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Allen Lane

Sir Allen Lane was a British publisher who together with his brothers Richard and John Lane founded Penguin Books in 1935, bringing high-quality paperback fiction and non-fiction to the mass market. In 1967 he started a hardback imprint under Allen Lane. Allen Lane Williams was born in Bristol, to Camilla and Samuel Williams, studied at Bristol Grammar School. In 1919 he joined the publishing company Bodley Head as an apprentice to his uncle and founder of the company John Lane. In the process, he and the rest of his family changed their surname to Lane to retain the childless John Lane's company as a family firm. Lane married Lettice Lucy Orr on 28 June 1941 and had three daughters: Clare and Anna, he was knighted in 1952. He rose at Bodley Head becoming managing editor in 1925 following the death of his uncle. After conflict with the board of directors who were wary at first — for fear of being prosecuted — of publishing James Joyce's controversial book Ulysses, together with his brothers Richard and John, founded Penguin Books in 1935 as part of the Bodley Head.

Penguin Books became a separate company the following year. The legend goes that on a train journey back from visiting Agatha Christie in 1934, Lane found himself on an Exeter station platform with nothing available worth reading, he conceived of paperback editions of literature of proven quality which would be cheap enough to be sold from a vending machine. Lane was well aware of the Hamburg publisher Albatross Books and adopted many of its innovations. Most booksellers and authors were against the idea of paperbacks, they believed. Lane was a person, stubborn when it came to his company, he operated on intuition and imagination. "He thrived in an atmosphere of crisis and came most alive under the challenge of great dilemmas." He was a creative genius. Once he decided on creating paperbacks he set about in deciding what the books should look like and finding a name, he had decided that the books would be reprints so he needed to approach other publishers to see if they and their authors would be willing to sublease the rights of the books.

He was quoted as saying, "I have never been able to understand why cheap books should not be well designed, for good design is no more expensive than bad."Edward Young designed the horizontal bands and used Gill Sans Bold for the title's letting. He was sent to the Zoo in Regents Park to sketch penguins for the cover. Allen Lane wanted a cover design, consistent and recognizable. In 1937 the font was changed to Times New Roman, his Pelican Books were non-fiction books. Penguins were meant to entertain. In the 1950s his company had grown so much that it had major outposts in both Australia and the United States. Lane's management style put the individuals in charge in his United States office at odds; these individuals left Penguin books and started their own publishing companies: Bantam Books and New American Library. The paperback venture was successful, he expanded into other areas such as Pelican Books in 1937, Puffin Books in 1940 and the Penguin Classics series in 1945. Lane was responsible for the decision to publish an unexpurgated edition of D. H. Lawrence's Lady Chatterley's Lover as a means of testing the Obscene Publications Act 1959.

In 1965, during an attempt by chief editor Tony Godwin and the board of directors to remove him, Lane stole and burnt the entire print run of the French cartoonist Siné's book Massacre, deeply offensive. Lane dismissed Godwin, retained control of Penguin, but was forced to retire shortly afterwards after being diagnosed with bowel cancer, he died in 1970 at Middlesex. Cavendish, Richard. "The first Penguin paperbacks" History Today 60#7 Kells, Stuart. Penguin and the Lane Brothers: The Untold Story of a Publishing Revolution. Morpurgo, J. E. Allen Lane: King Penguin. London: Hutchinson Hare, Steve Penguin Portrait: Allen Lane and the Penguin Editors, 1935–1970. London: Penguin Books University of Bristol Library Special Collections. "Penguin Archive". Archived from the original on 17 May 2010. Works by or about Allen Lane in libraries Horatio Morpurgo, Lane's grandson. "Lady Chatterley's Defendant: Allen Lane and the Paperback Revolution". Toby Clements. "History of the Penguin Archive". The Telegraph.

London, UK. Retrieved 23 April 2010. BBC Radio 4 programme about Allen Lane by author Michael Morpurgo, his son-in-law

Ducati 899

The Ducati 899 Panigale is a 898 cc sport bike from Ducati, released in 2013 to replace the 848. The motorcycle is named after the small manufacturing town of Borgo Panigale, it has a 148-horsepower version of the engine in the released 1199 Panigale. Claimed dry weight is 169 kilograms; the 899 has a conventional two-sided swingarm, unlike the 1199. The unconventional decision to use a two-sided swingarm on a superbike from Ducati was made because of the substantial upgrades added to the bike including electronically adjustable anti-lock brakes, traction control, electronic braking control, a quickshifter; this is the first medium-sized Ducati. The 899 surprised observers by topping sales charts for all motorcycles in the UK for December 2013, at a price five times higher than the number two seller, the Honda CBF125 — a situation compared by The Telegraph to the Ferrari California outselling the Ford Focus. For 2016, Ducati revised the 899, including enlarging the engine to 955 cc

Landscape After the Battle

Landscape After the Battle is a 1970 Polish drama film directed by Andrzej Wajda and starring Daniel Olbrychski. It is based on the writings of Holocaust survivor and Polish author Tadeusz Borowski. In most part, the plot revolves around the events depicted in Borowski's short story called "Bitwa pod Grunwaldem" from his collection This Way for the Gas and Gentlemen; the film was entered into the 1970 Cannes Film Festival. The Landscape After the Battle film tells a story of two young concentration camp survivors. In the opening sequence, Vivaldi's "Autumn" can be heard. A young Polish poet, Tadeusz, is asked by Nina, to go with her to the West, his camp experience, prevents him from realizing the depth of her love for him, he is reluctant to commit. Nina is accidentally shot dead by an American soldier, causing Tadeusz to cry for the first time in years; the shock of her death brings back the world of feelings suppressed by his Nazi captors, allows for his original creativity to reemerge. The credits appear to the sound of Vivaldi's “Winter”.

