All India Institute of Medical Sciences, New Delhi

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All India Institute of Medical Sciences, New Delhi
All India Institute of Medical Sciences, Delhi.svg
Official seal of AIIMS New Delhi
MottoSharīramādyam khalu dharmasādhanam
(from the Kumārasambhava of Kālidāsa, [5.33])
Motto in English
"The body is indeed the primary instrument of dharma."
TypePublic
Established1956
Endowment₹ 3599.65 Crores,

for session 2019-20,

(≈ US$ 525.04 million, as per July 2019)
PresidentMinister for Health and Family Welfare
DeanV K Bahl
DirectorRandeep Guleria
Location, ,
28°33′54″N 77°12′36″E / 28.565°N 77.21°E / 28.565; 77.21
CampusUrban
LanguageEnglish
Websitewww.aiims.edu

All India Institute of Medical Sciences, New Delhi (AIIMS New Delhi; IAST: Akhil Bhāratiya Āyurvignan Samsthān, Naī Dillī) is a medical college and medical research public university based in New Delhi, India. AIIMS New Delhi was established in 1956 through an Act of Parliament and operates autonomously under the Ministry of Health and Family Welfare.

History[edit]

AIIMS New Delhi is governed by the All India Institute of Medical Sciences Act, 1956.[1] AIIMS was established in 1956 in New Delhi after then Prime Minister of India Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru's initial proposal to set up the institute in Calcutta was turned down by the then Chief Minister of West Bengal Bidhan Chandra Roy,[2] it was the vision of Rajkumari Amrit Kaur, the first Health Minister of India, to establish an institute of such nature in India.

Rankings[edit]

University and college rankings
Medical - India
NIRF (2019)[3]1
India Today (2018)[4]1
Outlook India (2018)[5]1
The Week (2017)[6]1
AIIMS :New Delhi's Emergency block building situated within the East Campus.

AIIMS Delhi was ranked first among medical colleges in India in 2019 by the National Institutional Ranking Framework in 2019,[3] it was also ranked first in India by India Today[4] and Outlook India[5] in 2018 and by The Week in 2017.[6]

Achievements[edit]

  • AIIMS is the first Indian center to perform a successful cardiac transplant. The surgery was performed by P Venugopal, the ex director of AIIMS in 1994.[7]
  • AIIMS is a leader[vague] in stem cell therapy, especially cardiac and neurological.[8][9][10]
  • AIIMS has India's first and only minimally invasive surgery training centre, under collaboration with Germany.[11]
  • The first in-vitro fertilisation facility in the public sector set up at the All-India Institute of Medical Sciences in February 2008.[12]

Campuses[edit]

AIIMS New Delhi main campus[edit]

AIIMS New Delhi's main campus is located in Ansari Nagar in Delhi, it is adjacent to the South Extension-II market and lies on the both sides of Sir Aurobindo Marg, southwards to the AIIMS Roundabout flyover crossing.

AIIMS Main campus is spread mainly into 5 locations:

  1. East Campus - Containing OPD Block, Main Hospital Block, Ward Block, Medical College, Research Section, Convergence Block, BB Dixit Library, Administrative Wing, Undergraduates Hostels, Central Lawn, Jawaharlal Auditorium and staff quarters. The 4 Specialty Centers for Cardiothoracic + Neurosciences, Cancer Center, Center for Ophthalmic Sciences and Center for Dental Education and Research are also within this East Campus.
  2. West Campus - It comprises mainly of staff quarters and residences.
  3. JPNA Trauma Center - It is exclusively designated for Emergency services. In June 2018 a tunnel + ramp-road link between East campus and JPNA Trauma Center Campus was also opened; this link route is very useful in fast transferring of critical patients across the two Campuses.
  4. Masjid Moth Campus - This site contains new Post-Graduate & Resident Doctor's apartments. Underground parking block is also situated here. Upcoming New OPD Block, Mother & Child Care Unit, Surgical Block and Geriatric Block are also under construction here; these new blocks are aimed to reduce the patient load on the present OPD block in East Campus which is currently overhauled by nearly approx. 10,000 out-patients per day.
  5. Ayurvigyan Nagar Campus - It is too for faculty and staff's residential accommodations.
JPNA Trauma Center building at AIIMS :New Delhi
Central lawn, with teaching block in the background

Across AIIMS is Safdarjung Hospital and associated Vardhman Mahavir Medical College (of Guru Gobind Singh Indraprastha University). Also, adjacently lies the headquarters of Indian Council of Medical Research, the body that coordinates and funds medical research in India. In vicinity, also lies National Medical Library, run by the Directorate-General of Health Services of the Government of India, it has a vast collection of scientific and medical journals that can be accessed by researchers.

