click links in text for more info
SUMMARY / RELATED TOPICS

Alien invasion

The alien invasion or space invasion is a common feature in science fiction stories and film, in which extraterrestrials invade the Earth either to exterminate and supplant human life, enslave it under an intense state, harvest people for food, steal the planet's resources, or destroy the planet altogether. The invasion scenario has been used as an allegory for a protest against military hegemony and the societal ills of the time. H. G. Wells' novel The War of the Worlds extended the invasion literature, common when science fiction was first emerging as a genre. Prospects of invasion tended to vary with the state of current affairs, current perceptions of threat. Alien invasion was a common metaphor in United States science fiction during the Cold War, illustrating the fears of foreign occupation and nuclear devastation of the American people. Examples of these stories include the short story “The Liberation of Earth“ by William Tenn and the film The Invasion of the Body Snatchers. In the invasion trope, fictional aliens contacting Earth tend to either observe or invade, rather than help the population of Earth acquire the capacity to participate in interplanetary affairs.

There are some notable exceptions, such as the alien-initiated first-contact scenarios in The Day the Earth Stood Still, Star Trek: First Contact and Arrival. A trope of the peaceful first-contact is humanity attaining a key technological threshold, justifying their initiation into a broader community of intelligent species. Technically, a human invasion of an alien species is an alien invasion, as from the viewpoint of the aliens, humans are the aliens; such stories are much rarer than stories about aliens attacking humans. Examples include the short story Sentry, the video game Phantasy Star II, The Martian Chronicles by Ray Bradbury, the Imperium of Man in the Warhammer 40,000 universe, Invaders from Earth by Robert Silverberg, Ender's Game, the movies Battle for Terra, Planet 51, Avatar and Mars Needs Moms; as well as being a subgenre of science fiction, these kinds of books can be considered a subgenre of invasion literature, which includes fictional depictions of humans invaded by other humans.

In 1898, H. G. Wells published The War of the Worlds, depicting the invasion of Victorian England by Martians equipped with advanced weaponry, it is now seen as the seminal alien invasion story and Wells is credited with establishing several extraterrestrial themes which were greatly expanded by science fiction writers in the 20th Century, including first contact and war between planets and their differing species. However, there were stories of aliens and alien invasion prior to publication of The War of the Worlds. Voltaire's Micromégas includes two aliens, from Saturn and Sirius, who are of immense size and visit the Earth out of curiosity, they believe the planet is uninhabited, due to the difference in scale between them and human beings. When they discover the haughty Earth-centric views of Earth philosophers, they are much amused by how important Earth beings think they are compared to actual titans such as themselves. In 1892, Robert Potter, an Australian clergyman, published The Germ Growers in London.

It describes a covert invasion by aliens who take on the appearance of human beings and attempt to develop a virulent disease to assist in their plans for global conquest. It was not read, Wells' vastly more successful novel is credited as the seminal alien invasion story. Wells had proposed another outcome for the alien invasion story in The War of the Worlds; when the Narrator meets the artilleryman the second time, the artilleryman imagines a future where humanity, hiding underground in sewers and tunnels, conducts a guerrilla war, fighting against the Martians for generations to come, after learning how to duplicate Martian weapon technology, destroys the invaders and takes back the Earth. Six weeks after publication of the novel, The Boston Post newspaper published another alien invasion story, an unauthorized sequel to The War of the Worlds, which turned the tables on the invaders. Edison's Conquest of Mars was written by Garrett P. Serviss, a now little-remembered writer, who described the famous inventor Thomas Edison leading a counterattack against the invaders on their home soil.

