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Ally McBeal

Ally McBeal is an American legal comedy-drama television series aired on Fox from September 8, 1997, to May 20, 2002. Created by David E. Kelley, the series stars Calista Flockhart in the title role as a lawyer working in the fictional Boston law firm Cage and Fish, with other lawyers whose lives and loves were eccentric and dramatic; the series received critical acclaim in its early seasons, winning the Golden Globe Award for Best Television Series – Musical or Comedy in 1997 and 1998, winning the Emmy Award for Outstanding Comedy Series in 1999. The series, set in the fictional Boston law firm Cage and Fish, begins with main character Allison Marie "Ally" McBeal joining the firm co-owned by her law school classmate Richard Fish after leaving her previous job due to sexual harassment. On her first day, Ally is horrified to find that she will be working alongside her ex-boyfriend Billy Thomas —whom she has never gotten over. To make things worse, Billy is now married to fellow lawyer Georgia, who joins Cage and Fish.

The triangle among the three forms the basis for the main plot for the show's first three seasons. Although ostensibly a legal drama, the main focus of the series was the romantic and personal lives of the main characters using legal proceedings as plot devices to contrast or reinforce a character's drama. For example, bitter divorce litigation of a client might provide a backdrop for Ally's decision to break up with a boyfriend. Legal arguments were frequently used to explore multiple sides of various social issues. Cage and Fish, the fictional law firm where most of the characters work, is depicted as a sexualized environment symbolized by its unisex restroom. Lawyers and secretaries in the firm date, flirt with, or have a romantic history with each other and run into former or potential romantic interests in the courtroom or on the street outside; the series had many offbeat and surreal running gags and themes, such as Ally's tendency to fall over whenever she met somebody she found attractive, Richard Fish's wattle fetish and humorous mottos, John's gymnastic dismounts out of the office's unisex bathroom stalls, or the dancing twins at the bar, that ran through the series.

The show used vivid, dramatic fantasy sequences for Ally's and other characters' wishful thinking. The series featured regular visits to a local bar where singer Vonda Shepard performed. Star contemporary singers performed in the bar at the end of the shows, including acts such as Mariah Carey, Barry White and Anastacia; the series took place in the same continuity as David E. Kelley's legal drama The Practice, as the two shows crossed over with one another on occasion, a rare occurrence for two shows that aired on different networks. In the last installment of the fifth and final season, "Bygones", Ally decided to resign from Cage & Fish, leave Boston, return to New York City. Fox canceled Ally McBeal after five seasons. In addition to being the lowest-rated season of Ally McBeal and the grounds for the show's cancellation, the fifth season was the only season of the show that failed to win any Emmy or Golden Globe awards. In Australia, Ally McBeal was aired by the Seven Network from 1997 to 2002.

In 2010, it was aired by Network 10. Seymore Walsh, a stern judge exasperated by the eccentricities of the Cage & Fish lawyers and played by actor Albert Hall, was a recurring character on The Practice. In addition, Judge Jennifer Cone appears on The Practice episode "Line of Duty", while Judge Roberta Kittelson, a recurring character on The Practice, has a featured guest role in the Ally McBeal episode "Do you Wanna Dance?" Most of the primary Practice cast members guest starred in the Ally McBeal episode "The Inmates", in a storyline that concluded with the Practice episode "Axe Murderer", featuring Calista Flockhart and Gil Bellows reprising their Ally characters. What is unusual about this continuing storyline is that Ally McBeal and The Practice aired on different networks. Bobby Donnell, the main character of The Practice played by Dylan McDermott, was featured in both this crossover and another Ally McBeal episode, "These are the Days". Regular Practice cast members Lara Flynn Boyle and Michael Badalucco each had a cameo in Ally McBeal but it is unclear whether they were playing the same characters they play on The Practice.

