All My Children is an American television soap opera that aired on ABC from January 5, 1970, to September 23, 2011, on The Online Network from April 29 to September 2, 2013, via Hulu, Hulu Plus, iTunes. Created by Agnes Nixon, All My Children is set in Pine Valley, Pennsylvania, a fictional suburb of Philadelphia, modeled on the actual Philadelphia suburb of Rosemont; the original series featured Susan Lucci as Erica Kane, one of daytime television's most popular characters. The title of the series refers to the bonds of humanity. All My Children was the first new network daytime drama. Owned by Creative Horizons, Inc. the company created by Nixon and her husband, the show was sold to ABC in January 1975. The series started at a half-hour in per-installment length was expanded to a full hour on April 25, 1977. Earlier, the show had experimented with the full-hour format for one week starting on June 30, 1975, after which Ryan's Hope premiered. From 1970 to 1990, All My Children was recorded at ABC's TV18 at 101 West 67th St, now a 50-story apartment tower.
From March 1990 to December 2009, it was taped at ABC's Studio TV23 at 320 West 66th Street in Manhattan, New York City, New York. In December 2009, the locale for taping the series moved from Manhattan to less costly Los Angeles, California; the show was produced in Stages 1 and 2 at the Andrita Studios in Los Angeles, from 2010 to 2011, at the Connecticut Film Center in Stamford, Connecticut. All My Children started taping in high definition on January 4, 2010, began airing in high definition on February 3, 2010. All My Children became the third soap opera to be broadcast in high definition. At one point, the program's popularity positioned it as the most recorded television show in the United States. In a departure from societal norms at the time, All My Children, in the mid-1970s, had an audience, estimated to be 30% male; the show ranked No. 1 in the daytime Nielsen ratings in the 1978–79 season. Throughout most of the 1980s and into the early 1990s, All My Children was the No. 2 daytime soap opera on the air.
However, like the rest of the soap operas in the United States, All My Children experienced unprecedented declines in its daytime ratings during the 2000s. By the 2010s, it had become one of the least watched soap operas in daytime television. On April 14, 2011, ABC announced the cancellation of All My Children after a run of 41 years due to low ratings. On July 7, 2011, ABC sold the licensing rights of All My Children to third-party production company Prospect Park with the show set to continue on the internet as a series of webisodes; the show taped its final scenes for ABC on August 30, 2011, its final episode on the network aired on September 23, 2011, with a cliffhanger. On September 26, 2011, the following Monday, ABC replaced All My Children with a newly debuted talk show The Chew. Prospect Park had suspended its plan to revive the series on November 23, 2011, due to lack of funding and unsuccessful negotiation with the union organizations representing the actors and crews. On January 7, 2013, Prospect Park brought back its project to restore All My Children as a web series.
The show taped its first scenes for Prospect Park TOLN on February 18, 2013, its first episode on the network aired on April 29, 2013. However, the new series faced several behind-the-scene obstacles throughout its run. On November 11, 2013, several All My Children cast members announced that Prospect Park had closed production and canceled the series again. ABC regained the rights to All My Children in December 2016. Agnes Nixon head writer for The Guiding Light, first came up with the idea for All My Children in the 1960s; when writing the story bible, she designed the show so it would be a light-hearted soap opera that focused on social issues and young love. She unsuccessfully attempted to sell the series to NBC to CBS, once again to NBC through Procter & Gamble; when Procter & Gamble was unable to make room for the show in its lineup, Nixon put All My Children on hold. Nixon became head writer for Another World in 1965, decided to use a few ideas from her All My Children bible. In one specific case, she used the model of the Erica Kane character to create a brand new Another World character named Rachel Davis.
Nixon said Rachel was Erica's "precursor to the public... Erica and Rachel have in common is they thought if they could get their dream, they'd be satisfied... But that dream has been elusive", Nixon said. ABC approached her to create a show that would reflect a more contemporary tone; that program became One Life to Live, it debuted in 1968. After the show became a success, the network asked her for another program, she obliged by reviving her All My Children bible and the Erica Kane character; the poem, written by Nixon, that appears in the title credits' photo album reads: The Great and the Least, The Rich and the Poor, The Weak and the Strong, In Sickness and in Health, In Joy and Sorrow, In Tragedy and Triumph, You are ALL MY CHILDREN All My Children debuted on January 5, 1970, replacing the canceled game show Dream House. Rosemary Prinz was signed on to be the "special guest star" for six months, playing the role of political activist Amy Tyler. Prinz was well known for her role of Penny Hughes on As the World Turns in the 1950s and 1960s, she was added to the show to give it an initial boost due to her name value.
