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Alfred Korzybski

Alfred Habdank Skarbek Korzybski was a Polish-American independent scholar who developed a field called general semantics, which he viewed as both distinct from, more encompassing than, the field of semantics. He argued that human knowledge of the world is limited both by the human nervous system and the languages humans have developed, thus no one can have direct access to reality, given that the most we can know is that, filtered through the brain's responses to reality, his best known dictum is "The map is not the territory". Born in Warsaw, Poland part of the Russian Empire, Korzybski belonged to an aristocratic Polish family whose members had worked as mathematicians and engineers for generations, he learned the Polish language at the Russian language in schools. Korzybski studied engineering at the Warsaw University of Technology. During the First World War Korzybski served as an intelligence officer in the Russian Army. After being wounded in a leg and suffering other injuries, he moved to North America in 1916 to coordinate the shipment of artillery to Russia.

He lectured to Polish-American audiences about the conflict, promoting the sale of war bonds. After the war he decided to remain in the United States, becoming a naturalized citizen in 1940, he met a painter of portraits on ivory, shortly after the 1918 Armistice. E. P. Dutton published Korzybski's first book, Manhood of Humanity, in 1921. In this work he proposed and explained in detail a new theory of humankind: mankind as a "time-binding" class of life. Korzybski's work culminated in the initiation of a discipline; this should not be confused with semantics. The basic principles of general semantics, which include time-binding, are described in the publication Science and Sanity, published in 1933. In 1938 Korzybski founded the Institute of General Semantics in Chicago; the post-World War II housing shortage in Chicago cost him the Institute's building lease, so in 1946 he moved the Institute to Lakeville, Connecticut, U. S. where he directed it until his death in 1950. Korzybski maintained that humans are limited in what they know by the structure of their nervous systems, the structure of their languages.

Humans cannot experience the world directly, but only through their "abstractions". These sometimes mislead us about. Our understanding sometimes lacks similarity of structure with what is happening, he sought to train our awareness of abstracting, using techniques he had derived from his study of mathematics and science. He called this awareness, this goal of his system, "consciousness of abstracting", his system included. Another technique involved becoming inwardly and outwardly quiet, an experience he termed, "silence on the objective levels". Many devotees and critics of Korzybski reduced his rather complex system to a simple matter of what he said about the verb form "is" of the general verb "to be." His system, however, is based on such terminology as the different "orders of abstraction," and formulations such as "consciousness of abstracting." The contention that Korzybski opposed the use of the verb "to be" would be a profound exaggeration. He thought that certain uses of the verb "to be", called the "is of identity" and the "is of predication", were faulty in structure, e.g. a statement such as, "Elizabeth is a fool".

In Korzybski's system, one's assessment of Elizabeth belongs to a higher order of abstraction than Elizabeth herself. Korzybski's remedy was to deny identity. We find Elizabeth not the nonverbal domain; this was expressed by Korzybski's most famous premise, "the map is not the territory". Note that this premise uses the phrase "is not", a form of "to be". In fact, he said explicitly that there were no structural problems with the verb "to be" when used as an auxiliary verb or when used to state existence or location, it was acceptable at times to use the faulty forms of the verb "to be," as long as one was aware of their structural limitations. One day, Korzybski was giving a lecture to a group of students, he interrupted the lesson in order to retrieve a packet of biscuits, wrapped in white paper, from his briefcase, he muttered that he just had to eat something, he asked the students on the seats in the front row if they would like a biscuit. A few students took a biscuit. "Nice biscuit, don't you think," said Korzybski, while he took a second one.