Upon premiering in 1997, the show was an instant hit, averaging around 11 million viewers per episode. The show's second season saw an increase in ratings and soon became a top 20 show, averaging around 13 million viewers per episode; the show's ratings began to decline in the third season, but stabilized in the fourth season after Robert Downey Jr. joined the regular cast as Ally's boyfriend Larry Paul, a fresher aesthetic was created by new art director Matthew DeCoste. However, Downey's character was written out after the end of the season due to the actor's troubles with drug addiction; the first two seasons, as well as the fourth, remain the most critically acclaimed and saw the most awards success at the Emmys, SAG Awards and the Golden Globes. In 2007, Ally McBeal placed #48 on Entertainment Weekly's 2007 "New TV Classics" list. Ally McBe

PLATO (computer system)

PLATO was the first generalized computer-assisted instruction system. Starting in 1960, it ran on the University of Illinois' ILLIAC I computer. By the late 1970s, it supported several thousand graphics terminals distributed worldwide, running on nearly a dozen different networked mainframe computers. Many modern concepts in multi-user computing were developed on PLATO, including forums, message boards, online testing, e-mail, chat rooms, picture languages, instant messaging, remote screen sharing, multiplayer video games. PLATO was designed and built by the University of Illinois and functioned for four decades, offering coursework to UIUC students, local schools, other universities. Courses were taught in a range of subjects, including Latin, education and primary mathematics; the system included a number of features useful for pedagogy, including text overlaying graphics, contextual assessment of free-text answers, depending on the inclusion of keywords, feedback designed to respond to alternative answers.

Rights to market PLATO as a commercial product were licensed by Control Data Corporation, the manufacturer on whose mainframe computers the PLATO IV system was built. CDC President William Norris planned to make PLATO a force in the computer world, but found that marketing the system was not as easy as hoped. PLATO built a strong following in certain markets, the last production PLATO system did not shut down until 2006, coincidentally just a month after Norris died. Before the 1944 G. I. Bill that provided free college education to World War II veterans, higher education was limited to a minority of the US population, though only 9% of the population was in the military; the trend towards greater enrollment was notable by the early 1950s, the problem of providing instruction for the many new students was a serious concern to university administrators. To wit, if computerized automation increased factory production, it could do the same for academic instruction; the USSR's 1957 launching of the Sputnik I artificial satellite energized the United States' government into spending more on science and engineering education.

In 1958, the U. S. Air Force's Office of Scientific Research had a conference about the topic of computer instruction at the University of Pennsylvania. Around 1959 Chalmers W. Sherwin, a physicist at the University of Illinois, suggested a computerised learning system to William Everett, the engineering college dean, who, in turn, recommended that Daniel Alpert, another physicist, convene a meeting about the matter with engineers, administrators and psychologists. After weeks of meetings they were unable to agree on a single design. Before conceding failure, Alpert mentioned the matter to laboratory assistant Donald Bitzer, thinking about the problem, suggesting he could build a demonstration system. Bitzer, regarded as the Father of PLATO, recognized that in order to provide quality computer-based education, good graphics were critical; this at a time when 10-character-per-second teleprinters were the norm. In 1960, the first system, PLATO I, operated on the local ILLIAC I computer, it included a television set for display and a special keyboard for navigating the system's function menus.

The PLATO system was re-designed, between 1963 and 1969. Built on a CDC 1604, given to them by William Norris, PLATO III could run up to 20 terminals, was used by local facilities in Champaign–Urbana that could enter the system with their custom terminals; the only remote PLATO III terminal was located near the state capitol in Springfield, Illinois at Springfield High School. It was connected to the PLATO III system by a video connection and a separate dedicated line for keyboard data. PLATO I, II, III had been funded by small grants from a combined Army-Navy-Air Force funding pool, but by the time PLATO III was in operation, everyone involved was convinced it was worthwhile to scale up the project. Accordingly, in 1967, the National Science Foundation granted the team steady funding, allowing Alpert to set up the Computer-based Education Research Laboratory at the university. In 1972, a new system named; the PLATO IV terminal was a major innovation. It included Bitzer's orange plasma display invention, which incorporated both memory and bitmapped graphics into one display.

