Flushing is a neighborhood in the New York City borough of Queens in the United States. While much of the neighborhood is residential, Downtown Flushing, centered on the northern end of Main Street in Queens, is a large commercial and retail area and is the fourth largest central business district in New York City. Flushing's diversity is reflected by the numerous ethnic groups that reside there, including people of Asian, Middle Eastern and African-American ancestry, it is part of New York's Sixth Congressional District, located within Queens County. Flushing is served by five railroad stations on the Long Island Rail Road Port Washington Branch, as well as the New York City Subway's IRT Flushing Line, which has its terminus at Main Street; the intersection of Main Street and Roosevelt Avenue is the third busiest intersection in New York City, behind Times and Herald Squares. The neighborhood of Flushing is part of Queens Community Board 7 and the broader district of Flushing in Queens County.
The broader area is bounded by Flushing Meadows–Corona Park to the west, Kissena Boulevard to the east, the Long Island Expressway to the south, Willets Point Boulevard to the north. Flushing was inhabited by the Matinecoc Indians prior to colonialization and European settlement. On October 10, 1645, Flushing was established on the eastern bank of Flushing Creek under charter of the Dutch West India Company and was part of the New Netherland colony; the settlement was named after the city of Vlissingen, in the southwestern Netherlands, the main port of the company. However, by 1657, the residents called the place "Vlishing." "Flushing", the British name for Vlissingen, was used. Despite being a Dutch colony, many of the early inhabitants were British; the original name is derived from the Dutch word "fles" which means "bottle". Unlike all other towns in the region, the charter of Flushing allowed residents freedom of religion as practiced in Holland "without the disturbance of any magistrate or ecclesiastical minister."
However, in 1656, New Amsterdam Director-General Peter Stuyvesant issued an edict prohibiting the harboring of Quakers. On December 27, 1657, the inhabitants of Flushing approved a protest known as The Flushing Remonstrance; this petition contained religious arguments mentioning freedom for "Jews and Egyptians," but ended with a forceful declaration that any infringement of the town charter would not be tolerated. Subsequently, a farmer named John Bowne held Quaker meetings in his home and was arrested for this and deported to Holland, he persuaded the Dutch West India Company to allow Quakers and others to worship freely. As such, Flushing is claimed to be a birthplace of religious freedom in the New World. Landmarks remaining from the Dutch period in Flushing include the John Bowne House on Bowne Street and the Old Quaker Meeting House on Northern Boulevard; the Remonstrance was signed at a house on the site of the former State Armory, now a police facility, on the south side Northern Boulevard between Linden Place and Union Street.
In 1664, the English took control of New Amsterdam, ending Dutch control of the colony, renamed it the Province of New York. When Queens County was established in 1683, the "Town of Flushing" was one of the original five towns which the county comprised. Many historical references to Flushing are to this town, bounded from Newtown on the west by Flushing Creek, from Jamaica on the south by the watershed, from Hempstead on the east by what became the Nassau County line; the town was dissolved in 1898 when Queens became a borough of New York City, the term "Flushing" today refers to a much smaller area, for example the former Village of Flushing. Flushing was a seat of power as the Province of New York up to the American Revolution was led by Governor Cadwallader Colden, based at his Spring Hill estate. Flushing was the site of the first commercial tree nurseries in North America, the most prominent being the Prince and Parsons nurseries. A 14-acre tract of Parsons's exotic specimens was preserved on the north side of Kissena Park.
The nurseries are commemorated in the names of west-east avenues that intersect Kissena Boulevard. Flushing supplied trees to the Greensward Project, now known as Central Park in Manhattan. Well into the 20th century, Flushing contained many horticultural greenhouses. During the American Revolution, along with most settlements in present-day Queens County, favored the British and quartered British troops, though one battalion of Scottish Highlanders is known to have been stationed at Flushing during the war. Following the Battle of Long Island, Nathan Hale, an officer in the Continental Army, was apprehended near Flushing Bay while on what was an intelligence gathering mission and was hanged; the 1785 Kingsland Homestead the residence of a wealthy Quaker merchant, now serves as the home of the Queens Historical Society. During the 19th century, as New York City continued to grow in population and economic vitality, so did Flushing, its proximity to Manhattan was critical in its transformation into a fashionable residential area.
