click links in text for more info


Allocasuarina is a genus of trees in the flowering plant family Casuarinaceae. They are endemic to Australia, occurring in the south. Like the related genus Casuarina, they are called sheoaks or she-oaks. Wilson and Johnson distinguish the two closely related genera and Allocasuarina on the basis of: Casuarina: the mature samaras being grey or yellow-brown, dull, they are trees or shrubs that are notable for their long, segmented branchlets that function as leaves. Formally termed cladodes, these branchlets somewhat resemble pine needles, although sheoaks are flowering plants; the leaves are reduced to minute scales encircling each joint. Fallen cladodes form a dense, soft mat beneath sheoaks, preventing the development of undergrowth and making sheoak woods remarkably quiet. Another characteristic feature are the spiny "cones", about the size of an acorn but with a texture more resembling a conifer cone. However, sheoak "cones" are a woody fruit. Male specimens bear no fruit and are sometimes colloquially referred to as a "heoak".

As with legumes, sheoak roots possess nodules containing symbiotic nitrogen fixing bacteria. However, sheoaks are much less bushfire-tolerant than eucalypts. Fossils of related species have been found dating back to the time of Gondwana; the hard wood and rich texture makes sheoak wood popular among wood-turners. Sheoak wood is regarded as an excellent firewood as it burns with little ash; because of its ability to grow and develop extensive root systems in poor or sandy soils, to cover the ground with its "needles", it is used to stabilise soils in erosion prone areas, or on sand dunes. Sheoak is used as an ornamental shrub, although for this purpose the mat of "needles" may become a nuisance and must be considered. She-Oak Woodland & Forest Research team from IRD working on Casuarinaceae

1999 Fed Cup Americas Zone

The Americas Zone was one of three zones of regional competition in the 1999 Fed Cup. Venue: Buenos Aires T. C. Buenos Aires, Argentina Date: 13–18 AprilThe ten teams were randomly divided into two pools of five teams to compete in round-robin competitions; the teams that finished first in the pools played-off to determine which team would partake in the World Group II Play-offs, while the teams that finished last in the pools would be relegated to Group II for 2000. Argentina advanced to World Group II Play-offs. Ecuador and Puerto Rico relegated to Group II in 2000. Venue: Costa Rica Country Club, San José, Costa Rica Date: 23–27 FebruaryThe sixteen teams were randomly divided into four pools of four teams to compete in round-robin competitions; the top teams of each pool play-off in a two-round knockout stage with the two winners advancing to Group I for 2000. Uruguay and Cuba advanced to Group I for 2000. Fed Cup structure Fed Cup website

1959 LPGA Championship

The 1959 LPGA Championship was the fifth LPGA Championship, held July 2–6 at Sheraton Hotel Country Club in French Lick, Indiana. Betsy Rawls won the first of her two LPGA Championships, one stroke ahead of Patty Berg; the final round on Sunday was delayed to Monday due to heavy unplayable greens. Defending champion Mickey Wright finished nine strokes back in eighth place, it was the fourth of eight major titles for Rawls. The course was designed by Donald Ross, it hosted the PGA Championship in 1924, the second of five won by Walter Hagen and the first of four consecutive. It is now named the "Donald Ross Course." The LPGA Championship returned to the course the following year in 1960. Source: Monday, July 6, 1959 Source

Persistent cloaca

A persistent cloaca is a symptom of a complex anorectal congenital disorder, in which the rectum and urinary tract meet and fuse, creating a cloaca, a single common channel. Cloacas appear in a wide spectrum of variation in females born with the malformation; the single orifice, called a common channel, may occur varying in length from 1 to 10 cm. The length of the common channel can be used to judge prognostic outcomes and technical challenges during surgical repair. A common channel less than 3 cm in length has good sphincter muscles and a well-developed sacrum. Diagnosis of a female with cloaca should be suspected in a female born with an imperforate anus and small looking genitalia; the diagnosis can be made clinically. Failure to identify a cloaca as being present in a newborn may be dangerous, as more than 90% have associated urological problems; the goal for treatment of a female born with cloaca is to achieve bowel control, urinary control, sexual function, which includes menstruation, sexual intercourse, pregnancy.

