Richard Biddle was an American author and politician. Richard Biddle received a classical education and was admitted to the bar, practicing law in Pittsburgh, he went to England in 1827, remained three years, publishing while there a critical Review of Captain Basil Hall's Travels in North America. He published A Memoir of Sebastian Cabot, with a Review of the History of Maritime Discovery. Biddle was twice elected to Congress, as an Anti-Mason, serving from March 4, 1837, until his resignation on July 21, 1840. Richard Biddle was the brother of American financier Nicholas Biddle, nephew of Congressman Edward Biddle and uncle of Congressman Charles John Biddle. United States Congress. "Richard Biddle". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. Keller, William F.. The Nation’s Advocate: Henry Marie Brackenridge and Young America. Pittsburgh: University of Pittsburgh Press. Richard Biddle at Find a Grave The Political Graveyard
Pittsburgh is a city in the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania in the United States, is the county seat of Allegheny County. As of 2018, a population of 308,144 lives within the city limits, making it the 63rd-largest city in the U. S; the metropolitan population of 2,362,453, is the largest in both the Ohio Valley and Appalachia, the second-largest in Pennsylvania, the 26th-largest in the U. S. Pittsburgh is located in the south west of the state, at the confluence of the Allegheny and Ohio rivers. Pittsburgh is known both as "the Steel City" for its more than 300 steel-related businesses and as the "City of Bridges" for its 446 bridges; the city features 30 skyscrapers, two inclined railways, a pre-revolutionary fortification and the Point State Park at the confluence of the rivers. The city developed as a vital link of the Atlantic coast and Midwest, as the mineral-rich Allegheny Mountains made the area coveted by the French and British empires, Whiskey Rebels, Civil War raiders. Aside from steel, Pittsburgh has led in manufacturing of aluminum, shipbuilding, foods, transportation, computing and electronics.
For part of the 20th century, Pittsburgh was behind only New York and Chicago in corporate headquarters employment. S. stockholders per capita. America's 1980s deindustrialization laid off area blue-collar workers and thousands of downtown white-collar workers when the longtime Pittsburgh-based world headquarters moved out; this heritage left the area with renowned museums, medical centers, research centers, a diverse cultural district. Today, Apple Inc. Bosch, Uber, Autodesk, Microsoft and IBM are among 1,600 technology firms generating $20.7 billion in annual Pittsburgh payrolls. The area has served as the long-time federal agency headquarters for cyber defense, software engineering, energy research and the nuclear navy; the area is home to 68 colleges and universities, including research and development leaders Carnegie Mellon University and the University of Pittsburgh. The nation's eighth-largest bank, eight Fortune 500 companies, six of the top 300 U. S. law firms make their global headquarters in the area, while RAND, BNY Mellon, FedEx, Bayer and NIOSH have regional bases that helped Pittsburgh become the sixth-best area for U.
S. job growth. In 2015, Pittsburgh was listed among the "eleven most livable cities in the world"; the region is a hub for Environmental Design and energy extraction. In 2019, Pittsburgh was deemed “Food City of the Year” by the San Francisco-based restaurant and hospitality consulting firm af&co. Many restaurants were mentioned favorable, among them were Superior Motors in Braddock, Driftwood Oven in Lawrenceville, Spork in Bloomfield, Fish nor Fowl in Garfield and Bitter Ends Garden & Luncheonette in Bloomfield. Pittsburgh was named in 1758 by General John Forbes, in honor of British statesman William Pitt, 1st Earl of Chatham; as Forbes was a Scot, he pronounced the name PITS-bər-ə. Pittsburgh was incorporated as a borough on April 22, 1794, with the following Act: "Be it enacted by the Pennsylvania State Senate and Pennsylvania House of Representatives of the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania... by the authority of the same, that the said town of Pittsburgh shall be... erected into a borough, which shall be called the borough of Pittsburgh for ever."
From 1891 to 1911, the city's name was federally recognized as "Pittsburg", though use of the final h was retained during this period by the city government and other local organizations. After a public campaign, the federal decision to drop the h was reversed; the area of the Ohio headwaters was long inhabited by the Shawnee and several other settled groups of Native Americans. The first known European to enter the region was the French explorer/trader Robert de La Salle from Quebec during his 1669 expedition down the Ohio River. European pioneers Dutch, followed in the early 18th century. Michael Bezallion was the first to describe the forks of the Ohio in a 1717 manuscript, that year European fur traders established area posts and settlements. In 1749, French soldiers from Quebec launched an expedition to the forks to unite Canada with French Louisiana via the rivers. During 1753–54, the British hastily built Fort Prince George before a larger French force drove them off; the French built Fort Duquesne based on LaSalle's 1669 claims.
