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Ali Shariati

Ali Shariati Mazinani was an Iranian revolutionary and sociologist who focused on the sociology of religion. He is held as one of the most influential Iranian intellectuals of the 20th century and has been called the "ideologue of the Iranian Revolution", although his ideas ended up not forming the basis of the Islamic Republic. Ali Shariati was born in 1933 in a suburb of Sabzevar, in northeastern Iran, his father's family were clerics. His father, Mohammad-Taqi, was Islamic scholar. In 1947, he opened the Centre for the Propagation of Islamic Truths in Mashhad, in Khorasan Province, it was a social Islamic forum which became embroiled in the oil nationalisation movement of the 1950s. Shariati's mother was from a small land-owning family, his mother was from a little town near Mashhad. In his years at the Teacher's Training College in Mashhad, Shariati came into contact with young people who were from less privileged economic classes of society, for the first time saw the poverty and hardship that existed in Iran during that period.

At the same time, he was exposed to many aspects of Western political thought. He attempted to explain and offer solutions for the problems faced by Muslim societies through traditional Islamic principles interwoven with, understood from, the point of view of modern sociology and philosophy, his articles from this period for the Mashhad daily newspaper, display his developing eclecticism and acquaintance with the ideas of modernist thinkers such as Jamal al-Din al-Afghani, Sir Allama Muhammad Iqbal of Pakistan, among Muslims, Sigmund Freud and Alexis Carrel. In 1952, he became a high-school teacher and founded the Islamic Students' Association, which led to his arrest following a demonstration. In 1953, the year of Mossadeq's overthrow, he became a member of the National Front, he received his bachelor's degree from the University of Mashhad in 1955. In 1957, he was arrested again by the Iranian police, along with sixteen other members of the National Resistance Movement. Shariati managed to get a scholarship for France, where he continued his graduate studies at University of Paris.

He left Paris after earning a PhD in sociology in 1964. During this period in Paris, Shariati started collaborating with the Algerian National Liberation Front in 1959; the following year, he began to read Frantz Fanon and translated an anthology of his work into Persian. Shariati introduced Fanon's thought into Iranian revolutionary émigrée circles, he was arrested in Paris on 17 January 1961 during a demonstration in honour of Patrice Lumumba. The same year he joined Ebrahim Yazdi, Mostafa Chamran and Sadegh Qotbzadeh in founding the Freedom Movement of Iran abroad. In 1962, he continued studying sociology and the history of religions in Paris, followed the courses of Islamic scholar Louis Massignon, Jacques Berque and the sociologist Georges Gurvitch, he came to know the philosopher Jean-Paul Sartre that same year, published Jalal Al-e Ahmad's book Gharbzadegi in Iran. Shariati returned to Iran in 1964, where he was arrested and imprisoned for engaging in subversive political activities while in France.

He was released after a few weeks. Shariati next went to Tehran; these lectures were hugely popular among his students, were spread by word of mouth throughout all economic sectors of society, including the middle and upper classes, where interest in his teachings began to grow immensely. His continued success again aroused the interest of the government, which arrested him, along with many of his students. Widespread pressure from the people, an international outcry led to his release on 20 March 1975, after eighteen months in solitary confinement. Shariati was allowed to leave for England, he died three weeks in a Southampton hospital under "mysterious circumstances", although in Ali Rahnema's biography of Shariati, he is said to have died of a fatal heart attack. He is buried next to Sayyidah Zaynab, the granddaughter of the Islamic prophet Muhammad, the daughter of Ali, in Damascus, where Iranian pilgrims visit. Shariati sought to revive the revolutionary currents of Shiism, his interpretation of Shiism encouraged revolution in the world, promised salvation after death.

He referred to his brand of Shiism as "red Shiism" which he contrasted with non-revolutionary "black Shiism" or Safavid Shiism. His ideas have been compared to the Catholic Liberation Theology movement founded in South America by Peruvian Gustavo Gutierrez and Brazilian Leonardo Boff. Shariati was a prominent Islamist philosopher, who argued that a good society would conform to Islamic values, he suggested that the role of government was to guide society in the best possible manner rather than manage it in the best possible way. He believed that the most learned members of the Ulema should play a leadership role in guiding society, because they best understand how to administer an Islamic value system based on the teachings of the Prophets of God and the 12 Shia Twelver Imams, he argued that the role of the clergy was to guide society in accordance with Islamic values to advance human beings towards reaching their highest potential—not to provide/serve the hedonistic desires of individuals as in the West.