This plasma display included fast vector line drawing capability, ran at 1260 baud, rendering 60 lines or 180 characters per second. The display was a 512 × 512 bitmap, with both vector plotting done by hardwired logic. Users could provide their own characters to support rudimentary bitmap graphics. Compressed air powered a piston-driven microfiche image selector that permitted colored images to be projected on the back of the screen under program control; the PLATO IV display included a 16×16 grid infrared touch panel, allowing students to answer questions by touching anywhere on the screen. It was possible to connect the terminal to peripheral devices. One such peripheral was the Gooch Synthetic Woodwind, a synthesizer that offered four-voice music synthesis to provide sound in PLATO courseware; this was supplanted on the PLATO V terminal by the Gooch Cybernetic Synthesizer, which had sixteen voices that could be programmed individually, or combined to make more complex sounds. This allowed for what today are known as multimedia experiences

Redcar Rugby Union Football Club

Redcar Rugby Union Football Club known as Redcar Rugby Club or RRUFC is an English rugby union club for the local town of Redcar, who play in Durham/Northumberland 3 following the club's relegation from Durham/Northumberland 2 at the end of the 2018-19 season. RRUFC run two senior teams, the 1XV and the Mariners; the Mariners ply their trade in the Tees Valley Social League. The first mention of the club is to be found in a letter to the Evening Gazette dated 23 November 1920 when Mr H. L. De Roper, staying at the Coatham Hotel, wrote to the editor suggesting that it was time that the town of Redcar had its own rugby club. "I am only a temporary resident at Redcar, so cannot take the initiative myself, but I am sure a XV could be raised in the town if someone would take the matter in hand. Sir, you would help by publishing this letter, a meeting of anyone interested could be arranged, but as I am leaving the town this week for some time I cannot take the lead myself." On 19 November 1921 Redcar played West Hartlepool who had beaten Middlesbrough the previous week by 26-8.

The Redcar team was full back Johnson three quarters Ridley, Thomas, halves, Macalden, T Callum captain, forwards Edwards, G. Callum, Irwin, Anderton and Fletcher, it is a shame to record. On 3 December that year whilst playing against South Bank at the racecourse it was noted that after scoring their opening try Redcar had 16 players on the field and one was asked to leave. Was this the first example of gamesmanship? There were no subs in those days either so where did he come from? Redcar won the game by 18pts to 9; the name of Mackinlay has been known in rugby circles for many years. Dr. J. E. H. Mackinlay took over The Green House from Colonel Locke in about 1876 and although he did not play rugby in the north, he played three quarter for St George's hospital and the united London hospitals, he went on to play for England as a forward in 1872,73 and 75 and appears on a photo of the England team dated 3 March 1873. Dr W. H. Mackinlay who, because he attended Coatham grammar school never played rugby was keen and in 1920 took the first opportunity of helping promote the Redcar rugby club, as we now know it.

He became the first president, J. Lambert Spence the first chairman. Like many of the original rugby administrators in this area Pinkie was a Tynesider, as the Callum's were both at school at Sedbergh their plain chocolate was adopted as the original club colours. Dr Mackinlay continued as a most regular supporter throughout the 1920s and 1930s and gained great pleasure from two sources. Coatham School changing to rugby and the good side of the late 1930s, he died just after the start of the club closed down for the war years. The dynasty continued however with Dr Ian Mackinlay who played his first game for the club at Easter 1923 on his return from Durham school, he along with Charlie Powell started things up again after the war. Their fund raising activities were based exclusively upon the clients of the Royal Standard Hotel; the following year Ken Forster and most of the old crowd returned and the club re constituted. Ian Mackinlay was president and Ken Forster as chairman, a post he was to hold for over 20 years before leaving the area on business.

The next member of the family to become involved was Nick Mackinlay, captain of the 1st XV in 1973/74/75.. Nick the best scrum half the club has seen and a Yorkshire trialist, was a regular member of the side for many years during the late 1960s and 1970s before moving on to play an important part in the rapid promotion of Stirling County, finishing his playing career at Ilkley; the club on its restart in 1947 had few players. John Pargeter recalls attending a meeting in the Royal Standard Hotel with the president Dr Ian in the chair; the ground at the racecourse was still there with its ups and downs, the little stand, which never had a roof, was still there. So was the stable where the players changed; the luxury of the wooden clubhouse, so broken into, was yet to come. But what a tremendous asset, to be. In it was built the new spirit of rugby in the town, from it developed the magnificent home that the club enjoys today. Prior to the war it had been the practice that the players were allowed to change in the jockeys weighing room.