The French and Indian War, the North American front of the Seven Years' War, began with the future Pittsburgh as its center. British General Edward Braddock was dispatched with Major George Washington as his aide to take Fort Duquesne; the British and colonial force were defeated at Braddock's Field. General John Forbes took the forks in 1758. Forbes began construction on Fort Pitt, named after William Pitt the Elder while the settlement was named "Pittsborough". During Pontiac's Rebellion, native tribes conducted a siege of Fort Pitt for two months until Colonel Henry Bouquet relieved it after the Battle of Bushy Run. Fort Pitt is notable as the site of an early use of smallpox for biological warfare. Lord Jeffery Amherst ordered blankets contaminated from smallpox victims to be distributed in 1763 to the tribes surrounding the fort; the disease spread into other areas, infected other tribes, killed hundreds of thousands. During this period, the powerful nations of the Iroquois Confederacy, based in New York, had maintained control of much of the Ohio Valley as hunting grounds by right of conquest after defeating other tribes.
By the terms of the 1768 Treaty of
James W. Brown
James W. Brown II was a Republican member of the U. S. House of Representatives from Pennsylvania, he was born in Pennsylvania. He served as vice president of the Crucible Steel Company, he was engaged in banking, was trustee of the Dollar Savings Bank. James W. Brown II was a member of the South Fork Fishing and Hunting Club, whose earthen dam failed in May 1889, causing the Johnstown Flood. At the time of the Johnstown Flood, Brown was the secretary and treasurer of the Hussey and Company Steel Works Ltd. Brown was married to Clara Palmer Howe, the eighth child of U. S. Representative Thomas Marshall Howe and Mary Ann Palmer. James W. Brown II was the great-great-grandson of Fur Trader and Indian Agent/Interpreter Thomas McKee, who served under General Forbes at Fort Pitt circa 1758, he was a descendant of James McKee, whose mother, Margaret Tecumsepah Opessa was an older sister to Metheotashe Mary Opessa, the mother of Tecumseh, the great Shawnee leader and Tenskwatawa, the Shawnee Prophet. James W. Brown II was brother-in-law to Pittsburgh Mayor and American Ambassador to Japan, George W. Guthrie.
Brown was elected as an Independent Republican to the Fifty-eighth Congress. He declined to be a candidate for renomination in 1904, he served as president of the Colonial Steel Company. He died at Michigan. Interment in Allegheny Cemetery in Pittsburgh. United States Congress. "James W. Brown II". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress; the Political Graveyard James W. Brown at Find a Grave
The Duquesne Gardens was the main sports arena located in Pittsburgh, during the first half of the 20th century. Built in 1890, the building served as a trolley barn, before becoming a multi-purpose arena; the Gardens opened 3 years after a fire destroyed the city's prior sports arena, the Schenley Park Casino, in 1896. Over the years, the Gardens was the home arena of several of Pittsburgh's historic sports teams, such as ice hockey's Pittsburgh Pirates and Pittsburgh Hornets; the Western Pennsylvania Hockey League, the first ice hockey league to hire and trade players, played all of its games at the Gardens. The arena was the first hockey rink to use glass above the dasher boards. Developed locally by the Pittsburgh Plate Glass Company, Herculite glass was first tested in Pittsburgh. Most rinks were using wire mesh; the Pittsburgh Ironmen, a charter member of the Basketball Association of America, played at the Gardens from 1946 to 1947. Outside team sports, the Duquesne Garden Ball Room, located on the arena's second floor, was one of the largest dance halls in the country during the time.
The Gardens was built in 1890 as the Duquesne Traction Company, which served Pittsburgh as a trolley barn, in the city's Oakland neighborhood. In 1895, Christopher Lyman Magee, a Pittsburgh politician, spent nearly $500,000 to purchase and renovate the building, he renamed the structure the Duquesne Gardens in 1896, although it was always called the "Arena" by the locals. The Gardens, which had the world's largest indoor ice rink and a second floor ballroom, became a premier indoor venue. Speed skating, roller skating, dance contests, musical performances, roller derby, bicycle racing, college basketball were all hosted at the Gardens, as were rodeos and the circus; the Gardens featured Pittsburgh Golden Gloves boxing and housed a movie theater. The Duquesne Garden Ball Room, located on the second floor, has been used by some of the leading clubs and societies in the city for their annual dances; the building became the site for all manner of gatherings: There were opera performances, boxing matches and political rallies.
