Alibaba Group Holding Limited is a Chinese multinational technology company specializing in e-commerce, retail and technology. Founded on 4 April 1999 in Hangzhou, the company provides consumer-to-consumer, business-to-consumer, business-to-business sales services via web portals, as well as electronic payment services, shopping search engines and cloud computing services, it owns and operates a diverse array of businesses around the world in numerous sectors, is named as one of the world's most admired companies by Fortune. At closing time on the date of its initial public offering – US$25 billion, the world's highest in history – 19 September 2014, Alibaba's market value was US$231 billion, it is one of the top 10 most valuable and is the 59th biggest public companies in the world by Global 2000 list. In January 2018, Alibaba became the second Asian company to break the US$500 billion valuation mark, after its competitor Tencent; as of 2018, Alibaba has the 9th highest global brand valuation.
Alibaba is the world's largest retailer and e-commerce company, is on the list of largest Internet companies and artificial intelligence companies, is one of the biggest venture capital firms, one of the biggest investment corporations in the world. The company hosts the largest B2B, C2C, B2C marketplaces in the world, its online sales and profits surpassed all US retailers combined since 2015. It has been expanding into the media industry, with revenues rising by triple percentage points year after year, it sets the record on the 2018 edition of China's Singles' Day, the world's biggest online and offline shopping day. The company's name came from the character Ali Baba from the Middle Eastern folk tale collection One Thousand and One Nights because of its universal appeal; as Jack Ma, one of the founders, explained: One day I was in San Francisco in a coffee shop, I was thinking Alibaba is a good name. And a waitress came, I said, "Do you know about Alibaba?" And she said yes. I said, "What do you know about him?", she said, "Open Sesame".
And I said, "Yes, this is the name!" I went on to the street and found 30 people and asked them, "Do you know Alibaba?" People from India, people from Germany, people from Tokyo and China... they all knew about Alibaba. Alibaba – open sesame. Alibaba is a kind, smart business person, he helped the village. So... easy to spell, globally known. Alibaba opens sesame for small- to medium-sized companies. We registered the name "Alimama", in case someone wants to marry us!" On 4 April 1999, Jack Ma and his team of 17 friends and students founded Alibaba.com, a China-based B2B marketplace site, in his Hangzhou apartment. In October 1999, Alibaba received a US$25 million investment from Goldman SoftBank. Alibaba.com was expected to improve the domestic e-commerce market and perfect an E-Commerce platform for Chinese enterprises small and medium-sized enterprises, to help export Chinese products to the global market as well as address World Trade Organization challenges. In 2002, Alibaba.com became profitable three years after launch.
Ma wanted to improve the global e-commerce system, so from 2003 onward, Alibaba launched Taobao Marketplace, Alimama.com, Lynx. When eBay announced its expansion into China in 2003, Ma viewed the American company as a foreign competitor and rejected eBay's buyout of Alibaba's subsidiary Taobao. Through applying existing technologies and gaining trust in the Chinese e-commerce market, as well as expanding through dominating the market at a loss before making a return on additional services, Alibaba's subsidiaries outperformed eBay in the Chinese e-commerce market, claiming a growing percentage of consumers from eBay. Alibaba subsidiary Taobao would force eBay out of the Chinese market, with eBay closing its unprofitable China Web unit, though the two companies would break six years later. In 2005, Yahoo! Invested in Alibaba through a variable interest entity structure, buying a 40% stake in the company for US$1 billion; this would as a result net in US$10 billion in Alibaba's IPO alone to Yahoo!.
According to Li Chuan, a senior executive at Alibaba, the company was planning in 2013 to open traditional brick and mortar retail outlets in partnership with Chinese real estate company Wanda Group. Additionally, Alibaba purchased a 25% stake in Hong Kong-listed Chinese department store chain Intime Retail in early 2014. In early 2017, Alibaba and Intime's founder Shen Guojun agreed to pay as much as HK$19.8 billion to take the store chain private. Alibaba's stake—28% from 2014's US$692 million investment—would rise to about 74% after the deal. In April 2014, Coatue Management, Andreessen Horowitz led a US$250 million Series D financing round, completed by on-demand transportation company Lyft, bringing its total amount raised to $332.5 million. On 5 June 2014, Alibaba bought a 50% stake of Guangzhou Evergrande F. C. from Evergrande Real Estate Group Ltd. in a deal, worth 1.2 billion yuan. On 5 September 2014, the group—in a regulatory filing with the US Securities and Exchange Commission—set a US$60- to $66- per-share price range for its scheduled initial public offering, the final price of which would be determined after an international roadshow to gauge the investor interest in Alibaba shares to shareholders.
