Alice Cooper is an American singer and actor whose career spans over 50 years. With his distinctive raspy voice and a stage show that features numerous props, including guillotines, electric chairs, fake blood, baby dolls, dueling swords, Cooper is considered by music journalists and peers alike to be "The Godfather of Shock Rock", he has drawn from horror films and garage rock to pioneer a macabre and theatrical brand of rock designed to shock people. Originating in Phoenix, Arizona in 1964, "Alice Cooper" was a band consisting of Furnier on vocals and harmonica, Glen Buxton on lead guitar, Michael Bruce on rhythm guitar, Dennis Dunaway on bass guitar, Neal Smith on drums; the original Alice Cooper band released their debut album in 1969, broke into the international music mainstream with the 1971 hit song "I'm Eighteen". The band reached their commercial peak in 1973 with their sixth studio album Billion Dollar Babies; the band broke up in 1975 and Furnier adopted the band's name as his own name, beginning his solo career with the 1975 concept album Welcome to My Nightmare.
Expanding from his Detroit rock roots, Cooper has experimented with a number of musical styles, including art rock, hard rock, heavy metal, new wave, glam metal, industrial rock. He is credited with helping to shape the sound and look of heavy metal, has been described as the artist who "first introduced horror imagery to rock and roll, whose stagecraft and showmanship have permanently transformed the genre", he is known for his witty and humorous personality offstage, with The Rolling Stone Album Guide calling him the world's most "beloved heavy metal entertainer". Away from music, Cooper is a film actor, a golfing celebrity, a restaurateur, since 2004, a popular radio DJ with his classic rock show Nights with Alice Cooper. Cooper was born in Detroit, the son of Ether Moroni Furnier and his wife Ella Mae, née McCart, his father was an Evangelist in The Church of Jesus Christ headquartered in Monongahela, Pennsylvania. He was named after his uncle, Vincent Collier Furnier, the writer Damon Runyon.
His paternal grandfather, Thurman Sylvester Furnier, was an apostle in The Church of Jesus Christ and President from 1963 to 1965. Cooper was active in his church at the ages of 11 and 12. Following a series of childhood illnesses, he moved with his family to Phoenix, where he attended Cortez High School. In his high school yearbook, his ambition was to be "A million record seller." In 1964, 16-year-old Furnier was eager to participate in the local annual Cortez High School Letterman's talent show, so he gathered four fellow cross-country teammates to form a group for the show: Glen Buxton, Dennis Dunaway, John Tatum and John Speer. They named themselves the Earwigs, they dressed up in costumes and wigs to resemble the Beatles, performed several parodies of Beatles songs, with the lyrics modified to refer to the track team: in their rendition of "Please Please Me", for example, the line "Last night I said these words to my girl" was replaced with "Last night I ran four laps for my coach". Of the group, only Buxton knew how to play an instrument—the guitar—so Buxton played guitar while the rest mimed on their instruments.
The group won the talent show. As a result of their positive experience, the group decided to try to turn into a real band, they acquired musical instruments from a local pawn shop, proceeded to learn how to play them, with Buxton doing most of the teaching, as well as much of the early songwriting. They soon renamed themselves the Spiders, featuring Furnier on vocals, Buxton on lead guitar, Tatum on rhythm guitar, Dunaway on bass guitar, Speer on drums. In 1966, the Spiders graduated from Cortez High School, after North High School football player Michael Bruce replaced John Tatum on rhythm guitar, the band released their second single, "Don't Blow Your Mind", an original composition which became a local No. 1 hit, backed by "No Price Tag". By 1967, the band had begun to make regular road trips to Los Angeles to play shows, they soon renamed themselves Nazz and released the single "Wonder Who's Lovin' Her Now", backed with future Alice Cooper track "Lay Down and Die, Goodbye". Around this time, drummer John Speer was replaced by Neal Smith.
By the end of the year, the band had relocated to Los Angeles. In 1968, the band learned that Todd Rundgren had a band called Nazz, found themselves in need of another stage name. Furnier believed that the group needed a gimmick to succeed, that other bands were not exploiting the showmanship potential of the stage, they chose the name "Alice Cooper" because it sounded innocuous and wholesome, in humorous contrast to the band's image and music. The legend that the name came from a session with a ouija board was discredited. In 1975, Furnier adopted this stage name as his own to avoid legal complications over ownership of the band's name. Furnier, now known as Alice Cooper stated that the name change was one of his most important and successful career moves. Nonetheless, at the time Cooper and the band realized that the concept of a male playing the role of a villain, a woman killer, in tattered women's clothing and wearing make-up, would have the potential to cause considerable social controversy and grab headlines.