The club was evicted from that accommodation because the scales used to weigh the 7 stone jockeys were unsurprisingly damaged by the 16 stone rugby forwards checking on the weight of this week's pack. The new accommodation consisted of two loose boxes the floors being covered in straw. A bath of sorts was filled from the copper boiler. Once everyone was changed, the ladies would provide tea amongst the now somewhat soggy straw, on trestle tables; the committee were approached by Bill Stainsby. He offered for sale two former R. A. F. wooden would erect them on the racecourse. Permission was granted and the new home arrived. Doug Smailes a talented young bricklayer was given the job of building a fireplace which when completed became the focal point of the clubhouse. A brewery was approached and it was decided to take a loan from Sam Smiths, who can forget Taddy's Ales! In gratitude to the racecourse it was agreed that as the new clubho

Hirschengraben Tunnel

The Hirschengraben Tunnel is a railway tunnel in the Swiss city of Zürich. The tunnel runs from the western approaches to Zürich Hauptbahnhof railway station, east under the station, the river Limmat and city centre before turning south and surfacing at Zürich Stadelhofen station, it includes a set of underground platforms at Zürich Hauptbahnhof, carries twin standard gauge tracks electrified at 15 kV AC 16,7 Hz using overhead catenary. The tunnel was opened in 1989, allowed trains to run through Zürich onto the Lake Zürich right bank line without reversal; the original routing of the right bank line, which departed from Zürich Hauptbahnhof station in a westerly direction before performing a clockwise 270 degrees turn via a viaduct over the Limmat and passing through Letten station and the Letten Tunnel to Stadelhofen, was closed after the opening of the Hirschengraben Tunnel. The following year, the Zürichberg Tunnel opened from a junction to the south of Stadelhofen to Stettbach station, thus allowing trains to run to and from points to the east and north of Zurich without reversal.

At Zürich Hauptbahnhof, the tunnel serves a pair of underground island platforms, with four platform tracks, numbered as Hauptbahnhof tracks 41 to 44 but sometimes referred to as Museumstrasse station. These platforms are linked to the stations other platforms and facilities, both underground and surface, by a complex of subways and shopping malls; the tunnel is principally used by suburban trains of the Zürich S-Bahn, but occasional use is made by postal trains, freight trains, long-distance passenger trains. In 2014, the routing via Hirschengraben and Zürichberg tunnels was supplemented by the Weinberg Tunnel, which links a further set of low-level platforms at Hauptbahnhof via an eastbound route to Oerlikon station, as part of the Durchmesserlinie Zürich. Unlike its 1990 equivalent, this routing is intended for use by long distance passenger trains as well as the S-Bahn. On April 16, 1991, an arsonist set fire in the rear car of a train travelling the tunnel to the Stadelhofen station, it was seen by a station officer and the driver of a passing train but neither were able to reach the crew of the train on fire via radio.

After the train had entered the tunnel, a passenger pulled the emergency brake. The driver was unable to reach controllers via radio, he was able to contact controllers via telephone. The passengers, who had remained calm despite the fire, were given instructions to evacuate the train and proceed on foot to the Stadelhofen station. A second train was stopped by a warning signal; the driver of this train decided to back his train to Stadelhofen. The second train stopped to pick up passengers from the first train. A power outage forced the evacuation of the second train and the passengers from both trains evacuated on foot to Stadelhofen. There were no casualties from the fire; the investigation following the fire revealed that there was inadequate lighting in the tunnel for evacuees to see a handrail on the wall meant to assist people walking out of the tunnels. It was found that in most cases the pictograms in the tunnel were not prominent enough to be noticed and, in one case, was open to misinterpretation.