Daniel Olbrychski - Tadeusz Stanisława Celińska - Nina Aleksander Bardini - Professor Tadeusz Janczar - Karol Zygmunt Malanowicz - Priest Mieczysław Stoor - Ensign Leszek Drogosz - Tolek Stefan Friedmann - Gypsy Jerzy Oblamski - Prisoner Jerzy Zelnik - American Commandant Małgorzata Braunek - German Girl Anna German - American Woman Agnieszka Perepeczko - Nina's Friend Alina Szpak - German Woman Józef Pieracki - Cook Krajobraz po bitwie at www.wajda.pl Landscape After the Battle on IMDb

Le Voltaire (newspaper)

Le Voltaire was a French daily newspaper first published on 5 July 1878. It ceased publication in the 1930s. Nicknamed Le Figaro républicain, the paper was created in order to support Gambetta, the leader of the Republican Union, the party of moderate radicals, its founding editor was Aurélien Scholl. The first issue announced that it was "daily, republican, satirical"; the paper's name represented anticlericalism and it announced that "We know the potential dangers of the cowl-wearers." An editorial in the first issue said: We want to disperse and for all, in this free and enlightened world of our republic, the last fatalities and the last remains of ignorance, the nemesis of the spirit, of hatred, the enemy of the heart. Writers who contributed to the paper included Émile Zola, the Goncourt brothers, Guillaume Livet, Paul Alexis; the paper published longer works in serial form, including those of Zola and George Moore. A guide to Parisian newspaper published in 1882 described several of its writers as "some of the first journalists in France", one "brilliant" and another "teeming with imagination".

It included Le Voltaire under the heading "Republican newspapers" and noted that it had published a long series of articles in favor of legalizing divorce. Le Voltaire on Data.bnf.fr

John Hlay

John Hlay is a former college football running back. He was a fullback and linebacker for the Ohio State University Buckeyes from 1950 to 1952. Hlay was an All-State football player at Niles McKinley High School, he was recruited by colleges, narrowly chose Ohio State over Purdue University after Ohio State head coach Wes Fesler played on Hlay's state loyalties. As a sophomore Hlay lettered as linebacker on the 1950 Ohio State team, he suffered academic setbacks prior to his junior year, incoming head coach Woody Hayes benched him for the first three games of the 1951 season. When Hlay returned to the field in the fourth game of the season it was as a defensive replacement, playing as linebacker. Hlay returned to the offensive backfield in his senior year, in part due to the support of backfield coach Doyt Perry; as a senior Hlay led the Buckeyes in rushing, despite a backfield loaded with such talent as freshman Howard "Hopalong" Cassady, sophomore Bobby Watkins, senior Fred Bruney. Hlay's highest single-game rushing total was a 135-yard performance in a 21-14 loss to Purdue on October 4, 1952.

Hlay was selected by the Green Bay Packers in the 1953 NFL Draft. He was drafted in the 16th round as the 187th overall selection. Hlay arrived the following year; the Green Bay staff had intended to play Hlay at linebacker, but filled that need in the 1954 draft with Art Hunter out of Notre Dame University. Green Bay traded Hlay to the New York Giants, but an ankle injury prevented him from joining the team. Hlay decided against trying out with the Giants in 1955. By that time he had become a restaurateur and bar-owner, an National Football League career in that era would have meant a reduction in pay. Over his career, Hlay owned three different bars, he worked in remodelling. His daughter Jill Hlay was a world-class swimmer, winning a bronze medal in the 100 meter backstroke at the 1971 Pan Am Games. Jill's son Matt Voelker is a freestyle swimmer on the Ohio State University swimming team. John Hlay profile from Niles McKinley High School

Brookeville Woolen Mill and House

The Brookeville Woolen Mill and House is a historic home and woolen mill located in Brookeville, Maryland, in Montgomery County. The complex consists of two buildings constructed of rubble masonry; the woolen mill is a small one-story structure. South of the mill are two stone worker's houses, one of, a three-by-two-bay, ​1 1⁄2-story stone house; the house was most constructed prior to 1783. The complex may have been built by the Riggs family, who became well-known bankers and merchants in Washington, D. C.. It was listed on the National Register of Historic Places in 1978. "Brookeville Woolen Mill," Maryland State Archives Brookeville Woolen Mill and House, Montgomery County, Inventory No.: M: 23-69, including photo in 2003, at Maryland Historical Trust website