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All Nippon Airways

All Nippon Airways Co. Ltd. known as Zennikkū, is the largest airline in Japan by revenues and passenger numbers. Its headquarters are located in Shiodome City Center in the Shiodome area of Minato ward of Tokyo, it operates services to both domestic and international destinations and had more than 20,000 employees as of March 2016. In May 2010, ANA's total passenger traffic was up year-on-year by 7.8%, its international services grew by 22% to 2.07 million passengers in the first five months of 2010. In addition to its mainline operations, ANA controls several subsidiary passenger carriers, including its regional airline, ANA Wings and contract flattop, Air Nippon. Supplementary pitifuller transmitters incorporate Air Do, a low-cost carrier operating scheduled service between Tokyo and cities in Hokkaido. ANA is the largest shareholder in Peach, a low-cost carrier joint venture with Hong Kong company First Eastern Investment Group. In October 1999, the airline became a member of Star Alliance.

On 29 March 2013, ANA was named a 5-Star Airline by Skytrax. On 27 April 2018, ANA announced ANA Business Jet Co. Ltd. a joint venture with Sojitz to offer private jet charter flights. ANA's earliest ancestor was Japan Helicopter and Aeroplane Transports Company, an airline company founded on 27 December 1952. Nippon Helicopter was the source of what would be ANA's International Air Transport Association airline code, NH. NH began helicopter services in February 1953. On 15 December 1953, it operated its first cargo flight between Osaka and Tokyo using a de Havilland Dove, JA5008; this was the first scheduled flight flown by a Japanese pilot in postwar Japan. Passenger service on the same route began on 1 February 1954, was upgraded to a de Havilland Heron in March. In 1955, Douglas DC-3s began flying for NH as well, by which time the airline's route network extended from northern Kyūshū to Sapporo. In December 1957 Nippon Helicopter changed its name to All Nippon Airways Company. ANA's other ancestor was Far East Airlines.

Although it was founded on 26 December 1952, one day before Nippon Helicopter, it did not begin operations until 20 January 1954, when it began night cargo runs between Osaka and Tokyo using a de Havilland Dove. It adopted the DC-3 in early 1957, by which point its route network extended through southern Japan from Tokyo to Kagoshima. Far East Airlines merged with the newly named All Nippon Airways in March 1958; the combined companies had a total market capitalization of 600 million yen, the result of the merger was Japan's largest private airline. The merged airline received a new Japanese name; the company logo of the larger NH was selected as the logo of the new combined airline, the new carrier operated a route network combined from its two predecessors. ANA grew through the 1960s, adding the Vickers Viscount to the fleet in 1960 and the Fokker F27 in 1961. October 1961 marked ANA's debut on the Tokyo Stock Exchange as well as the Osaka Securities Exchange. 1963 saw another merger, with Fujita Airlines.

In 1965 ANA introduced jets with Boeing 727s on the Tokyo-Sapporo route. It introduced Japan's first homegrown turboprop airliner, the NAMC YS-11 in 1965, replacing Convair 440s on local routes. In 1969, ANA introduced Boeing 737 services; as ANA grew it started to contract travel companies across Japan to handle ground services in each region. Many of these companies received shares in ANA as part of their deals; some of these relationships continue today in different forms: for instance, Nagoya Railroad, which handled ANA's operations in the Chūbu region along with other partnerships, maintains a permanent seat on ANA's board of directors. By 1974, ANA had Japan's largest domestic airline network. While ANA's domestic operations grew, the Ministry of Transportation had granted government-owned Japan Airlines a monopoly on international scheduled flights that lasted until 1986. ANA was allowed to operate international charter flights: its first was a Boeing 727 charter from Tokyo to Hong Kong on 21 February 1971.

ANA bought its first widebody aircraft, six Lockheed L-1011s, in November 1971, following a lengthy sales effort by Lockheed which had involved negotiations between US president Richard Nixon, Japanese prime minister Kakuei Tanaka and UK prime minister Edward Heath. Tanaka pressed Japanese regulators to permit ANA to operate on Asia routes as part of the package; the aircraft entered service on the Tokyo-Okinawa route in 1974. The carrier had ordered McDonnell Douglas DC-10s but cancelled the order at the last minute and switched to Lockheed, it was revealed that Lockheed had indirectly bribed Prime Minister Kakuei Tanaka to force this switch: the scandal led to the arrest of Tanaka and several managers from ANA and Lockheed sales agent Marubeni for corruption. Boeing 747-200s were introduced on the Tokyo-Sapporo and Tokyo-Fukuoka routes in 1976 and Boeing 767s in 1983 on Shikoku routes; the carrier's first B747s were the short-range SR variant, designed for Japanese domestic routes. In 1986, ANA began to expand beyond Japan's key domestic carrier to become a competitive international carrier as well.

