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Alma Mater Europaea

Alma Mater Europaea is an international university based in the Austrian city of Salzburg, with campuses in several European cities. It was founded as an initiative by the European Academy of Sciences and Arts, a learned society of around 1500 prominent scientists, including 29 Nobel laureates. Since the early 2000s, the European Academy of Sciences and Arts has been planning the establishment of the university with the subtitle of European University for Leadership. In 2010, Alma Mater Europaea was established, with leading Austrian surgeon Felix Unger being appointed as its first president, while the German political scientist Werner Weidenfeld became the first rector, the Slovenian lawyer, university administrator and diplomat Ludvik Toplak the first prorector. At a meeting in Munich in February 2011, under the patronage of the presidents of 12 member states of the European Union, the board determined which courses the university would provide; these were to be taught in various cities across the union, in several languages, including English and Spanish.

In line with the international nature of the university, students and prominent European thinkers would meet at an international symposium at the graduation. It was decided that Alma Mater Europaea would be incorporated in European and international networks of universities through cooperation agreements. At the meeting it was decided that in the first stage, Alma Mater Europaea would start three 2-year master's degree programs; the university board stated that Alma Mater Europaea would be based on three so-called "W principles": Wissenschaft, Wirken. In German, this means: Science, Effect. In 2011, the university opened in Slovenia its first campus, located in the Slovenian city of Maribor; this campus enrolled about 500 students in 2011. In July 2011 the university co-sponsored a summer school in St. Gallen, Switzerland. In the academic year 2012-2013, about 800 students were enrolled in Maribor, the campus in Croatian capital Zagreb was opened, part of the master's degree studies were carried out in Brussels.

In 2013, the Salzburg campus of Alma Mater Europaea was founded and about 1000 students were enrolled in various studies in Austria and other countries in academic year 2013/14. In 2014, two higher education institutions joined Alma Mater Europaea; the first one is Institutum Studiorum Humanitatis, internationally renown graduate school of philosophy, with which Slavoj Žižek and numerous other world's leading philosophers had been affiliated. ISH was established in 1992; the other one is the Dance Academy, established in 2008. It is one of the few European institutions issuing government accredited degrees in dance arts. In 2014 the studies in Zurich started and in 2015 the Zürich campus was established. In 2015 New York based Global Center for Advanced Studies partnered with Alma Mater Europaea to start new masters and PhD degrees in humanities. In 2016 two new campuses were opened in Italy and Kosovo in the cities of Ascoli Piceno and in the capital Pristina; the university has premises in Salzburg, Ljubljana and Murska Sobota.

While administration and offices are in Salzburg and Maribor, lecturing takes place in Ljubljana and Murska Sobota. Lecturing in Salzburg, as well as some other European cities, will start in 2014. Department of Physical Therapy Department of Nursing Department of Social Gerontology Department of Management and European Studies Department of Archival and Documentology Studies European leadership program, producing future European thinkers. European business studies. Theological studies, which would be studied at the newly set-up European Dialogue Center for Theological Studies. A network of dialogue between Catholicism and Islam would be formed with a focus on question "What do the others think differently?" Academia Europaea College of Europe Global Center for Advanced Studies European Academy of Sciences and Arts Official website Website of the Alma Mater Europaea Website of the Alma Mater Europaea - European Centre, Maribor

FundaciĆ³n Mujeres en Igualdad

The Fundación Mujeres en Igualdad, known in English as the Women in Equality Foundation, is an Argentine NGO created in March 1990. It has been awarded consultative status with United Nations ECOSOC; the foundation sets out to combat gender based violence and discrimination against women by promoting welfare and empowerment in the political, economic and cultural spheres. From its inception Women in Equality promoted the use of the new technologies intensively, being the first women's NGO in Argentina to have a website. Through such initiatives it has networked and created partnerships with NGOs and with the women's movement both at the national and international levels. Mujeres en Igualdad Foundation has its offices in Province of Buenos Aires; the founder of Women in Equality was Zita Montes de Oca, with Monique Thiteux- Altschul as its executive director. I had the privilege to accompany her in the creation of Mujeres en Igualdad in 1990, when the women´s movement set out to enact an electoral quota law: a tough goal to attain but which would ensure critical changes for women in the political field.

