Hong Kong Tourism Board
The Hong Kong Tourism Board is a Government-subvented body founded in 2001. The Board replaced the Hong Kong Tourist Association established in 1957, it has 15 branch offices and representative offices in 6 markets around the world, its primary mission is to maximise the social and economic contribution that tourism makes to the community of Hong Kong, consolidate the city's position as a desired destination. In fulfilling this, it works with the Government, travel industry and other partners to market and promote Hong Kong worldwide, improve the range and quality of visitor facilities and tourism service standards, enhance the experiences of visitors once they have arrived. Hong Kong International Airport – Transfer Area and Buffer Halls A and B, Arrivals Level, Terminal 1 Lo Wu – Arrival Hall, 2/F, Lo Wu Terminal Building, Lo Wu Control Point Hong Kong Island – The Peak Piazza Kowloon – Star Ferry Concourse, Tsim Sha Tsui The HKTB Board is appointed by the Chief Executive of the Hong Kong SAR Government and is made up of 20 members from various industries.
The Commissioner for Tourism, an government official, holds the capacity as Deputy Chairman of the HKTB. Launched in November 1999, the Quality Tourism Services Scheme is an accreditation programme aimed at promoting service excellence among local businesses and assisting customers to identify quality service providers. To qualify, merchant must undergo annual assessment. All accredited merchants must display the gold and black QTS sign on their shop windows for recognition. Shops and restaurants were the only 2 categories covered by the QTS scheme; the scheme was extended to visitor accommodations and hair salons in November 2006 and March 2010 respectively. As at March 2010, over 7,200 merchant outlets have been accredited under the QTS scheme; the QTS scheme is one of the most successful consumer protection programmes in Hong Kong. The Intellectual Property Department reported in 2008 that 4,700 outlets had joined its "No Fakes Pledge" – another well-known consumer protection programme in the territory.
After the launch of the QTS scheme, the use of membership badges bearing the iconic red junk logos of the former HKTA was discontinued in 2000. The HKTA membership badge was first introduced in 1965. Starring famous Hong Kong actor/singer/producer Andy Lau, the 2003 commercial was inspired by Lau's 2002 blockbuster movie Infernal Affairs – a movie about an undercover cop and a bad cop working for the triads; the core message of the commercial is shops selling genuine goods and providing high standard service should set themselves apart from dishonest merchants by getting the QTS accreditation. The commercial has been aired from time to time till these days; the QTS commercial is confused with another public service announcement promoting quality services, fronted by Andy Lau. The PSA was filmed in 2002 by the Information Services Department. There were 5 different versions all featuring rude vs. courteous shop drivers. Titled "Success Starts with Quality Service", the PSA was a huge success as one of Lau's lines, "Service like this just isn't good enough in today's standard" has become a popular Hong Konger slang used to describe a poor service or a bad tempered person.
By presenting his/her travel document and a copy of QTS promotional leaflet at a participating QTS merchant, visitor could enjoy special privileges ranging from exclusive discount to small gift. In addition to displaying the QTS gold and black sign, participating QTS merchants would display the red VIP Offers sign as recognition; the VIP Offers programme was discontinued on 31 Dec 2008. Investigations were launched against one of the 3D-GOLD outlets after 40 customers complained they had been harassed by staff and prevented from leaving the shop; the entire 3D-GOLD chain store was stripped of its QTS status with effect from 1 Dec 2004. This was the first termination in the scheme's history; the original 3D-GOLD Jewellery Holdings got into more controversies with the sudden death of its chairman, delisting from the stock exchange and it was on the verge of liquidation by the end of 2008. In July 2009, the jeweller was taken over by Hong Kong Resources Holdings; the QTS status of the new 3D-GOLD chain was reinstated after it had passed the assessment.