The students were chewing vigorously. He tore the white paper from the biscuits, in order to reveal the original packaging. On it was a big picture of a dog's head and the words "Dog Cookies." The students looked at the package, were shocked. Two of them wanted to vomit, put their hands in front of their mouths, ran out of the l

Cosmia diffinis

Cosmia diffinis, the white-spotted pinion, is a moth of the family Noctuidae The species was first described by Carl Linnaeus in 1767. It is found in central and southern Europe, to the north it is found up to central England and the southern parts of the Netherlands. There is a disjunct population in Gotland. To the south, it is found down to Spain, Russia, northern Greece and Bulgaria. In the east, it is found as far as the Black Sea. C. diffinis L.. Forewing rich redbrown on a pinkish grey ground. Larva like that of affinis; the wingspan is 29–35 mm. Adults are on wing from June to August in one generation; the larvae feed on united leaves of elms. White-spotted Pinion on UKMoths Fauna Europaea Savela, Markku. "Cosmia diffinis". Lepidoptera and Some Other Life Forms. Retrieved May 9, 2019. Lepiforum e. V.

Theodore Dunham Jr.

Theodore Dunham Jr. was an American astronomer and physicist. He was born in New York City, the first-born son of Theodore Dunham, a surgeon, Josephine Balestier, he was educated at both in New York. At Harvard University he studied chemistry and graduated summa cum laude in 1921 with an A. B.. His graduate work was at Cornell University, where he was awarded his M. D. in 1925. He studied physics at Princeton University, earning an A. M. in 1926 and a Ph. D. in 1927. He was married to Miriam Phillips Thompson in 1926, the couple would have two children. In 1928 he joined the staff of Mount Wilson Observatory, where he would remain until 1947. In 1932, together with Walter S. Adams, they discovered that the atmosphere of Venus contained carbon dioxide under high pressure. Two years in 1934, the two found that the amount of oxygen in the atmosphere of Mars was less than one percent of the amount over a comparable area on Earth. In 1936 he became the Scientific Director of the Fund for Astrophysical Research, would hold that position for the remainder of his life.

During World War II he served in the Office of Scientific Research and Development, where he was Chief of the Optical Instrument Section. Beginning in 1946, he performed medical research into the application of physical methods, he was at the Harvard Medical School until 1948 as a Warren Fellow in Surgery, before moving to University of Rochester. Between 1948 and 1957 he developed tools that could be used for spectrophotometric analysis of locations within a biological cell, he joined the Australian National University faculty in 1957. He became a senior research fellow at the University of Tasmania in 1965, before returning to the United States in 1970. There he rejoined the Harvard College Observatory, he died at his home in New Hampshire. In his honor, the Fund for Astrophysical Research makes annual Theodore Dunham, Jr. Grants for Research in Astronomy


I. Sat is an Argentine cable television channel owned by WarnerMedia Entertainment and AT&T's WarnerMedia, it airs movies, series and shows focused on people aged 18 to 39. It is headquartered in Argentina, it is broadcast on the satellite Intelsat 21 and is broadcast by most cable television companies in Argentina, Bolivia, Colombia, Mexico, Paraguay, Peru and Venezuela. The channel has a dedicated feed for Argentina and Paraguay, until November 2012, a dedicated feed for Brazil, now covered by the channel's pan-regional feed; until 2007, the channel was owned by "Claxson Interactive Group Latin America & Iberia" but that year the channel, along with Retro and Space, is bought by Turner Broadcasting System. It aired different programming on different blocks, such as "Primer Plano I. Sat", "Cine Argentino Independiente", "Asian Connection", "Cortos I-Sat". In 2007 it changed its programming from being a 24-hour movies channel to have movies, shows, documentary series and some others; some current programming includes Little Britain, Raising Hope and others.

Adult Swim, which aired on Cartoon Network, aired every night with adult animation series since 2008 after its cancellation from Cartoon Network. Sat on 2011 due to low ratings. Adult Swim however returned to I. Sat on April 3, 2015. Asian Connection: Asian films. BritTV: British shows and series from BBC and Channel 4. Cine Argentino Independiente: Argentine independent films. Cortos I. Sat: Short films. I. Films: Featured movies with monthly premieres. I. Series: Series and reality series. Primer Plano I-Sat: International Independent films. Adult Swim: Previously aired on Cartoon Network, it aired cartoons and anime series for adults since 2008. Discontinued in 2011. Returned in April 2015. Furia Oriental: Anime series and Asian films. Comedy Central. Programming block with series from the TV channel Comedy Central. Discontinued in 2004. Cine Zeta. Films with poor ratings or reviews. Discontinued in 2005. Sexorama. Softcore films. Discontinued in 2008. Cuentos de terror. Terror stories narrated by Alberto Laiseca.

