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Allspice

Allspice known as Jamaica pepper, myrtle pepper, pimenta, or pimento, is the dried unripe berry of Pimenta dioica, a midcanopy tree native to the Greater Antilles, southern Mexico, Central America, now cultivated in many warm parts of the world. The name "allspice" was coined as early as 1621 by the English, who valued it as a spice that combined the flavour of cinnamon and clove. Several unrelated fragrant shrubs are called "Carolina allspice", "Japanese allspice", or "wild allspice". "Allspice" is sometimes used to refer to the herb costmary. Allspice is the dried fruit of the Pimenta dioica plant; the fruits are traditionally dried in the sun. When dry they are brown and resemble large, smooth peppercorns. Fresh leaves are similar in texture to bay leaves and used in cooking. Leaves and wood are used for smoking meats where allspice is a local crop. Care must be taken during drying to ensure that volatile oil, such as eugenol, remains in the end products. Allspice is known in Jamaica as pimento and is one of the most important ingredients of Caribbean cuisine.

It is used in Jamaican jerk seasoning, in moles, in pickling. Allspice is indispensable in Middle Eastern cuisine in the Levant, where it is used to flavour a variety of stews and meat dishes. In Arab cuisine, for example, many main dishes call for allspice as the sole spice added for flavouring. In the West Indies, an allspice liqueur is produced under the name "pimento dram" due to conflation of pimenta and pimento. In the United States, it is used in desserts, but it is responsible for giving Cincinnati-style chili its distinctive aroma and flavor. Allspice is used in Great Britain, appears in many dishes, including cakes and in beauty products. In Portugal, whole allspice is used in traditional stews cooked in large terracotta pots in the Azores islands. In many countries where allspice is not popular in the household, as in Germany, it is used in large amounts by commercial sausage makers; the allspice tree, classified as an evergreen shrub, can reach 10–18 m in height. Allspice can be a scrubby tree, quite similar to the bay laurel in size and form.

It can be a tall, canopy tree, sometimes grown to provide shade for coffee trees planted underneath it. It can be grown outdoors in the tropics and subtropics with watering. Smaller plants can be killed by frost, it can be kept as a houseplant or in a greenhouse. To protect the pimenta trade, the plant was guarded against export from Jamaica. Many attempts at growing the pimenta from seeds were reported. At one time, the plant was thought to grow nowhere except in Jamaica, where the plant was spread by birds. Experiments were performed using the constituents of bird droppings. Passage through the avian gut, whether due to the acidity or the elevated temperature, was found to be essential for germinating the seeds. Today, pimenta is spread by birds in Tonga and Hawaii, where it has become naturalized on Kauaʻi and Maui. Allspice was encountered by Christopher Columbus on the island of Jamaica during his second voyage to the New World, named by Diego Álvarez Chanca, it was introduced into Mediterranean cuisines in the 16th century.

It continued to be grown in Jamaica, though a few other Central American countries produced allspice in comparatively small quantities. Mixed spice Media related to Pimenta dioica at Wikimedia Commons Media related to Allspice at Wikimedia Commons Data related to Pimenta dioica at Wikispecies The dictionary definition of allspice at Wiktionary "Pimenta dioica". Floridata Plant Encyclopedia. "Pimenta dioica". Plants of Hawaii. Hawaiian Ecosystems at Risk project. "Allspice". Gernot Katzer's Spice Pages. "Allspice". Trade Winds Fruit. "Allspice". The Encyclopedia of Spices. Epicentre.com

Assagay

Assagay spelt Assegay, is a suburb of eThekwini in KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa and forms a part of the Upper Highway Area. Assagay was a small local authority on the outskirts of Durban adjacent to its sister village of Hillcrest and has now become part of that booming suburb of Durban. Assagay lost its independent Health Committee status in 1996, i.e. after the 1994 democratic elections, was made subject to administration by the Outer West Local Council - a substructure council of the Durban Unicity. Subsequently in 2000 this body, i.e. the Outer West Local Council, along with other local councils, were disestablished and replaced by the single eThekwini Municipality encompassing the entire Durban metropolitan area. Assagay has access to both the M13 and N3 freeway systems linking it directly with Durban and Pietermaritzburg, Kassier Road links it via Old Main Road to the central commercial area of Hillcrest; the suburb of Assagay had become known as a middle-income residential area containing a mixture of individual houses, small holdings and small town house complexes.