However, the facility's main attraction was its artificial ice surface. Most other American cities lacked a facility, and with 26,000 square feet of ice surface at the Gardens, was nearly 50 feet longer than the modern-day rinks in the National Hockey League and had state-of-the-art refrigeration and resurfacing technology. On January 24, 1899, the Gardens hosted its first ice hockey game in a match between the Pittsburgh Athletic Club and Western University of Pennsylvania. According to Total Hockey, the official encyclopedia of the NHL, Pittsburgh was one of the first cities in North America to lure amateur Canadian players for what was a standard $30 a week stipend and a local job in the early 1900s; the manager of a Canadian team returned from a trip to the Gardens in 1902, according to an account in Total Hockey, gave the following description to the Toronto Globe: "Pittsburgh is hockey crazy. Over 10,000 turned out for our three games there; the general admission being 35 cents and 75 cents for a box seat... the Pittsburgh rink is a dream...
What a marvellous place it is."The teams of the Western Pennsylvania Hockey League, the Pittsburgh Professionals of the International Professional Hockey League, played their games at the Gardens up until 1910. The Gardens' artificial ice surface helped make Pittsburgh a professional hockey pioneer, much the way the region had given birth to the first professional American football players in the 1890s. Players in the WPHL were paid to play hockey before 1904, but, when the first professional league formed; the Pittsburgh Professionals joined Canadian Soo, Michigan Soo, Calumet Miners, the Portage Lakes Hockey Club to form the IPHL in 1904. However, after the 1906–07 season, other professional leagues began popping up and the IPHL disbanded, while the WPHL was revived until 1910. During this era, Garnet Sixsmith, who played on several Pittsburgh teams, once scored 11 goals in a game at the Gardens, his 11 goals is considered to be a record for the arena. Between 1910 and 1915, hockey games were played at the Winter Garden at Exposition Hall, located near the city's Point.
Therefore, the Gardens was used for recreational skating and amateur hockey matches for teams. Crowds attended skating sessions at Gardens and took part in public skating events. Public skating was held every evening, except on days for performances, with Saturday morning being set aside for school children who wanted to learn how to skate; however in 1911, Lester Patrick started the Pacific Coast Hockey Association, in order to learn how to generate artificial ice, he came to the Duquesne Gardens to study the procedure. On March 16, 1920, the United States men's national ice hockey team was founded at the Gardens; that same year at the Gardens, Roy Schooley, the arena's manager, put together an 11-player squad that won silver at the Antwerp Games, in the sport's Olympic debut. The Gardens hosted several contests, which were played on Mondays and Tuesdays, to help raise money in order to cover the expenses associated with sending the U. S. Olympic Hockey team to the games held in Belgium. In 1915, the Pittsburgh Yellow Jackets of the United States Amateur Hockey Association were founded.
The team evolved from being an amateur to a semi-pro franchise. The Pittsburgh Athletic Associations's Seven, an amateur hockey club, as well as the Carnegie Tech hockey club and the University of Pi
The Autocar Company is an American specialist manufacturer of severe-duty, Cab Over Engine vocational trucks, based in Hagerstown, Indiana. Started in 1897 in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, as a manufacturer of Brass Era automobiles, trucks from 1899, Autocar is the oldest surviving motor vehicle brand in the Western Hemisphere; the last cars were produced in 1911 and the company continued as a maker of severe-duty trucks. In 1953 Autocar was taken over by the White Motor Company which made Autocar their top-of-the-line brand. White was taken over in turn by Volvo Trucks in 1981 with Autocar continuing as a division. In 2001, Autocar was acquired by LLC, which revived Autocar as an independent company. Autocar now builds three models of custom-engineered, heavy-duty trucks and has regained leading positions in several vocational segments; the company was called the Pittsburgh Motor Vehicle Company when started in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania in 1897 but was renamed the Autocar Company in 1899 when it moved to Ardmore, outside Philadelphia.
One of the company's early cars was the Pittsburgher. By 1907, the company had decided to concentrate on commercial vehicles, the Autocar brand is still in use for commercial trucks. Autocar is the oldest surviving motor vehicle brand in the Western Hemisphere. Based on the minutes of company board of directors meetings during 1903–1907 it is known that in 1903 the board of directors included the president, Louis S. Clarke, the secretary, John S. Clarke, as well as, James K. Clarke. Both Louis Semple Clarke and his brother John S. Clarke were members of the fabled South Fork Fishing and Hunting Club of Johnstown Flood fame. Autocar founder Louis Semple Clarke was a successful mechanical engineer. Among Clarke's innovations were the spark plug for gasoline engines, a perfected drive shaft system for automobiles, the first design of a useful oil circulation system. Clarke's initiative to place the driver on the left hand side of the vehicle was ahead of its time but became the standard in much of the automotive industry worldwide.
