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The Alismatales are an order of flowering plants including about 4500 species. Plants assigned to this order are tropical or aquatic; some grow in some in marine habitats. The Alismatales comprise herbaceous flowering plants of aquatic and marshy habitats, the only monocots known to have green embryos other than the Amaryllidaceae, they include the only marine angiosperms growing submerged, the seagrasses. The flowers are arranged in inflorescences, the mature seeds lack endosperm. Both marine and freshwater forms include those with staminate flowers that detach from the parent plant and float to the surface where they become pollinated. In others, pollination occurs underwater, where pollen may form elongated strands, increasing chance of success. Most aquatic species have a submerged juvenile phase, flowers are either floating or emergent. Vegetation may be submersed, have floating leaves, or protrude from the water. Collectively, they are known as "water plantain"; the Alismatales contain about 165 genera with a cosmopolitan distribution.

Phylogenetically, they are basal monocots, diverging early in evolution relative to the lilioid and commelinid monocot lineages. Together with the Acorales, the Alismatales are referred to informally as the alismatid monocots; the Cronquist system places the Alismatales in subclass Alismatidae, class Liliopsida and includes only three families as shown: Alismataceae Butomaceae LimnocharitaceaeCronquist's subclass Alismatidae conformed closely to the order Alismatales as defined by APG, minus the Araceae. The Dahlgren system places the Alismatales in the superorder Alismatanae in the subclass Liliidae in the class Magnoliopsida with the following families included: Alismataceae Aponogetonaceae Butomaceae Hydrocharitaceae LimnocharitaceaeIn Tahktajan's classification, the order Alismatales contains only the Alismataceae and Limnocharitaceae, making it equivalent to the Alismataceae as revised in APG-III. Other families included in the Alismatates as defined are here distributed among 10 additional orders, all of which are assigned, with the following exception, to the Subclass Alismatidae.

Araceae in Tahktajan 1997 is placed in the Subclass Aridae. The Angiosperm Phylogeny Group system of 1998 and APG II assigned the Alismatales to the monocots, which may be thought of as an unranked clade containing the families listed below; the biggest departure from earlier systems is the inclusion of family Araceae. By its inclusion, the order has grown enormously in number of species; the family Araceae alone accounts for about a hundred genera. The rest of the families together contain only about five hundred species, many of which are in small families; the APG III system differs only in. Order Alismatales sensu APG III family Alismataceae family Aponogetonaceae family Araceae family Butomaceae family Cymodoceaceae family Hydrocharitaceae family Juncaginaceae family Posidoniaceae family Potamogetonaceae family Ruppiaceae family Scheuchzeriaceae family Tofieldiaceae family ZosteraceaeIn APG IV, it was decided that evidence was sufficient to elevate Maundia to family level as the monogeneric Maundiaceae.

The authors considered including a number of the smaller orders within the Juncaginaceae, but an online survey of botanists and other users found little support for this "lumping" approach. The family structure for APG IV is: family Alismataceae family Aponogetonaceae family Araceae family Butomaceae family Cymodoceaceae family Hydrocharitaceae family Juncaginaceae family Maundiaceae family Posidoniaceae family Potamogetonaceae family Ruppiaceae family Scheuchzeriaceae family Tofieldiaceae family Zosteraceae Cladogram showing the orders of monocots based on molecular phylogenetic evidence: Data related to Alismatales at Wikispecies Media related to Alismatales at Wikimedia Commons

Joel Tom

Joel Tom is a Papua New Guinean international cricketer who made his debut for the PNG national team in 2009. He plays as a right-arm medium-pace bowler. Tom represented the PNG under-19s at the 2008 Under-19 World Cup in Malaysia, appearing in his team's matches against India, the West Indies, Bermuda, he made his senior debut for Papua New Guinea at the 2009 EAP Trophy, going on to take figures of 2/25 against Tonga and 4/8 against Japan. Tom was successful at the 2011 edition of that tournament, taking 2/15 and 3/31 against Vanuatu and 2/10 against Fiji, he was subsequently selected in Papua New Guinea's squad for the 2012 World Twenty20 Qualifier in the United Arab Emirates, the final qualification event for the 2012 World Twenty20. He only appeared in two of his team's matches, taking 1/23 against Bermuda and 1/15 against Nepal. In 2015, Tom was a member of the PNG A squad that won a silver medal in the cricket tournament at the 2015 Pacific Games. Player profile and statistics at Cricket Archive Player profile and statistics at ESPNcricinfo