Though this is a sequel to Fighters from Mars, a revised and unauthorised reprint of War of the Worlds, they both were first printed in the Boston Post in 1898. The War of the Worlds was reprinted in the United States in 1927, a year after the Golden Age of Science Fiction was created by Hugo Gernsback in Amazing Stories. John W. Campbell, another key editor of the era, periodic short story writer, published several alien invasion stories in the 1930s. Many well-known science fiction writers were to follow, including Isaac Asimov, Arthur C. Clarke, Clifford Simak, plus Robert A. Heinlein who wrote The Puppet Masters in 1953; this is a familiar variation on the alien invasion theme. In the infiltration scenario, the invaders will take human form and can move throughout human society to the point of taking control of command positions; the purpose of this may either be to take over the entire world through infiltration, or as advanced scouts meant to "soften up" Earth in preparation for a full-scale invasion by the ali

Yabelo (woreda)

Yabelo is one of the woredas in the Oromia Region of Ethiopia, named after its administrative center, Yabelo. Part of the Borena Zone, Yabelo is bordered on the south by Dire, on the west by Teltele, on the north by Hagere Mariam, on the east by Arero; the altitude of this woreda ranges from 350 to 1800 meters above sea level. There are no streams in Yabelo. A survey of the land in this woreda shows that 10% is arable or cultivable, 60% pasture, 10% forest, the remaining 20% is considered swampy, degraded or otherwise unusable. A notable local landmark is the Yabelo Wildlife Sanctuary. Teff, corn, haricot bean and barley are important crops. Industry in the woreda includes one metal works. Deposits of nickel have not been commercially developed. There were 6 Farmers Service Cooperatives. Yabelo has 163 kilometers of dry-weather and 103 all-weather road, for an average road density of 48.2 kilometers per 1000 square kilometers. About 41% of the rural and 58.1% of the urban population has access to drinking water.

In April 2005, ethnic conflict between the Guji Oromo and the Gabbra in southern Oromia led to massive displacement of people. An NGO working in the area reported as many as 50,000 people were forced to flee from Hagere Mariam and Arero woredas, several thousand huts burnt. In May 2009, the woreda authorities announced that development programs with a total budget of 20 million Birr had been completed in the woreda; these projects included four veterinary clinics, a 129-kilometer gravel road, 65 kilometers of terracing works built in the previous nine months. The 2007 national census reported a total population for this woreda of 102,165, of whom 51,418 were men and 50,747 were women; the majority of the inhabitants said they practiced traditional beliefs, with 59.8% of the population reporting they observed these beliefs, while 14.73% of the population were Protestant, 14.52% were Muslim, 8.28% practiced Ethiopian Orthodox Christianity and 1.79% were Catholic. Based on figures published by the Central Statistical Agency in 2005, this woreda has an estimated total population of 82,443, of whom 41,132 are men and 41,311 are women.

With an estimated area of 5,523.31 square kilometers, Yabelo has an estimated population density of 14.9 people per square kilometer, less than the Zone average of 21.1. The 1994 national census reported a total population for this woreda of 56,878, of whom 28,444 were men and 28,434 women; the four largest ethnic groups reported in Yabelo were the Oromo, the Burji, the Amhara, the Konso. Oromiffa was spoken as a first language by 92.79%, 4.27% spoke Amharic, 1.12% spoke Burji. The majority of the inhabitants practiced traditional beliefs, with 47.06% of the population reporting answers that fell under that category, while 14.39% professed Ethiopian Orthodox Christianity, 9.64% of the population were Muslim, 6.2% were Protestant, 1.05% were Catholic

Cecil Elphinstone

Augustus Cecil Elphinstone was an Australian businessman and politician. He served in the Legislative Assembly of Queensland for the electoral district of Oxley from 1918 until 1929. Augustus Cecil Elphinstone was born on 13 September 1874 in England, his father was Henry Walker Elphinstone, a clerk, his mother was Harriet Anne Elphinstone, née Eldred. After receiving his education at Forest House College, Woodford, he worked for the Bank of England before travelling to Charters Towers, Queensland in 1892, he returned to England in 1894 and embarked on a 14-year career in insurance serving as general manager of the Welsh Insurance Corporation. During this time, he married Louisa Dinah Lloyd on 5 October 1897, with whom he had five children, he spent seven years in the British Territorial Army. In 1912 he returned to Queensland and experimented with tobacco farming near Bowen and moved to Brisbane in 1914 to found the Queensland Cement and Lime Company. During World War I he was involved in several business ventures and served in the Australian Imperial Force for a few months in 1918.