AIIMS Badsa campus, National Cancer Institute and National Heart Institute[edit]

AIIMS, Badsa

AIIMS Badsa or AIIMS Jhajjar, established on 24 November 2012, is the second campus of the All India Institute of Medical Sciences (AIIMS-II) spreads over 330 acres (1.335 square kilometres) of land and adjacent to SMCHRI ( shree guru gobind Singh tric. medical college hospital and research institute).[13] built with an initial cost of 10 billion (US$140 million),[14][15][16][17] This campus also houses INR2,034 crore National Cancer Institute (India),[18] and Infectious and Community Diseses Centre; the 710 bed National Cancer Institute of India at Badsa is constructed on 32 acres along the lines of National Cancer Institute of the USA and it is focused on treatment and research on the India-specific cancer.[19] It became operational on 18 December 2018 including OPD, lab and 250 bed hospital which will be expanded to 710 beds by december 2019,[20] it is headed by Dr. G.K. Rath.[20] National Heart Institute (India) is also being establlished here.[21]

IITD-Jhajjar campus is located next to the AIIMS-Delhi's Jahjjar campus at Badsa. IIT-Delhi and AIIMS are jointly set up biomedical research park at this campus, including a joint Ph.D. supervision programme and provision for adjunct faculty. IITD-Jhajjar is funded by the IITD and managed by the Foundation for Innovation and Technology Transfer (FITT).[22]

A heliport is being developed in January 2019 for the Air Ambulance to serve emergency patients from remote areas.[23]

All India Institute of Medical Sciences, Rewari at manethi village is a separate independent upcoming institute.[24]

AIIMS Ballabhgarh campus[edit]

AIIMS Ballabhgarh, established in 1965, is an extension campus of AIIMS in Ballabhgarh city of Faridabad district in Haryana;[25] this rural field practice OPD[clarification needed] campus was set up in collaboration with Government of Haryana as "Comprehensive Rural Health Services Project" - "Ballabgarh Health and Demographic Surveillance System".[26][27] In 1961 Rural Field Practice was established at AIIMS New Delhi with the help of Rockefeller Foundation. In 1965, the Comprehensive Rural Health Services Project was set up at Ballabgarh with a 50-bed hospital, 24 hr emergency and obstetric facilities, outpatient services in medicine, surgery, paediatrics, gynaecology & obstetrics, eye, otorhinolaryngology, psychiatry, physical medicine & rehabilitation, paediatric surgery, dental care, homeopathy, NCD[clarification needed] clinic, ANC[clarification needed] clinic, immunization clinic, laboratory, radiological and ultra-sonograph services.[25][28][29][30]

AIIMS Ghaziabad campus[edit]

AIIMS Ghaziabad, an "Intensive Field Practice Area" is a "National Drug Dependence Treatment Centre" of AIIMS in Ghaziabad city of Uttar Pradesh.[30]

Healthcare[edit]

Medical facilities[edit]

AIIMS provided specialty and super-specialty tertiary care services in more than 50 areas:[31] anesthesiology, anatomy, anti-retroviral treatment for HIV & AIDS, biochemistry, biomedical engineering, biophysics, biostatistics, biotechnology, cardiology for cardiac and heart-related treatments, community medicine, conservative dentistry and endodontics, dermatology and venereology, dietetics, endocrinology, metabolism and diabetes, forensic medicine and toxicology, geriatric medicine, gastroenterology and nutrition, gastrointestinal surgery, haematology, hospital administration, laboratory medicine, general medicine, microbiology, nephrology, nuclear medicine, nuclear magnetic resonance imaging, nursing, obstetrics and gynaecology, oral and maxillofacial surgery, orthodontics, orthopaedics, ophthalmology, otorhinolaryngology, paediatrics, pediatric dentistry, paediatric surgery, pathology, pharmacology, physiology, physical medicine and rehabilitation, prosthodontics and maxillofacial prosthetics, psychiatry, pulmonary medicine and sleep disorders, radiodiagnosis, reproductive biology, surgical disciplines, transplant immunology and immunogenetics, transfusion medicine (blood bank), and urology.