The Audit Commission carried out a comprehensive audit on the HKTB in 2006 – 07. In the report released in October 2007, an entire section was devoted to the QTS scheme; the commission made 3 recommendations suggesting HKTB should take action to improve the scheme and reduce the number of complaints, explore ways to achieve self-financing and encourage more operators to apply for the QTS Visitor Accommodation Scheme. In response, HKTB committed to create more places in the quality training workshops for merchants and co-operate with the Home Affairs Department to proactively promote QTS Visitor Accommodation Scheme; the QTS status of 3 merchants specialised in bird's nest – a Chinese delicacy – were terminated on 27 July 2007. The 3 merchants had publicly admitted infringement of another merchant's trademark. In a bid to save HK$2 million annually in operating costs, HKTB announced on 5 Nov 2010 that the assessment work of QTS merchants has been outsourced to the Productivity Council, while the work to engage merchants to offer discounts for visitors has been outsourced to AQ Communications.
The saving will fund extra marketing work for the QTS scheme. As a result, the jobs of 17 permanent and contract staff of the Partnership & Quality Tourism Services Department had
Ocean Park Hong Kong
Ocean Park Hong Kong known as Ocean Park, is a marine mammal park, animal theme park and amusement park situated in Wong Chuk Hang and Nam Long Shan in the Southern District of Hong Kong. It is the second largest theme park following Hong Kong Disneyland. Opened in 1977 by the Governor of Hong Kong Sir Murray MacLehose, Ocean Park became popular but by 2005 was unprofitable and expected to lose out to the new Hong Kong Disneyland. However, the Park responded with a HK$5.5 billion development plan that saw it expand to over 80 attractions and rides, grow visitor numbers to 7.6 million in 2014, making it the world's 13th most visited theme park, one of the largest theme parks in Asia. Half of all visitors now come from mainland China, in growth that parallels rising mainland tourist visitor levels to Hong Kong over the same period. Since this high, visitor numbers have declined to around 6 million in 2016 under the background of declining tourist arrivals in Hong Kong. Covering an area of 91.5 hectares, the park is separated by a large mountain into two areas, The Summit and The Waterfront.
These areas can be reached by a 1.5 kilometres cable car system, or the Ocean Express funicular railway. To ascend the Headland comprises several hills, visitors can use Hong Kong's second longest outdoor escalator; the theme park has various attractions and rides, including four roller coasters, animal exhibits with different themes, such as a giant panda habitat and polar displays, as well as an aquarium featuring the world's largest aquarium dome. Between 1979 and 1997, Ocean Park was most famous for Miss Hoi Wai; as well as being an amusement park, Ocean Park Hong Kong aims to merge entertainment and education, including conservation advocacy. However it has been criticised by wildlife advocates for practices including the wild capture of large sea animals, such as dolphins and orca, the presentation of shows featuring such animals performing. Ocean Park is renowned for holding the largest Halloween events in Asia. In January 2017, the Ocean Park saw a 30% surge in visitors, credited to a new MTR line, big discounts and an early Lunar New Year holiday.
Opened in January 1977 by the Governor of Hong Kong, Sir Murray MacLehose, Ocean Park was constructed as a subsidiary of the Hong Kong Jockey Club, with HK$150 million of funding. The land was provided free by the Hong Kong Government. Between 1982 and 1984, the Jockey Club put a further HK$240 million into developing facilities at Tai Shue Wan and thrill rides at the Summit. Ocean Park ceased to be a Jockey Club subsidiary on 1 July 1987, becoming its own statutory body, with a Government-appointed Board; the Jockey Club established a HK$200 million trust to ensure the Park's continued development. At present, Ocean Park is managed by the Ocean Park Corporation, a financially independent, non-profit organisation. In 2003, Allan Zeman, known for leading the creation of the popular Lan Kwai Fong entertainment district of Hong Kong, was appointed Chairman of Ocean Park Corporation, a position he held for 11 years. In 2005, the year that rival Hong Kong Disneyland opened, Ocean Park unveiled a Master Redevelopment Plan, under which older features at the park were rejuvenated and new areas developed.