At the same time, Shariati was critical of some clerics and defended the Marxists. "Our mosques, the revolutionary left and our preachers," he declared, "work for the benefit of the deprived people and against the lavish and lush... Our clerics who teach jurisprudence and issue fatwas are right-wingers and conservative.

Robert Bentley (animator)

Robert Bentley was an American animator who worked for Warner Bros. Animation, Fleischer Studios, MGM, Tex Avery, Walter Lantz, UPA, Hanna-Barbera, Filmation... among others. He contributed to such animated productions as Star Trek: The Animated Series, Spider-Man, Max Fleischer's Gulliver's Travels. Little Beau Porky Porky's Road Race Porky's Romance Porky's Railroad The Case of the Stuttering Pig The Woods Are Full of Cuckoos Porky at the Crocadero Now That Summer is Gone Porky the Fireman Wholly Smoke The Fresh Vegetable Mystery Gulliver's Travels Fightin Pals Under the Spreading Blacksmith Shop Good-Bye Mr. Moth Nutty Pine Cabin Boogie Woogie Sioux The Screwball Ration Bored Bathing Buddies Uncle Tom's Cabaña Slap Happy Lion King-Size Canary What Price Fleadom Little'Tinker Busybody Bear Barney's Hungry Cousin Cobs and Robbers The Dog That Cried Wolf Little Johnny Jet The Mouse and the Lion Heir Bear T. V. of Tomorrow Wee-Willie Wildcat The Flying Turtle Maw and Paw Hypnotic Hick Half-Pint Palomino Hot Noon Chilly Willy The Three Little Pups A Horse's Tale Drag-a-Long Droopy The Impossible Possum Billy Boy Hay Rube Sleepy-Time Squirrel Homesteader Droopy Bird-Brain Bird Dog Paw's Night Out Pig in a Pickle The Farm of Tomorrow Real Gone Woody The Flea Circus Helter Shelter Witch Crafty Private Eye Pooch Bedtime Bedlam Square Shootin' Square Bunco Busters After the Ball Get Lost Chief Charlie Horse Woodpecker from Mars Niagara Fools Arts and Flowers Red Riding Hoodlum Box Car Bandit The Unbearable Salesman International Woodpecker Round Trip to Mars Fodder and Son Dopey Dick the Pink Whale Misguided Missile Salmon Yeggs His Better Elf Half Empty Saddles Everglade Raid Tree’s a Crowd Jittery Jester Truant Student Tomcat Combat Log Jammed Bee Bopped The Tee Bird Romp in a Swamp Kiddie League Inside Magoo Mister Magoo Pistol Packin' Woodpecker Fee Fie Foes The Yogi Bear Show The New Hanna-Barbera Cartoon Series Beetle Bailey A Fallible Fable Linus!

The Lion Hearted A Charlie Brown Christmas The Marvel Super Heroes The Archie Show The Batman/Superman Hour Fantastic Voyage Here Comes the Grump Isle of Caprice Spider-Man Mumbo Jumbo The Froze Nose Knows Doctor Dolittle A Dopey Hacienda Don't Hustle an Ant with Muscle Treasure Island Lassie's Rescue Rangers Mission: Magic! My Favorite Martians Star Trek: The Animated Series Oliver Twist

Stewart River (Queensland)

The Stewart River is a river located in the Cape York Peninsula of Far North Queensland, Australia. The headwaters of the Stewart River rise in McIlwraith Range, part of the Great Dividing Range, northeast of Coen; the river flows south south by east and finally east, joined by two minor tributaries before reaching its mouth and emptying into the Coral Sea at Port Stewart. The river descends 580 metres over its 92-kilometre course; the river has a catchment area of 2,743 square kilometres of which an area of 81 square kilometres is composed of estuarine wetlands. The river was named after a member of the 1872 exploration party led by William Hann with the family name of Stewart. List of rivers of Queensland