Clarke developed the first porcelain-insulated spark plugs in America and the Autocar thread specification became the standard in the U. S. automotive industry. Clarke was a talented photographer, his family were members of the exclusive South Fork Fishing and Hunting Club above Johnstown, whose earthen dam at Lake Conemaugh burst on May 31, 1889, causing the Johnstown Flood. Clarke retired from business, he died in Palm Beach, Florida, on January 6, 1957, is buried in Allegheny Cemetery, in Pittsburgh. Autocar experimented with a series of vehicles from 1897, with a tricycle, "Autocar No. 1", now in the collection of the Smithsonian. In 1899 Autocar built the first motor truck produced for sale in North America; the first production Autocar automobile was a 1900 single cylinder chain drive runabout. About 27 were made. In 1901 Autocar built the first car in North America to use shaft drive; this vehicle is now in the Smithsonian collection. The 1904 Autocar was equipped with a tonneau, it could seat four passengers and sold for US$1700.
The horizontal-mounted flat twin engine, situated at the front of the car, produced 11 hp. This was a somewhat unusual engine design for the time, with most companies producing inline designs. A three-speed transmission was fitted; the steel and wood-framed car weighed 1675 lb. The early cars had tiller steering. In 1905 the company was selling the Type XII car for $2,250 and another it called the Type X for $1,000, it discontinued the Type XI and sold the last of them in 1905. The cars had a wheel steering with left-hand drive; the Type X was a runabout. During the 1905–1906 model year the company produced 1000 Type X cars; the manufacture of 500 Type XV runabouts was authorized for 1907 in place of 500 touring cars in addition to the 1000 runabouts planned. At special meeting on June 19, 1906 held at 711 Arcade Building, Pennsylvania, the board authorized the hiring of a general manager by the name of Harry A. Gillis at a salary of $10,000 per year. Production of 300 Type XVI cars and 500 Type XVII were authorized during a board meeting on November 21, 1906.
Commercial vehicles soon outnumbered cars. As of 1911, Autocar was making only trucks; the first model, the Type XVII, had a 97-inch wheelbase, a one and a half-ton capacity, a two-cylinder gasoline engine under the seat. Engines had 4 and 6 cylinders, wheelbases became longer. Inline engines became the company's focus. During World War I, the Canadian Armoured Autocar used an Autocar chassis. In 1929, Autocar sold 3300 units, though the number fell to 1000 in 1932 and continued to decline during the Great Depression. Larger trucks with "Blue Streak" gasoline engines and Diesel engines from Cummins, came later. During World War II, Autocar supplied 50,000 units to the military, including specialty vehicles such as half-tracks. Autocar ranked 85th among United States corporations in the value of World War II military production contracts. Civilian production resumed in 1944 and sales increased after the war. Autocar soon had 100 dealers. However, the boom after the war ended and in 1953, Autocar sold out to the White Motor Company, which made Autocar their top-of-the-line brand among their "Big Four" brand portfolio.
The Ardmore plant was replaced in 1954 with a new plant in Exton, though the Ardmore plant burned while being torn down in 1956 and the fire could have destroyed a neighborhood. Autocar's "Custom Engineering" process for meeting each customer's needs led to a reputation as "World's Fi
Green-Wood Cemetery is a cemetery in Brooklyn, New York City, founded in 1838 as a rural cemetery. Like other early rural cemeteries, Green-Wood was founded in a time of rapid urbanization when churchyards in New York City were becoming overcrowded. Located in Greenwood Heights, the cemetery lies several blocks southwest of Prospect Park, between Park Slope, Windsor Terrace, Borough Park and Sunset Park; the architecture critic Paul Goldberger, quoting The New York Times from 1866, observed that "it is the ambition of the New Yorker to live upon the Fifth Avenue, to take his airings in the Park, to sleep with his fathers in Green-wood". The gates of the cemetery were designated a New York City landmark in 1966, the Weir Greenhouse, used as a visitor's center, in 1982; the cemetery was listed on the National Register of Historic Places in 1997 and was granted National Historic Landmark status in 2006 by the U. S. Department of the Interior; the Fort Hamilton Parkway Gate and the cemetery's chapel were designated as landmarks by New York City in 2016.