The number of attractions more than doubled, from 35 to over 80. The Lowland was redeveloped as a new area called the Waterfront, while the old'Headland' became'The Summit', with polar and rainforest exhibits. A dedicated thrill ride area, Thrill Mountain and the children's area was refurbished as Whisker's Harbour; the first of the new developments, the Amazing Asian Animals, showcasing some of the Asia's endangered creatures, including giant pandas, red pandas, Chinese giant salamanders, Asian small-clawed otters and the Chinese alligators, Ocean Express, a funicular train system capable of transporting 5,000 visitors per hour between the Summit and the Waterfront, were launched in 2009. In January 2011, the new flagship attraction area Aqua City was opened; the zone features the Grand Aquarium, designed by St. Louis-based PGAV Destinations, displaying some 5,000 fish from over 400 species, the world's first and only 360° water screen show Symbio. In June, the Rainforest, an integrated theme zone featuring over 70 exotic animal species, was opened.
In March 2012, new attraction zone Old Hong Kong opened, evoking the streetscapes and spirit of Hong Kong between the 1950s and the 1970s from various perspectives. In April, the newly refurbished Hong Kong Jockey Club Sichuan Treasures opened. In July, the final element of the redevelopment, Polar Adventure, featuring animals such as penguins, Pacific walruses, spotted seals, northern sea lions, snowy owls and Arctic foxes, aiming to highlight some of the conservation issues they face. A 20,000 sq ft shark aquarium opened in July 2014 at the former Atoll Reef site. Ocean Park now comprises two main attraction areas: the Waterfront and the Summit, subdivided into eight attraction zones: Amazing Asian Animals, Aqua City, Whiskers Harbour, Marine World, Polar Adventure, Adventure Land, Thrill Mountain and the Rainforest; this area was known as two distinct areas: Marine Land and Headlands Rides. Pacific Pier – Mimics the rocky habitat of seals and sea lions on the Northern Californian coast. Chinese Sturgeon Aquarium – Yangtze River Exploration – The 3,500 square-metre freshwater aquarium houses Chinese sturgeon along with other native species of the Yangtze River Ocean Park Tower Sea Jelly Spectacular – Opened in 2006.
Southeast Asia's first standalone sea jelly exhibit. The Dragon – A rollercoaster The Abyss – A turbo drop ride Flying Swing Crazy Galleon Ferris wheel Marine World Games Zone Garden of Joy Thrill Mo
2007 Hong Kong Island by-election
The 2007 Hong Kong Island by-election was held on 2 December 2007 and was won by Anson Chan with 54.6% of the votes cast. It was precipitated by the death of the chairman of the Pro-Beijing Democratic Alliance for the Betterment and Progress of Hong Kong Ma Lik on 8 August 2007, it was the second by-election in a geographical constituency to be held since the transfer of sovereignty in 1997 and the largest remainder proportional representation electoral system was adopted in 1998, coincidentally in the same constituency – Hong Kong Island. There were eight candidates in all standing as independents. However, the two front-runners had secured the backing of the largest political groupings, Pan-democrats and Beijing loyalists; the pro-democracy camp agreed to unite behind a single candidate, Anson Chan, former Chief Secretary for Administration, selected through a selection process. The last by-election was held on 10 December 2000, when DAB vice-chairman Gary Cheng declined to accept his seat as a result of a scandal.
The current leader of the Civic Party, Audrey Eu, running as an independent backed by the pro-democracy camp won the by-election with 52.1% of valid vote. Cheng was subsequently jailed for abuse of office; the previous election on 12 September 2004 returned six candidates to office based on a party list proportional representation system. The pro-Beijing camp returned two candidates, pro-democracy camps three, with the remainder filled by the independent Rita Fan; the election returned Martin Lee and Yeung Sum of the Democratic Party, Ma Lik, Choy So Yuk of the DAB, Audrey Eu of the Civic Party, Rita Fan to the Council. Ma Lik, who announced on 8 August 2004 that he had colon cancer, died on 8 August 2007 in Guangzhou before his term expired. According to Hong Kong laws, such vacancies have to be filled by a by-election, unless the next regular election is scheduled to be held in less than four months; the Legislative Council Secretariat issued a gazette notice on 10 August 2007, signifying that a vacancy in the Legislative Council has arisen on 8 August.