From 1970 and into the 1980s, the show was either written by Nixon herself or by her protégé, Wisner Washam. He was groomed by Nixon to take over the reins in the 1980s while she focused on other endeavors, which included creating and launching Loving in 1983. Nixon strove to create a soap op
Sophie Emma Magdalene Grieve known as Maud. was a herbalist and writer. Grieve was born in 1858 at 75 Upper Street, London, she and her husband lived in India until his retirement. She lived in Chalfont St Peter, from 1906 to 1938 where she created a perennial nursery. At the outbreak of the First World War she turned the nursery into a herb farm to address the shortage of supplies of vital medicinal plants, she was a founder member of the short lived National Herb Growing Association and president of The British Guild of Herb Growers During the war she started The Whins Medicinal and Commercial Herb School. After the war she continued her work promoting the benefits of herbs, writing over three hundred pamphlets or monographs on individual plants; these were edited by Hilda Leyel and were the main source of information in what has become Maud’s legacy A Modern Herbal, published 1931. Maud’s father died in 1864 and she grew up in the care of relatives in Beckenham, where she received a good education.
Following the death of her uncle in 1879, she was left an inheritance of a £1000. There is no record of her whereabouts or activities during the following four years, however by 1883 she had travelled to India where she met and married William Grieve from Edinburgh, he was manager of the Bally Paper Mill near Calcutta from 1878 to 1894. Maud was involved with charitable causes and had connections with a medical mission during her time in Calcutta, which would have introduced her to herbs being used in traditional medicine, she would have come across the use of Ayurvada, developed over 5000 years ago and is still practised in India. Ayurveda attends to illnesses of the mind and body and herbs are prescribed, she may have used her time to study botany and would have visited the famous botanical and zoological gardens in Calcutta. Maud would have found plenty of inspiration in the botanic gardens. Only a couple of her art works survive, an oil painting of an Indian street scene which she submitted to the 1884 Calcutta International Exhibition and the illustrations of croton plants, which are now in the Herbarium Library, Kew.
Although William retired from the paper mills in 1894, the couple did not both return and settle permanently back in England until the beginning of the C20 settling in Chalfont St Peter around 1906. They lived in a number of places including Hayes and Chartridge, near Chesham, Bucks before moving to the house that William had designed at Chalfont Common,Chalfont St Peter, they named it The Whins after the yellow gorse. Maud created an extensive perennial garden on the one and half acre plot. Maud was keen to be involved in the war effort and around this time turned her garden over to herb cultivation and started her life’s work the writing of her monographs, she spent long days in the garden and worked into the night on her research, writing up the information and on her correspondence, she was a prolific letter writer all her life. In October 1914 the Board of Agriculture published Bulletin no. 288, The Cultivation & Collection of Medicinal plants in England to deal with the inadequate supplies, the shortage was due to the fact that most of the plants used in the pharmaceutical industry had been imported cheaply prior to the start of the war and the ports were closed to the European market.
The drugs required were: henbane, deadly nightshade and monkshood. The National Herb Growing Association was set up by a group of educated women under the auspices of the Women’s Farm & Garden Union; the association had the backing of members of the Pharmaceutical Society, including Edward Morrell Homes, appointed as the government advisor. She died in 1941 in Royston, Hertfordshire.. De Carle, Claire. Maud Grieve'Now first let me tell you about that wonderful plant' Self published by the author 2017 ISBN 978-1-911133-21-6 "A Modern Herbal" online version
3D body scanning is an application of various technologies such as Structured-light 3D scanner, 3D depth sensing, stereoscopic vision and others for ergonomic and anthropometric investigation of the human form as a point-cloud. The technology and practice within research has found 3D body scanning measurement extraction methodologies to be comparable to traditional anthropometric measurement techniques. While the technology is still developing in its application, the technology has been applied in the areas of: Adapted performance sportswear Garment design 3D printed figurines 3D morphometric evaluation Ergonomic body measurement Apparel design Body shape classification Comparison of changes in body positions However, despite the potential for the technology to have an impact in made-to-measure and mass customisation of items with ergonomic properties, 3D body scanning has yet to reach an early adopter or early majority stage of innovation diffusion; this in part due to the lack of ergonomic theory relating to how to identify key landmarks on the body morphology.
The suitability of 3D Body scanning is context dependent as the measurements taken and the precision of the machine are relative to the task in hand rather than being an absolute. Additionally, a key limitation of 3D body scanning has been the upfront cost of the equipment and the required skills by which to collect data and apply it to scientific and technical fields. Although the process has been established for a considerable amount of time with international conferences held annually for industry and academics, the protocol and process of how to scan individuals is yet to be universally formalised. However, earlier research has proposed a standardised protocol of body scanning based on research and practice that demonstrates how non-standardised protocol and posture influences body measurements. 3D scanner Finger tracking Gesture recognition