All in the Family is an American sitcom television series, broadcast on the CBS television network for nine seasons, from January 12, 1971, to April 8, 1979. The following September, it was continued with the spin-off series Archie Bunker's Place, which picked up where All in the Family had ended and ran for four more seasons through 1983. All in the Family was produced by Bud Yorkin, it starred Carroll O'Connor, Jean Stapleton, Sally Struthers, Rob Reiner. The show revolves around the life of his family; the show broke ground in its depiction of issues considered unsuitable for a U. S. network television comedy, such as racism, infidelity, women's liberation, religion, abortion, breast cancer, the Vietnam War and impotence. Through depicting these controversial issues, the series became arguably one of television's most influential comedic programs, as it injected the sitcom format with more dramatic moments and realistic, topical conflicts. All in the Family is regarded in the United States as one of the greatest television series in history.
Following a lackluster first season, the show soon became the most watched show in the United States during summer reruns and afterwards ranked number one in the yearly Nielsen ratings from 1971 to 1976. It became the first television series to reach the milestone of having topped the Nielsen ratings for five consecutive years; the episode "Sammy's Visit" was ranked number 13 on TV Guide's 100 Greatest Episodes of All Time. TV Guide's 50 Greatest TV Shows of All Time ranked All in the Family as number four. Bravo named the show's protagonist, Archie Bunker, TV's greatest character of all time. In 2013, the Writers Guild of America ranked All in the Family the fourth-best written TV series ever. All in the Family is about a working-class white family living in New York, its patriarch is Archie Bunker, an outspoken, narrow-minded man prejudiced against everyone, not like him or his idea of how people should be. Archie's wife Edith is understanding, though somewhat naïve and uneducated, their one child, Gloria, is kind and good-natured like her mother, but displays traces of her father's stubbornness and temper.
Gloria is married to college student Michael Stivic – referred to as "Meathead" by Archie – whose values are influenced and shaped by the counterculture of the 1960s. The two couples represent the real-life clash of values between the Greatest Generation and Baby Boomers. For much of the series, the Stivics live in the Bunkers' home to save money, providing abundant opportunity for them to irritate each other; the show is set in the Astoria section of Queens, with the vast majority of scenes taking place in the Bunkers' home at 704 Hauser Street. Occasional scenes take place in other locations during seasons, such as Kelsey's Bar, a neighborhood tavern where Archie spends a good deal of time and purchases, the Stivics' home after Mike and Gloria move out. Supporting characters represent the changing demographics of the neighborhood the Jeffersons, a black family, who live in the house next door in the early seasons. Carroll O'Connor as Archie Bunker: Frequently called a "lovable bigot", Archie was an assertively prejudiced blue-collar worker.
A World War II veteran, Archie longs for better times when people sharing his viewpoint were in charge, as evidenced by the nostalgic theme song "Those Were the Days". Despite his bigotry, he is portrayed as loving and decent, as well as a man, struggling to adapt to the changing world, rather than someone motivated by hateful racism or prejudice, his ignorance and stubbornness seem to cause his malapropism-filled arguments to self-destruct. He rejects uncomfortable truths by blowing a raspberry. Former child actor Mickey Rooney was Lear's first choice to play Archie, but Rooney declined the offer because of the strong potential for controversy, in Rooney's opinion, a poor chance for success. Scott Brady of the Western series Shotgun Slade declined the role of Archie Bunker, but appeared four times on the series in 1976 in the role of Joe Foley. O'Connor appears in all but seven episodes of the series' run. Jean Stapleton as Edith Bunker, née Baines: Edith is Archie's kind-hearted wife. Archie tells her to "stifle" herself and calls her a "dingbat", although Edith defers to her husband's authority and endures his insults, on the rare occasions when Edith takes a stand, she proves to have a simple but profound wisdom.