Nominations would be open for two to three weeks, there would be four to six weeks for canvassing before the election on Sunday 2 December. The pan-democrats suggested that the by-election be held with the District Council election on 18 November to save on resources; the government rejected the idea. There were concerns that the government wanted to lower the turnout by holding the elections on separate days in order to create a more favorable situation for pro-government candidates. Although Hong Kong legislative geographical constituencies are elected by proportional representation, the fact that there is only one vacancy turns it into a first-past-the-post race; the winner serves the remainder of Ma's natural term of office, which would have expired on 30 September 2008. Kam Nai Wai of the Democratic Party declared his intention to run, whereas Regina Ip, who resigned for the infamous National Security Bill tabled during her term as the security chief in the Hong Kong Government, became the sole candidate of the pro-Beijing camp.
The Civic Party, The Frontier of the pro-democracy camp, the pro-Beijing HKFTU decided they would not field any candidate. Several other contenders had been mentioned by the media. Results of previous elections in the Hong Kong Island constituency has fuelled the expectation of 60:40 vote split between the democrats and the loyalists; as long as the pro-democratic camp coordinated to nominate a single candidate, they have a higher chance of winning. To that end, the pro-democracy camp agreed to unite behind a single candidate; each party or group confirmed their candidate before 10 September. The selection mechanism for the Democrat candidate consisted of primary elections which consisted of a public debate, an opinion poll and primary elections. On 30 September 2007, it was announced that Anson Chan had triumphed over Lo Wing-lok to be the standard-bearer for the Pan-democrats. Lau Yuk Shing, former member of League of Social Democrats before late October, now of the Labor Party, he broke ranks with the pro-democracy camp to stand in the by-election.
He uses Putonghua. Lee Wing-kin, barrister. Siu See-kong, solicitor Regina Ip, pro-Beijing former Secretary for Security, she declared herself "an independent". Stanley Tandon Lal Chiang, Chairman of Lok Ma Chau-Hong Kong Freight Association Cecilia Ling Wai-wan, Director. Anson Chan, former Chief Secretary in the Hong Kong Government Ho Loy and heritage campaigner. Anson Chan and Regina Ip are without doubt the front-runners in this election. Chan is supported by the pan-democrats, while Ip has the blessing of the pro-Beijing forces, the pro-business Liberal Party. Regina Ip, the former security chief in the Hong Kong Government who resigned following the 500,000-strong 2003 1 July protest, declared her intention to run on 27 September 2007, she was backed by the DAB chairman Tam Yiu Chung, Liberal Party chairman James Tien, Ho Chung Tai of The Alliance. Anson Chan, former Chief Secretary for Administration secured the backing of the united Democratic parties. Lau Yuk Shing, former member of League of Social Democrats provoked the wrath of some democrats when he broke ranks and stood.
Ip, maintaining a "pragmatic" defense of universal suffrage for the chief executive and Legislative Council elections in 2017, said that it could be achieved by 2012 under her p
Chief Executive of Hong Kong
The Chief Executive of the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region is the representative of the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region and head of the Government of Hong Kong. The position was created to replace the Governor of Hong Kong, the representative of the Monarch of the United Kingdom during British rule; the office, stipulated by the Hong Kong Basic Law, formally came into being on 1 July 1997 when the sovereignty of Hong Kong was transferred from the United Kingdom to the People's Republic of China. The functions of the Chief Executive include nominating principal officials for appointment by the Central People's Government of China, headed by Premier, conducting foreign relations, appointing judges and other public officers, giving consent to legislation passed by the Legislative Council, bestowing honours; the Basic Law grants the Chief Executive a wide range of powers, but obliges him or her, before making important policy decisions, introducing bills to the Legislative Council, making subsidiary legislation, dissolving the Legislative Council, to act only after consultation with the Executive Council.