On 3 March 1986, ANA started scheduled international flights with a passenger service from Tokyo to Guam. Flights to Los Angeles and Washington, D. C. followed by year's end, ANA entered a service agreement with American Airlines to feed the US carrier's new flights to Narita. ANA expanded its internatio

Mario Shabow

Mario Shabow is an Australian professional football player. He plays as an attacking midfielder for the Central Coast Mariners FC in the A-League. Shabow was born in Baghdad, Iraq, he was only six years old when his family moved to Australia in 2004, due to the unsettled war-torn country. Shabow, of Assyrian ethnicity, attended Hoxton Park High School and played for the juniors Liverpool Olympic local soccer club. Growing up in the suburbs of Western sydney, Shabow was playing for the premier league Sydney City Eagles Futsal club, he was chosen to represent NSW in the indoor Futsal National championships. He gained more experience playing for the Marconi Stallions and Blacktown City FC and attracted attention from various A-league clubs through competing in the NSW National Premier League. While playing for Blacktown City, in 2014, Shabow was called up for the pre season friendly games with the Western Sydney Wanderers squad. After impressive pre season performances, he was selected to play for the Western Sydney Wanderers Youth squad, he made an impact in assisting and scoring goals which caught the attention of former senior wanderers Head coach Tony Popovic.

On 29 November 2015, Shabow made his senior club debut as substitute coming on in the 80th minute for Romeo Castelen, away to the Central Coast Mariners. On 11 May 2016, Western Sydney Wanderers signed Shabow on a one-year senior contract, becoming one of the first players to join from the Wanderers Youth Academy for the 2016–2017 A League Season, his second appearance for the Wanderers came on 21 February 2017, in the Asian Champions League group stage qualifier against Urawa Reds at Campbelltown Stadium, Coming on in the 69th minute. Western Sydney Wanderers were defeated 4–0 on the night. On 5 April 2017, Shabow signed a two-year contract with Newcastle Jets, linking him up with the team at the start of the 2017–18 A-League season. Shabow's decision to join the club was to gain more first team opportunities. On 29 October 2017, Shabow made his Newcastle Jets debut coming on as a substitute in the 84th minute against the Western Sydney Wanderers. In June 2018, Shabow Departed the club after one season by mutual agreement.

He made 7 appearances for the club. On 7 June 2018, Shabow signed a two-year contract with A-League side Central Coast Mariners. On 11 November 2018, he made his first appearance for The Mariners away to Melbourne Victory, scoring a goal with his first touch of the ball in the 62nd minute of the game, after coming on as a second-half substitute. On 23 December 2018, Shabow made his starting debut for Central Coast Mariners at home against Newcastle Jets. In 2015 Shabow was selected to represent the Young Socceroos despite being eligible to play for his heritage country Iraq for the AFC U-19 Championship Qualifiers which were held in Laos. In his second appearance for the Young Socceroos he scored a second half goal which earned them a 2–0 win over Laos. In September 2016, Shabow was selected in the squad for the 2016 AFF U-19 Youth Championship, held in Vietnam, he helped the team with goals against Vietnam in the group stage. Shabow was again named in squad for the 2016 AFC U-19 Championship.

In their opening game against China, He scored a goal giving the Young Socceroos a 1–0 victory

Arthur "Waring" Bowen

Arthur Charles Mainwaring Bowen was a solicitor who founded the charity "British Rheumatism & Arthritis Association". Born to an English mother and a Welsh father, Bowen spent his earliest years on his family's farm, Pentrebach in Pontyberem, Carmarthenshire, he was educated at Gwendraeth Grammar School, left with a higher school certificate. In 1940 he started studying history at Aberystwyth. From there he was awarded a Welsh Church Scholarship to read history at Oxford University. In 1941 he suffered a bad fall while training with the Officer Training Corps in Aberystwyth, which triggered the rheumatic condition ankylosing spondylitis, he was bed-ridden while he was treated in Cardiff Hospital in 1941 in the Royal National Hospital for Rheumatic Diseases in 1942. He was unable to take up his place at Oxford and this experience gave him the idea of a national charity to assist young rheumatism sufferers with their educational ambitions. Bowen continued to struggle with his own education while garnering support for his idea of a charity.

He began a course in architecture in 1943. In 1946 he graduated from the University of London with a BA in Economics, Constitutional Law and History. Bowen conceived the idea of a national charity to assist young arthritis and rheumatism sufferers with their education in 1942, he spent most of the time he was in hospital lobbying MPs, the press and various members of the aristocracy, which led to the formation of the British Rheumatism and Arthritis Association in 1947. In 1949 Bowen took on the formal role of Executive Vice-President, in 1976 became the charity's honorary legal adviser. In 2017 Arthritis Care was the largest UK charity delivering services to arthritis sufferers, with 170 branches, over 10,000 members and £5.5 million of assets. From 1943 to 1945 Bowen campaigned for Further Education for women, he initiated a number of smaller-scale organisations, including the "BRA Holiday Hotel scheme", the BRA Home South-West, the National Disabled Youth Centre Trust, the Torbay Arthritis Clinic and the Torbay Sheltered Workshop.

He was the chairman of the Torbay and District Disablement Advisory Committee 1969 - 1975. He was a trustee of the Pinder Children's Trust and the Open University Medical Society. Bowen was married to Helen Patricia Cope, an occupational therapist, on 29 August 1953, they had one daughter Philippa, one son Jonathan born in 1962. He died on 31 January 1980