SUMMARY / RELATED TOPICS

Allectus

Allectus was a Roman-Britannic usurper-emperor in Britain and northern Gaul from 293 to 296. Allectus was treasurer to Carausius, a Menapian officer in the Roman navy who had seized power in Britain and northern Gaul in 286. In 293 Carausius was isolated when the western Caesar, Constantius Chlorus, retook some of his Gallic territories the crucial port of Bononia, defeated Frankish allies of Carausius in Batavia. Allectus assumed command himself, his reign has left little record, although his coin issues display a similar distribution to those of Carausius. They are found in north western Gaul, indicating that the recapture of Bononia did not spell the end of the rebel empire on that side of the English Channel. Constantius launched an invasion to depose him in September 296, his forces sailed in several divisions. Constantius seems to have been delayed by bad weather. Another division, under the praetorian prefect Asclepiodotus, took advantage of fog to avoid Allectus's ships stationed at the Isle of Wight, landed near Southampton Water, where they burnt their ships.

Allectus's forces were forced to retreat from the coast, but were cut off by another of Constantius's divisions and defeated. Allectus himself was killed in the battle, having removed all insignia in the hope that his body would not be identified. Archaeology suggests that Calleva Atrebatum was the site of his defeat or the area surrounding the town. A group of Roman troops, separated from the main body by the fog during the channel crossing, caught up with the remnants of Allectus's men Franks, at Londinium, massacred them. Constantius himself, it seems, did not reach Britain until it was all over, his panegyrist claims he was welcomed by the Britons as a liberator. Carausius had deliberately used his coinage for propaganda purposes, some of his slogans, such as a claim to have restored'liberty', were designed to appeal to British sentiment. Constantius answered such claims in a famous medal struck on the morrow of his victory, in which he described himself as redditor lucis aeternae,'restorer of the eternal light.'

In March, 2019, an ancient coin showing the head of Allectus was found in Dover by a 30-year old metal detectorist. The coin sold for £552,000 at an auction by Dix Noonan Webb. Geoffrey of Monmouth included Allectus in his legendary History of the Kings of Britain. Here, Allectus is an officer sent with three legions by the Romans to depose Carausius, a native British king, he does so, but his rule proves oppressive, he is in turn deposed by Asclepiodotus, here the Duke of Cornwall. The last of Allectus's troops are besieged in London, surrender on the condition they are granted safe passage out of Britain. Asclepiodotus agrees, but the surrendering soldiers are massacred, their heads thrown into the river Galobroc, by his allies the Venedoti. Allectus's assassination of Carausius and the opposition to his regime, culminating in Constantius's invasion, are central to Rosemary Sutcliff's 1957 novel, The Silver Branch

Jimmy Copley

James Frank Copley was an English rock drummer. Copley was a session musician and worked with Jeff Beck, Graham Parker, Paul Young, Roger Glover, Ian Gillan and Glenn Hughes of Deep Purple, Go West, Killing Joke, Tears for Fears, Tony Iommi and Paul Rodgers, he was the drummer with Manfred Mann's Earth Band from 2007. He was a master of the open-handed drumming technique; this method dispenses with crossing the hands when playing the hi-hat and snare drum as opposed to the more traditional way of playing drums which features crossed hands as the basic playing position. Copley was a long-term Tama Drums endorser, he used Superstar, Artstar II and Starclassic drums throughout the years. Another long time association was with Zildjian Cymbals, he used Vic Firth drumsticks. According to University Hospital Bristol, Copley had been diagnosed with leukemia in 2015 and relapsed following a bone marrow transplant, he opted to discontinue chemotherapy. In Copley's final days, his hospital room was transformed into a temporary recording studio so that he and friends could record an EP to benefit the Bristol Haematology and Oncology Centre and Royal United Hospital, in Bristol.

Upp This Way Upp Outside the Gate Tears for Fears: Live at Knebworth'90 Going To California Move On/Green Light Psychedelix no one's wastin' time Rowdy Boys Psychedelix II Livin' In Osaka Merry-Go-Round Stand Stand e.p. Smoky On-Gaeshi 1 On-Gaeshi 2 Edoya Collection 1992-1996 20th March 1994 Move On Tour Stage 1 New Classics Stone Free - Jimi Hendrix Tribute Soul on Board In the House of Stone and Light Last of the Independents Live: The Loreley Tapes Now Now and Live Electric Days Went By 1988-1993 20th Anniversary "Electric Guitar Concert" Today Let It Blow Touch My Love Again I’m Gonna Take This Chance Char Edoya Collection 1988-1997 Char Plays Ballad 20th Anniversary "Electric Guitar Concert" Share The Wonder Char Played With And Without Bamboo Joints Char Psyche 1988 Live In Nippon Budokan 2001 "Bamboo Joints" Sacred Hills Mr.70’s You Set Me Free Singles 1976-2005 Tradrock "Jeff" by Char Mayfield Iommi The 1996 DEP Sessions The Best Of Go West - Live at the NEC Livin' The Dream Princess Alice and the Broken Arrow Slap My Hand Slap My Hand Special Session

