Danish Social Liberal Party
The Danish Social Liberal Party is a social-liberal political party in Denmark. The party is a member of Liberal International and the Alliance of Liberals, the party was founded in 1905 as a split from the liberal Venstre Reform Party. The initial impetus was the expulsion of Venstres antimilitarist wing from the party in January 1905, the expelled members held a founding conference for the new party in Odense, on 21 May 1905. In addition to the differences over military spending, the social liberals took a positive view than Venstre towards measures that aimed to reduce social inequality. The party became the political leg of the radical movement. The party was open to aspects of the welfare state, and advocated reforms to improve the position of smallholders. The partys social-liberal ideals are said to have inspired by the political economists Henry George. The literal translation radical left is nowadays somewhat misleading, as the party is described as being in the centre of the left-right political scale.
The use of the word for left in the name of the parent party Venstre. Venstre originally was to the left of the conservative and aristocratic right, the party president is Klaus Frandsen and it has eight members in the Folketing. The partys political leader is Morten Østergaard, the party performed well at the 2005 elections. It came out with 9. 2% of the vote and 17 seats in Parliament. In the 2007 elections, the party share of the vote fell to 5. 1% and it lost 8 seats. In the subsequent 2011 elections, the party rose to 9. 5%. Around 2005 the party was inspired by Richard Floridas book The Rise of the Creative Class, the party released their own book/political program called Det kreative Danmark. Current issues high on the agenda for the party are, Strong opposition to the immigration policies of the former Liberal-Conservative government. A major tax reform, which should simplify the tax system in such a way that taxes will be reduced in favour of more environmental taxes, less tax deductions.
The point of this is to make working more attractive and the hiring of service more attractive
A lur, lure or lurr, is a long natural blowing horn without finger holes that is played by embouchure. Lurs can be straight or curved in various shapes, the purpose of the curves was to make long instruments easier to carry and to prevent directing the loud noise at nearby people. The name lur is particularly given to two types of ancient wind instruments. The more recent type is made of wood and was in use in Scandinavia during the Middle Ages. The older type, named after the more recent type, is made of bronze, dates to the Bronze Age and was found in pairs, deposited in bogs, mainly in Denmark. It consists of a mouthpiece and several pieces and/or pipes and its length can reach between 1.5 meters and 2 meters. It has been found in Norway, South Sweden, illustrations of lurs have been found on several rock paintings in Scandinavia. The earliest references to an instrument called the lur come from Icelandic sagas and these lurs, several examples of which have been discovered in longboats, are straight, end-blown wooden tubes, around one meter long.
They do not have holes, and are played much like a modern brass instrument. A kind of lur very similar to these war instruments has been played by farmers and these instruments, called in English a birch trumpet were used for calling cattle and signaling. They are similar in construction and playing technique to the war instrument, the word lur is still in the Swedish language, indicating any funnel-shaped implement used for producing or receiving sound. For instance, the Swedish word for headphones is hörlurar, the Norwegian and Swedish words for foghorn are respectively tåkelur and mistlur. The Danish butter brand Lurpak is named after the lur, the word lur has several other meanings in Danish and Swedish that are not related to sound. Birch trumpet Natural trumpet 2007 CD by Odd Sylvarnes Lund of Lur and Bukkehorn music - informations on recordings with modern use of the old instruments The Nordic Lurs, part of O. J. s Trumpet Page
Carl Valdemar Jussi Henry Adler-Olsen is a Danish writer of crime fiction, as well as a publisher and entrepreneur. Jussi Adler-Olsen made his debut as a writer in 1984. Born in Copenhagen, he was the youngest of four children, son of the successful sexologist and psychiatrist Henry Olsen, he spent his childhood with his family in doctors official residences at several mental hospitals across Denmark. In his late teens, he played in a couple of pop groups as lead guitarist and he graduated from high school in Rødovre, and studied medicine and film making until 1978. After a manager career, he began to write full-time in 1995, adler-Olsens novels have been sold in more than 40 languages. Adler-Olsens books have been on the lists in numerous other countries including Austria, France, Sweden. Dansk tegneserieleksikon - den store Komiklex, groucho, …en Marx Brother bag facaden. Firmaknuseren - editions published by Politiken Og Hun Takkede Guderne, English translation, The Keeper of Lost Causes, Mercy,2011 Fasandræberne.