Despite their different personalities, they love each other deeply. Stapleton developed Edith's distinctive voice. Stapleton decided to leave at that time. During the first season of Archie Bunker's Place, Edith was seen in five of the first 14 episodes in guest appearances. After that point, Edith was written out as having suffered a stroke and died off-camera, leaving Archie to deal with the death of his beloved "dingbat". Stapleton appeared in all but four episodes of All in the Family. In the series' first episode, Edith is portrayed as being less of a dingbat and sarcastically refers to her husband as "Mr. Religion, here..." after they come home from church, something her character would not be expected to say later. Sally Struthers as Gloria Stivic, née Bunker: The Bunkers' college-aged daughter, married to Michael Stivic, she has the kind nature of her mother, but the stubbornness of her father, which early i
Eibelstadt is a town in the district of Würzburg, in Bavaria, Germany. Eibelstadt is situated among vineyards on the right bank of 10 km southeast of Würzburg; the city was founded in 787 in the time of Charles the Great. In 1434 German Emperor Sigismund bestowed municipal rights after the civilians had supported his war against the Hussites. In the course of an administrative reform in Bavaria today's municipality was built in 1818. 1970: 2.023 1987: 2.279 2000: 2.838 2005: 2.886 2010: 2.813 2015: 3.022 Heinz Koch has been the mayor of Eibelstadt 1990-2014. Since 2014 Markus Schenk is the mayor; the 14 seats of the city council are distributed among the parties as follows: CSU 7 seats SPD 5 seats Alliance 90/The Greens 2 seats The coat of arms consists of a half of a black lion with a golden crown. He grasps blue grapes in his pawns. Completely preserved city wall city square with a golden Marian column baroque building which used to be the location of the "Würzburger Domkapitels" Church St. Nikolaus Museum of local history City archive Two male choirs, one female choir, two mixed choirs as well as a two traditional bands.
In 1998 927 people were subject to social contribution, out of which 23 people were working in agriculture, 169 in industry, 274 in commerce and 153 people in other areas. There are 62 in agriculture. For agriculture, 140 hectares were including 120 hectares for vineyards; the city is located at the Bundesstraße B 13 2 km from the highway exit "Würzburg-Randersacker" of the Autobahn A3. The closest train station can be found in about 4 kilometres from Eibelstadt. Kindergarten including a nursery school Elementary school: 11 teachers and 274 students LibraryHigher education available in Ochsenfurt and Würzburg. Maximilian Englert - Crown Prince of Eibelstadt
The Vienna Convention for the Protection of the Ozone Layer is a multilateral environmental agreement signed in 1985 that provided frameworks for international reductions in the production of chlorofluorocarbons due to their contribution to the destruction of the ozone layer, resulting in an increased threat of skin cancer. During the 1970's, research indicated that man-made chlorofluorocarbons reduce and convert ozone molecules in the atmosphere. CFCs are stable molecules composed of carbon and chlorine that were used prominently in products such as refrigerators; the threats associated with reduced ozone pushed the issue to the forefront of global climate issues and gained promotion through organizations such as the World Meteorological Organization and the United Nations. The Vienna Convention was agreed upon at the Vienna Conference of 1985 and entered into force in 1988; the Vienna Convention provided the framework necessary to create regulatory measures in the form of the Montreal Protocol.
In terms of universality, it is one of the most successful treaties of all time, having been ratified by 197 states as well as the European Union. While not a binding agreement, it acts as a framework for the international efforts to protect the ozone layer; the treaty's provisions include the international sharing of climate and atmospheric research to promote knowledge of the effects on the ozone layer. In addition, the treaty calls for the adoption of international agencies to assess the harmful effects of depleted ozone and the promotion of policies that regulate the production of harmful substances that influence the ozone layer. One of the outcomes of the Vienna Convention was the creation of a panel of governmental atmospheric experts known as the Meeting of Ozone Research Managers, which assesses ozone depletion and climate change research and produces a report for the Conference of Parties. Additionally, the COP utilizes the data assessed to suggest new policies aimed at limiting CFC emissions.
The COP meets every three years and coordinates with the timing of a similar meeting rendered under the Montreal Protocol. The Ozone Secretariat functions as an administrator of the COP, Montreal Meeting of Parties, Open-Ended Working Groups that help facilitate functions under the convention. A Multilateral Fund exists to aid developing nations transition from ozone-depleting chemicals using guidelines under the convention, administered by a Multilateral Fund Secretariat; the Multilateral Fund has aided thousands of projects in nearly 150 countries, preventing the usage of 250,000 tons of ozone-depleting chemicals. UNEP: The Ozone Secretariat website Ratifications Treaty text Introductory note by Edith Brown Weiss, procedural history note and audiovisual material on the Vienna Convention for the Protection of the Ozone Layer in the Historic Archives of the United Nations Audiovisual Library of International Law Vienna Convention for the Protection of the Ozone Layer, Treaty available in ECOLEX-the gateway to environmental law
The Southern Railway Terminal officially "New Orleans Terminal", in New Orleans was constructed by the Southern Railway in 1908 on the neutral ground of Basin Street at the intersection of Canal Street. The building was designed by Daniel Burnham, the architect for the Union Station in Washington D. C; the station served the New Orleans and Northeastern Railroad and the New Orleans Terminal Company. From New Orleans, Southern provided service to the following areas: Northern Gateway Western Gateway Ports The station was demolished in 1956 after all passenger service was relocated to the new Union Passenger Terminal. After station and tracks were removed the neutral ground was landscaped and the area was designated as the "Garden of the Americas."