In 2007 in his book Alice Cooper, Golf Monster Cooper stated that his look was inspired in part by film. One of the band's all-time favorite movies was What Ever Happened to Baby Jane? starring Bette Davis. "In the movie, Bette wears disgusting caked makeup smeared on her face and underneath her eyes, with deep, black eyeliner."
The Government of Namibia consists of the executive, the legislative and the judiciary branches. The Cabinet is the executive organ of government, implementing the laws of the country, it consists of the Prime Minister and his deputy, as well as the Ministers. The legislative organs of government are the National Assembly, they make the laws of the country. The judiciary organs of government are the courts; the highest court of Namibia is the Supreme Court. There is the High Court, lower courts; the Namibian government is centralised and regional. In the executive branch, Central government consists of ministries and agencies, whereas regional government consists of Regional Councils, constituencies within these; the legislation is centralised in the lower house, regional in the upper house. The judiciary is centralised in the Supreme Court, whereas High Courts and lower courts are distributed all over the country; the central executive branch of government consists of Offices and Agencies. The Offices of central government are: Office of the President Office of the Prime Minister Office of the Judiciary As of 2020 there are 23 Ministries in Namibia: Ministry of Agriculture and Forestry Ministry of Defence Ministry of Education and Culture Ministry of Environment and Tourism Ministry of Finance Ministry of Fisheries and Marine Resources Ministry of Gender Equality and Child Welfare Ministry of Health and Social Services Higher Education and Innovation Ministry of Home Affairs and Immigration Industrialization, Trade and SME Development International Relations and Cooperation Ministry of Information and Communication Technology Ministry of Justice Labour, Industrial Relations and Employment Creation Ministry of Land Reform Ministry of Mines and Energy Poverty Eradication and Social Welfare Ministry of Public Enterprises Ministry of Safety and Security Sport and National Service Ministry of Works and Transport Urban and Rural Development The Agencies of central government are: Anti-Corruption Commission Electoral Commission Central Intelligence Service National Planning Commission Office of the Attorney-General Office of the Auditor-General Office of the Ombudsman Public Service Commission of Namibia The Namibian state runs and owns a number of companies such as Air Namibia and NamPost, most of which need frequent financial assistance to stay afloat.
There is a number of agencies and authorities established by Acts of Parliament that can be considered government organisations: Namibia Tourism Board, the regulatory and marketing body for tourism activities in Namibia, is headquartered in Windhoek, Namibia. Namibia Qualifications Authority; this institution evaluates and accredits national institutions and degrees, as well as foreign qualifications of people who wish to demonstrate the national equivalence of their degrees earned abroad. Law Reform and Development Commission commission responsible for research recommended law changes to the Ministry of Justice. Government of Namibia, www.gov.na
Jalbun is a Palestinian village in the West Bank, located 13 km east of the city of Jenin in the northern West Bank. According to the Palestinian Central Bureau of Statistics, the town had a population of 2,493 inhabitants in mid-year 2006; the primary healthcare facilities for Jalbun are described by the Ministry of Health as level 2. Ceramics from the Byzantine era have been found here. In 1838 it was noted as an inhabited village, located in the District of Jenin called Haritheh esh-Shemaliyeh district. In 1870 Victor Guérin found that Jalbun was divided with houses built of adobe. In the centre was an ancient mosque, situated east to west, which Guérin took to be a former church. There were ancient cisterns. In 1882 Jalbun was described as a “small village in a remote position on one of the spurs of the Gilboa range, it is surrounded with plough-land, built of mud and stone, supplied by cisterns”," in the PEF's Survey of Western Palestine. In the 1922 census of Palestine, conducted by the British Mandate authorities, Jalbun had a population of 410.
The population increased in the 1931 census to 564, all Muslim, in a total of 119 houses. In the 1944/5 statistics the population of Jalbun, was 610, all Muslims, with 33,959 dunams of land, according to an official land and population survey. 243 dunams were used for plantations and irrigable land, 19,104 for cereals, while 25 dunams were built-up land. In the wake of the 1948 Arab–Israeli War, after the 1949 Armistice Agreements, Jalbun came under Jordanian rule. Israeli forces attacked Jalbun village, with small arms, on the 5 December 1949, they expelled the inhabitants from their village causing fatal casualties amongst the villagers; the Jordanian government protested against unwarranted Israeli action and called the UN Secretary-General to notify the United Nations Security Council to take prompt and strict measures to return expelled Palestinians to their village, to hand back their looted belongings, to compensate the villagers for all losses and damages. The Jordanian census of 1961 found 826 inhabitants.