Kibyra or Cibyra referred to as Cibyra Magna, is an ancient city and an archaeological site in south-west Turkey, near the modern town of Gölhisar, in Burdur Province. It was the chief city of a district Cibyratis. Strabo says, that the Cibyratae are called descendants of the Lydians, of those who once occupied the Cabalis, but afterwards of the neighbouring Pisidians, who settled here, removed the town to another position in a strong place, about 100 stadia in circuit, he mention that the Cibyratae were speaking four languages the Pisidian, the Solymi, the Greek and the Lydian. It grew powerful under a good constitution, the villages extended from Pisidia and the adjoining Milyas into Lycia, to the Peraea of the Rhodians; when the three neighbouring towns of Bubon and Oenoanda were joined to it, this confederation was called Tetrapolis. Each town had one vote, it was always under tyrants. The tetrapolis formed under the leadership of Kibyra during the 2nd century BC, was dissolved by the Roman general Lucius Licinius Murena in 83 BC, at the time of the First Mithridatic War.

Balbura and Bubon were assigned to the Lycians. The conventus of Cibyra, still remained one of the greatest in Asia; the Cibyratae had four languages, the Pisidian, the Hellenic, the language of the Solymi and of the Lydians. It is the place where, according to Strabo, the Lydian language was still being spoken among a multicultural population around his time, thus making Kibyra the last locality where the culture, by extinct in Lydia proper according to extant accounts, is attested, it was a peculiarity of Cibyra that the iron was cut with a chisel, or other sharp tool. Strabo does not fix the position of Cibyra precisely. After mentioning Antiochia on the Maeander as being in Caria, he says, to the south the great Cibyra and the Cabalis, as far as Taurus and Lycia. Ptolemy places Cibyra in Great Phrygia, assigns the three cities of Bubon and Oenoanda to the Cabalis of Lycia, consistent with Strabo; the place is identified by inscriptions on the spot. The ruins cover the brow of a hill between 400 feet above the level of the plain.

The material for the buildings was gotten from the limestone in the neighbourhood. One of the chief buildings is a theatre, in fine preservation: the diameter is 266 feet; the seats command a view of the Cibyratic plain, of the mountains towards the Milyas. On the platform near the theatre are the ruins of several large buildings supposed to be temples, some of the Doric and others of the Corinthian order. On a block there is an inscription, Καισαρεων Κιβυρατων ἡ βουλη και ὁ δημος, from which it appears that in the Roman period the city had the name Caesarea; the name Καισαρεων appears on some of the coins of Cibyra. A large building about 100 yards from the theatre is supposed to have been an Odeum or music theatre. There are no traces of city walls; the stadium, 650 feet in length and 80 in breadth, is at the lower extremity of the ridge on which the city stands. The hill side was excavated to make room for it; this part of the stadium is perfect, but the seats on the hill side are much displaced by the shrubs that have grown up between them.

The seats overlook the plain of Cibyra. The seats on the side opposite to the hill were marble blocks placed on a low wall built along the edge of the terrace, formed by cutting the side of the hill. Near the entrance to the stadium a ridge runs eastward, crowned by a paved way, bordered on each side by sarcophagi and sepulchral monuments. At the entrance to this avenue of tombs was a massive triumphal arch of Doric architecture, now in ruins; the elevation of the Cibyratic plain is estimated to be 3500 feet above the level of the sea. It produces corn; the sites of Balbura and Oenoanda, on the Xanthus, being now ascertained, we can form a tolerably correct idea of the extent of the Cibyratis. It comprised the highest part of the basin of the Xanthus, all the upper and the middle part of the basin of the Indus, for Strabo describes the Cibyratis as reaching to the Rhodian Peraea; the great range of Cadmus, said to be 8000 feet high, bounded it on the west, separated it from Caria. The upper part of the basin of the Indus consists of numerous small valleys, each of which has its little stream.