English translation, The Absent One, Disgrace,2012 Flaskepost fra P. Copenhagen, English translation, A Conspiracy of Faith, Redemption,2013 Journal 64. English translation, The Purity of Vengeance 2013, Guilt 2013 Små Pikante Drab published in the book Liv for Liv, English translation, The Marco Effect 2014, Buried 2015 Den Grænseløse. English translation, The Hanging Girl Selfies, English translation, The Scarred Woman Kvinden i buret was adapted into a Danish film by Zentropa in 2012, titled The Keeper of Lost Causes in English. It was the top box office film in Denmark in 2013, a sequel, a film adaptation of Fasandræberne, was released in 2014. Flaskepost fra P, came out in 2016, by Zentropa, all three films star Nikolaj Lie Kaas and Fares Fares. Spidsrod a theater play in acts – finalist in a drama competition DramaRama in April 2005. Westfälisches Landestheater. in cooperation with Sabrina Ullrich has created a play based on Kvinden i Buret. It premiered in Castrop-Rauxel on October 19,2013,2010 - Harald Mogensen prize for Flaskepost fra P.
Awarded by The Danish Academy of Crime for Best Danish Crime Fiction,2010 - Glass Key award 2010 for Flaskepost fra P. Awarded by the Scandinavian Crime Society,2010 - De beste thriller van het jaar 2010 for Vrouw in de Kooi in The Netherlands
Social Democrats (Denmark)
The Social Democrats is a social-democratic political party in Denmark. It was the coalition partner in government from the 2011 parliamentary election. After the 2015 parliamentary election, the party is no longer in government, though it is still the largest party in the Danish parliament, founded by Louis Pio in 1871, the party first entered the Folketing in 1884. By the early 20th century it had become the party with the largest representation in the Folketing and it first formed a government in 1924 under Thorvald Stauning, the longest-serving Danish Prime Minister of the 20th century. During Staunings government, the Social Democrats exerted an influence on Danish society. From 2002 to 2016 the party used the name Socialdemokraterne in some contexts, a member of the Party of European Socialists, the Social Democrats have three MEPs in the European Parliament. Since its foundation the lemma of the party has been Liberty and Brotherhood, the leader of the party is Mette Frederiksen. She succeeded Helle Thorning-Schmidt, who stepped down after the left blocs defeat in the 2015 General Election, deputy leaders are Frank Jensen, Lord Mayor of Copenhagen, and Mogens Jensen.
The secretary general is Henrik Dam Kristensen, the party secretary is Lars Midtiby, in the Cabinet of Helle Thorning-Schmidt, the party had ten ministers including the Prime Minister. The party was founded in 1871 by Louis Pio, Harald Brix og Paul Geleff, the goal was to organize the emerging working class on a democratic and socialist basis. The industrialization of Denmark had begun in the mid 19th century, the social democratic movement emerged from the desire to give this group political rights and representation in parliament. In 1876 the Party held a conference, adopting the first party manifesto. In the 1924 parliamentary elections the Social democratic party won the majority with 36.6 percent of the vote, the same year he appointed the worlds first female minister Nina Bang, nine years after womens suffrage had been given in Denmark. Stauning stayed in power until his death in 1942, his party laying the foundations for the Danish welfare state, in January 1933 Staunings government entered into what was the most extensive settlement yet in Danish politics — the Kanslergade settlement — with the liberal party Venstre.
In 1935, Stauning was reelected with the famous slogan Stauning or Chaos, through the 1940s and until 1972 Denmark was governed by the following Social Democratic prime ministers. 1939 –1955, Hans Hedtoft 1955 –1960, H. C, the Cabinets of Poul Nyrup Rasmussen maintained a parliamentary majority during the period from 1993 to 2001 by virtue of their support from the Socialist Peoples Party and the Red-Green Alliance. Towards the end of the 1990s, a surplus of 30 billion kroner turned into a deficit. To combat this, the government increased taxes, limiting private consumption, after being defeated by the Liberal Party in the 2001 election, the party chairmanship went to former finance and foreign minister Mogens Lykketoft
The Wisconsin Glacial Episode, called the Wisconsinan glaciation, was the most recent major advance of the North American ice sheet complex. This advance was synchronous with global glaciation during the last glacial period, including the North American alpine glacier advance, the Wisconsin glaciation extended from approximately 85,000 to 11,000 years ago, between the Sangamon interglacial and the current interglacial, the Holocene. The maximum ice extent occurred approximately 25, 000–21,000 years ago during the last glacial maximum and this glaciation radically altered the geography of North America north of the Ohio River. At the height of the Wisconsin Episode glaciation, the ice covered most of Canada, the Upper Midwest, and New England, as well as parts of Idaho, Montana. On Kelleys Island in Lake Erie or in New York Citys Central Park, during much of the glaciation, sea level was low enough to permit land animals, including humans, to occupy Beringia and move between North America and Siberia.