The incident has been cited as a case of successful evacuation during a tunnel fire due to effective training of train crew and cooperation of passengers during an emergency. Media related to Hirschengraben Tunnel at Wikimedia Commons

Guillaume-Abel Blouet

Guillaume-Abel Blouet was a French architect who specialised in prison design. Blouet was born at Passy, he won the Grand Prix de Rome in 1821 at the École des Beaux-Arts, entitling him to five years' study at the French Academy in Rome. The study of Roman architecture, expected from students at the French Academy at Rome resulted in his speculative restoration of the original construction of the Baths of Caracalla, Restauration des thermes d'Antonin Caracalla, à Rome, présentée en 1826 et dédiée en 1827 à l'Académie des Beaux-Arts; the Institut de France appointed Blouet the head of the fine arts section of the French Morea expedition 1828-1833, the second of three great military-scientific expeditions led by France in the first half of the 19th century, in which geologists and antiquarians accompanied an expedition with military objectives, in this case to deport all Ottoman nationals from the Morea, a turning-point in the Greek War of Independence. In the course of the expedition he established the identity of the Temple of Zeus at Olympia, measured and drawn and published.

Having overseen the completion of the Arc de Triomphe, he toured the United States in 1836, together with Frédéric-Auguste Demetz, a penal reformer and lawyer at the French Royal Court, to study American prison architecture and administration for the French Ministry of the Interior. Upon Blouet's return to Paris he devoted himself to the reform of prison design and in 1838 was appointed to the new post of Inspector General of French Prisons, which brought with it, ex officio, a seat on the Conseil des bâtiments civiles, the official national body that succeeded the Bâtiments du Roi of the Ancien Régime. Blouet believed in using architecture to realize social reform and together with Demetz worked on the design and layout of the buildings for the Mettray Penal Colony, an agricultural reform school, directed by Demetz after its opening in July 1839, it was noted as being opened on 22 January 1840. In 1846 he was appointed a professor at the École nationale supérieure des Beaux-Arts and in 1848, when his post of Inspector General of Prisons was eliminated in a reorganization, he was given in compensation the position of architect in charge of the Palais de Fontainebleau, to be a center of court life under the French Second Empire.

He revised and completed the Traité théorique et pratique de l'art de bâtir of Jean-Baptiste Rondelet. He was elected to the Académie des Beaux-Arts in 1850, he died in Paris in 1853. Restauration des thermes d'Antonin Caracalla, à Rome, présentée en 1826 et dédiée en 1827 à l'Académie des Beaux-Arts Expédition scientifique de Morée, ordonnée par le gouvernement français. Architecture, inscriptions et vues du Péloponèse, des Cyclades et de l'Attique, mesurées, dessinées, recueillies et publiées Rapports à M. le Comte de Montalivet, sur les pénitenciers des États-Unis, by Frédéric-Auguste Demetz and Abel Blouet Chutes du Niagara Niagara Falls, drawn from nature in March 1837 by A. Blouet, lithographed by C. Remond A volume of prison designs, with Hector Horeau and Harou Romain Projet de prison cellulaire pour 585 condamnés, précédé d'Observations sur le système pénitentiaire The design had been shown at the Paris Salon of 1843. Traité théorique et pratique de l'art de bâtir de Jean Rondelet. Supplément by G.-Abel Blouet Media related to Abel Blouet at Wikimedia Commons

Repsold (crater)

Repsold is a lunar impact crater, located at the western end of the Oceanus Procellarum. It lies to southeast of the walled plain Volta. Due to its proximity to the northwestern limb of the Moon, this crater appears foreshortened when viewed from the Earth, it is named after a German astronomer. This crater has been damaged by impacts and much of the rim has disintegrated, leaving a rugged region of small craters; the most intact section of the rim is in the southeastern part, which separates this formation from the adjacent mare. The satellite crater; the interior floor of Repsold contains a system of rilles named the Rimae Repsold. The most prominent of these rifts begins in the northeastern part of the floor and crosses to the southwest; the cleft traverses Repsold G, dividing it into two, continues west-southwest until it penetrates into the floor of Galvani. The entire rille system has a diameter of 166 kilometers. Much of the floor of Repsold is level terrain formed by flows of basaltic lava, which cracked to form the rille system.

However the floor is marked by several small craters and there are some areas containing low ridges, including a small range in the eastern floor. By convention these features are identified on lunar maps by placing the letter on the side of the crater midpoint, closest to Repsold. Wood, Chuck. "The Flood Begins". Lunar Photo of the Day. Retrieved 2007-11-08