohara was known for working during many medical emergencies such as the firebombing of Tokyo during World War II and the Tokyo subway sarin attack, he was on Japan Airlines Flight 351 when it was hijacked by the Japanese Red Army Faction. Hinohara became an honorary member of the Japanese Cardiovascular Society and received the Second Prize and the Order of Culture.

He was honored by Kyoto Imperial University, Thomas Jefferson University and by McMaster University by receiving an honorary doctorate. Hinohara died on 18 July 2017 in Tokyo at the age of 105. List of centenarians About Shigeaki Hinohara United States Ambassador to Japan Biography: Shigeaki Hinohara

Ayub El Harrak

Ayub El Harrak Rouas known as Ayub, is a Moroccan footballer who plays for CD Guijuelo as a central midfielder. Born in Barcelona, Ayub graduated from CE Mataró's youth setup, made his senior debuts in the 2012–13 campaign, in the regional leagues. On 19 July 2013 he signed a two-year deal with Hungarian Nemzeti Bajnokság I side MTK Budapest FC. Ayub played his first match as a professional on 9 August, coming on as a late substitute in a 0–1 home loss against Szombathelyi Haladás, he appeared in further three matches during his first and only season at the club, totalling 136 minutes of action. On 21 July 2014 Ayub returned to Spain, joining Segunda División B side Real Valladolid B. On 13 July of the following year he moved to Girona FC, being loaned to Marbella FC in the third tier. On 10 December 2014, Ayub was called to the Morocco U-23 national team; as of 18 April 2015 HLSZ profile Ayub at BDFutbol Ayub at Futbolme Ayub El Harrak at Soccerway