On April 15, 1837, the Village of Flushing was incorporated within the Town of Flushing. The official seal was the words, "Village of Flushing", surrounded by nondescript flowers. No other emblem or flag is known to have been used; the Village of Flushing included the neighborhoods of Flushing Highlands, Bowne Park, Murray Hill and Flushing Park. By the mid-1860s, Queens County had 30,429 residents; the Village of Co
Alicia Christian "Jodie" Foster is an American actress and producer. She has received two Academy Awards, three British Academy Film Awards, two Golden Globe Awards, the Cecil B DeMille Award. For her work as a director, she has been nominated for a Primetime Emmy Award. A child prodigy, Foster began her professional career as a child model when she was three years old, she made her acting debut in 1968 in the television sitcom Mayberry R. F. D. In the late 1960s and early 1970s, she worked in several television series and made her film debut with Disney's Napoleon and Samantha. Following appearances in the musical Tom Sawyer and Martin Scorsese's comedy-drama Alice Doesn't Live Here Anymore, Foster's breakthrough came with Scorsese's psychological thriller Taxi Driver, in which she played a child prostitute, her other roles as a teenager include the musical Bugsy Malone and the thriller The Little Girl Who Lives Down the Lane, she became a popular teen idol by starring in Disney's Freaky Friday and Candleshoe, as well as Carny and Foxes.
After attending college at Yale, Foster struggled to transition into adult roles until she gained critical acclaim for playing a rape survivor in the legal drama The Accused, for which she won the Academy Award for Best Actress. She won her second Academy Award three years for the psychological horror The Silence of the Lambs, in which she portrayed Clarice Starling. Foster made her debut as a film director the same year with Little Man Tate, founded her own production company, Egg Pictures, in 1992; the company's first production was Nell, in which she played the title role, garnering her fourth nomination for an Academy Award. Her other successful films in the 1990s were the romantic drama Sommersby, western comedy Maverick, science fiction Contact, period drama Anna and the King. Foster experienced career setbacks in the early 2000s, including the cancellation of a film project and the closing down of her production company, but she starred in four commercially successful thrillers: Panic Room, Inside Man, The Brave One.
She has focused on directing in the 2010s, directing the films The Beaver and Money Monster, as well as episodes for Netflix television series Orange Is the New Black, House of Cards, Black Mirror. She starred in the films Carnage and Hotel Artemis. Alicia Christian Foster was born on November 19, 1962, in Los Angeles, the youngest child of Evelyn Ella and Lucius Fisher Foster III, her father came from a wealthy Chicago family whose forebears included John Alden, who arrived in North America on the Mayflower in 1620. He was a Yale University graduate, a decorated U. S. Air Force lieutenant colonel, a real estate broker, he had three sons from an earlier marriage before marrying Brandy in Las Vegas in 1953. Brandy grew up in Rockford, Illinois. Foster has Irish roots, with ancestry that can be traced back to County Cork. Before her birth and Lucius had three other children: daughters Lucinda "Cindy" Foster and Constance "Connie" Foster, son Lucius Fisher "Buddy" Foster, their marriage ended before Foster was born, she never established a relationship with her father.
Following the divorce, Brandy raised the children with her partner in Los Angeles. She worked as a publicist for film producer Arthur P. Jacobs, until focusing on managing the acting careers of Buddy and Jodie. Although Foster was named Alicia, her siblings began calling her "Jodie", the name stuck. Foster was a gifted child, she attended the Lycée Français de Los Angeles. Her fluency in French has enabled her to act in French films, she dubs herself in French-language versions of most of her English-language films, she understands Italian, although she does not speak it, as well as some German and Spanish. At her graduation in 1980, she delivered the valedictory address for the school's French division. A successful actor, Foster attended Yale University in New Haven, Connecticut, she majored in literature, writing her thesis on Toni Morrison under the guidance of Henry Louis Gates, Jr. and graduated magna cum laude in 1985. She returned to Yale in 1993 to address the graduating class, was awarded an honorary Doctor of Fine Arts degree in 1997.