Clinical statistics for session 2017–2018[edit]

Hospital Services at AIIMS :New Delhi (2017-18) ( source: 62nd Annual-Report [32] )
Hospital/Centre


Outpatients


(including casualty)

Inpatients


(patients admitted)

Surgeries


(operations/procedures)

Beds
General Private TOTAL
Main Hospital 20,88,171 1,15,276 96,439 997 165 1,162
Cardiothoracic Centre 2,04,976 12,331 4,141 226 33 464
Neurosciences Centre 1,36,300 9,414 3,314 174 31
Dr. RP Centre (Opthalmic Centre) 5,75,174 43,684 45,411 288 22 310
JPNA Trauma Centre 1,23,845 6,910 8,142 232 11 243
Dr. BRA-IRCH (Cancer Centre) 1,71,778 42,687 10,329 167 15 182
CCM (Centre for Community Medicine) 5,48,236 12,685 2,340 50 - - - - 50
NDDTC (National Drug Dependence Treatment Centre) 1,64,642 1,201 - - - - 50 - - - - 50
CDER (Dental Centre) 2,09,045 1,377 22,918 17 - - - - 17
Outreach patients (Badsha, Jhajjar, Haryana) 1,33,171 - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
TOTAL: 43,55,338

(43.5 lakhs+)

2,45,565

(2.4 lakhs+)

1,93,034

(1.9 lakhs+)

2,201 227 2,478 beds

Specialty centres[edit]

AIIMS "Centre for Dental Education and Research" in background with hostels and the basketball court in foreground
  • Dr. Rajendra Prasad Centre for Ophthalmic Sciences:
    Establisted in 1967 by the Ministry of Health and Family Welfare, it is a 310 bed ophthalmic (eyes) specialty centre.[33]
  • Dr. BR Ambedkar Institute Rotary Cancer Hospital:
    It specialises in the treatment of cancer and hosts departments viz. surgical, medical and radiation oncology.Total beds are 182.
  • Jai Prakash Narayan Apex Trauma Centre:
    It is India's first full-fledged centre to treat victims of trauma. It is located about 1 km west of the main campus,[34] it has a bed strength of 243.
  • Centre for Dental Education and Research:
    Located adjacent to the Hostels, is AIIMS' newest specialty centre. The centre commenced a 4-year collaboration with WHO for oral health promotion; the Ministry of Health and Family Welfare of the Government of India designated this Centre as National Centre for Excellence for implementation of National Oral Health Programme in the country. This centre provides technical support on oral health to the government and WHO. Despite having very few faculty members, this centre has been giving best research output per person in the country, it contains 17 beds.
  • Cardiothoracic and Neurosciences Centre:
    Offers superspecialty patient care, training and research in the respective fields. Containing totally 464 beds.
  • National Drug Dependence Treatment Centre, Ghaziabad:
    It is a WHO collaborating centre on substance abuse containing 50 beds.[35]
  • Centre for Community Medicine, Ballabhgarh:
    It maintains a teaching and treatment facility at Ballabgarh, which is a periurban area outside Delhi, it also provides comprehensive services to 84000 population. Faculty members from AIIMS are posted there by rotation, it contains 50 beds.

Academics[edit]

Admissions[edit]

Foundation stone at the Academic Building of AIIMS, placed by Queen Elizabeth II

AIIMS was originally established as a super-specialty tertiary care centre with primary emphasis on research and specialised training facilities. MBBS is the basic medical course at bachelor's degree level; this is followed by master's degree level specialisation in general surgery, general internal medicine, pediatrics and other fields. Superspecialties are those healthcare fields whose practitioners need specialised certification after completing their postgraduation, examples being cardiothoracic and vascular surgery, rheumatology, neurology, and pediatric neurology. There are at least 45 superspecialties at AIIMS at higher master's degree level. AIIMS also offers M.Sc. and PhD level research courses.

There are about forty-two specialty post-graduate courses conducted at AIIMS; the entry is through a nationwide competitive examination, AIIMS PG, held every six months.[36] Each year nearly 50 thousand medical graduates and 25 thousand dental graduates across the country compete for the limited number of positions, approximately <1% of the candidates are admitted through the process.

Institute has a separate Examination-Section of its own, dedicated for all national level entrance exams, university's internal professional exams and departmental exams. Examination-Section functions through a separate website: https://www.aiimsexams.org/ [37]

National-Level entrance exams for all undergraduate, postgraduate and postdoctoral (super-specialty) seats in AIIMS -New Delhi and all other peripheral newly established AIIMS are conducted by this Examination-Section, through Online mode only.

AIIMS publishes The National Medical Journal of India.[38] Several journals in medical sciences are edited by AIIMS faculty.

