Andy Warhol Bridge
Andy Warhol Bridge known as the Seventh Street Bridge, spans the Allegheny River in Downtown Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania and is the only bridge in the United States named for a visual artist. It was opened at a cost of $1.5 million on June 17, 1926 in a ceremony attended by 2,000. Named for the artist Andy Warhol, a Pittsburgh native, it is one of three parallel bridges called The Three Sisters, the others being the Roberto Clemente Bridge and the Rachel Carson Bridge; the Three Sisters are self-anchored suspension bridges and are significant because they are the only trio of nearly identical bridges – as well as the first self-anchored suspension spans — built in the United States. The bridge was renamed for Warhol on March 18, 2005, as part of the tenth anniversary celebration for the Andy Warhol Museum; the museum is nearby at 117 Sandusky Street, a street which leads to the bridge from the north side of the river on Pittsburgh's North Shore. On August 11, 2013, the Andy Warhol Bridge was covered with 580 knitted and crocheted panels in a yarn bombing project known as Knit the Bridge that lasted for four weeks.
This is the third Bridge on the site, the first being demolished in early 1884, its replacement, began construction in 1884, was open to traffic by 1887. List of bridges documented by the Historic American Engineering Record in Pennsylvania List of crossings of the Allegheny River Pohla Smith. Warhol Bridge Dedication: story by Pittsburgh Post-Gazette. Retrieved April 23, 2006. Media related to Andy Warhol Bridge at Wikimedia Commons Historic American Engineering Record No. PA-490-B, "Three Sisters Bridges, Seventh Street Bridge, Spanning Allegheny River at Seventh Street, Allegheny County, PA", 3 photos, 1 color transparency, 1 photo caption page Seventh Street Bridge at Structurae Seventh Street Bridge at pghbridges.com Andy Warhol at BridgeMeister.com
Chatham University Arboretum
Chatham University Arboretum is an arboretum located on the campus of Chatham University at Woodland Road, Pennsylvania, United States. It is open to the public daily without charge; the arboretum was Andrew Mellon's estate, with portions designed by the Olmsted Brothers, landscape architects in the 1930s. It was designated an arboretum on November 9, 1998 and now contains approximate 100 types of trees, including Japanese flowering crabapple, river birch, Kentucky coffee tree; the Arboretum provides an outdoor classroom for students in Chatham's Landscape Architecture and Landscape Studies programs, as well as a place for walking and meditating. Chatham University Chatham University Arboretum List of botanical gardens in the United States
Fort Duquesne Bridge
The Fort Duquesne Bridge is a steel bowstring arch bridge that spans the Allegheny River in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania. It was colloquially referred to as "The Bridge to Nowhere", it was constructed from 1958-1963 by PennDOT, opened for traffic October 17, 1969 with its predecessor Manchester Bridge closing that same day. The bridge was given the name "The Bridge to Nowhere" because the main span was finished in 1963, but due to delays in acquiring right of ways for the northern approach ramps, it did not connect on the north side of the Allegheny River; the total cost was budgeted at $5 million in 1962. The lack of approach ramps meant; the northwestern ramps were completed in 1969, allowing access to Pennsylvania Route 65. The northeastern ramps were completed in 1986, with the construction of the northern section of Interstate 279 which runs through Downtown Pittsburgh's Golden Triangle and north towards Interstate 79; the bridge touches down halfway between Heinz Field and PNC Park Baseball Stadium on the City's North Shore.