On 18 September 2014, Alibaba's IPO priced at US$68, raising US$21.8 billion for the company and investors. Alibaba was the biggest US IPO in history, bigger than Google and Twitter combined. On 19 September 2014, Alibaba's shares began trading on the NYSE at an opening price of
Simon Justin Nixon is an English billionaire businessman, the co-founder of and former deputy chairman of Moneysupermarket.com. Nixon was born in Stamford, Lincolnshire, in 1967, he was educated at St Richard Gwyn Catholic High School in Flint, followed by the University of Nottingham, but dropped out because he found his accountancy degree "boring". Moneysupermarket was established in 1993 by Nixon, at the time a student at the University of Nottingham, Duncan Cameron as a provider of off-line mortgage information to independent financial advisors under the name Mortgage 2000. and in 1999 launched moneysupermarket.com providing on-line mortgage information. Since the business has been developed to provide credit card and personal loan information. Nixon is the second largest shareholder in the company, behind Capital Group. In December 2015, The Guardian reported that his next share sale, on which he avoided British capital gains tax at 28% having moved to Jersey in 2013, would make him a billionaire.
In 2016 Nixon sold his remaining 6.9% stake for £124m. According to The Sunday Times Rich List in 2019, Nixon is worth £1.365 billion. Nixon runs an international luxury holiday rental website, Simon Escapes, offering holiday homes in some of his favourite destinations. Nixon has said, he has invested over £100m into startups including organic food and drink website The Food Market and Kabbee, a price comparison and booking app for London minicabs. In 2013, Nixon had been living in Chester, was considering moving abroad, because the British weather is so "bloody awful", but added that "I will always keep my roots in Chester. I would never sell my house in Chester - it’s where my family and friends are."In 2013, Nixon moved to Jersey. He has a "long term girlfriend", owns homes in Cornwall, Lake Windermere, Deia and Barbados
My-Tv was Italy's first internet television service. Owned by RCS MediaGroup and Gruppo Ciancio, it streamed on-demand video content from Milan and Rome that included music and information about events and shopping. My-Tv was founded in 2000 in Milan by Salvo Mizzi, it's considered the first Italian web television. In Italy My-Tv programs "have been the only ones to be rebroadcasted by television channels thanks to their huge internet circulation and success". Art director was popular Italian singer-songwriter Lucio Dalla. Internet television Alternative media Citizen journalism Luca De Biase, Giorgio Meletti, Bidone.com? Da dove riparte la net economy in Italia, Fazi Editore, Roma 2001. Louisa Ha, Richard J. Ganahl, Webcasting worldwide: business models of an emerging global medium, LEA's Media Management and Economics Series, New Jersey 2007. Giuseppe Mazzei, Verso il tigitale. Giornalismo tv. Manuale del cambiamento, RAI ERI, Roma 2002
Lacie Lyn Lybrand is an American beauty queen from Lexington, South Carolina, the winner of the Miss United States 2003 pageant, held in New York City. Lybrand won the Miss South Carolina USA 2006 title in the state pageant held in late 2005; this was her second attempt for the title as she had placed in the top ten at the 2005 event won by Sarah Medley. Lybrand represented South Carolina in the Miss USA 2006 pageant, broadcast live from Baltimore, Maryland on April 21, 2006, she placed in the top ten of the nationally televised pageant and competed in the swimsuit and evening gown events. The competition was won by Tara Conner of Kentucky. Lybrand was one of twenty-six Miss USA delegates who appeared on Deal or No Deal in April 2006. Lybrand graduated from Lexington High School in 2000 and worked at SCANA, a public utility company, while still attending high school, she is a student at Midlands Technical College. Lybrand is a Customer Relations Specialist and pursues modeling. In 2006, she was selected to be the cover model for Supermodels Unlimited Magazine.