Minnesota Prairie Line is a short-line railroad in the U. S. state of Minnesota which started operations in October 2002. It is a subsidiary of the Twin Cities and Western Railroad, runs on 94 miles of track owned by the Minnesota Valley Regional Railroad Authority, it has been funded through federal and state government sources. The tracks were built by the Minneapolis and St. Louis Railway around 1880 between Norwood and Morton, 1884 west of there. From Morton west, the line was built by Wisconsin, Minnesota & Pacific Railway, purchased by M&STL in the late 1880s The line connects on its eastern end to parent TC&W at Norwood, extends westward to Hanley Falls, Minnesota; the Minneapolis and St. Louis Railway was acquired by Chicago and North Western in 1960. C&NW abandoned the Minnesota Prairie Line tracks in 1982; the Minnesota Valley Regional Rail Authority purchased the line in 1984. Subsequently, a new operator, the MNVA Railroad, commenced operations on the line in March 1984. In December 1994, MNVA sold its assets to the Minnesota Central Railroad.
MCTA experienced little to no success. The line was again abandoned in 2000, continued to deteriorate for two years. Twin Cities and Western employees took an exploratory journey along the track in April 2002 to determine its condition; the track was rehabilitated over the summer, but could still only support speeds of 5 to 10 mph by the time the first revenue train ran in October. MPLI used two former TC&W EMD GP10s, which had the MPLI logo applied to them on the long hood side. MPLI utilizes Red River Valley and Western Caterpillar Generation II locomotives. Trains run five days per week between Norwood and Wood Lake, with service as needed to Hanley Falls. Track condition remained poor as of 2009, still only supporting speeds of 10 mph or less, but the railroad had success in securing state and federal funding that year; the tracks have been fixed with new rail ties and trains can go 25 mph near Winthrop where there is an ethanol plant. The rest of the track trains can only go 10 mph; the line meets.
BNSF now owns the ex-M&StL track west of the city, as well as the ex-Great Northern track running southwest through town from Willmar. The communities of Fairfax and Belview still have old Minneapolis and St. Louis train stations preserved in their towns, turned into museums; the Fairfax building is still in its original location right next to the tracks, while the one in Belview has been moved
The House of the Sun is a 2010 Russian movie about hippies in the Soviet Union. The director is rock musician Garik Sukachov; the USSR of the early 1970s. Sasha, Daughter of CPSU dignitary, after successful graduation of high school passes exams in medical institute and accidentally meets Gerda and her hippie friends, she soon falls in love with leader of a community nicknamed Sun. Her new friends are the blacksmith nicknamed Maloy, the Chilean revolutionary Juan, the long-haired man nicknamed Skeleton, the talented artist nicknamed Korean. Sasha's father, as a reward for entering the institute, gives Sasha a ticket to rest in Bulgaria, but Sasha on the way to the airport stops the bus and with the company of hippies goes to the Crimea to the sea. Sasha learns to drink wine from the bottle and suffers from the strangeness of the Sun, disappearing somewhere. In the South, hippies stop in a private house, go to impromptu discos and dance to rock music, which broadcasts on pirate radio mysterious "Trouble Woman".
The hippie, as well as Korean, are being watched by a KGB officer. After a brawl with demobilized border guards hippies get to the militsiya. To rescue the Sun first goes to his father, a Soviet Admiral. Here it turns out that the Sun needs serious treatment in Moscow, he turn to the "Trouble Woman", which gives the money to bribe his mother-militsiya officer. After the release of the hippie on the beach by the light of fires begins the party. Meanwhile, the Sun burns their shelter. Svetlana Ivanova as Sasha Stanislav Ryadinsky as Sun Darya Moroz as Gerda Ivan Stebunov as Pavel Kochetkov Oleksiy Gorbunov as Boris Pavlovich Kapelsky Mikhail Yefremov as Professor Victor Nemchinov Mikhail Gorevoy as KGB officer Ivan Okhlobystin as lecturer Chulpan Khamatova as Galina Garik Sukachov as Vladimir Vysotsky Evdokiya Germanova as head of the tourist group Nina Ruslanova as grandmother Olya Alexander F. Sklyar as cameo The House of the Sun on IMDb