Pliny's brief description has been derived from good materials: the river Indus, which rises in the hills of the Cibyratae, receives sixty perennial rivers, more than a hundred torrents. Cibyra is first mentioned by Livy in his history of the operations of the consul Cn. Manlius, who approached it from the upper part of the Maeander and through Caria, he advanced upon it by the valley of Karaook, through which the present road leads from the Cibyratis to Laodicea on the Lycus. Manlius demanded and got from Moagetes, the tyrant of Cibyra, 100 talents and 10,000 medimni of wheat. Livy says that Moagetes had under him Syleum and Alimne, besides Cibyra; this Alimne may be identified with the remains of a large town on an island in the lake of Gule Hissar, which island is connected with the mainland by an ancient causeway. This lake lies in the river of Cibyra; the last tyrant of Cibyra named Moagetes, was the son of Pancrates He was put down by L. Licinius Murena in 84 BCE, when his territory was divided, Cibyra was attached to Phrygi

Cake Entertainment

Cake Entertainment Ltd is an independent company specialising in the production, distribution and development of kids’ and family entertainment brands. CAKE works with producers of animation and live-action content, including Rovio Entertainment Ltd, Fresh TV, Channel X and Animation Collective. In addition, CAKE partners with production companies such as Anima Estudios Paper Owl Films, TeamTO, Cheeky Little Media and Kickstart Entertainment co-producing new entertainment material and developing these brands. In 2018, Cake was most voted'Best International Distributor' by Animation Magazine and No 2 Distributor in Kidscreen’s 2018 Hot50. Cake Entertainment is led by Ed Galton and Tom van Waveren. Treasure Trekkers Kiri and Lou Pablo Kiddets The WotWots Space Racers® Ready Jet Go! Olobob Top Wanda and the Alien Toby’s Travelling Circus Ellen’s Acres Lah-Lah’s Adventures Woozle & Pip Ella Bella Bingo Tom & the Slice of Bread with Strawberry Jam & Honey Poppy Cat Get Well Soon Aesop’s Theater The Razzberry Jazzberry Jam Tiny Planets Space Chickens in Space Mighty Mike Total Drama Island Total Drama Action Total Drama World Tour Total Drama: Revenge of the Island Total Drama All-Stars Total Drama Pahkitew Island Total Drama Presents: The Ridonculous Race Total DramaRama Angelo Rules My Knight and Me Angry Birds Toons Angry Birds Stella Piggy Tales Angry Birds Blues Bottersnikes & Gumbles Trunk Train Clay Kids Oscar's Oasis Skunk Fu!

Doodlez Stoked King Arthur’s Disasters Kappa Mikey Three Delivery HTDT Thumb Wrestling Federation Frozen in Time The Naughty List Abominable Christmas Under Wraps A Monsterous Holiday Dear Dracula So Awkward The Sparticle Mystery Incredible Crew Dead Gorgeous Aifric Mama K Team 4 Untitled Angry Birds series Pablo Space Chickens in Space Angelo Rules Bottersnikes and Gumbles Skunk Fu! Hareport Founded by CAKE, Popcorn Digital is a kids' and family digital content creator, it works with leading brands including Angry Birds, Ferly, Angelo Rules and Oscar’s Oasis. CAKE - Official website Popcorn Digital - Official website

Faouzi Ghoulam

Faouzi Ghoulam is a professional footballer who plays as a left back for S. S. C. Napoli in Serie A and the Algerian national team. Ghoulam was born in Saint-Priest-en-Jarez to Algerian parents, his father is from Batna. He has 8 brothers and 2 sisters, his brother Nabil is a cross country runner that represented France at the 2004 IAAF World Cross Country Championships. On 22 September 2010, Ghoulam made his professional debut for AS Saint-Étienne coming as a substitute in the 82nd minute of a Coupe de la Ligue match against Nice, he made his Ligue 1 debut in a round 13 clash against Valenciennes and went on to make another 11 appearances in his breakout season with Saint-Etienne, becoming a consistent starter by the end of the season. Over the next two and a half seasons, he made another 65 league appearances. In the winter of 2014, Ghoulam moved to S. S. C. Napoli, he became an immediate starter at Napoli under Rafael Benítez and helped the side finish in third place in Serie A during the 2013–14 season capturing the Coppa Italia.