Two related movements have been termed Wisconsin, Early Wisconsin and Late Wisconsin, the Early Wisconsin was the bigger of the two and extend farther west and south. It retreated a distance before halting. During this period of quiet, the deposits were eroded and weathered. This first Wisconsin period erased all the Illinoian glacial topography that extended over, the Late Wisconsin ice sheet extended more towards the west than the earlier movements. This may have due to changes in the accumulation center of the ice sheet. The Labrador Ice Sheet centered east of Hudson Bay, expanding towards the southwest, it reached into the eastern edge of Manitoba and across the Great Lakes to the Ohio River, upwards of 1,600 miles from its source. Its eastern lobes covered New England and reached south to Cape Cod and Long Island, the Keewatin Ice Sheet began west of Hudson Bay in the Canadian Territory of Keewatin The ice moved south some 1,500 miles into Kansas and Missouri. To the west, it reached 1,000 miles to the foothills of the Rocky Mountains, the Cordilleran Ice Sheet has left remnants throughout the Northern Rocky Mountains.
Unlike the other two ice sheets, this one is mountain based covering the British Columbia and reaching into northern Washington State, the Cordilleran Ice Sheet has more of an Alpine style of many glaciers merged into a whole. The striations made by the ice field in moving over the show that it moved principally to the west through the passes of the coast range. When the ice sheet melts northward from a moraine, water begins to be pond between this moraine and the ice front, the water cannot drain through the ice sheet, which for the Wisconsin period covered most of the proglacial river valleys. Numerous small, isolated water bodies form between the moraine and the ice front, as the ice sheet continues to melt and recede northward, these ponds combine into a proglacial lake. An outlet forms through these low spots, until one becomes dominant when erosion, lowers the outlet, Ice melt and rainfall carried large quantities of clay and gravel from the ice mass
Lotte Friis is a Danish competitive swimmer from Allerød. Finishing third in the 1500 metre freestyle competition at the European Championships 2008 in Eindhoven she won her first major long course medal, at the 2008 Summer Olympics in Beijing, she won bronze in the 800 metre freestyle competition. At the 2009 World Championships she won silver in the 1500 metre freestyle competition and gold in the 800 metre freestyle competition with the second fastest time ever and a new championship record. At the 2011 World Aquatics Championships in Shanghai Friis won gold in the womens 1500 metre freestyle in the time 15,49.59, Friis participated in the womens 400 metre freestyle and made it to the final. She ended as number five in the time 4,04.68, World record progression 1500 metres freestyle
Zealand is the largest and most populated island in Denmark with a population of 2,267,659. It is the 96th-largest island in the world by area and the 35th most populous and it is connected to Funen by the Great Belt Fixed Link, to Lolland, Falster by the Storstrøm Bridge and the Farø Bridges. Zealand is linked to Amager by five bridges, Zealand is linked indirectly, through intervening islands by a series of bridges and tunnels, to southern Sweden. Copenhagen, the capital of Denmark, is located partly on the shore of Zealand. Other cities on Zealand include Roskilde, Hillerød, Næstved and Helsingør, the island is not connected historically to the Pacific nation of New Zealand, which is named after the Dutch province of Zeeland. In Norse mythology as told in the story of Gylfaginning, the island was created by the goddess Gefjun after she tricked Gylfi and she removed a piece of land and transported it to Denmark, which became Zealand. The vacant area was filled with water and became Mälaren, since modern maps show a similarity between Zealand and the Swedish lake Vänern, it is sometimes identified as the hole left by Gefjun.
Zealand is the most populous Danish island and it is irregularly shaped, and is north of the islands of Lolland, and Møn. The small island of Amager lies immediately east, Copenhagen is mostly on Zealand but extends across northern Amager. A number of bridges and the Copenhagen Metro connect Zealand to Amager, Zealand is joined in the west to Funen, by the Great Belt Fixed Link, and Funen is connected by bridges to the countrys mainland, Jutland. Gyldenløveshøj, south of the city Roskilde, has a height of 126 metres, Zealand gives its name to the Selandian era of the Paleocene. Urban areas with 10, 000+ inhabitants, North Zealand Media related to Zealand at Wikimedia Commons Zealand travel guide from Wikivoyage
The petroleum industry includes the global processes of exploration, refining and marketing of petroleum products. The largest volume products of the industry are fuel oil and gasoline, Petroleum is the raw material for many chemical products, including pharmaceuticals, fertilizers, synthetic fragrances, and plastics. The industry is divided into three major components, upstream and downstream. Midstream operations are included in the downstream category. Petroleum is vital to many industries, and is of importance to the maintenance of industrial civilization in its current configuration, and thus is a critical concern for many nations. Oil accounts for a percentage of the world’s energy consumption, ranging from a low of 32% for Europe and Asia. Other geographic regions consumption patterns are as follows and Central America, the world consumes 30 billion barrels of oil per year, with developed nations being the largest consumers. The United States consumed 25% of the oil produced in 2007, the production, distribution and retailing of petroleum taken as a whole represents the worlds largest industry in terms of dollar value.