On December 12, 1964, Frederick Williams, a 21-year-old chemistry major at the University of Pittsburgh from Basking Ridge, New Jersey, drove his 1959 Chrysler station wagon through the bridge's wooden barricades, raced off the end of the bridge, landed upside-down but unhurt on the other side, 190 feet away at the north bank of the Allegheny River. His adventure is documented in WQED-TV's double Mid-Atlantic region Emmy Award-winning documentary "Flying off the Bridge to Nowhere and Other Tales of Pittsburgh Bridges", narrated by Rick Sebak. Within a few weeks of this near tragedy, an iconic Pittsburgh radio personality, Rege Cordic, distributed commemorative bumper stickers which read "Official Entry, Cordic & Company Bridge Leap Contest." With thousands of vehicles bearing these stickers on Pittsburgh's streets, the city responded by blocking off the end of the bridge with concrete barriers. List of crossings of the Allegheny River Fort Duquesne Bridge at Pghbridges.com
Schenley Plaza is a public park serving as the grand entrance into Schenley Park in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania. The 4.5-acre plaza, located on Forbes Avenue and Schenley Drive in the city's Oakland district, includes multiple gardens, food kiosks, public meeting spaces, a carousel, a prominent 1.0-acre "Emerald Lawn" with free wireless internet access. The plaza is the site of the Mary Schenley Memorial Fountain, the Christopher Lyman Magee Memorial, the University of Pittsburgh's Frick Fine Arts Building, the Stephen Foster sculpture; the plaza is surrounded by many prominent landmarks, including the University of Pittsburgh's Cathedral of Learning, Stephen Foster Memorial, Hillman Library, Posvar Hall as well as the Carnegie Institute and its Dippy sculpture. The site of Schenley Plaza had been a deep gully called St. Pierre's Ravine, which connected to Junction Hollow; the ravine separated the new Carnegie Institute from the newer Forbes Field. Linking these two civic institutions was a stone arch bridge: Bellefield Bridge.
It carried Bigelow Boulevard toward Schenley Park. Sentiment arose. In 1911 a place was being sought for a monument to Mary Schenley, patroness of the park; the idea grew that both for the memorial and the park entrance, was needed. A national competition elicited 45 proposals for the site, in June 1915, judges selected the plan of Horace Wells Sellers and H. Bartol Register, both of Philadelphia. Between 1913 and 1914 St. Pierre's Ravine was filled in; the fill has been popularly said to be earth removed from Downtown's infamous "Hump" on Grant Street, but the supporting historical information for this story is disputed. The Bellefield Bridge remains buried here and supports some of the weight of the Mary Schenley Memorial Fountain on the plaza. In 1949 Schenley Plaza was converted into a parking lot to accommodate both university students and fans at Forbes Field home to the Pittsburgh Pirates and Pittsburgh Steelers, which stood on the west side of the plaza. From 2004–2006 the Pittsburgh Parks Conservancy oversaw a major renovation of the plaza, funded in part by the Oakland Investment Committee, restoring it as a grand entrance to the park.
It now offers green space: a 1-acre lawn, ever-changing ornamental gardens, landscaping featuring plants native to Western Pennsylvania. Other features include benches, public programming, food kiosks, amenities such as free wireless service for computers, a Victorian-style carousel as a featured family attraction. In 2009, the Schenley Plaza renovation won the Silver Award in the Environmentally Sustainable Project category at the 2009 International Awards for Livable Communities held in the Czech Republic city of Plzeň. Schenley Plaza is operated by the Pittsburgh Parks Conservancy and is maintained in partnership with the City of Pittsburgh, it is open dawn to dusk. Kidney, Walter C.. Pittsburgh's Landmark Architecture: The Historic Buildings of Pittsburgh and Allegheny County. Pittsburgh: Pittsburgh History & Landmarks Foundation. ISBN 0-916670-18-X. Toker, Franklin. Pittsburgh: An Urban Portrait. Pittsburgh: University of Pittsburgh Press. ISBN 0-8229-5434-6. Schenley Plaza website Schenley Plaza Then and Now Photographs Feature story on the 2006 opening of the renovated Schenley Plaza
Market Square (Pittsburgh)
Pittsburgh's Market Square is a public space located in Downtown Pittsburgh at the intersection of Forbes Avenue and Market Street. The square was home to the first courthouse, first jail and the first newspaper west of the Atlantic Plain, the Pittsburgh Gazette. A public/private modernization in the late 2000s has re-established the square as a social and cultural hub. A great number of restaurants, ranging from fast casual to fine dining and retailers occupy ground level buildings facing the square, while housing units and offices occupy upper levels. John Campbell and Thomas Vickroy, while creating the city block plan for streets in Pittsburgh's core, created Market Square in 1764, it was known as "Diamond Square" or "Diamond Market" for the Scotch-Irish idiom "Diamond" representing a public commons or square. By the mid-1790s, the first Allegheny County Courthouse was constructed in Market Square, it was occupied until 1836 when construction completed on a Grant Street complex several blocks away.