Described as "Brooklyn's first public park by default long before Prospect Park was created", Green-Wood Cemetery was so popular that it inspired a competition to design Central Park in Manhattan, as well as Prospect Park nearby. Less inspired by Pére Lachaise Cemetery in Paris, which at the time retained the axial formality of Alexandre Théodore Brongniart's original design, than by opened Mount Auburn Cemetery in Cambridge, where a cemetery in a naturalistic park-like landscape in the English manner was first established, Green-Wood was able to take advantage of the varied topography provided by glacial moraines. Battle Hill, the highest point in Brooklyn, is on cemetery grounds, rising 200 feet above sea level, it was the site of an important action during the Battle of Long Island on August 27, 1776. A Revolutionary War monument by Frederick Ruckstull, Altar to Liberty: Minerva, was erected there in 1920. From this height, the bronze Minerva statue gazes towards the Statue of Liberty across New York Harbor.
Green-Wood Cemetery contains 7000 trees spread out over 478 acres. The rolling hills and dales, several ponds and an on-site chapel provide an environment that still draws visitors. In 2017 it received 280,000 visitors. There are several famous monuments located there, including a statue of DeWitt Clinton, a memorial erected by James Brown, president of Brown Brothers bank and the Collins Line, to the six members of his family lost in the SS Arctic disaster of 1854; this incorporates a sculpture of the ship, half-submerged by the waves, as well as a Civil War Memorial. During the Civil War, Green-Wood Cemetery created the "Soldiers' Lot" for free veterans' burials; the gates were designed by Richard Upjohn in Gothic Revival style. The main entrance to the cemetery was built in 1861-65 of Belleville, New Jersey brownstone; the sculptured groups on Nova Scotia limestone panels depicting biblical scenes of death and resurrection from the New Testament including Lazarus, The Widow's Son, Jesus' Resurrection over the gateways are the work of sculptor John M. Moffitt.
A Designated Landmarks of New York plaque was erected on it in 1958 by the New York Community Trust, it was designated an official New York City landmark in 1966. Several wooden shelters were built, including one in a Gothic Revival style, one resembling an Italian villa, another resembling a Swiss chalet. A descendent colony of monk parakeets that are believed to have escaped their containers while in transit now nests in the spires of the gate, as well as other areas in Brooklyn; the cemetery was the idea of a Brooklyn social leader. The Pierrepont papers deposited at the Brooklyn Historical Society contain material about the organizing of Green-Wood Cemetery, it was a popular tourist destination in the 1850s, by the early 1860s it was drawing annual crowds second in size only to Niagara Falls. Most famous New Yorkers who died during the second half of the nineteenth century were buried there. On December 5, 1876, the Brooklyn Theater Fire claimed the lives of at least 278 individuals, with some accounts reporting over 300 dead.
Out of that total, 103 unidentified victims were interred in a common grave at Green-Wood Cemetery. An obelisk near the main entrance at Fifth Avenue and 25th Street marks the burial site. More than two dozen identified victims were interred individually in separate sections at the Cemetery of the Evergreens in Brooklyn. Buried at the cemetery are 6 British Commonwealth service personnel whose graves are registered by the Commonwealth War Graves Commission, 3 from World War I and 3 from World War II, among the latter being Leading Aircraftsman Remsen Taylor Williams, Royal Canadian Air Force, buried in the Steinway Vault. Green-Wood has remained non-sectarian, but was considered a Christian burial place for white Anglo-Saxon Protestants of good repute. One early regulation was that no one executed for a crime, or dying in jail, could be buried there. Although he died in the Ludlow Street Jail, the family of the infamous "Boss" Tweed managed to circumvent this rule; the cemetery's chapel was completed in 1911.