In November 2017, Ghoulam suffered an anterior cruciate ligament rupture in a Champions League group-stage fixture against Manchester City, was expected to be ruled out for at least two months. On 18 December 2010, in an interview Algerian newspaper Le Buteur, Ghoulam said that his intentions were to represent Algeria in international competition despite being born in France. On 5 May 2011, Algerian under-23 coach Azzedine Aït Djoudi announced that Ghoulam was hesitant about joining the team, despite the fact that he was the one who contacted the Algerian Football Federation. On 6 October 2011, after being called up to the preliminary squad of the France under-21 team, Ghoulam said that he would be proud to play for the team. On 23 November 2012, in an interview following a league game against Valenciennes, Ghoulam announced that he was going to represent Algeria at the 2013 Africa Cup of Nations. A few days the Algerian Football Federation confirmed the information through a press release on its website.

Ghoulam was selected in the Algeria squad for the 2013 Africa Cup of Nations in South Africa but he did not participate in any games. On 26 March 2013, Ghoulam made his debut as a starter in a 3–1 win over Benin in the 2014 FIFA World Cup qualifiers, providing the assist on the first Algerian goal. Ghoulam represented Algeria at the 2014 World Cup finals as les Fennecs reached the round of 16, where they were beaten by eventual champions Germany after extra time, he started in both the 2 -- 1 group stage loss to Belgium. In Algeria's opening match of the 2015 Africa Cup of Nations, Ghoulam scored his first international goal to give the team a 2–1 lead in an eventual 3–1 victory over South Africa; as of match played 25 May 2019 Scores and results list Algeria's goal tally first. "Score" column indicates the score after the player's goal. Saint-Étienne Coupe de la Ligue: 2013Napoli Coppa Italia: 2013–14 Supercoppa Italiana: 2014 UEFA Europa League: 2014–15: Squad of the season Algerian Footballer of the Year: 2017 Club profile Faouzi Ghoulam – French league stats at LFP Faouzi Ghoulam at L'Équipe Football


Zams is a municipality in the district of Landeck in the Austrian state of Tyrol. The Inn River runs through Zams, situated in the river's basin together with its neighbour town Landeck; the geographical location is 47°28′N 10°22′E. Here, the old roads coming from Vinschgau, Engadin and Lake Constance cross. At the bridge over the Inn, tolls were demanded from trade wagons as early as the Middle Ages; the municipality comprises two villages and the much smaller Zammerberg. Zams: Lötz, Oberdorf, Oberreit, Siedlung, Riefe Zammerberg: Falterschein, Kronburg, Rifenal, Tatschhof, Anreit Ausserfern: Madau Bach, Fließ, Gramais, Imst, Landeck, Schönwies, Stanz bei Landeck, Wenns Zams has been populated since pre-Christian times, though the first known use of the name is from 1150. While Zams has enjoyed prosperity due to its location, it has suffered disasters. In 1406 and 1703, Zams was sacked and burned. In 1584 and 1635, plague came to Zams, a plague cemetery was created on the site of the hospital.

In 1763, fire damaged the church tower. In 1911, another fire burned half the village to ash and destroyed much of the old man-made structures, leaving 54 families homeless; the tower remained, the church was established about fifty meters away. The free-standing church tower is a notable feature of the town. In 1812 the Merciful Sisters of St. Vincent de Paul established a hospital in Zams, their first in Austria; the castle at Kronburg was built in 1380 and reconstructed after changing owners in 1504. It has been saved only through conservation efforts since the 1830s. Günther Platter, mayor of Zams for 11 years advisor for culture and sports in Tirol. From 2003 to 2007 Platter was Austrian minister of defense and from 2007 to 2008 Austrian minister of the interior; as of July 1, 2008, he is Governor of Tyrol. Nikolaus Schuler, founder of the monastery in Zams Johann Josef Netzer, composer Franz Xaver Hauser, academic painter and sculptor from Zammerberg Romed Mungenast, Yeniche writer Anna Zita Maria Stricker, professional cyclist Mario Matt, slalom skier, 2014 Olympic slalom champion Andreas Matt, ski-cross racer, 2010 Olympic silver medallist Michael Matt, slalom skier, 2018 Olympic bronze medallist Benjamin Parth, award-winning chef Hansjörg Auer, mountaineer While most other places in the Landeck district are shaped by tourism, in Zams handicraft and other services are major activities.

About 5% of the population still practice agriculture for supplementary income near Zammerberg. Landeck-Zams railway station European walking route E5 Via Claudia Augusta Via Alpina Zams Tourism information Zammer Lochputz Venet Cablecar Alpine Safety and Information Centre