In 1918, Elphinstone began his political career, standing for the electoral district of Oxley as a member of the National Party and winning a seat in the Legislative Assembly of Queensland. He soon after lost his seat, he died in Brisbane on 24 March 1964

Ferwerderadiel

Ferwerderadiel is a former municipality of Friesland in the northern Netherlands. Its official name is West Frisian; the Dutch name is Ferwerderadeel. In 2019 it merged with the municipalities of Dongeradeel and Kollumerland en Nieuwkruisland to form the new municipality Noardeast-Fryslân. Bartlehiem, Burdaard, Ginnum, Hegebeintum, Jislum, Marrum, Reitsum, Wânswert, Westernijtsjerk.'Dutch topographic map of the municipality of Ferwerderadiel, June 2015 Saint Frederick of Hallum a Premonstratensian priest Barthold Douma van Burmania a Dutch statesman and ambassador to the court of Vienna Pieter Boeles a Dutch Minister and linguist Gerardus Heymans a Dutch philosopher and academic Watse Cuperus a Dutch journalist and writer in the West Frisian language Eeltsje Boates Folkertsma a West Frisian language writer Maria Sterk a Dutch marathon speed skater Media related to Ferwerderadiel at Wikimedia Commons Official website

Guy Delisle

Guy Delisle is a Canadian cartoonist and animator, best known for his graphic novels about his travels, such as Shenzhen, Pyongyang: A Journey in North Korea, Burma Chronicles, Jerusalem. Delisle studied animation at Sheridan College in Oakville, near Toronto, worked for the animation studio CinéGroupe in Montreal, he worked for different studios in Canada, France and North Korea. His experiences as a supervisor of animation work by studios in Asia were recounted in two graphic novels and Pyongyang: A Journey in North Korea; the two books, Delisle's most famous work, were first published in French by the independent bande dessinée publisher L'Association. They have been translated into many languages, including English, Italian, Czech, Portuguese, Finnish and Burmese. A film version of Pyongyang starring Steve Carell was cancelled in December 2014 after the Sony Pictures Entertainment hack. Delisle is married to a Médecins Sans Frontières administrator. With her, he made a trip to Myanmar in 2005, recounted in Chroniques Birmanes, translated into English as Burma Chronicles.

In the summer of 2009, they completed a one-year stay in Beit Hanina, again with Médecins Sans Frontières. This stay was recounted in Chroniques de Jérusalem which won the Angoulême International Comics Festival Prize for Best Album in 2012. Amongst other things it covered the Gaza War. In France, Chroniques de Jerusalem was a best-seller. In 2016, Delisle published S'enfuir. Récit d'un otage, translated into English as Hostage and published by Drawn & Quarterly in 2017; the graphic novel depicts the true story of Christophe André, a Médecins Sans Frontières administrator, kidnapped in the Caucasus Region in 1997. Hostage was longlisted for Brooklyn Public Library's 2017 literary prize. Delisle resides in France. Réflexion Aline et les autres Shenzhen Inspecteur Moroni 1: Premiers pas Albert et les autres Inspecteur Moroni 2: Avec ou sans sucre Comment ne rien faire Pyongyang Inspecteur Moroni 3: Le Syndrome de Stockholm Louis au ski L'Association en Inde Chroniques birmanes Louis à la plage La maison close Chroniques de Jérusalem Le guide du mauvais père tome 1 Le guide du mauvais père tome 2 Papier 4 Le guide du mauvais père tome 3 Croquis de Québec S'enfuir.

Récit d'un otage Le guide du mauvais père tome 4 Pyongyang: A Journey in North Korea Shenzhen: A Travelogue from China Aline and the Others Albert and the Others Burma Chronicles Jerusalem: Chronicles from the Holy City A User's Guide to Neglectful Parenting Even More Bad Parenting Advice The Owner's Manual to Terrible Parenting Hostage The Handbook to Lazy Parenting Official website Official website Drawn & Quarterly profile

Brad Templeton

Brad Templeton is a Canadian software developer, internet entrepreneur, online community pioneer, publisher of news, science fiction and e-books, photographer, civil rights advocate, public speaker and self-driving car consultant. He graduated from the University of Waterloo. Most notably, Templeton was founder and CEO in 1989 of ClariNet Communications, the first company founded to engage in commercial activity over the early Internet. Templeton has been involved with the Electronic Frontier Foundation since 1997, including being chairman from 2000 to 2010, his involvement in online civil rights includes being subject of one of the first major internet bans and being a plaintiff before the Supreme Court of the United States in Reno v. ACLU Templeton's strongest efforts have been in the areas of free speech, computer security and intellectual property. Templeton played an active role over the life of Usenet, including the development of software tools for it, his most notable activities involved the creation and moderation of the newsgroup "rec.humor.funny" a moderated newsgroup devoted to comedy.