Residential facilities[edit]

AIIMS is a residential university where the faculty members, staff, and students live on either the main campus or one of the several extension campuses. At undergraduate level there is accommodation for total 400 students in 7 hostels, 6 male (Hostels No.1-6) and one female hostel (Hostel 10). At post-graduate level there are 3 hostels, 1 hostel for female students (Hostel No.9) and 2 hostels for single male or married couples (Hostels No.7-8). Additional hostels for nursing students and post-graduate students are available at a facility in the Masjid Moth area, near the main AIIMS campus. Ballabgarh campus has hostels at Ballabgarh, Dayalpur and Chainsa for MBBS, MD, and nursing students deputed there.

Student life[edit]

AIIMS students educating residents of a Delhi slum about preventing mosquito-borne illnesses

Attendance (75%) is compulsory in MBBS and emphasis on participating in research activities, under the professors at AIIMS or elsewhere, from undergraduate years.

Class size at Undergraduate level is small with an intake of only 107 students per year for MBBS course. Seats are reserved category wise as follows: (As per the official prospectus of 2019 session)

  • UR-51
  • OBC-27
  • SC-15
  • ST-7
  • Foreign-7

An additional 5% horizontal sub-reservation within each category for PWBD (Persons with Benchmark Disabilities) belonging to the respective categories is also implemented.

Entrance exam is of a totally Online Computer Based Test pattern. Selection is purely on a Merit-basis.

Men constitute nearly 80% of student population. AIIMS has a cosmopolitan culture with students from allover India as well as from other nations such as Maldives, Malaysia, Indonesia, Nepal, Bhutan, Afghanistan, Mauritius and more. A variety of Indian cultural festivals and most major international festivals are celebrated.

The students are represented by the AIIMS Students' Union, headed by an executive committee that is elected every year from students of 6th semester. Pulse, the annual inter-college festival is hosted by AIIMS, with daily attendance ranging from 15000 to 45000; the students annually host Infest, a scaled down version of Pulse with only internal participation. The students' body frequently hosts literary games, dance classes, and arranges coaching for sports.

AIIMS has large well-equipped gym, swimming pool, tennis courts, basketball, volleyball, squash and soccer; the hostel also have a library.

Controversies[edit]

Around 2002 AIIMS decision to reserving 33% of post-graduation seats for its own undergraduate MBBS students, resulted in a controversy as it practically resulted in a 100% reservation for subjects, was struck down by the Supreme Court of India.[39] In 2006 Union Health Minister Anbumani Ramadoss, who was a supporter of 27% reservation for Other Backward Classes,[40] caused a controversy when he replaced P. Venugopal with T. D. Dogra as Director of AIIMS. The initial personality conflict between Ramadoss and Venugopal later become politicised as a conflict on reservation issue,[41] as anti-reservation students and faculty of AIIMS went on strike in favor of Venugopal;[42] the issue was put to rest when Venugopal was reinstated by the Supreme Court.[43]

Notable officials and alumni[edit]

Directors of AIIMS New Delhi[edit]

Faculty[edit]

Alumni[edit]

Recipients of Shanti Swarup Bhatnagar Award for medical research[edit]

Following current and former faculty have won the CSIR's Shanti Swarup Bhatnagar Prize for Science and Technology for research:

References[edit]

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  2. ^ "The Telegraph - Calcutta : Frontpage". www.telegraphindia.com. Retrieved 21 June 2017.
  3. ^ a b "National Institutional Ranking Framework 2019 (Medical)". National Institutional Ranking Framework. Ministry of Human Resource Development. 2019.
  4. ^ a b "India's Best Colleges 2018: Medical". India Today. 2018.
  5. ^ a b "Top 25 Medical Colleges In 2018". Outlook India. 24 May 2018. Retrieved 9 October 2018.
  6. ^ a b Singh, Abhinav (18 June 2017). "The Week - Hansa Research Best Colleges Survey 2017: Top Medical Colleges - All India". The Week. Retrieved 8 September 2017.
  7. ^ Venugopal, P. (1 September 1994). "The first successful heart transplant in India". The National Medical Journal of India. 7 (5): 213–215. PMID 7827600.
  8. ^ "AIIMS claims cutting edge stem cell study". The Times of India. 23 March 2005.
  9. ^ Gupta, Devendrak; Sharma, Shilpa (2005). "Stem cell therapy - Hope and scope in pediatric surgery". Journal of Indian Association of Pediatric Surgeons. 10 (3): 138. doi:10.4103/0971-9261.16962.
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  17. ^ Azad inaugurates Outreach OPD of AIIMS in Haryana. Business Standard (24 November 2012). Retrieved on 9 October 2013.
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