On December 7, 1791, the United States District Court for the Western District of Pennsylvania gaveled in its first session at the square. On July 8, 1794, the newly formed "borough" of Pittsburgh established a "Public Market House and Stalls" on the eastern half of the square, it was the site of the original city hall for the borough and city of Pittsburgh until May 22, 1872 when the second city hall opened at Oliver and Smithfield. The Courthouse was abandoned at the square in 1836 after the completion of a new county seat, sold to private interests at auction on August 11, 1841. On May 26, 1858 the city hall/courthouse was the host of the conference of Presbyterians that led to the merger forming the United Presbyterian Church of North America. Throughout the 19th and 20th centuries, Market Square provided a central location in the city, hosting much social and economic activity. By the mid-1970s, Market Square was in a state of decline resulting from increased traffic and business closures.
Preservationists and the city of Pittsburgh designated the area a historic landmark in an attempt to retain the square's crumbling architecture and style. Major renovation work began in August 2009 to transform the square into a European-style piazza reopening in late 2010. All vehicle traffic was diverted around the square to increase pedestrian-friendliness, more outdoor seating was provided. Nearby, new apartments and office space with ground-level retail have been fitted into historic buildings. Renovations accelerated growth of Market Square, numerous restaurants opened in 2011, further increasing social activity within the square. Mellon Square Official Market Square Merchants Association Website Official Website from Pittsburgh Downtown Partnership Official Blog
Emerald View Park
Emerald View Park is a large municipal park in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania. It encircles the neighborhoods of Mt. Washington, Duquesne Heights and Allentown and offers scenic views of the city that draw more than 1 million visitors annually; the park created on Earth Day 2007, is 280 acres. It joins Frick, Highland and Three Rivers Parks as the sixth in the city's network of regional parks; until consolidated, this land was an assortment of existing smaller parks, forested hillsides, playing fields, neglected land parcels. It is jointly managed by the city of Pittsburgh and the neighborhood's community development corporation. In the aftermath of a rare tornado in 1998 that touched down in the neighborhood, the park was conceived by community activists as a way to address the damage, they called themselves "Green Is Good". They feared a post-storm "blighted" designation would spur the city to allow housing and condominium development. Although Mount Washington's vista points are a high-profile attraction, they argued, the true amenity was the continuous 264 acres of green, undeveloped land that rings the Mount.
"Green Is Good" won the support of Mt. Washington Community Development Corporation, other local nonprofits, the city government. In 2003, the state designated three Pittsburgh roads—Sycamore Street, McArdle Roadway, Grandview Avenue—as Pennsylvania Scenic Byways, inspiring the park's long former name. Tom Barnes. Project would improve Mt. Washington greenway: story from the Pittsburgh Post-Gazette. Diana Nelson Jones. Grand View Scenic Byway Park: story from the Pittsburgh Post-Gazette. Retrieved May 12, 2007. Diana Nelson Jones. Ilyssa Manspeizer is the new park manager in Mount Washington: story from the Pittsburgh Post-Gazette. Retrieved June 11, 2007. Official website 2002 Pittsburgh Post-Gazette story of the creation and early stages of the Emerald Link project which became the Grandview Scenic Byway Park Background story of the development of Grand View Scenic Byway Park
Ann Hamilton (artist)
Ann Hamilton is a visual artist who emerged in the early 1980s known for her large-scale multimedia installations. After receiving her BFA in textile design from the University of Kansas in 1979, she lived in Banff and Montreal, Canada before deciding to pursue an MFA in sculpture at Yale in 1983. From 1985 to 1991, she taught on the faculty of the University of California at Santa Barbara. Since 2001, Hamilton has served on the faculty of the Department of Art at the Ohio State University, she was appointed a Distinguished University Professor in 2011. Ann Hamilton was born on June 1956 in Lima, Ohio, she grew up in a tight-knit family, was close to her grandmother. She has memories of sitting on the couch with her, reading and doing needlepoint together, she resides in Columbus, Ohio with her husband Michael Mercil an artist. Though Hamilton studied textile design throughout her undergraduate career, she pointedly decided to focus on sculpture instead of weaving as a concentration in graduate school.