Petroleum is a naturally occurring liquid found in rock formations and it consists of a complex mixture of hydrocarbons of various molecular weights, plus other organic compounds. It is generally accepted that oil is formed mostly from the carbon rich remains of ancient plankton after exposure to heat, Petroleum in an unrefined state has been utilized by humans for over 5000 years. Oil in general has been used since early history to keep fires ablaze. Its importance to the world economy evolved slowly, with oil used for lighting in the 19th century and wood. The Industrial Revolution generated an increasing need for energy which was met mainly by coal, Imperial Russia produced 3,500 tons of oil in 1825 and doubled its output by mid-century. Batum is renamed to Batumi in 1936, at the turn of the 20th century, Imperial Russias output of oil, almost entirely from the Apsheron Peninsula, accounted for half of the worlds production and dominated international markets. Nearly 200 small refineries operated in the suburbs of Baku by 1884, as a side effect of these early developments, the Apsheron Peninsula emerged as the worlds oldest legacy of oil pollution and environmental negligence.
In 1846, Baku the first ever well drilled with percussion tools to a depth of 21 meters for oil exploration, in 1878, Ludvig Nobel and his Branobel company revolutionized oil transport by commissioning the first oil tanker and launching it on the Caspian Sea. Samuel Kier established Americas first oil refinery in Pittsburgh on Seventh avenue near Grant Street, one of the first modern oil refineries were built by Ignacy Łukasiewicz near Jasło, Poland in 1854–56. These were initially small as demand for refined fuel was limited, the refined products were used in artificial asphalt, machine oil and lubricants, in addition to Łukasiewiczs kerosene lamp
Regions of Denmark
Denmark, officially the Kingdom of Denmark, is a Scandinavian country in Europe and a sovereign state. The southernmost and smallest of the Nordic countries, it is south-west of Sweden and south of Norway, Denmark comprises two autonomous constituent countries in the North Atlantic Ocean, the Faroe Islands and Greenland. Denmark has an area of 42,924 square kilometres. The country consists of a peninsula, and an archipelago of 443 named islands, with the largest being Zealand, the islands are characterised by flat, arable land and sandy coasts, low elevation and a temperate climate. The unified kingdom of Denmark emerged in the 10th century as a proficient seafaring nation in the struggle for control of the Baltic Sea, Denmark and Norway were ruled together under the Kalmar Union, established in 1397 and ending with Swedish secession in 1523. Denmark and Norway remained under the monarch until outside forces dissolved the union in 1814. The union with Norway made it possible for Denmark to inherit the Faroe Islands, beginning in the 17th century, there were several cessions of territory to Sweden.
In the 19th century there was a surge of nationalist movements, Denmark remained neutral during World War I. In April 1940, a German invasion saw brief military skirmishes while the Danish resistance movement was active from 1943 until the German surrender in May 1945, the Constitution of Denmark was signed on 5 June 1849, ending the absolute monarchy which had begun in 1660. It establishes a constitutional monarchy organised as a parliamentary democracy, the government and national parliament are seated in Copenhagen, the nations capital, largest city and main commercial centre. Denmark exercises hegemonic influence in the Danish Realm, devolving powers to handle internal affairs, Home rule was established in the Faroe Islands in 1948, in Greenland home rule was established in 1979 and further autonomy in 2009. Denmark became a member of the European Economic Community in 1973, maintaining certain opt-outs, it retains its own currency, the krone. It is among the members of NATO, the Nordic Council, the OECD, OSCE.
