Allier is a French department located in the Auvergne-Rhône-Alpes region of central France named after the river Allier. Moulins is the prefecture and the INSEE and Post Code is 03; the inhabitants of the department are known as Bourbonnais since October 2018. Allier department is composed of all of the former Duchy of Bourbonnais, it is part of the Auvergne-Rhône-Alpes region and borders the departments of Cher, Nièvre, Saône-et-Loire, Puy-de-Dome, Creuse. Major towns The department includes three spa towns: Bourbon l'Archambault Neris-les-Bains VichyNeris-les-Bains is the only town in the department with more than 10% of second homes: 504 out of 1,800 homes in 1999. Bourbonnais bocage covers most of the western and central parts of the department, followed by the Bourbonnais Sologne in the east north-east, the Bourbonnais Mountain, the highest point of Bourbonnais together with Montoncel, in the south of the department, the Bourbonnais Limagne, which extends from Varennes to Gannat, is the breadbasket of the department.
The Bourbonnais BocageTo the north and just over 500 metres above sea level, the Bourbonnais Bocage occupies one-third of the department, with two parts: the centre and the west. The bocage is remarkable for its rich forests and woodlands including the famous Forest of Tronçais but the forests of Moladier Bagnolet, Soulongis, Dreuille and Suave. All of the southern area consists of Combrailles, sometimes called High Bourbonnais, in an area that goes beyond the departmental boundaries of Creuse and Puy-de-Dôme; this area of the department rises to 778 metres at Bosse. The rivers Sioule and Cher have carved the most picturesque gorges in Allier; the Bourbonnais SologneTo the east, between the Val d'Allier and the borders of Nièvre and Saône-et-Loire, the Bourbonnais Sologne has a nice balance between pastures, crops and ponds: the balance between agriculture and semi-wilderness constituting a favorable setting for fauna and flora. The Bourbonnais MountainsIn its southern extension, the Bourbonnais Mountain rises from the Puy Saint-Ambroise near Saint-Léon and extends to the massif of Assise and the Black Woods at the edge of Puy-de-Dome and Loire, marked by the Puy de Montoncel – the highest point in Allier.
The Bourbonnais LimagneCommonly grouped under the name of Val d'Allier, the Limagne and Forterre extend on both sides of the river between Vichy and Saint-Pourçain-sur-Sioule with an essential quality of fertility. Limogne, together with Sioule and Allier, is part of the Gannat / Escurolles / Saint-Pourçain triangle while Forterre covers the Canton of Varennes-sur-Allier ending near Jaligny. Watercourses to the west: the Cher in the centre: the Allier and its tributary the Sioule to the east the Loire and its tributary the Besbre A transition zone in the middle of the country, Allier is a free zone between north and south; the department is wide open to Atlantic influences and enjoys a mild and humid climate dominated by westerly winds which helps a little to differentiate it from other parts of Auvergne. The weather variances coincide with the diversity of Bourbonnais territory such as: flat regions, low altitude Bourbonnais Sologne and large floodplains, the hill country, the average altitude of 300 to 600 metres, the central part of the department, the semi-mountainous southern townships bordering the Combraille and Forez between 700 and 1,200 metres.
There are two periods of maximum precipitation in June and October and a minimum in January and February with average of 694 millimetres in Montluçon, 763 mm in Moulins 778 mm in Vichy 791 mm in Lapalisse. and nearly 1,200 mm in Assisi. As noted Atlantic winds are dominant from northwest, or southwest; the influence of topography in the valleys of Cher and Allier contributes to the south and north variance. The history of Allier corresponds to the Duchy of Bourbon with which it shares the entire territory. Allier is one of the original 83 departments created during the French Revolution on 4 March 1790, it was created from parts of the former provinces of Bourbonnais. In 1940, the government of Marshal Philippe Pétain chose the town of Vichy as its capital. Vichy became the department's second sub-prefecture in 1940, since the department now found itself split by the demarcation line between the occupied and free zones of France. On 1 January 1997 the population of Allier was estimated at 357,100 inhabitants which represented an average density of 50 people/km².
