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Alghero

Alghero known in the local Algherese dialect as L'Alguer, is a town of about 45,000 inhabitants in the Italian insular province of Sassari in northwestern Sardinia, next to the Mediterranean Sea. Part of its population descends from Catalan conquerors from the end of the Middle Ages, when Sardinia was part of the Crown of Aragon. Hence, the Catalan language is known as the Alguerès dialect; the name Alghero comes from Aleguerium, a mediaeval Latin word meaning "stagnation of algae". Alghero is the third university center in the island, coming after Sassari, it hosts the headquarters of the Università degli Studi di Sassari’s Architecture and Design department. In 2012 it was the 10th most visited city by tourists in Italy. For ecclesiastical history, see Roman Catholic Diocese of Alghero-Bosa The area of today's Alghero has been settled since pre-historic times; the Ozieri culture was present here in the 4th millennium BC, while the Nuraghe civilization settled in the area around 1,500 BC. The Phoenicians arrived by the 8th century BC and the metalworking town of Sant'Imbenia – in the area of Alghero –, with a mixed Phoenician and Nuragic population, engaged in trade with the Etruscans on the Italian mainland.

Due to its strategic position on the Mediterranean Sea, Alghero had been developed into a fortified port town by 1102, built by the Genoese Doria family. The Dorias ruled Alghero for centuries, apart from a brief period under the rule of Pisa between 1283 and 1284. Alghero's population grew because of the arrival of Catalan colonists. In the early 16th century Alghero received papal recognition as a bishopric and the status of King's City and developed economically; the city was founded in the early twelfth century between 1102 and 1112, when the noble Doria family of Genoa was allowed to build the first historical nucleus into an empty section of the coast of the parish of Nulauro in Judicature of Torres. For two centuries it remained in the orbit of the Maritime Republics and foremost the Genoese, apart from 1283–1284 when the Pisans were able to control it for a year, it is plausible that at this time the town shared, given its commercial and multi-ethnic nature, a language similar to the nascent Sassarese.

The village was conquered by force by the Crown of Aragon, at the behest of King Pere IV of Aragon, who actively promoted colonisation of the town and the surrounding area, sending numerous families from different counties and provinces of the Crown of Aragon, including Valencia, Majorca and Aragon. These were granted enticing privileges, in fact, replaced the original population some of whom were sent to the Iberian Peninsula and Majorca as slaves; the dialects these families spoke in Alghero, were all similar and derived from the same linguistic family. Over time it settled on its current form of Catalan, despite the subsequent decline of the Crown of Aragon. Alghero today is struggling to retain the use of Catalan, a linguistic island and only 10-15% of its inhabitants speak it in its Alghero variant; the language is recognized by both Sardinia as a minority language. Nowadays it is poorly spoken by young people; the city is trying for some time to protect this dialect, through education programmes and official use within the local authority.

The citizens residing in Alghero however, are from the surrounding territories and prefer either the Italian language or Sardinian and Sassarese. Alghero in our days have a small representation at the Generalitat de Catalunya, without having any institutional power in the territory apart from providing assistance to the preservation of Catalan culture; the city, one of the principals of Sardinia and the fifth most populated region, is one of the gateways to the island thanks to the nearby airport. It is the capital of the Riviera del Corallo, whose name derives from the fact that its waters provide an abundant supply of precious red coral of the finest quality; the processing and sale of the material has been of great importance to the economy and a branch of coral is inserted in the emblem of the city. The Aragonese were followed by the Spanish Habsburgs, who ruled until 1702 and continued expanding the town. In 1720 Alghero, along with the rest of Sardinia, was handed over to the Piedmont-based House of Savoy.

In 1821 a famine led to a revolt by the population, bloodily suppressed. At the end of the same century, Alghero was de-militarised. During the Fascist era, part of the surrounding marshes were reclaimed and the suburbs of Fertilia and S. M. La Palma were founded. During World War II, Alghero was bombed, its historical centre suffered heavy damage; the presence of malaria in the countryside was overcome in the 1950s. Since Alghero has become a popular tourist resort. Alghero is located along the bay named after the city. In the north of the urban area, there is the Nurra plain; the south is built by mountains and the plateaus of Villanova Monteleone and Bosa. The climate at Alghero is mild due to the presence of the sea, which attenuates the temperatures during the summer. Summers are warm like in most parts of the Mediterranean. Winters are tempered, with the thermometers showing negative Celsius temperatures just a few days per year. A dialect of Catalan is spoken in Alghero, introduced when Ca