The Executive Council consists of official and non-official members, including the Chief Secretary of Hong Kong, the most senior official and head of the Government Secretariat, in charge of overseeing the administration of the Government. The Chief Executive holds the title "The Honourable", ranks first in the Hong Kong order of precedence; the official residence of the chief executive is Government House in Hong Kong Island. The current Chief Executive is Carrie Lam, selected on 26 March 2017, appointed by the Central People's Government with the State Council Decree signed by Premier Li Keqiang, on 11 April 2017 and took office on 1 July 2017, she is the first woman to serve as Chief Executive. According to Article 44 of the Basic Law, the Chief Executive must be a Chinese citizen as defined by the HKSAR Passports Ordinance; the individual must be at least 40 years old, a Hong Kong permanent resident, a Chinese citizen with right of abode in Hong Kong, has ordinarily resided in Hong Kong for a continuous period of not less than 20 years.
Article 47 further requires that the Chief Executive be a person of integrity, dedicated to his or her duties. In addition, since the 4th Chief Executive term, candidates may not stand for selection by the Election Committee without first obtaining 150 nominations from its members; the Chief Executive is elected from a restricted pool of candidates supportive of the Central Government by a 1200-member Election Committee, an electoral college consisting of individuals and bodies selected or elected within 28 functional constituencies, as prescribed in Annex I to the Basic Law. In the first election of the Chief Executive, the Committee consisted of only 400 members, it was expanded to 800 for the second term. As a result of enabling legislation stemming from a public consultation in 2010, its approval by the National People's Congress Standing Committee in Beijing, the number of representatives was increased from 800 to 1200; the functional constituencies correspond to various sectors of the economy and society, each of which hold their own internal procedures to select electors.
The chosen Chief Executive must be appointed by the Central People's Government before taking office. According to Article 46 the term of office of the Chief Executive is five years with a maximum of two consecutive terms. If a vacancy occurs mid-term, the new chief executive's first term is for the remainder of the previous Chief Executive's term only; the method of selecting the Chief Executive is provided under Article 45 and Annex I of the Basic Law, the Chief Executive Election Ordinance. According to the Chief Executive Election Ordinance, the winning candidate in the Chief Executive election shall, within 7 working days after the election, publicly make a statutory declaration that he or she is not a member of any political party and will not become a member of any political party or do any act that has the effect of subjecting himself to the discipline of any political party during his or her term of office. Under the Basic Law the Chief Executive is the chief representative of the people of Hong Kong and is the head of the government of Hong Kong.
The CE's powers and functions include leading the government, implementing the law, signing bills and budgets passed by the Legislative Council, deciding on government policies, advising appointment and dismissal of principal officials of the Government of Hong Kong to the Central People's Government, appointing judges and holders of certain public offices and to pardon or commute sentences. The position is responsible for the policy address made to the public; the CE's powers and functions are established by Article 48 of the Basic Law. The Executive Council of Hong Kong is an organ for assisting the Chief Executive in policy-making; the council is consulted before making important policy decisions, introducing bills to the Legislative Council, making subordinate legislation or dissolving the Legislative Council. Article 52 stipulates circumstances. Examples include the loss of ability to discharge his or her duties or refusal to sign a bill passed by a two-thirds majority of the Legislative Council.
The acting and succession line is spelled out in Article 53. If the Chief Executive is not able to discharge his or her duties for short periods, the duties would be assumed by the Chief Secretary for Administration, the Financial Secretary or the Secretary for Justice, by rotation, in that order, as acting Chief Executive. In
Hong Kong Special Administrative Region passport
The Hong Kong Special Administrative Region Passport is a passport issued only to the permanent residents of Hong Kong who hold Chinese citizenship. In accordance with the Basic Law of the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region, since the transfer of sovereignty on 1 July 1997, the passport has been issued by the Immigration Department of the Government of Hong Kong under the authorisation of the Central People's Government of the People's Republic of China; as the official languages of Hong Kong are Chinese and English, the passport is printed bilingually in both Chinese and English. In English, the passport is sometimes referred to by its long-form name. Alternatively, the passport is referred to as the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region passport (the Hong Kong legislative ordinance concerning the passport is titled the "Hong Kong Special Administrative Region Passports Ordinance", the Hong Kong SAR passport, the HKSAR passport or the Hong Kong passport; the authorities of the Republic of China refer to the Hong Kong SAR passport as the "Hong Kong passport" because the ROC government tries to avoid references to the political status of Hong Kong as a SAR of the People's Republic of China.