Foster's career began with an appearance as the Coppertone girl in a television advertisement in 1965, when she was only three years old. Her mother had intended only for her older brother Buddy to audition for the ad, but had taken Jodie with them to the casting call, where she was noticed by the casting agents; the television spot led to more advertisement work, in 1968 to a minor appearance in the sitcom Mayberry R. F. D. in which her brother starred. In the following years Foster continued working in advertisements and appeared in over 50 television shows, she had recurring roles in The Courtship of Eddie's Father and Bob & Carol & Ted & Alice, starred opposite Christopher Connelly in the short-lived Paper Moon, adapted from the hit film. Foster appeared in films for Disney. After a role in the television film Menace on the Mountain, she made her feature film debut in Napoleon and Samantha, playing a girl who becomes friends with a boy, played by Johnny Whitaker, his pet lion, she was accidentally gr
National Film Board of Canada
The National Film Board of Canada is Canada's public film and digital media producer and distributor. An agency of the Government of Canada, the NFB produces and distributes documentary films, web documentaries, alternative dramas. In total, the NFB has produced over 3,000 productions since its inception, which have won over 5,000 awards; the NFB reports to the Parliament of Canada through the Minister of Canadian Heritage. It has English-language and French-language production branches. 1939: The government of Canada proposes the creation of a National Film Commission to complement the activities of the Canadian Government Motion Picture Bureau. The legislation stipulates that the NFB was to “make and distribute films designed to help Canadians in all parts of Canada to understand the ways of living and the problems of Canadians in other parts.” Legislation stated that the NFB would co-ordinate the film activities of federal departments. 1950: Canada's Parliament passes the National Film Act, which states that NFB's mandate is "to produce and distribute and to promote the production and distribution of films designed to interpret Canada to Canadians and to other nations."
This act stipulates that the NFB is to engage in film research. 1965: As a result of a report written by producer Gordon Sheppard on Canadian cultural policies and activities, the NFB began regionalizing its English production activities, with producers appointed in major cities across Canada. 1984: Minister of Communications Francis Fox released a National Film and Video Policy, which added two new elements to the mandate, with the NFB tasked with being "a world centre of excellence in production of films and videos" and "a national training and research centre in the art and technique of film and video." 2008: The NFB announces a Strategic Plan that includes its first digital strategy. The National Film Board maintains its head office in Saint-Laurent, a borough of Montreal, in the Norman McLaren electoral district, named in honour of the NFB animation pioneer; the NFB HQ building is named for McLaren, is home to much of its production activity. In the second quarter of 2018, the NFB is scheduled to move to its headquarters to the new Îlot Balmoral building located at Montreal's Quartier des spectacles, adjacent to the Place des Festivals square.
The NFB will occupy the first six floors of the building, which will allow it to have closer contact with the public, will feature expanded digital media research and production facilities. In addition to the English and French-language studios in its Montreal HQ, there are centres throughout Canada. English-language production occurs at centres in Toronto, Edmonton and Halifax; as of October 2009, the Atlantic Centre operates an office in St. John's, Newfoundland and Labrador. In June 2011, the NFB appointed a producer to work with film and digital media makers across Saskatchewan, to be based in Regina. Outside Quebec, French language productions are made in Moncton and Toronto; the NFB offers support programs for independent filmmakers: in English, via the Filmmaker Assistance Program and in French through its Aide du cinéma indépendant – Canada program. The organization has a hierarchical structure headed by a Board of Trustees, chaired by the Government Film Commissioner and NFB Chairperson.