Cloacas occur in 1 in 20,000 live births. The prognostic outcomes for this type of cloaca are good for urinary function; the surgical repair for this type of cloaca can be done by performing posterior sagittal approach without opening of the abdomen. A common channel longer than 3 cm in length has poor sphincter muscles and a poor sacrum, suggesting a prognostic outcome for bowel control and urinary function to be less likely. Common channels longer than 3 cm are considered more complex and more technically challenging in surgical repair. Cloaca Cloaca

Richard Tandy

Richard Tandy is an English musician, best known as the keyboardist in the rock band Electric Light Orchestra. His palette of keyboards was an important ingredient in the group's sound, notably on the albums A New World Record, Out of the Blue and Time. Tandy was inducted into the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame on 7 April 2017 as a member of Electric Light Orchestra. Tandy was born on 26 March 1948 in Birmingham and educated at Moseley School, where he first met future bandmate Bev Bevan. Tandy would be reunited with Bevan in 1968 when he played the harpsichord on The Move's number one chart-topper "Blackberry Way" and joined them live playing keyboards, but switched to bass while regular bassist Trevor Burton was sidelined due to a shoulder injury; when Burton was able to play again, Tandy left to join The Uglys. In 1972, Tandy served as the bassist in the first live line-up of Electric Light Orchestra, before becoming the band's full-time keyboardist, he has collaborated musically with ELO frontman Jeff Lynne on many projects, among them songs for the Electric Dreams soundtrack, Lynne's solo album Armchair Theatre and Lynne-produced Dave Edmunds album Information.

Tandy's keyboards would be an integral part of ELO's sound, included piano, Clavinet, Wurlitzer electric piano, Yamaha CS-80, ARP 2600, harmonium. He was proficient on guitar. On some albums he is credited with vocals or backing vocals, without any specification of which songs. Tandy was Jeff Lynne's right-hand man in the studio and co-arranged the strings with Lynne and Louis Clark from Eldorado onwards. In 1985 Tandy formed the Tandy Morgan Band featuring Dave Morgan and Martin Smith, both of whom had worked with ELO in live concerts. In 1985, the Tandy Morgan Band released the concept album Earthrise. A remastered version was released on CD on the Rock Legacy label in 2011. A follow-up to Earthrise with unpublished tracks was released as The BC Collection, containing one track written by Tandy: "Enola Sad". Tandy is featured on every ELO album except 1971's No Answer, recorded by Wood, Bevan, Bill Hunt and Steve Woolam prior to his arrival, 2015's Alone in the Universe, on which all of the instruments were played by Lynne.

He was credited as co-arranger from Eldorado onwards. Some of the ideas for the ELO album titles conceived by Richard Tandy were A New World Record, Out of the Blue, Discovery. In 2012, Tandy teamed up again with Lynne to record another ELO project, a live set of the band's biggest hits recorded at Lynne's Bungalow Palace home recording studio, broadcast on TV. In 2013, Tandy joined Lynne in performing two songs for Children In Need Rocks, "Livin' Thing" and "Mr Blue Sky", he was part of ELO's set on Radio 2's Festival In A Day in September 2014, played a piano solo on the song One More Time from Jeff Lynne's ELO 2019 album From Out of Nowhere. After permanently switching from bass to keyboards, Tandy's initial onstage setup was of Minimoog synthesizer and Wurlitzer electric piano and grand piano, which he otherwise used in the studio. However, he added more keyboards to his stage and studio rig, notably the Hohner clavinet and other synthesizers, he began to make more regular use of the grand piano both on stage and in the studio.

He used the Yamaha CS80, ARP 2600, ARP Omni, Micromoog, ARP Quadra, Oberheim synthesizers from the late 1970s to the early 1980s. Tandy played a harmonium on "Kuiama" on ELO 2. Tandy's first marriage was to Carol "Cookie", a friend of Cleo Odzer, but the marriage ended in divorce, he has lived variously in Birmingham and Los Angeles, but resides in Wales

Lee Gun-woo

Lee Gun-woo is a South Korean singer and actor. Studying sports, he decided to become a singer at the age of 20 and moved to Seoul to pursue that career. Lee signed to H2 Media. An idol, he serves as the leader and main vocalist for the quintet, he made his first acting role in Shinokubo Story alongside the group. I Am his first studio album independent from Myname, was released in Japan in January. Lee Gun-woo was born on the second child and first son in the family, he played soccer in middle school, attended Woosong University to study sports. He owned a fashion shop in Apgujeong-dong after taking interest in the field, he decided to pursue a career in singing at the age of 20, which his parents and friends vehemently opposed. He moved to Seoul from Daejeon to become a singer, he auditioned for H2 Media singing Kang Min-kyung's "Go to the Hospital" and dancing to G-Dragon's "Heartbreaker", he was accepted as a trainee. Lee is a member of Myname, where he serves as main vocalist. In 2011, the group released its debut single "Message".

He began learning about songwriting during this time period. He made his acting debut along with his group in the film Shinokubo Story, where he played one of five characters seeking to become "stars", he released his first studio album I Am 27 in Japan on January 30, 2016. Consisting of ten tracks, eight were self-produced with the remaining two being cover songs, he held a release event at the Tower Records store in Shibuya the day after its release, drawing in 350 attendees. The album ranked at number 39 on the country's national Oricon Albums Chart, it sold 3,851 units domestically by the end of its run. Lee held the Gun-woo First Showcase Live on February 28 in order to promote I Am 27. Lee has cited Hwanhee and Brown Eyed Soul's Na-ul as role models