Alfred Sisley was an Impressionist landscape painter, born and spent most of his life in France, but retained British citizenship. He was the most consistent of the Impressionists in his dedication to painting landscape en plein air, he deviated into figure painting only and, unlike Renoir and Pissarro, found that Impressionism fulfilled his artistic needs. Among his important works are a series of paintings of the River Thames around Hampton Court, executed in 1874, landscapes depicting places in or near Moret-sur-Loing; the notable paintings of the Seine and its bridges in the former suburbs of Paris are like many of his landscapes, characterized by tranquillity, in pale shades of green, purple, dusty blue and cream. Over the years Sisley's power of expression and colour intensity increased. Sisley was born in Paris to affluent British parents, his father, William Sisley, was in the silk business, his mother, Felicia Sell, was a cultivated music connoisseur. In 1857, at the age of 18, Sisley was sent to London to study for a career in business, but he abandoned it after four years and returned to Paris in 1861.
From 1862, he studied at the Paris École des Beaux-Arts within the atelier of Swiss artist Marc-Charles-Gabriel Gleyre, where he became acquainted with Frédéric Bazille, Claude Monet and Pierre-Auguste Renoir. Together they would paint landscapes en plein air rather than in the studio, in order to capture the transient effects of sunlight realistically; this approach, innovative at the time, resulted in paintings more colourful and more broadly painted than the public was accustomed to seeing. Sisley and his friends had few opportunities to exhibit or sell their work, their works were rejected by the jury of the most important art exhibition in France, the annual Salon. During the 1860s, Sisley was in a better financial position than some of his fellow artists, as he received an allowance from his father. In 1866, Sisley began a relationship with a Breton living in Paris; the couple had two children: daughter Jeanne. At the time, Sisley lived not far from Avenue de Clichy and the Café Guerbois, the gathering-place of many Parisian painters.
In 1868, his paintings were accepted at the Salon, but the exhibition did not bring him financial or critical success. In 1870, the Franco-Prussian War began. For the remainder of his life he would live in poverty, as his paintings did not rise in monetary value until after his death. However, Sisley would be backed by patrons, this allowed him, among other things, to make a few brief trips to Britain; the first of these occurred after the first independent Impressionist exhibition. The result of a few months spent near London was a series of nearly twenty paintings of the Upper Thames near Molesey, described by art historian Kenneth Clark as "a perfect moment of Impressionism." Until 1880, Sisley worked in the country west of Paris. Here, as art historian Anne Poulet has said, "the gentle landscapes with their changing atmosphere were attuned to his talents. Unlike Monet, he never sought the drama of the rampaging ocean or the brilliantly colored scenery of the Côte d'Azur."In 1881, Sisley made a second brief voyage to Great Britain.
In 1897, Sisley and his partner visited Britain again, were married in Wales at Cardiff Register Office on 5 August. They stayed at Penarth, where Sisley painted at least six oils of the cliffs. In mid-August they moved to the Osborne Hotel at Langland Bay on the Gower Peninsula, where he produced at least eleven oil paintings in and around Langland Bay and Rotherslade, they returned to France in October. This was Sisley's last voyage to his ancestral homeland; the National Museum Cardiff possesses two of his oil paintings of Langland. The following year Sisley was refused. A second application was made and supported by a police report, but illness intervened, Sisley remained a British national until his death, he died on 29 January 1899 of throat cancer in Moret-sur-Loing at the age of 59, a few months after the death of his wife. His body was buried at Moret-sur-Loing Cemetery. Sisley's student works are lost, his first landscape paintings are sombre, coloured with dark browns and pale blues. They were executed at Marly and Saint-Cloud.