It is overseen by the Board of Trustees Legal Affairs. Funding is derived from government of Canada transfer payments, from its own revenue streams; these revenues are from print sales, film production services and royalties, total up to $10 million yearly. As a result of cuts imposed by 2012 Canadian federal budget, by 2015 the NFB's public funding will be reduced by $6.7 million, to $60.3 million. As part of the 2016 Canadian federal budget, the NFB will receive an additional $13.5 million in funding, spread out over a five-year period. In 1938, the Government of Canada invited John Grierson, a British documentary film producer who introduced the term "documentary" to English-speaking film criticism, to study the state of the government's film production. Up to that date, the Government Motion Picture Bureau, established in 1918, had been the major Canadian film producer; the results of Grierson's report were included in the National Film Act of 1939. In 1939, the Act led to the establishment of the National Film Commission, subsequently renamed the National Film Board.
The NFB was founded in part to create propaganda in support of the Second World War. In 1940, with Canada at war, the NFB launched its Canada Carries On series of morale boosting theatrical shorts; the success of Canada Carries On led to the creation of The World in Action, more geared to international audiences. In this period, other NFB films were issued as newsreels, such as The War Is Over, intended for theatrical showings; these films were based on current news and tackled wartime events as well as contemporary issues in Canadian culture. Early in its history, the NFB was a English-speaking institution. Based in Ottawa, 90% of its staff were English and the few French Canadians in production worked with English crews. There was a French Unit, responsible for versioning films into French but it was headed by an Anglophone, and in NFB annual reports of the time, French films were listed under "foreign languages". Screenwriter Jacques Bobet, hired in 1947
Wayne, New Jersey
Wayne is a township in Passaic County, New Jersey, United States located less than 20 miles from Midtown Manhattan, is home to William Paterson University. As of the 2010 United States Census, the township had a total population of 54,717, reflecting an increase of 648 from the 54,069 counted in the 2000 Census, which had in turn increased by 7,044 from the 47,025 counted in the 1990 Census. Wayne was formed as a township by an act of the New Jersey Legislature on April 12, 1847, from portions of Manchester Township. Totowa was formed from portions of Wayne and Manchester Township on March 15, 1898. Points of interest include William Paterson University, Willowbrook Mall, Wayne Towne Center, High Mountain Park Preserve, Dey Mansion. In 1694, Arent Schuyler, a surveyor and land speculator, was sent by the British into northwestern New Jersey to investigate rumors that the French were trying to incite the local Lenape Native Americans to rebel against them, he found no evidence of a rebellion, but discovered a fertile river valley where the Lenape grew crops.
Schuyler reported his findings to the British and convinced a group including Major Anthony Brockholst and Samuel Bayard to invest in the land he referred to as the Pompton Valley. The group chose Schuyler to be the negotiator with the Lenape and Bayard to negotiate with the East Jersey Company, the owner of the land rights from the King of England; the group completed their purchase of 5,000 acres on November 11, 1695, the area became part of what was known as New Barbadoes Township in Bergen County. Schuyler constructed the Schuyler-Colfax House at this time. In 1710, the area became part of Saddle River Township. During the Revolutionary War, General George Washington made his headquarters at the Dey Mansion, first in July 1780, again in October and November 1780. Alexander Hamilton, Washington's aide-de-camp, stayed at the house with him. Troops and generals were spread throughout the area during encampments, including the township's namesake Anthony Wayne and the Marquis de Lafayette, who made his headquarters at the nearby Van Saun House.
Near the end of the war, Arent Schuyler's granddaughter Hester Schuyler married William Colfax, a member of Washington's Life Guard, they lived together at the Schuyler-Colfax House. In 1837, Passaic County was formed from portions of Bergen County, the area became part of the new Manchester Township. On April 12, 1847, the first township organization meeting was held, the citizens voted to split from Manchester and named the new town Wayne. Throughout the 18th and 19th centuries Wayne remained predominately agricultural, with some industry in the form of grist and cider mills, a Laflin & Rand gunpowder plant. Numerous farmsteads in the township employed slaves until gradual abolition began in New Jersey in 1804, the practice continued in some instances under the veil of "apprenticeship" until the Thirteenth Amendment in 1865. In 1868, Milton H. Sandford, owner of the Preakness Stud, purchased a racehorse for $4,000, naming it Preakness. On the horse's maiden start, he was entered into the inaugural "Dinner Party Stakes" at the new Pimlico Race Course in Maryland, winning the race on October 25, 1870.