While the Brazilian Consulate-General in Hong Kong uses the term "Hong Kong passport" in reference to both the Hong Kong SAR and British National passports. The issuing of Hong Kong SAR passports began on 1 July 1997, following the transfer of sovereignty over Hong Kong from the United Kingdom to the People's Republic of China. PRC citizens who have right of abode in the HKSAR and who hold Hong Kong permanent resident identity cards, whether or not they are holders of British National passport or Hong Kong Certificate of Identity or other travel documents, are eligible to apply for the Hong Kong SAR passport. Note that acquisition of British citizenship in the British Nationality Selection Scheme itself does not affect the eligibility for a HKSAR passport. Nor does the holding of any foreign passport itself affect the eligibility for a HKSAR passport, provided that one remains a PRC citizen. Under Hong Kong Basic Law, the Government of Hong Kong is responsible for immigration control in the territory.
The Hong Kong SAR passport is issued by the Immigration Department of Hong Kong under the authorisation of the Central People's Government. Its design is distinct from other types of People's Republic of China passports and the holders enjoy visa-free entry to more countries than other PRC passports. Hong Kong official travel documents prior to 1997 included the Hong Kong Certificate of Identity, British Dependent Territories Citizen, British National and British Citizen passports. After 1997, BN and BC passports are still valid but CIs and BDTC passports are no longer in use; the number of Hong Kong SAR passports in circulation by year is as follows: The eligibility criteria for application for a Hong Kong SAR passport are as following: Chinese citizenship. In comparison with the British National passport, the Hong Kong SAR passport's application fees are lower; when applying in Hong Kong, a British National passport costs £83, £53 from April 2014. In comparison with other Chinese passports, when applying from Hong Kong, the People's Republic of China passport costs HK$250, whilst the Macao SAR passport costs MOP$370/HK$359.
Hong Kong permanent residents without Chinese citizenship cannot be issued HKSAR passports and must obtain passports from their country of origin, or they may obtain a Hong Kong Document of Identity for Visa Purposes if they are stateless. Chinese citizens residing Hong Kong who are not yet Hong Kong permanent residents are not eligible for this passport but may obtain Hong Kong Document of Identity in lieu of HKSAR passports. Since the issuing of the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region passport commenced on 1 July 1997 following the transfer of sovereignty of Hong Kong, the passport has undergone three different changes, each with security enhancements. In February 2007, the first ePassport was introduced; the design conforms with the document design recommendations of the International Civil Aviation Organization. The new ePassport featured in the 2008 Stockholm Challenge Event and was a finalist for the Stockholm Challenge Award in the Public Administration category; the Hong Kong SAR ePassport design was praised on account of the "multiple state-of-the-art technologies are seamlessly integrated in the sophisticated Electronic Passport System".