USENET statistics reported by Brian Reid reported rec.humor.funny as the most read online publication starting in 1989, continuing in that position into the mid-1990s. With an estimated 440,000 readers. Templeton began as the first employee of VisiCorp the first PC applications software company, where he published several games and tools and assisted on Visicalc the first spreadsheet and personal computing productivity tool, he developed the IBM-PC version of the VisiPlot companion before release of the PC. He was Founder of Looking Glass Software Ltd. in Ontario. His software specialty has been languages and spreadsheets, as well as software for USENET. Templeton was editor and publisher for ClariNet's Hugo and Nebula Anthology 1993, one of the largest early commercial e-Book projects, it offered 5 full novels still in hardback release, along with a wide array of short fiction and multimedia. In years, it has become the norm for the administrators of the Hugo Award to produce an annual digital anthology of award nominees.

This was an adjunct of the "Library of Tomorrow" project, which offered a full library of fiction on an "all you can read" subscription basis. The library presaged many similar attempts to sell online content by subscription. Since 2004, Templeton has been a board member of the Foresight Institute, one of the oldest futurist organizations and the leading one in the field of Nanotechnology. Templeton joined the founding faculty for Singularity University, an educational institution and think-tank devoted to changing technology and its effects. Since 2010 he has been Chair for Computing on that faculty. Templeton has been an active writer in the field of Robocars since 2007, building the site Robocars.com and writing at Brad Ideas. In 2010, he joined the Google self-driving car project where he consulted on strategy and technology, he has served as a consulting advisor for Starship Technologies in the delivery robot space and Quanergy LIDAR, among others. He writes on this topic on his own web site, the Forbes site and others.

Templeton is inventor on 21 patents in self-driving cars and telephony. Templeton has been a keynote speaker at many conferences and events, including Wired UK, Pioneers Festival Vienna, University of British Columbia Master Mind Class, Web Summit, Next Berlin, The Next Web Amsterdam, Ontario Centres of Excellence Toronto, USI Paris, Australian Unix Users Group Sydney, Korean Global Leaders Forum, CLSA Forum Hong Kong and Tokyo, Baidu Big Talk, Singularity Summit Chile and Innotown Norway. Author, Time Trek game for Commodore Pet Consultant, Visicalc port to Commodore Pet, Checker King game for Apple and Atari Port, Microchess game for Atari Lead Author, Visiplot graphing tool for IBM PC Author, PAL Assembler for Commodore computers Author, POWER programming tools for Commodore 1981 Lead Author, ALICE: The Personal Pascal Structure editor and integrated development environment for IBM PC, Atari ST and QNX Lead Author, ALICE Basic structure editor and IDE for QNX Lead Author, 3-2-1 Blastoff spreadsheet compiler for Lotus 1-2-3 Author, 3-2-1 Gosub programming tool for Lotus 1-2-2 Compressor Author, Stuffit Deluxe Author, Newsclip programming language for Usenet filtering, 1988 Author, TVWish wishlist system for MythTV Editor, The Internet Jokebook Editor, The Telejokebook/rec.humor.funny annual Vol I-IV Editor, Electric Science Fiction online award nominees Editor and Nebula Anthology 1993 Templeton was a director of Bittorrent Inc..

Bittorrent's software was the largest driver of internet bandwidth use during the early 21st century. He is the author of several well known internet essays on copyright and netiquette, he was an active artist at Burning Man creating installations based on photography and telephony. Templeton is the son of Charles Templeton and Sylvia Murphy, the brother of Ty Templeton. USENET Singularity University Electronic Frontier Foundation Foresight Institute ClariNet – Templeton's home page – rec.humor.funny website – Templeton's blog