After the Six-Day War in 1967, Jalbun has been under Israeli occupation. Welcome To Jalbun, Palestine Remembered Jalbun, Welcome to Palestine Survey of Western Palestine, Map 9: IAA, Wikimedia commons
The Mingei International Museum is a non-profit public institution that collects and exhibits folk art and design. The museum was first founded in 1974 and its building opened in 1978; the word mingei, meaning'art of the people,' was coined by the Japanese scholar Dr. Sōetsu Yanagi by combining the Japanese words for all people and art. Mingei International Museum was founded by Martha Longenecker, Professor of Art Emerita, San Diego State University; as an artist craftsman who studied pottery-making in Japan, she became acquainted with and learned from the founders and leaders of the Mingei Association of Japan. Under her guidance, the Museum was developed over more than 27 years. In May 1978, Mingei International Museum of World Folk Art opened at University Towne Centre in San Diego with the exhibition and Folk Toys of the World. In August 1996, Mingei International was relocated to the historic House of Charm on the Plaza de Panama in Balboa Park, it shares the central square with the Timken Museum of Art.
In 2003, Mingei International opened a second museum in downtown Escondido, in North San Diego County. The premiere exhibition, Niki de Saint Phalle Remembered featured the artist's work from the Museum’s permanent collection and loans from the Niki Charitable Art Foundation. In its 30-year history, Mingei International has presented 140 exhibitions, accompanied by related lectures, demonstrations, music and dance. Mingei International Museum closed its Escondido museum galleries to the public on June 26, 2010; the Museum's collections comprise 17,500 objects from 141 countries. The collections contain artifacts from the 3rd century BCE to the present day and include objects as diverse as ancient clay vessels and 21st-century Venetian glass. Several regions of the world are represented. Mexico: pottery, wood carvings, retablos, masks India: bronzes, wood carvings, textiles China: costumes, wood carvings, pottery Japan: pottery, wood carvings, lacquer ware, metal work Indonesia: ancestral monuments, wood carvings, masks, sculptures Africa: pottery, head rests, masks, textiles Pre-Columbian: pottery and textiles from Central and South America Middle East: textiles, wood carvings U.
S. A.: mid 20th-century pottery. Balboa Park: A Millennium History. Heritage Media Corp. ISBN 1-886483-40-X. Official website See-Mingei, an online interactive presentation of the Museum's collections Frommers
The N1 or Dhaka–Chittagong Highway is a main transportation artery in Bangladesh, between Dhaka and Chittagong. 250 kilometres in length, the road links the country's two largest cities and Chittagong. The highway is known along various stretches as the Chittagong–Cox's Bazar Highway and the Cox's Bazar–Teknaf Highway. Two lanes with a four-lane expansion underway, the N1 is the busiest road in the country and a top development priority. Construction of a larger Dhaka-Chittagong expressway has been proposed to decrease traffic on the highway; when constructed, the highway was limited to two lanes of traffic for most of its length. Traffic jams or tailbacks of 25 kilometres have been reported. In 2009, it was estimated that daily usage of the highway was 20,000–25,000 motorised vehicles, up 40% of which were trucks; the Roads and Highways Department of the Ministry of Communication is expanding the Dhaka–Chittagong stretch to four lanes. The target to finish the project by December 2013, however implementation remains slow.
The highway forms a critical component of the proposed Asian Highway Network route AH41 and the Central-South-East Asian economic corridor, including initiatives such as BCIM. In January 2010, expansion of the highway from two lanes to four lanes started; the project will decrease the travel time from Dhaka to Chittagong to 5 hours. As of March 2013, only 23.5 per cent of work has been completed, it was unlikely to meet its December 2013 deadline. Construction included 22 bridges and three flyovers. Reza Construction Ltd. and Sino Hydro have set temporary camps for this purpose near Daudkandi and Chandina. As of February 2015, the expected completion of the project was postponed until June 2015, and the project completed and opened on July 2, 2016. From Jatrabari to Signboard 6 km in Dhaka District; this highway runs on three Upazilas of Narayangaj district. Upazilas are Narayanganj Bandar Upazila and Sonargaon Upazila. From Signboard to Meghna Bridge, total length of N1 highway runs on this district is 29 km.