The cover of the new biometric passport remains the same as that of previous versions, with the addition of the biometric passport logo at the bottom. In 2006, the Immigration Department announced that Unihub Limited had won the tender to provide the technology to produce biometric passports. In February 2007, the first ePassport was introduced; the cover of the new biometric passport remains the same as that of previous versions. The biometric passport symbol appears at the bottom under the word "PASSPORT". However, the design of the inner pages has changed substantially. On the inner front cover of the passport, below the crest of the People's Republic of China and above a picture of the Great Wall of China are the following words: 中華人民共和國外交部請各國軍政機關對持照人予以通行的便利和必要的協助The Ministry of For
Regina Ip Lau Suk-yee, GBS, JP is a member of the Executive Council and Legislative Council of Hong Kong, as well as the founder and current chairperson of the New People's Party. She was a prominent government official of the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region and was the first woman to be appointed the Secretary for Security to head the disciplinary service. Ip became a controversial figure for her role advocating the passage of the national security legislation to implement Hong Kong Basic Law Article 23, after this legislation was withdrawn, she became the first principal official to resign from the administration of Chief Executive Tung Chee-hwa, she took a sabbatical to study for a master's degree. She contested the Hong Kong Island by-election, 2007 for the Legislative Council but was defeated by Anson Chan in the two-horse race, she won, gaining a seat in the Hong Kong Island. She was re-elected in 2016 elections. Ip is known to be keen on the Chief Executive top post, she ran in both 2012 and 2017 Chief Executive elections but did not secure a minimum number of 150 nominations from the 1,200-member Election Committee to enter the race on both occasions.
Ip was born in what was British Hong Kong in 1950. She attended St. Stephen's Girls' College, after which she read literature at the University of Hong Kong, graduating with first-class honours. In the 1970s Ip joined the Hong Kong Government as an Administrative Officer. In 1986, accompanied by her husband, went to Stanford Graduate School of Business to study for an MS in Management under the Sloan Programme, she took various bureaucratic positions before she was appointed Director of Industry Department in September 1995. In August 1996, she was appointed Director of Immigration – a post filled by officials from within the Immigration Department, she was the first woman to hold the post, continued until after the 1997 handover. While she held that post, the UK government decided to grant full British citizenship for 50,000 Hong Kong families, was head of immigration during the right of abode saga, when the Hong Kong government requested the National People's Congress in Beijing to intervene after the courts ruled against the government granting the Hong Kong government the ability to ignore the court's ruling after it granted right of abode to the children of Hong Kong residents who held right of abode whether or not those children were born in Hong Kong.
In July 1998, Ip was appointed to the post of Secretary for Security – again, the first woman to hold that post – and became one of the so-called 14 principal officials and a member of the Executive Council during Tung Chee-hwa's second term in government on 1 July 2002. She was well-known at that time as a hawkish, uncompromising figure in the Government, with some describing her as "a staunch, arrogant and yet outspoken bureaucrat." As security minister, she promoted the adoption of the controversial Article 23 of Hong Kong's Basic Law. After massive public protests and the government's withdrawal of the proposed national security legislation, Ip resigned from office on 25 June 2003, citing personal reasons. In 2003, Ip returned to Stanford University to pursue a master's degree in East Asian Studies, with Larry Diamond as her supervisor, her thesis, Hong Kong: Case Study in Democratic Development in Transitional Society expressed admiration for a bicameral system and suggested that political parties in Hong Kong be strengthened and be more inclusive.
She returned to Hong Kong in 2006. She set up a policy think tank, Savantas Policy Institute, giving rise to media speculation that she was planning to run for the office of Chief Executive sometime in the future. In September 2007, she declared her intention to run for the Legislative Council in the Hong Kong Island by-election, she apologised for her handling of the Article 23 situation, hoped to put it behind her. However, she received only 43% of the vote, defeated by Anson Chan. Ip ran in the Hong Kong legislative election, 2008 in the Hong Kong Island geographical constituency, forming a ticket including dermatologist Louis Shih and two elected District Councillors, Albert Wong and Ronald Chan, her ticket won a total of 61,073 votes, the second highest on Hong Kong Island and the fourth highest Hong Kong wide. She was sworn in as Legislative Councillor on 8 October 2008. In January 2011, she launched a middle-class oriented party called New People's Party.. The party held two seats in the legislature and Michael Tien, after the 2012 Legislative council election, in which Ip was elected with 30,289 votes, despite losing half of the votes.