She claims that, when making that decision, she was “interested in the relationships between things in space. And more important than the things themselves is the way they come into relation.” While in Canada, while teaching at UC Santa Barbara, Hamilton began connecting her experience with textiles to photography and performance, creating an interdisciplinary artistic dialogue, evident in her work, which "weaves" different elements together into one image or includes textiles like pressed shirts or work uniforms. In addition to her educational background, her personal identity and interests directly inform her artistic creation, she identifies herself as a reader: of space, of objects, of literary criticism, of poetry, of dictionaries. Her work explores themes of humanity, from gender and the body to suffering and power; as a Conceptual artist working with video and interactive installation, the elements of time and decay play roles in her work. Hamilton's installations are meant to be experienced with all the senses incorporating elements like sound and smell that urge the viewer to connect with and engage the work on a multi-sensory level.
Her works often respond to the spaces and cities in which they are created, using objects that reflect the history and identity of the culture. Suitably positioned One of Hamilton’s first installations, suitably positioned, 1984, set the tone for her works, encompassing many of her artistic methods: installation, object-making and performance. For this piece, she toothpicks, she stood, wearing the suit, for the duration of the installation within the studio with viewers walking around the artist without interacting with her. The suit was made as a part of a work titled room in search of a position, after exhibition, Hamilton believed didn't reach pictorial success and decided to rethink her use of these made objects. However, Hamilton incorporated the toothpick suit into an installation titled suitably positioned, which created a connection between the object, a suit, the figure, herself within the suit; this installation was directly associated with her body object series.body object series While working on suitably positioned, Hamilton began to think about her subject matter differently, hoping to create an installation that "demonstrates a relation instead of making a picture of a relation."
This thinking led Hamilton to begin creating her body object series, a collection of photographs first produced in 1984 with further editions produced in 1987, 1994, 2006. Working with photographer Bob McMurtry on the series, Hamilton shot photographs of herself wearing constructed objects like her toothpick suit; the coverings of the body in these photographs represent what Hamilton calls, "the articulation of the self at the boundaries of the body."privation and excesses In San Francisco, Hamilton exhibited privation and excesses as a part of the Capp Street Project in 1989. The artist used $7,500 worth of pennies to cover a large portion of the gallery floor stuck to the surface by a thin coating of honey. In a chair on the edge of the field of honey and pennies, a figure sat, wringing their hands in a hat full of honey.palimpsest In collaboration with Kathryn Clark, the palimpsest installation was part of a group exhibition at The New Museum of Contemporary Art, New York, "Strange Attractors: Signs of Chaos" in 1989.
The installation was organized into two zones, one that demonstrated memory lost and the other memory experienced. The first was in the museum's street-side window-display space, whose back and side walls were covered with block-printed texts, using shoe polish as ink. On a tall stool, under a broken strand of nichrome wire, a felt hat sat upended covered in beeswax and graphite; the second part of the installation was a room that visitors could enter, filled with the scent of beeswax and the sound of paper fluttering. The inner walls of the enclosed space were covered with small pieces of faded newsprint with handwritten memories, each attached with a single tack rustling from a fan affixed above the doorway. In the center of the room stood a vitrine made of steel and glass, inside which there were two cabbages, reminiscent of cerebral hemispheres, being devoured by a colony of snails. Indigo blue indigo blue, one of Hamilton's best-known works was first exhibited in a garage near the public market in Charleston, South Carolina in 1991.
She created the piece as a commissioned work as a part of the Places with a Past exhibition within the Spo