In 1873, Pimlico ran its first race for three year-olds and named it the Preakness Stakes, in honor of the first horse to win a race at the track. Today, the Preakness is the second race in the Triple Crown of thoroughbred racing; the Morris Canal ran through the southwestern part of Wayne, carrying produce to markets and coal from Pennsylvania. The canal was replaced by the railroad at the end of the 19th century. In the early 20th century Wayne grew as a vacation retreat for wealthy New Yorkers who came by train to stay in bungalows along the area's lakes. New Jersey Route 23 and U. S. Route 46 were constructed across the township during the Great Depression. During World War II, summer bungalows were converted to year-round residences to accommodate people moving to Wayne to work in war-related industries. Following the war, Wayne suburbanized as farmlands were turned into housing developments, Interstate 80 was built through the southern part of the town. According to the United States Census Bureau, the township had a total area of 25.174 square miles, including 23.728 square miles of land and 1.446 square miles of water.
Wayne shares its borders with 11 neighboring municipalities. Franklin Lakes and Oakland in Bergen County. Unincorporated communities and place names located or within the township include Barbours Mills, Barbours Pond, Lower Preakness, Mountain View, Packanack Lake, Pines Lake, Point View, Pompton Falls and Two Bridges. Wayne has a number of lakes, with distinct neighborhoods located around them; these include Pines Lake, Lions Head Lake, Tom's Lake and Pompton Lake. The Passaic River flows through a portion of Wayne and floods near Willowbrook Mall and riverside neighborhoods; as of the 2010 United States Census, there were 54,717 people, 19,127 households, 14,230.488 families residing in the township. The population density was 2,306.0 per square mile. There were 19,768 housing units at an average density of 833.1 per square mile. The racial makeup of the township was 86.07% White, 2.28% Black or African American, 0.09% Native American, 8.18% Asian, 0.02% Pacific Islander, 1.80% from other races, 1.55% from two or more races.
Hispanic or Latino of
Santiago, is the capital and largest city of Chile as well as one of the largest cities in the Americas. It is the center of Chile's largest and most densely populated conurbation, the Santiago Metropolitan Region, whose total population is 7 million; the city is located in the country's central valley. Most of the city lies between 500 650 m above mean sea level. Founded in 1541 by the Spanish conqueror Pedro de Valdivia, Santiago has been the capital city of Chile since colonial times; the city has a downtown core of 19th-century neoclassical architecture and winding side-streets, dotted by art deco, neo-gothic, other styles. Santiago's cityscape is shaped by several stand-alone hills and the fast-flowing Mapocho River, lined by parks such as Parque Forestal; the Andes Mountains can be seen from most points in the city. These mountains contribute to a considerable smog problem during winter; the city outskirts are surrounded by vineyards and Santiago is within an hour of both the mountains and the Pacific Ocean.
Santiago is the cultural and financial center of Chile and is home to the regional headquarters of many multinational corporations. The Chilean executive and judiciary are located in Santiago, but Congress meets in nearby Valparaíso. Santiago is named after the biblical figure St. James. Santiago will host the 2023 Pan American Games. In Chile, there are several entities which bear the name of "Santiago" that are confused; the Commune of Santiago, sometimes referred to as "downtown" or "Central Santiago", is an administrative division that comprises the area occupied by the city during its colonial period. The commune, administered by the Municipality of Santiago and headed by a mayor, is part of the Santiago Province headed by a provincial governor, in itself a subdivision of the Santiago Metropolitan Region headed by an intendant. Despite these classifications, when the term "Santiago" is used without another descriptor, it refers to what is known as Greater Santiago, a territorial extension defined by its urban continuity that includes the Commune of Santiago in addition to 36 other communes, which together comprise the majority of the Santiago Province and some areas of neighboring provinces.