Little is known about Sisley's relationship with the paintings of J. M. W. Turner and John Constable, which he may have seen in London, but some have suggested that these artists may have influenced his development as an Impressionist painter, as may have Gustave Courbet and Jean-Baptiste-Camille Corot, he was inspired by the style and subject matter of previous modern painters Camille Pissarro and Edouard Manet. Among the Impressionists, Sisley has been overshadowed by Monet, whose work his resembles in style and subject matter, although Sisley's effects are more subdued. Described by art historian Robert Rosenblum as having "almost a generic character, an impersonal textbook idea of a perfect Impressionist painting", his work invokes atmosphere, his skies are always impressive, he concentrated on landscape more than any other Impressionist painter. Among Sisley's best-known works a
A centered cube number is a centered figurate number that counts the number of points in a three-dimensional pattern formed by a point surrounded by concentric cubical layers of points, with i 2 points on the square faces of the i-th layer. Equivalently, it is the number of points in a body-centered cubic pattern within a cube that has n + 1 points along each of its edges; the first few centered cube numbers are 1, 9, 35, 91, 189, 341, 559, 855, 1241, 1729, 2331, 3059, 3925, 4941, 6119, 7471, 9009.... The centered cube number for a pattern with n concentric layers around the central point is given by the formula n 3 + 3 =; the same number can be expressed as a trapezoidal number, or a sum of consecutive numbers, as − = + + ⋯ + 2. Because of the factorization, it is impossible for a centered cube number to be a prime number; the only centered cube number, a square number is 9. Cube number Weisstein, Eric W. "Centered Cube Number". MathWorld
Scott Graham is an American sportscaster best known for his broadcasts of the Philadelphia Phillies, his work with NFL Films, his studio hosting of The NFL on Westwood One. He has worked near Philadelphia for most of his professional life, he was born June 10, 1965 in Belleville, New Jersey, now lives in Voorhees Township, New Jersey. Graham graduated from Pingry School in 1983, his sportscasting résumé covers several organizations around the United States. Graham is a graduate of the University of Pennsylvania, where he earned a Bachelor of Arts in political science. Graham's first play-by-play experience came as a student announcer for football and basketball while at Penn on WXPN. After graduating from college, Graham was sports director at WAMS in Wilmington, 1987–89, called football games for Delaware State from 1990 to 1992 for the University of Pennsylvania the following three years. From 1992 to 1998, he called Philadelphia's Big Five basketball games on WPHT-AM. In 1994, he hosted a nationally syndicated baseball call-in show and called major college football games for the American Sports Radio Network.
In 1996, Graham was hired by Comcast Network as an announcer for all sporting events on the station. From 1999 to 2003, he called NFL Europe games on Fox, he narrates several programs for NFL Films and calls college basketball for Comcast Network, ESPN and Westwood One as well Philadelphia Eagles preseason with Ross Tucker, with Mike Mayock and Brian Baldinger. In 2009, he began co-hosting Baseball This Morning on XM satellite radio channel 175 with Buck Martinez from 7:00–10:00 a.m. Eastern time. In February 2010, he left. Graham was first hired by the Philadelphia Phillies in 1991, hosted the pre-and post-game shows through the 2000 season. In 1999, he became a play-by-play announcer for the team, he called the first and third innings of games on the radio. After every Phillies victory, his signature call would be "Put this one in the win column for the Fightin' Phils!" Another signature call was his home run call: "That ball is gone-a!" In November 2006, The Philadelphia Inquirer reported that Graham's contract would not be renewed, confirmed on December 4, 2006.
Graham was a finalist for a position with the San Diego Padres for the 2007 season but the job went to Andy Masur. In late November 2007, his name came up as a candidate for the New York Mets radio broadcast vacancy left by Tom McCarthy; the Mets hired Wayne Hagin for the position. In 2006 Graham has served as a pregame host for Sunday Night Football coverage on Westwood One. In 2009, he became Westwood One's studio host for all NFL games except Monday night, replacing Tommy Tighe. Having done narration work for many NFL Films features, Graham was named as the voice of Showtime's Inside the NFL program, taking over the duties of his late former Phillies broadcast partner and fellow NFL Films narrator Harry Kalas. Graham made his Inside the NFL debut on the September 9, 2009 episode, he does pre- and post-game NFL coverage for Westwood One radio. He was the public address system announcer at MetLife Stadium for Super Bowl XLVIII, at University of Phoenix Stadium for Super Bowl XLIX and Levi's Stadium for Super Bowl 50.
Graham has provided the narration for the Puppy Bowl since 2012 on Animal Planet. His late Phillies partner Harry Kalas had narrated the program from 2005 to 2009. Graham does voiceover work for the WWE Network program Rivalries. Graham called play-by-play of the 2016 NCAA Final Four and National Championship Game on TruTV as part of the Villanova "Team Stream" broadcast, alongside former Villanova and NFL wide receiver Brian Finneran, he reprised the role when Villanova returned to the Final Four two years paired this time with Wildcat and NBA player Randy Foye. MLB.com – Philadelphia Phillies: Broadcasters