The highway exceeded only one Upazila of Munshiganj district and, Gazaria Upazila. From Meghna Bridge to Meghna-Gomti bridge, total length of highway runs on this district is 11 km. N1 exceeds five Upazilas of Comilla district, Daudkandi Upazila, Chandina Upazila, Burichang Upazila, Comilla Sadar Upazila and Chauddagram Upazila. Length of N1 in Comilla district is 97 km. N1 exceeded two Upazila of Feni Sadar Upazila and Chhagalnaiya Upazila. Length of N1 in Feni district is 31 km. N1 exceeds seven upazilas on Chittagong district including Chittagong city. Upazilas are Mirsharai Upazila, Sitakunda Upazila, Boalkhali Upazila, Patiya Upazila, Chandanaish Upazila, Satkania Upazila and Lohagara Upazila. Length of N1 in Chittagong District is 148.06 km. N1 exceeds four upazilas of Cox's bazar district. Upazilas are Ramu Upazila, Ukhia Upazila and Teknaf Upazila. Length of N1 in Cox's Bazar District is 148.87 km. List of roads in Bangladesh
Lung cancer known as lung carcinoma, is a malignant lung tumor characterized by uncontrolled cell growth in tissues of the lung. This growth can spread beyond the lung by the process of metastasis into nearby tissue or other parts of the body. Most cancers that start in the lung, known as primary lung cancers, are carcinomas; the two main types are small-cell lung carcinoma and non-small-cell lung carcinoma. The most common symptoms are coughing, weight loss, shortness of breath, chest pains; the vast majority of cases of lung cancer are due to long-term tobacco smoking. About 10–15% of cases occur in people who have never smoked; these cases are caused by a combination of genetic factors and exposure to radon gas, second-hand smoke, or other forms of air pollution. Lung cancer may be seen on computed tomography scans; the diagnosis is confirmed by biopsy, performed by bronchoscopy or CT-guidance. Avoidance of risk factors, including smoking and air pollution, is the primary method of prevention.
Treatment and long-term outcomes depend on the type of cancer, the stage, the person's overall health. Most cases are not curable. Common treatments include surgery and radiotherapy. NSCLC is sometimes treated with surgery, whereas SCLC responds better to chemotherapy and radiotherapy. Worldwide in 2012, lung cancer resulted in 1.6 million deaths. This makes it the most common cause of cancer-related death in men and second most common in women after breast cancer; the most common age at diagnosis is 70 years. In the United States, five-year survival rate is 19.4%, while in Japan it is 41.4%. Outcomes on average are worse in the developing world. Signs and symptoms which may suggest lung cancer include: Respiratory symptoms: coughing, coughing up blood, wheezing, or shortness of breath Systemic symptoms: weight loss, fever, or clubbing of the fingernails Symptoms due to the cancer mass pressing on adjacent structures: chest pain, bone pain, superior vena cava obstruction, or difficulty swallowingIf the cancer grows in the airways, it may obstruct airflow, causing breathing difficulties.
The obstruction can lead to accumulation of secretions behind the blockage, increase the risk of pneumonia. Depending on the type of tumor, paraneoplastic phenomena — symptoms not due to the local presence of cancer — may attract attention to the disease. In lung cancer, these phenomena may include hypercalcemia, syndrome of inappropriate antidiuretic hormone, ectopic ACTH production, or Lambert–Eaton myasthenic syndrome. Tumors in the top of the lung, known as Pancoast tumors, may invade the local part of the sympathetic nervous system, resulting in Horner's syndrome, as well as damage to the brachial plexus. Many of the symptoms of lung cancer are not specific. In many people, the cancer has spread beyond the original site by the time they have symptoms and seek medical attention. Symptoms that suggest the presence of metastatic disease include weight loss, bone pain, neurological symptoms. Common sites of spread include the brain, adrenal glands, opposite lung, liver and kidneys. About 10% of people with lung cancer do not have symptoms at diagnosis.
Cancer develops after genetic damage to epigenetic changes. Those changes affect the cell's normal functions, including cell proliferation, programmed cell death, DNA repair; as more damage accumulates, the risk for cancer increases. Tobacco smoking is by far the main contributor to lung cancer. Cigarette smoke contains at least 73 known carcinogens, including benzopyrene, NNK, 1,3-butadiene, a radioactive isotope of polonium – polonium-210. Across the developed world, 90% of lung cancer deaths in men and 70% of those in women during the year 2000 were attributed to smoking. Smoking accounts for about 85% of lung cancer cases. A 2014 review found that vaping may be a risk factor for lung cancer but less than that of cigarettes. Passive smoking – the inhalation of smoke from another's smoking – is a cause of lung cancer in nonsmokers. A passive smoker can be living or working with a smoker. Studies from the US, the UK have shown a significantly-increased risk among those exposed to passive smoking.
Those who live with someone who smokes have a 20–30% increase in risk while those who work in an environment with secondhand smoke have a 16–19% increase in risk. Investigations of sidestream smoke suggest. Passive smoking results in 3,400 lung cancer-related deaths each year in the US. Marijuana smoke contains many of the same carcinogens as those found in tobacco smoke, the effect of smoking cannabis on lung cancer risk is not clear. A 2013 review did not find an increased risk from light to moderate use. A 2014 review found that smoking cannabis doubled the risk of lung cancer, though cannabis is in many countries mixed with tobacco. Radon is a colorless and odorless gas generated by the breakdown of radioactive radium, which in turn is the decay product of uranium, found in the Earth's crust; the radiation decay products ionize genetic material, causing mutations that sometimes become cancerous. Radon is the second most-common cause of lung cancer in the US, causing about 21,000 deaths each year.
The risk increases 8–16% for every 100 Bq/m³ increase in the