The city and region's demonym is santiaguinas. According to certain archaeological investigations, it is believed that the first human groups reached the Santiago basin in the 10th millennium BC; the groups were nomadic hunter-gatherers, who traveled from the coast to the interior in search of guanacos during the time of the Andean snowmelt. About the year 800, the first sedentary inhabitants began to settle due to the formation of agricultural communities along the Mapocho River maize and beans, the domestication of camelids in the area; the villages established in the areas belonging to the Picunches or Promaucae people, were subject to the Inca Empire throughout the late fifteenth century and into the early sixteenth century. The Incas settled in the valley of mitimaes, the main installation settled in the center of the present city, with strongholds such as Huaca de Chena and the sanctuary of El Plomo hill; the area would have served as a basis for the failed Inca expeditions southward road junction as the Inca Trail.
Having been sent by Francisco Pizarro from Peru and having made the long journey from Cuzco, Extremadura conquistador Pedro de Valdivia reached the valley of the Mapocho on 13 December 1540. The hosts of Valdivia camped by the river in the slopes of the Tupahue hill and began to interact with the Picunche people who inhabited the area. Valdivia summoned the chiefs of the area to a parliament, where he explained his intention to found a city on behalf of the king Carlos I of Spain, which would be the capital of his governorship of Nueva Extremadura; the natives accepted and recommended the foundation of the town on a small island between two branches of the river next to a small hill called Huelén. On 12 February 1541 Valdivia founded the city of Santiago del Nuevo Extremo in honor of St. James, patron saint of Spain, near the Huelén, renamed by the conqueror as "St. Lucia". Following colonial rule, Valdivia entrusted the layout of the new town to master builder Pedro de Gamboa, who would design the city grid layout.
In the center of the city, Gamboa designed a Plaza Mayor, around which various plots for the Cathedral and the governor's house were selected. In total, eight blocks from north to south, ten from east to west, were built; each solar was given to the settlers, who built houses of straw. Valdivia left months to the south with his troops, beginning the War of Arauco. Santiago was left unprotected; the indigenous hosts of Michimalonco used this to their advantage, attacked the fledgling city. On 11 September 1541, the city was destroyed by the natives, but the 55-strong Spanish Garrison managed to defend the fort; the resistance was led by a mistress to Valdivia. When she realized they were being overrun, she ordered the execution of all native prisoners, proceeded to put their heads on pikes and threw a few heads to the natives. In face of this barbaric act, the natives dispersed in terror; the city would be rebuilt, giving prominence to the newly founded Concepción, where the Royal Audiencia of Chile was founded in 1565.
However, the constant danger faced by Concepción, due to its proximity to the War of Arauco and
Marquise Lepage, is a Canadian producer and film and television director. She is best known for her 1987 feature Marie in the City, for which she received a nomination for Best Director at the 9th Genie Awards in 1988, she was a nominee for Best Live Action Short Drama at the 14th Genie Awards in 1993 for Dans ton pays. She was hired by the National Film Board as a filmmaker in 1991. One of her first major projects for the NFB was The Lost Garden: The Life and Cinema of Alice Guy-Blaché, a documentary about female cinema pioneer Alice Guy-Blaché, her other credits have included the documentary films Un soleil entre deux nuages, Of Hopscotch and Little Girls, Ma vie, c'est le théâtre and Martha of the North, the feature films La fête des rois and Ce qu'il ne faut pas dire, episodes of the television documentary series Canada: A People's History. Lepage is known for directing fiction documentaries with a social twist. In an interview in 2015, she declared herself a feminist. Marquise Lepage presided Quebec's film directors' association and Réalisatrices Équitables, a militant organization advocating equality between female and male filmmakers.