The etymology of the word Denmark, and especially the relationship between Danes and Denmark and the unifying of Denmark as a kingdom, is a subject which attracts debate. This is centred primarily on the prefix Dan and whether it refers to the Dani or a historical person Dan and the exact meaning of the -mark ending. Most handbooks derive the first part of the word, and the name of the people, from a word meaning land, related to German Tenne threshing floor. The -mark is believed to mean woodland or borderland, with references to the border forests in south Schleswig. The first recorded use of the word Danmark within Denmark itself is found on the two Jelling stones, which are believed to have been erected by Gorm the Old and Harald Bluetooth
It is to be distinguished from the county, which may encompass rural territory and/or numerous small communities such as towns and hamlets. The term municipality may mean the governing or ruling body of a given municipality, a municipality is a general-purpose administrative subdivision, as opposed to a special-purpose district. The term is derived from French municipalité and Latin municipalis, a municipality can be any political jurisdiction from a sovereign state, such as the Principality of Monaco, or a small village, such as West Hampton Dunes, New York. The power of municipalities range from virtual autonomy to complete subordination to the state, municipalities may have the right to tax individuals and corporations with income tax, property tax, and corporate income tax, but may receive substantial funding from the state. Similar terms include Spanish ayuntamiento, called municipalidad, Polish gmina, Dutch/Flemish Gemeente, in Australia, the term local government area is used in place of the generic municipality.
Here, the LGA Structure covers only incorporated areas of Australia, incorporated areas are legally designated parts of states and territories over which incorporated local governing bodies have responsibility. In Canada, municipalities are local governments established through provincial and territorial legislation, the Province of Ontario has different tiers of municipalities, including lower and single tiers. Types of upper tier municipalities in Ontario include counties and regional municipalities, nova Scotia has regional municipalities, which include cities, districts, or towns as municipal units. In India, a Nagar Palika or Municipality is a local body that administers a city of population 100,000 or more. Under the Panchayati Raj system, it directly with the state government. Generally, smaller cities and bigger towns have a Nagar Palika. Nagar Palikas are a form of local self-government entrusted with duties and responsibilities. Such a corporation in Great Britain consists of a head as a mayor or provost, since local government reorganisation, the unit in England, Northern Ireland and Wales is known as a district, and in Scotland as a council area.
A district may be awarded borough or city status, or can retain its district title, in Jersey, a municipality refers to the honorary officials elected to run each of the 12 parishes into which it is subdivided. This is the highest level of government in this jurisdiction. In the United States, municipality is usually understood as a city, village, or other local government unit, in the Peoples Republic of China, a direct-controlled municipality is a city with equal status to a province, Tianjin and Chongqing. In Taiwan, a municipality is a city with equal status to a province, New Taipei, Tainan, Taipei. In Portuguese language usage, there are two words to distinguish the territory and the administrative organ, when referring to the territory, the word concelho is used, when referring to the organ of State, the word município is used
Rudersdal Municipality is a part suburban, part rural municipality located on the northern outskirts of Copenhagen, Denmark. It covers an area of 73 km² and has a population of 56,133, the distance from Copenhagen City Hall Square is approximately 20 km. The western part of the municipality is served by the Hillerød radial of the S-train network while the part is served by the Coast Line. Administratively Rudersdal Municipality belongs to Region Hovedstaden, on 1 January 2007 Rudersdal municipality was created as the result of 2007 Danish Municipal Reform, consisting of the former municipalities of Søllerød and Birkerød. Its mayor as of 2013 is Jens Ive, a member of the Liberal Party political party, Rudersdal Town Hall, completed in 1942, was designed by Arne Jacobsen and Flemming Lassen. Birkerød Municipality was a municipality in Frederiksborg County on the island of Zealand in eastern Denmark, the municipality covered an area of 34 square kilometres, and had a total population of 21,930.
As of 2007, it forms a part of Rudersdal Municipality On January 1,2007 Birkerød municipality ceased to exist as the result of Kommunalreformen and it merged with Søllerød Municipality to form the new Rudersdal municipality. This created a municipality with an area of 73 square kilometres, the new municipality belongs to the new Region Hovedstaden. Its last mayor before the reform was Ove C, alminde, a member of the Conservative Peoples Party political party. The main town and the site of its council was the town of Birkerød. Neighboring municipalities were Søllerød to the southeast, Hørsholm to the north, Birkerød and Holte stations are located on the Hillerød radial of the S-train network. Both are served by the A trains and Holte station is served by the E trains. Skodsborg and Vedbæk stations are located on the Coast Lune between Copenhagen and Helsingør, the line is served by the Øresundståg trains. The Nærum Line links Nlrum with Jægersborg station on the S-train network, major roads include Lyngby Kongevej and the Helsingør Motorway.
KulturSlangen is a 14.5 km, signposted geenway which runs from Næsseslottet in Holte in the west to Vedbæk Marina on the Øresund Coast in the east and it was established in 1996 and passes various points of interest. A number of smaller round trils extends from the route, the Vedbæk Circuit was inaugurated on 22 November 2015. Rudersdal Municipality will be served by the under development network of Super Bikeways in metropolitan Copenhagen, bike lanes are already available on Lyngby Kongevej and many other roads]]