Miss South Carolina USA website Lacie Lybrand Photo Shoot with Carter Studios Inc. Miss USA Official Profile
Americans for a Free Syria is a nonpartisan American nonprofit organization that campaigns for human rights in Syria and advocates for humane treatment of Syrian refugees. This organization coordinates with Syrian Emergency Task Force and Syrian American Council. Americans for Free Syria promotes US bills: Caesar Syria Civilian Protection Act, No Assistance for Assad Act and Stop UN Support for Assad Act; these bills intend to impose further financial restrictions on the Assad regime for committing war crimes against the Syrian civilian population. This organization considers sanctions of Caesar Syria Civilian Protection Act of 2019 as a way of bringing a form of accountability to Assad's regime. Amos, Deborah. "Nearly 7,000 Syrians Are Waiting To See If Their Protected Status Will Be Renewed". NPR. Touré, Saliho. "Like Syrians now, my family fled Liberia as refugees. Unlike Syrians, America welcomed us". USA Today. Harris, Bryant. "Congress sounds alarm on weaponization of Syrian aid". AL Monitor. Pregent, Michael.
"Countering Iran means sanctioning terrorist militias". The Hill. Lewis, Matt. "Can the World Survive Two More Years of Donald Trump?". Daily Beast. Yingst, Trey. "Syrian civil war has damaged more than 120 churches, report finds". Fox News. McKay, Hollie. "Syrian hospitals bombed by Assad, Russian troops after coordinates were shared with the UN". Fox News. McKay, Hollie. "Syrian doctor describes latest alleged chemical attack as US mulls response". Fox News. Kredo, Adam. "New Ad Urges Trump to Act Against Slaughter of Innocents in Syria". The Washington Free Beacon. Hanichak, Erica. "Congress Can Still Help Shape the Endgame in Syria". Washington Institute. "Syrian thugs try to intimidate the U. S. Media". Washington Post. "Assads Regime Killed an American, no One Seems to Care". Washington Post. "No more of the same in Syria - The Washington Post". Washington Post. Lake, Eli. "What Iran's Rouhani Doesn't Want to Talk About". Bloomberg. Official website
The Starchild skull is part of a malformed human skull of a child who died as a result of congenital hydrocephalus. It received widespread publicity after paranormalist Lloyd Pye claimed it was of extraterrestrial origin. Pye claimed to have obtained the skull from Ray and Melanie Young of El Paso, Texas, in February 1999, stating that the skull was found around 1930 in a mine tunnel about 100 miles southwest of Chihuahua, buried alongside a normal human skeleton, exposed and lying supine on the surface of the tunnel. Pye claimed the skull to be a hybrid offspring of a human female. A dentist who examined the upper right maxilla found with the skull determined that the skull was that of a child aged 4.5 to 5 years. The volume, however, of the interior of the Starchild skull is 1,600 cubic centimeters, 200 cm³ larger than the average adult's brain, 400 cm³ larger than an adult of the same approximate size; the orbits are oval and shallow, with the optic nerve canal situated closer to the bottom of the orbit than to the back.
There are no frontal sinuses. The back of the skull is flattened; the skull consists of the normal material of mammalian bone. Neurologist Steven Novella of Yale University Medical School says that the cranium exhibits all of the characteristics of a child who has died as a result of congenital hydrocephalus, the cranial deformations were the result of accumulations of cerebrospinal fluid within the skull. DNA testing in 1999 at BOLD, a forensic DNA lab in Vancouver, British Columbia, found standard X and Y chromosomes in two samples taken from the skull. Novella considers this "conclusive evidence" that the child was both male and human, that both of his parents must have been human in order for each to have contributed one of the human sex chromosomes. Further DNA testing in 2003 at Trace Genetics, which specializes in extracting DNA from ancient samples, isolated mitochondrial DNA from both recovered skulls; the child belongs to haplogroup C. Since mitochondrial DNA is inherited from the mother, it makes it possible to trace the offspring's maternal lineage.
The DNA test therefore confirmed. However, the adult female found with the child belonged to haplogroup A. Both haplotypes are characteristic Native American haplogroups, but the different haplogroup for each skull indicates that the adult female was not the child's mother. Paranormal researcher Ben Radford states that "anything not explainable or obvious is interpreted as a baffling mystery with paranormal connotations.... Science fiction speculation is fun but should not eclipse the real science and significance of these stories". Alyoshenka Atacama skeleton