Many areas have a density less than 20 people/km². Because of its low population density, it is considered to fall within the empty diagonal. Since the early 1980s Allier has faced many demographic handicaps; the ratio of older people is important and with low fertility rates the natural growth is negative. Meanwhile, net migration has become negative. At 1 January 2009 the legal population was 343,046 inhabitants; the fertility rate was lower than the national average in 2007 but would renew the Allier population if it were not for the lack of jobs that led to the exodus of young people to more favourable employment areas, thus confirming a negative net migration. Allier has three major cities: Montluçon, Moulins by size; the rest of the department includes some small towns and villages, scattered along the rivers. The few villages are far from one another, and
Pembroke is a town in Washington County, United States. The population was 840 at the 2010 census; the town is home to a reversing. Called Pennamaquan by the Passamaquoddy Indians, the area was settled about 1774 as part of Dennysville, it was set off and incorporated on February 4, 1832 by the legislature, which named it after Pembroke in Wales, a community with a history of wooden shipbuilding stretching back to the Middle Ages. With one of the finest harbors in Maine, Pembroke too became a shipbuilding center. Vessels were constructed here as early as 1825. By 1859, when the population was 1,712, there were seven shipyards operating. Most schooners constructed here were used either by fisheries. Pembroke had a stone factory, three sawmills, one gristmill, four shingle mills and four lath machines. Near the head of tide stood the Pembroke Iron Company, established in 1832 and by 1856 producing 5,000 tons of iron spikes and nails a year. Another occupation was agriculture. In 1880, the town's population was 2,324.
According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 35.26 square miles, of which, 27.36 square miles of it is land and 7.90 square miles is water. Drained by the Pennamaquan River, Pembroke is on Cobscook Bay; the town is crossed by U. S. Route 1 and Maine State Route 214; as of the census of 2010, there were 840 people, 358 households, 236 families living in the town. The population density was 30.7 inhabitants per square mile. There were 531 housing units at an average density of 19.4 per square mile. The racial makeup of the town was 94.9% White, 0.1% African American, 1.3% Native American, 0.4% Asian, 0.2% from other races, 3.1% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.0% of the population. There were 358 households of which 28.2% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 49.7% were married couples living together, 10.1% had a female householder with no husband present, 6.1% had a male householder with no wife present, 34.1% were non-families.
27.4% of all households were made up of individuals and 12% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.30 and the average family size was 2.68. The median age in the town was 48.5 years. 20.2% of residents were under the age of 18. The gender makeup of the town was 51.3 % female. As of the census of 2000, there were 879 people, 376 households, 263 families living in the town; the population density was 32.1 people per square mile. There were 539 housing units at an average density of 19.7 per square mile. The racial makeup of the town was 96.93% White, 0.11% African American, 0.91% Native American, 0.46% Asian, 1.59% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.46% of the population. There were 376 households out of which 27.9% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 57.4% were married couples living together, 8.8% had a female householder with no husband present, 29.8% were non-families. 26.1% of all households were made up of individuals and 13.3% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older.
The average household size was 2.34 and the average family size was 2.75. In the town, the population was spread out with 22.6% under the age of 18, 4.9% from 18 to 24, 26.5% from 25 to 44, 26.3% from 45 to 64, 19.7% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 42 years. For every 100 females, there were 89.4 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 89.4 males. The median income for a household in the town was $23,365, the median income for a family was $27,875. Males had a median income of $35,972 versus $21,544 for females; the per capita income for the town was $12,382. About 14.6% of families and 20.7% of the population were below the poverty line, including 24.2% of those under age 18 and 30.1% of those age 65 or over. Charles H. Best, Canadian medical scientist born to Canadian father who practice medicine in Pembroke Styles Bridges, editor, 63rd governor of New Hampshire William Robinson Pattangall, Maine attorney general, chief justice of the Maine Supreme Court Town of Pembroke official website Pembroke Historical Society Reversing Water Falls, Pembroke
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