Labour Party (Indonesia, 1998)

The Labour Party is a political party in Indonesia. It has its origins in the Indonesian Prosperous Laborers organization, which in 1993 threw its support behind the Indonesian Democratic Party as a vehicle for its political aspirations; when the PDI split in 1996, it allied itself with the breakaway faction led by Megawati Sukarnoputri, which led to it coming under pressure from the New Order government of President Suharto. On 30 July 1996, SBSI chairman Muchtar Pakpahan was detained on subversion charges. Following the fall of Suharto in 1998, the SBSI became disillusions with Megawati's now renamed Indonesian Democratic Party – Struggle and decided to establish its own party, the National Labour Party. After the failure in 1999 election, the party changed its name to Social Democrat Labour Party; the party stood in the 2004 Indonesian legislative election, but won only 0.6 percent of the vote and no legislative seats. Party chairman However, the party has 12 representatives in provincial assemblies.

The party subsequently changed its name to the Labour Party. After failing to qualify, following a lawsuit the party won the right to contest the 2009 elections. However, the party won only 0.25 percent of the vote, less than the 2.5 percent electoral threshold, meaning it was awarded no seats in the People's Representative Council. 1999: 37 2004: 2 2009: 44

Football at the 2015 African Games – Women's tournament

The 2015 African Games women's football tournament was the 4th edition of the African Games women's football tournament. The women's football tournament was held in Brazzaville, the Republic of the Congo between 6–18 September 2015 as part of the 2015 African Games; the tournament was open to full women's national teams. Congo qualified automatically as hosts, while the remaining seven spots were determined by the qualifying rounds, which were organized by the Confederation of African Football and took place from February to April 2015; the following eight teams qualified for the final tournament. On 26 August 2015, the CAF announced. Senegal, the team eliminated by Egypt in the final round, declined to replace them due to short notice. Therefore, only seven teams competed in the tournament, Group B, where Egypt were drawn in, was composed of three teams only. A new 60,000 capacity stadium, Stade Municipal de Kintélé, was built for the 2015 African Games; the Stade Alphonse Massemba-Débat and Stade Kintélé 3 were used.

The draw was held on 9 July 11:00 UTC +2, at the CAF Headquarters in Cairo, Egypt. The eight teams were drawn into two groups of four. For the draw, the hosts Congo were seeded in position A1 and the holders Cameroon were seeded in position B1; the remaining six teams were drawn from one pot to fill the other positions in the two groups. The top two teams of each group advanced to the semi-finals. All times were local, WAT. 5 goals Desire Oparanozie2 goals Esther Sunday1 goal Football at the 2015 African Games – Men's tournament Official Website of the African Games, Brazzaville 2015 African Games Women Brazzaville 2015, CAFonline.com

Dak edition

Dak edition is the edition of a newspaper published earlier than other editions in order to be distributed to mofussil areas of India. Shashi Tharoor provides his description of 1960s Dak edition as "yesterday's news with today's date on it. Aggarwal states that it is the responsibility of the news editor to schedule the printing of the dak edition which he describes as meant for distant places as different from "city edition", which intended for the city in which it is printed. Naqvi states that there are many editions of a paper such as dak edition, city edition and late city edition. A dispatch appearing in Allen's Indian mail uses the term describing it as different from the morning edition. Dak spelt dawk in Hobson-Jobson is an Anglo-Indian word, described as having been derived from Hindustani and Marathi dak meaning post. Handbook Of Advertising Media And Public Relations advises that press conferences should be scheduled early so that content would be available for the dak edition

Stephen David Durrant

Stephen David Durrant was an American mammalogist from Salt Lake City and past president of the American Society of Mammalogists known for his work with pocket gophers of the genus Thomomys and other rodents of the Great Basin. The "foremost mammalogist in Utah," he was professor of zoology at the University of Utah for over 40 years. Born October 11, 1902, Durant served as a missionary for The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints in Switzerland after high school. After his return, he enrolled in the University of Utah, earning an A. B. in French in 1929. He stayed at the University of Utah for graduate school, pursuing zoology and earning a M. S. under Ralph V. Chamberlin in 1931. After pursuing doctoral research first at the University of Minnesota University of California and working several jobs while raising a family, he received his Ph. D in 1950 from the University of Kansas. Over the course of his career he described 37 new subspecies or races of assorted small mammals, including gophers, kangaroo rats and pikas.