The Snow Maiden

The Snow Maiden is an opera in four acts with a prologue by Nikolai Rimsky-Korsakov, composed during 1880–1881. The Russian libretto, by the composer, is based on the like-named play by Alexander Ostrovsky; the first performance of Rimsky-Korsakov's opera took place at the Mariinsky Theatre, Saint Petersburg on 29 January 1882 conducted by Eduard Nápravník. By 1898 it was revised in the edition known today, it remained the composer's own favorite work. The story deals with the opposition of eternal forces of nature and involves the interactions of mythological characters, real people, those in-between, i.e. half-mythical, half-real. The composer strove to distinguish each group of characters musically, several individual characters have their own associated leitmotifs. In addition to these distinctions, Rimsky-Korsakov characterized the townspeople with folk melodies. For a deeper understanding of this work from the composer's point of view, the reader is directed to his autobiography, as well as to his own incomplete analysis of the opera from 1905.

The Moscow premiere followed that of St. Petersburg three years in 1885, it was presented by the Russian Private Opera, conducted by Enrico Bevignani with scenic Design by Viktor Vasnetsov, Isaak Levitan, Konstantin Korovin. Skuratovskiy; the Bolshoi Theatre in Moscow presented the opera in 1893. In March 2014 University College Opera presented a new English translation of The Snowmaiden in the Bloomsbury Theatre. Time: Pre-historic times Place: The land of the Berendeyans On Red Hill, near the Berendeyans' trading quarter and Tsar Berendey's capital; the fifteen-year-old Snow Maiden wants to live with the people in the nearby village, her parents, Spring Beauty and Grandfather Frost, agree to let her be adopted by Bobyl-Bakula and his wife. In the village of Berendeyevka, on the other side of the river. Snow Maiden is enchanted by Lel's songs, but is saddened when he goes off with a group of other girls. Kupava announces her own wedding to Mizgir; the ceremony takes place, but Mizgir notices Snow Maiden, becomes smitten with her, begs her to love him.

Kupava brings this effrontery before the villagers, they advise her to go to the Tsar for redress. In Tsar Berendey's palace Kupava complains of Mizgir to Tsar Berendey, who decides to banish Mizgir to the forest, but these deliberations are disrupted by the appearance of the beautiful Snow Maiden. The Tsar asks her whom she loves, she says, "no one." The Tsar declares that whoever woos Snow Maiden will win both her and a royal reward. Although the maidens present Lel as the candidate, Mizgir swears that he will win Snow Maiden's heart; the Tsar agrees to the contest. In a forest reserve, that evening The people amuse themselves with dance; the Tsar invites Lel to choose a maiden. Despite Snow Maiden's pleas, he goes off with her. Snow Maiden, left alone and disconsolate, wonders. Mizgir appears and tries once more to win her love. Frightened by his words, she runs off. Lel and Kupava enter. Snow Maiden finds them and, seeing their happiness, at last wishes to have the capacity to love. In the valley of Yarilo, the sun god, dawn is breaking the next day Snow Maiden calls on her mother, Spring-Beauty, who appears from a lake surrounded by flowers.

Spring warns her to stay out of the light of the sun. Spring and her retinue sink into the lake. Before Snow Maiden can enter the protection of the forest, Mizgir appears. No longer able to resist, she professes her love for him; the Berendeyans, in ritual bride-and-groom pairs, arrive to celebrate Yarilo's Day. Mizgir introduces Snow Maiden as his bride; as she declares her love for Mizgir, a bright ray of sunlight appears, Snow Maiden bids farewell: the power to love is the source of her demise. To the astonishment of the people, she melts; the inconsolable Mizgir drowns himself in the lake. The Tsar calms the horrified Berendeyans with the fact that this event has ended the fifteen-year-long winter that has befallen them. In response the people strike up a stirring hymn to Yarilo. Suite from the opera The Snow Maiden includes:Introduction Dance of the Birds Procession of Tsar Berendey Dance of the Skomorokhi Pyotr Ilyich Tchaikovsky's incidental music to Ostrovsky's play The Snow Maiden, written in 1873.

Audio Recordings Source: www.operadis-opera-discography.org.uk 1943, Kiril Kondrashin, Moskva Teatr Bolshoi, Sergei Lemeshev, Nadezhda Obukhova, Maxim Mikhailov, Irina Maslenikova, Maria Maksakova, Sofia Panova, Alexai Ivanov 1955 Decca: Kreshimir Baranovich, Belgrade National Opera. Sofiya Jankovich. 1956, Yevgeny Svetlanov, Bolshoy Theatre Orchestra and Chorus, Vera Firsova, Larisa Avdeyeva, Galina Vishnevskaya, Vera Borisenko, Valentina Petrova, Andrey Sokolov