It was designed by the architectural firm of Warren and Wetmore, who designed Grand Central Terminal, the Commodore Hotel, the Yale Club and many other buildings. The chapel is a reduced version of the upper sections of Christopher Wren's Tom Tower at Christ Church College in Oxford. Green-Wood's landscape architect David Bates Douglass modeled his two subsequently designed garden cemeteries upon Green-Wood: Albany Rural Cemetery, located in Menands, New York, Mount Hermon Cemetery, in Q
Mister Rogers' Neighborhood
Mister Rogers' Neighborhood is an American half-hour educational children's television series, created and hosted by Fred Rogers. The series Misterogers debuted on October 1962, on CBC Television. In 1966, Rogers moved back to the United States creating Misterogers' Neighborhood called Mister Rogers' Neighborhood, on the regional Eastern Educational Network; the US national debut of the show occurred on February 19, 1968. It aired on NET and its successor, PBS, until August 31, 2001; the series is aimed at preschool ages 2 to 5, but it was labelled by PBS as "appropriate for all ages". Mister Rogers' Neighborhood was produced by Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania public broadcaster WQED and Rogers' non-profit production company Family Communications, Inc. known as Small World Enterprises prior to 1971. In May 1997, the series surpassed Captain Kangaroo as the longest-running children's television series, a record the series held until July 2002, when Sesame Street beat Mister Rogers' record; the series could be seen in reruns on most PBS stations until August 31, 2007, when it began to be removed by various PBS stations, was permanently removed from the daily syndicated schedule by PBS after August 29, 2008.
Eleven years after Mister Rogers' Neighborhood concluded, PBS debuted an animated spin-off, Daniel Tiger's Neighborhood. A 50th-anniversary tribute show, hosted by actor Michael Keaton, titled Mister Rogers: It's You I Like, premiered on PBS stations nationwide on March 6, 2018; the series had its genesis in 1953, when Rogers and Josie Carey joined the newly formed public television station WQED. On April 5, 1954, WQED debuted The Children's Corner, a program featuring Rogers as puppeteer and composer with Carey as host and lyricist, in an unscripted weekday afternoon live television program, it was this program where many of the puppets and music used in the series were developed, such as King Friday XIII, Daniel Tiger, X the Owl. It was the time when Rogers began wearing his famous sneakers, as he found them to be quieter than his work shoes while he was moving about behind the set; the show won a Sylvania Award for best children's show, was broadcast nationally on the NBC Television Network.
Rogers moved to Toronto, Ontario, in 1961 to work on a new series based on The Children's Corner, called Misterogers, a 15-minute program on CBC Television. Misterogers aired on CBC for about four years and a number of the set pieces that he would take with him back to the United States, such as the trolley and castle, were created for the Canadian program by CBC designers and in collaboration with producer Bruce Attridge. Most Rogers appeared on camera in the new show rather than only appearing through puppets or characters. Fred Rainsberry, head of Children's Programming at CBC, persuaded Rogers to appear on camera in the new show after seeing him interact with children. Ernie Coombs, one of the Americans whom Rogers brought with him to help develop the CBC show, would remain with CBC after Rogers returned to the United States. Coombs first appeared as Mr. Dressup in the CBC program Butternut Square and produced by Attridge. Coombs helped to develop what became Mr. Dressup which continued for several decades.
In 1966, Rogers acquired the rights to his program from the CBC and moved the show to WQED in Pittsburgh, where he had worked on The Children's Corner. He renamed the show Misterogers' Neighborhood, which aired regionally in the northeastern US through EEN, including educational stations in Boston, Washington, D. C. and New York City. The 100 episodes of the half-hour show incorporated the "Neighborhood of Make-Believe" segments from the CBC episodes with additional reality-based opening and closing material produced in Pittsburgh; the series was cancelled in 1967 due to lack of funding, but an outpouring of public response prompted a search for new funding. In 1967, The Sears Roebuck Foundation provided funding for the program, which enabled it to be seen nationwide on National Educational Television; the first national broadcast of Misterogers' Neighborhood appeared on most NET stations on February 19, 1968. In 1970, when PBS replaced NET, it inherited this program. Around the same time the show had a slight title change, to the more-familiar Mister Rogers' Neighborhood.
The show was broadcast from February 19, 1968 to February 20, 1976, again from August 20, 1979 to August 31, 2001. The final episode was taped on December 1, 2000; the studio at WQED in Pittsburgh where the series was taped was renamed "The Fred Rogers Studio". During each half-hour segment, Rogers speaks directly to the viewer about various issues, taking the viewer on tours of factories, demonstrating experiments and music, interacting with his friends. Rogers made a point to behave on camera rather than acting out a character, stating that "One of the greatest gifts you can give anybody is the gift of your honest self. I believe that kids can spot a phony a mile away." The half-hour episodes were punctuated by a puppet segment chronicling occurrences in the Neighborhood of Make-Believe. Another segment of the show consisted of Rogers going to different places around the neighborhood, where he interviews people to talk about their work and other contributions that focused on the episode's theme, such as Brockett's Bakery, Bob Trow's Workshop, Negri's Music Shop.
In one episode, Rogers took the show behind-the-scenes on the set of The Incredible Hulk, whi