He died from lung cancer on November 11, 1975. Durrant's 1952 book Mammals of Utah: Taxonomy and Distribution presented taxonomic synopses of 247 species and subspecies of Utah mammals, as well as Durrant's explanations for the origins of such diversity: that the geographic and hydrological history of the region the prehistoric Lake Bonneville, promotes reproductive isolation and subsequent speciation or subspeciation. Works by Stephen David Durrant at Project Gutenberg

Searles Valley Minerals

Searles Valley Minerals Inc. is a raw materials mining and production company based in Overland Park, Kansas. It is owned by the Indian company Nirma, it has major operations in the Searles Valley and in Trona, California where it is the town's largest employer. The company produces boric acid, soda ash, salt cake and salt, it owns the Trona Railway. The Trona facility ships 1.75 million tons of chemicals per year. Searles Valley Minerals Inc. is part of Climate VISION, a public/private partnership, seeking to reduce US industry greenhouse gas emissions by 18 percent between 2002 and 2012. As it operates on government owned land, Searles Valley Minerals Inc. pays royalties of millions of dollars each year to both the federal and state governments. Much of those royalties cover the expenses of local school districts; the mining and assets of the present day Searles Valley Minerals Inc. have a long and varied history. When John Searles arrived in the area in the 1860s, he was looking for silver to mine.

Instead he found borax, in the dry Searles Lake bed. In 1873 he went into production as the San Bernardino Borax Mining Company to mine borax. Long mule teams were used to haul borax in wagons to San Pedro, until the much closer settlement of Mojave was used after the Southern Pacific Railroad reached it in 1876. In 1895 The San Bernardino Borax Mining Company was sold by Searles to the Pacific Coast Borax Company, owned by Francis "Borax King" Smith, he shut down production at the company's section of Searles Lake the next year. The American Trona Company was founded in 1913 by the British-owned Consolidated Gold Fields of South Africa company. In 1914 the company completed the Trona Railway line from Searles Station south to a junction with the Southern Pacific Railroad. In 1914, the American Trona Corporation established the company-owned town of Trona, named for crystals of soda ash formed by the evaporation of chemical-rich water found in the lake bed; the production of potash began in 1915.

In 1917 construction was completed on the American Trona Corporation Building in San Pedro, to process and store salt potash. In 1926, after becoming the American Potash & Chemical Corporation, it began producing borax, soda ash, sodium sulfate. Productions of these chemicals continued to expand until the 1980s. After World War II, American Potash had labor relations problems due to allegations that Latino workers were paid lower wages than White workers. Latino workers were promoted to managerial positions also. In 1962 the company received nationwide recognition and an award for its innovative solvent extraction process to recover boric acid and potassium sulfate from weak brines. In 1974 American Potash and Chemical was acquired by Kerr-McGee; however they sold it. They instituted massive layoffs. Kerr-McGee sold the Searles Valley production facilities in 1990, to capital investors D. George Harris and Associates, which formed the North American Chemical Company. Ownership changed again in 1998 when IMC Global corporation acquired North American Chemical Company.

In 2004 when Sun Capital, LLC purchased IMC Global corporation, the North American Chemical Company facilities at Trona and Westend were renamed Searles Valley Minerals, Inc. In November 2007, Karnavati Holdings, a subsidiary of the Indian corporation Nirma Limited based in Ahmedabad, purchased Searles Valley Minerals corporation from Sun Capital Partners; the Argus Cogeneration Plant is a coal-fired power station located adjacent to the mineral processing plant in Trona, California. The power station has nameplate capacity of 63 MW and produced 296 GWh of electricity in 2018, it is the last coal-fired power station still operating in California. Unit 1 was commissioned in 1978 and has a nameplate capacity of 63 MW. Unit 2 was commissioned in January 1991 and had a nameplate capacity of 103 MW before being decommissioned on October 2, 2014; the power station is located at the coordinates 35°45′54″N 117°22′56″W. The California Department of Fish and Game has noted that salt toxicosis has killed over 4,000 birds in brine ponds produced by the Trona plant.

The DFG made an agreement with the company in 2005 to allow a certain number of bird deaths, if the company paid $300,000 for a new wetlands area in the southern Owens Valley on a main migratory bird route. There are allegations of arsenic poisoning of plant workers. SVM argued in a letter to the State Water Resources Control Board, that concentration of total dissolved solids, chlorides and other minerals are higher in natural ephemeral pools than in the company's depleted brine ponds; the Searles Lake brine is rich in arsenic, a unique anaerobic haloalkaliphilic bacterium which uses arsenic for respiration has been isolated from the mud. Energy in California Official Searles Valley Minerals website