Discontinued in 2008. Adventure Time Angel Arrested Development As If Black Mirror Buffy the Vampire Slayer Californication Carnivàle Cha Cha Cha Come Fly with Me Cock'd Gunns Dharma and Greg Episodes Extras Late Night with Conan O'Brien Little Britain Loaded MADtv Neon Genesis Evangelion Peep Show Raising Hope Regular Show Rubicon Running Wilde Secret Diary of a Call Girl Shameless Shameless Six Feet Under Sound Sugar Rush The Basement Sessions The Borgias The IT Crowd The Mighty Boosh The Mind of the Married Man The Office The Whitest Kids U' Know Trigger Happy TV Trust Me Veronica Mars Official Site Official YouTube Channel

S.O.S. Sahara

S. O. S. Sahara is a 1938 German drama film directed by Jacques de Baroncelli and starring Charles Vanel, Jean-Pierre Aumont and Marta Labarr; the film was made in the French language, produced by the French subsidiary of the German studio UFA. It was shot on location in Algeria; the screenplay was based on a play Men Without a Past by Jean Martet. Martet's credit was removed from the film during the Nazi occupation of France, he brought a court case against UFA establishing his rights to the film, it was remade in 1962 as Station Six-Sahara. Charles Vanel as Loup Jean-Pierre Aumont as Paul Moutier Marta Labarr as Hélène Muriel Raymond Cordy as Charles Paul Azaïs as Bobby Andrée Lindia as Dolly Nilda Duplessy as L'amie René Dary as Delini Georges Malkine as Ivan Georges Lannes as Jacquard Bill Bocket as Le policier Hugues Wanner as L'employé Bergfelder, Tim. International Adventures: German Popular Cinema and European Co-productions in the 1960s. Berghahn Books, 2005. Orlando, Valerie. Screening Morocco: Contemporary Depictions in Film of a Changing Society.

Ohio University Press, 2011. S. O. S. Sahara on IMDb

Bob McCreary

Robert Joe McCreary is a former American football offensive tackle in the National Football League for the Dallas Cowboys. He was a member of the Calgary Stampeders in the Canadian Football League, he played college football at Wake Forest University. McCreary attended Hudson High School. Although he never played football before his freshman season, he developed into an honorable-mention All-state football player as a senior, he practiced basketball. He accepted a football scholarship from Wake Forest University. After suffering a career threatening knee injury as a freshman in 1958, he recovered to become a two-way tackle. In 2013, he was inducted into the Wake Forest Sports Hall of Fame, he was inducted into the Caldwell County Sports Hall of Fame. McCreary was selected by the San Francisco 49ers in the fifth round of the 1961 NFL Draft, he was waived on September 4. On September 6, 1961, he was signed by the Dallas Cowboys, he began the season on the taxi squad, before being promoted to the active roster on October 20.

He appeared in 9 games with 4 starts at right tackle. He was released on September 3, 1962. In 1963, he was signed by the Calgary Stampeders of the Canadian Football League. After suffering a severe concussion during practice before the season opener, he decided to retire. After retiring from professional football, he worked for twenty years in sales in the furniture industry, before starting his own home-furnishing business, McCreary Modern. In 2008, he received the Gene Hooks Achievement Award from the Wake Forest Varsity Club. In 2014, he donated a considerable amount of money so Wake Forest University could build an indoor practice facility, decided that will be named after him; the scoreboard at BB&T Field, the athletic center weight room and the Plaza in front of Deacon Tower are named after him. The Man Behind the Name