She was subsequently appointed to the Executive Council of Hong Kong by Chief Executive Leung Chun-ying after the election, in which she served until December 2016 when she ran for the Chief Executive for the second time. Her party expanded its district base when it allied with the Civil Force in 2014. Ip was re-elected to the Legislative Council in 2016, with the highest votes of 60,760 in Hong Kong Island. Ip was known to be interested in the Chief Executive post, she dropped out on 15 December. Following a number of scandals surrounding Henry Tang, Ip re-announced her candidacy in the race on 20 February, she withdrew her candidacy after failing to receive enough nominations before the deadline and thus did not qualify to stand for the election
Hong Kong Arts Festival
The Hong Kong Arts Festival, founded in 1973, is an annual series of cultural programmes in Hong Kong, with many performances from other parts of the world. Held every February/March, HKAF has become an important focus of Hong Kong cultural life and promoter of the performing arts. Programme highlights are announced in August each year, with full line up and advance booking from October to December. Genres seen and heard at the Hong Kong Arts Festival include classical music, Chinese music, world music, Western opera, Chinese opera and dance. HKAF presented top international artists and ensembles, such as Cecilia Bartoli, Jose Carreras, Yo-Yo Ma, Philip Glass, Kurt Masur, Riccardo Chailly, Mikhail Baryshnikov, Sylvie Guillem, Kevin Spacey, Royal Concertgebouw Orchestra, Mariinsky Theatre, Bavarian State Opera, New York City Ballet, Paris Opera Ballet, Tanztheater Wuppertal Pina Bausch, Cloud Gate Dance Theatre, Royal Shakespeare Company, Moscow Art Theatre, Beijing People's Art Theatre; the Hong Kong Arts Festival commissions and publishes new works in theatre, chamber opera and contemporary dance by Hong Kong's creative talents and emerging artists, many with successful subsequent runs in Hong Kong and overseas.
The 2014 festival featured FILTH by Jingan Young, the first English language play commissioned by the festival. HKAF invests in arts education for young people through various projects; the "HKAF Young Friends" has reached about 700,000 secondary and tertiary school students since 1992. Close to 9,000 half-price student tickets are issued each year. Over 100 Festival PLUS activities are organised in community locations each year to enhance the engagement between artists and audiences; these include lecture demonstrations, workshops, backstage visits, meet-the-artist sessions, guided tours. The Hong Kong Arts Festival Society Limited is a non-profit organisation, with about 30% of annual revenue from government funding, around 40% from the box office, the remaining 30% from sponsorships and donations from corporations and charitable foundations; the HKAF is active at promoting and engaging homegrown creative talents and emerging artists through commissioning producing and publishing new works in theatre, chamber opera and contemporary dance.
Some of these productions go on to successful subsequent runs in Hong Kong and overseas. In 2008, the HKAF commissioned and produced the production, Titus Andronicus by William Shakespeare for the 36th HKAF as part of its New Works series, was featured in a second run in the 40th HKAF in 2012 before participating in Globe to Globe, a World Shakespeare Festival at the Globe Theatre in London in which 37 of Shakespeare’s plays were performed in different languages; this was the first Cantonese production to be performed at the Globe. The HKAF in 2014 featured FILTH by Jingan Young, the first English language play commissioned by the festival. In 2013, the 41st HKAF commissioned the New Stage Series, Heart of Coral, a chamber opera about the life of Xiao Hong, one of the most celebrated female Chinese writers; the opera production was featured in Taiwan at "Hong Kong Week 2014 @ Taipei" as part of a cultural exchange organized by the Hong Kong-Taiwan Cultural Co-operation Committee. The Crowd, another HKAF commissioned production, written by Shanghai-based writer Yu Rongjun and directed by Hong Kong theater director, Tang Wai-kit for the HKAF in 2015 was performed in Shanghai in April 2015.
Co-commissioned by the HKAF and the Shakespeare’s Globe, renowned Hong Kong theatre director Tang Shu-wing premiered his Cantonese production of Macbeth at the Globe Theatre in London in August 2015, 4 years after the debut of his production of Titus Andronicus as part of the Globe to Globe initiative. Macbeth was staged at the 44th HKAF. Official HKAF site The 38th Hong Kong Arts Festival 2010 The 39th Hong Kong Arts Festival 2011 – Events list