In 2008, she created Les Productions du Cerf-Volant. The first fiction film she directed and produced for the company was Ce qu'il ne faut pas dire, which came out in theatres in May 2015, she is writing Apapacho, her next feature-length fiction film. Born in 1959, Marquise Lepage is the seventh child of a family of nine; the first film she saw as a child was Disney’s Bambi. After high school, she went on to study social sciences at Cégep de Saint-Jérôme, she had no family members working in the film business and had only basic knowledge of cinema when she decided to pursue her post-secondary studies in Communications at the Université du Québec à Montréal: "I knew nothing about the industry or anyone who had anything to do with cinema... I walked into it with great naivety, but it served me. If I had seen the big picture and all that it takes to succeed, I might have been scared!" She went on to complete a Masters in Film Studies at Université de Montréal. Lepage has two children, twins Alice and Jérémie, born in 1995.
She named her daughter after Alice Guy-Blaché, about whom she made the documentary The Lost Garden in 1995. Marquise has been living in the Villeray neighborhood of Montreal for over 20 years. In 2015, in order to finance the post-production of her latest feature film Ce qu’il ne faut pas dire, she decided to sell the house where she raised her children. Marquise Lepage’s career began in 1983, when she became an associate for production company Les Productions du Lundi matin, which had notable Quebec film producer Marcel Simard at its head. Simard gave Lepage her first break when she directed Marie s’en va-t-en ville, her first feature film; the movie is about a love story between Marie, a thirteen year-old runaway, Sarah, a prostitute in her forties. Lepage stayed with the Les Productions du Lundi matin until 1991. In 1991, she was hired by the National Film Board of Canada where she worked until 1994. There, she directed Dans ton pays, a short film about two elementary-school classmates from different racial groups who become friends.
She directed her second feature film, a children’s movie titled La fête des rois, starring a young Marc-André Grondin. Lepage was president of the Association des réalisateurs et réalisatrices du Québec for two years, from 1990 to 1991. From 2007 to 2012, she was president of Réalisatrices Équitables, which she initiated with the help of other québécoises filmmakers. RÉ is "a non-profit organization founded in 2007, its members are Québec female professional film directors". Marquise Lepage founded Les Productions du Cerf-Volant in 2008. After producing several web projects and TV movies on her own, she wrote and produced One Night Stand: A Modern Love Story, a mix between a romantic comedy and a drama, it tells the story a young filmmaker in her thirties who has a heavy secret which complicates her unstable love life. The film was produced independently, without the help of Canadian funding institutions; some of the funds were raised through a crowdfunding campaign on Indiegogo. The initial goal was $15,000 but she raised $16,780 in two months.
The film was released on one in Montreal and another in Quebec City. It remained in theatres for two weeks and was ranked 18th among 32 other Quebec films in terms of admissions. Marquise is working on a new fiction film, titled Apapacho, a Spanish word meaning "cuddle"; the project will be a co-production between Canada and Mexico and the filming will take place in Quebec and in a small village in Mexico. Lepage has received some financing from institutions in both countries and she is working on the screenplay; the film will tell the story of two sisters who travel to Mexico together following their other sister's death. It is set to star Mexican actress Sofía Espinosa and three actresses from Quebec which have yet to be cast. Marquise Lepage has written and produced documentaries and fiction films in various formats: "When asked why she does both, she answers jokingly that she still does not know what she will do when she grows up." Interviewed about her preference for screenwriting or directing, Lepage answers:"These crafts are complementary but I like screenwriting because it is a painstaking task, done alone.