Large secure gated estates such as Queensbridge, Silver Oaks and the nearby Aintree Lane residential development at Shongweni surrounding the Assagay Hotel have seen the character change to more of a high-income area. The PheZulu Safari Park and the developing Stoneford Equestrian Estate is in Assagay and borders on Alverstone, situated on the plateau of that name; the new Hillcrest Private Hospital, now operational and a Retirement Village, under construction has easy access to the M13. These developments have further boosted the property values in this up-market area. International Polo is played to the Shongweni Polo Ground opposite the Assagay Hotel; the Assagay valley forms the original catchment area of the Umhlatuzana river which flows through the Madwala Reserves. Working for Water has made a contribution towards clearing the area of invasive plants and continues to eradicate all alien flora with the cooperation of landowners. Assagay is more spelt in South Africa as Assagaai, it is the word used for a throwing spear as used by the Xhosa of the Transkei now part of the Eastern Cape.

The name for the village of Assagay will have in turn been taken from the underlying farm named Assagay Kraal. The Voortrekkers having named the early farms in their Natalia Republic after settling throughout the area in 1839 after defeating the Zulu king Dingane; the parcels of land comprising the adjacent Alverstone area are still portions of the farm Assagay Kraal No 853

Claudio Capone

Claudio Capone was an Italian actor, voice actor and narrator. Born in Rome, Capone began an acting career on television at the age of 11, his first on screen appearance was in Il giornalino di Gian Burrasca directed by Lina Wertmüller. He worked on stage alongside Luigi Almirante, Silvio Noto and Roldano Lupi, he devoted himself to dubbing and narrating in the 1970s. Capone's most notable roles include the dubbing of Ridge Forrester in the Italian version of The Bold and the Beautiful, Stephen Collins as the Rev. Eric Camden in 7th Heaven, he was the voice of Luke Skywalker in the Star Wars original trilogy and as Carey Mahoney in the Police Academy franchise, the voice of Stephen Fry, who played Oscar Wilde in the film Wilde, Franz Joseph I of Austria in the Sissi trilogy, Don Johnson in the programme Miami Vice. As a popular film and television program narrator, he was the narrator of many documentaries on the Italian national television network RAI, but none more so than his narration of Rai's scientific documentary Superquark, presented by Piero Angela and Geo & Geo.

His voice can be heard in many national and local advertising campaigns in Italy. Capone was married with two children, his son Davide is a voice actor. Capone died of a stroke on 23 June 2008, at the age of 55, he had been assisting with creating a documentary at the time. Two days before his death, he became ill; because of this, he had to be transported from Crieff to a nearby hospital in Perth. Bow in He-Man and She-Ra: The Secret of the Sword Luke Skywalker in Star Wars: Episode IV – A New Hope Luke Skywalker in Star Wars: Episode V – The Empire Strikes Back Luke Skywalker in Star Wars: Episode VI – Return of the Jedi Carey Mahoney in Police Academy Carey Mahoney in Police Academy 2: Their First Assignment Carey Mahoney in Police Academy 3: Back in Training Carey Mahoney in Police Academy 4: Citizens on Patrol Ridge Forrester in The Bold and the Beautiful James "Sonny" Crockett in Miami Vice Nash Bridges in Nash Bridges Oscar Wilde in Wilde Eric Camden in 7th Heaven Curt Henderson in American Graffiti Kit Carruthers in Badlands Sean Archer / Castor Troy in Face/Off Franz Joseph I in Sissi Franz Joseph I Sissi – The Young Empress Franz Joseph I Sissi – Fateful Years of an Empress Loomis Birkhead in 1941 Andrei Sobinski in To Be or Not to Be Egon Spengler in Ghostbusters II Basil Exposition in Austin Powers: International Man of Mystery Red in Britannia Hospital Lester in Crimes and Misdemeanors Ted in Manhattan Murder Mystery Bob Dandridge In Everyone Says I Love You George Malley in Phenomenon Claudio Capone on IMDb Claudio Capone at Find a Grave Claudio Capone at Anime News Network's encyclopedia