On the other hand, directing is like a big party full of people. And filming is n
Carouge is a municipality in the Canton of Geneva, Switzerland. Carouge is first mentioned in the Early Middle Ages as Quatruvio. In 1248 it was mentioned as Carrogium while in the 14th Century it was known as Quarrouiz or Quarroggi. In 1445 it was mentioned as Quaroggio; the current city was built by Victor Amadeus III of Sardinia, King of Sardinia and Duke of Savoy, starting in 1760-70. It obtained the status of city in 1786. Carouge has an area, as of 2009, of 2.7 square kilometers. Of this area, 0.13 km2 or 4.8% is used for agricultural purposes, while 0.23 km2 or 8.5% is forested. Of the rest of the land, 2.25 km2 or 83.3 % is settled, 0.04 km2 or 1.5 % is either lakes. Of the built up area, industrial buildings made up 18.5% of the total area while housing and buildings made up 31.9% and transportation infrastructure made up 20.7%. Power and water infrastructure as well as other special developed areas made up 4.1% of the area while parks, green belts and sports fields made up 8.1%. Out of the forested land, 6.3% of the total land area is forested and 2.2% is covered with orchards or small clusters of trees.
Of the agricultural land, 3.3% is used for growing crops and 1.5% is pastures. All the water in the municipality is flowing water; the municipality is located south of the Arve rivers. Carouge has a population of 22,336; as of 2008, 37.7% of the population are resident foreign nationals. Over the last 10 years the population has changed at a rate of 21%, it has changed at a rate of 5.1 % due to births and deaths. Most of the population speaks French, with Portuguese being second most common and Italian being third. There are 9 people who speak Romansh; as of 2008, the gender distribution of the population was 52.1 % female. The population was made up of 3,868 non-Swiss men. There were 3,586 non-Swiss women. Of the population in the municipality 3,489 or about 19.8% were born in Carouge and lived there in 2000. There were 3,845 or 21.9% who were born in the same canton, while 2,653 or 15.1% were born somewhere else in Switzerland, 6,668 or 37.9% were born outside of Switzerland. The total Swiss population change in 2008 was an increase of 195 and the non-Swiss population increased by 427 people.
This represents a population growth rate of 3.3%. The age distribution of the population is children and teenagers make up 21.4% of the population, while adults make up 65.1% and seniors make up 13.4%. As of 2000, there were 7,867 people who never married in the municipality. There were 1,390 individuals who are divorced; as of 2000, there were 8,121 private households in the municipality, an average of 2 persons per household. There were 3,619 households that consist of only one person and 268 households with five or more people. Out of a total of 8,366 households that answered this question, 43.3% were households made up of just one person and there were 38 adults who lived with their parents. Of the rest of the households, there are 1,731 married couples without children, 1,958 married couples with children. There were 625 single parents with children. There were 150 households that were made up of unrelated people and 245 households that were made up of some sort of institution or another collective housing.
In 2000 there were 145 single family homes out of a total of 995 inhabited buildings. There were 349 multi-family buildings, along with 384 multi-purpose buildings that were used for housing and 117 other use buildings that had some housing. Of the single family homes 57 were built before 1919, while 11 were built between 1990 and 2000. In 2000 there were 8,925 apartments in the municipality; the most common apartment size was 3 rooms of which there were 2,810. There were 815 apartments with five or more rooms. Of these apartments, a total of 7,927 apartments were permanently occupied, while 873 apartments were seasonally occupied and 125 apartments were empty; as of 2009, the construction rate of new housing units was 4.7 new units per 1000 residents. The vacancy rate for the municipality, in 2010, was 0.13%. The historical population is given in the following chart: The Archives of Carouge is listed as a Swiss heritage site of national significance; the entire village of Carouge is listed in the Inventory of Swiss Heritage Sites.
In the 2007 federal election the most popular party was the SP. The next three most popular parties were the Green Party, the SVP and the FDP. In the federal election, a total of 4,482 votes were cast, the voter turnout was 46.6%. For the 2009 Conseil d'Etat election, there were a total of 9,805 registered voters of which 4,612 voted; as of 2010, Carouge had an unemployment rate of 9.3%. As of 2008, there were people employed in the primary economic sector and about businesses involved in this sector. 3,414 people were employed in the secondary sector and there were 320 businesses in this sector. 18,003 people were employed with 1,492 businesses in this sector. There were 9,073 residents of the municipality who were employed in some capacity, of which females made up 46