Since we shared eight years of feminism and hard work, as well as the discovery of the digital world into which we dived with a passion, seeing how the networks that Zita had built from within the public sphere, tied together, were enriched both in the way we communicated as well as on the issues we discussed. LGBT: "For the human rights of the LGBT community" Project, sponsored by the Embassy of the United States of America in Buenos Aires. Gender violence: "Seven voices against gender based violence" Project, coordinated by MEI and executed with the Office of Domestic Violence, the Office of Women in the Argentine Supreme Court of Justice, the Women Judges Association of Argentina, with the Office of Victims against Violence of the Ministry of Justice and Human Rights, Vital Voices of Argentina and the Avon Foundation. With the support of International Avon Foundation and Vital Voices Partnership. Clothes sizes law in Argentina: Mujeres en Igualdad was and is a consultant for National and Provincial laws on clothes sizes, organizes monitoring and broadcasting campaigns.

Gender and corruption:: Mujeres en Igualdad participated in the 1st Encuentro del Comité de Estrategia de la Coordinación de la Coalición UNCAC held in Vienna in June 2014, became Regional Site for the Americas, UNCAC. Gender and sports: Mujeres en Igualdad has developed a team specially devoted to reverse cases of discrimination in sports. In 2012 the Foundation presented a draft for a law at the Women's Parliament of the Legislature of the City of Buenos Aires dealing with a compulsion for non profit civil associations, sports clubs and sports federations to include equality of gender considerations in the Ruling Committees. Human trafficking: In 2003 Mujeres en Igualdad created the No to Trafficking Network that it coordinated through 2005, organized numerous seminars and training workshops, with strong media support; the “Empowering Young women in the frontiers: Gender violence and human trafficking” project, financed by UN Women 2010-11 focused on young women in borderland regions for them to become familiar with and exercise their rights and organize to prevent gender violence and human trafficking.

They were qualified to carry out basic strategies in participative democracy with an emphasis on gender equality: requests for valid information, advocacy campaigns and claims and grievances were presented to accountable office holders in the light of non compliance with their duties. Woman and politics: Mujeres en Igualdad was and continues to promote the warranties awarded by the Quota Law, by considering it a critical factor that explains the high degree of representation of women in Argentina's political life. Internationally, Argentina occupies the fifth place with 39,1% of women in parliamentary duties. In this field, MEI continues to deepen its activities in order to generate reforms to guarantee equality of men and women citizens and carries out campaigns to achieve parity. Litigation on discrimination: The Freddo case, Instituto Romero Brest case. In both, MEI acted as a litigant in both the Freddo company, as well as Physical Education institution, which included the criteria of Non Discrimination and Gender Equality in their policies and procedures.

Award given by the Organization Mondiale de la Francophonie on March 19, 2015, for contributions in Sports and Diversity with special emphasis on women. Alfredo Palacios Award given on September 19, 2013 by the Salón Eva Perón of the Honorable National Senate in recognition of the contributions of Mujeres en Igualdad to the fight against person trafficking and for their commitment to combat exploitation and protection and help for its victims. Award given in November 2012 by the Legislature of the City of Buenos Aires to Monique Altschul, Director of MEI, named “Distinguished Personality of Women´s Human Rights”. Dignidad Award given on June 4, 2009, to Monique Altschul by Asamblea Permanente de los Derechos Humanos, in recognition of her continuous devotion to the defense of women's rights. Mujeres en Igualdad began its “About Representatives and Represented” Project breakfasts in 1993, has since held 176 breakfasts, in the City of Buenos Aires and in numerous provinces. An average of 70 sundry participants attend each month, including women senators, deputies ad legislators, lawyers, journalists, union representatives, members of NGOs and international agencies, aboriginal people's organizations and grass roots organizations.

These monthly meetings are m

Axial Age

Axial Age is a term coined by German philosopher Karl Jaspers in the sense of a "pivotal age", characterizing the period of ancient history from about the 8th to the 3rd century BCE. During this period, according to Jaspers' concept, new ways of thinking appeared in Persia, India and the Greco-Roman world in religion and philosophy, in a striking parallel development, without any obvious direct cultural contact between all of the participating Eurasian cultures. Jaspers identified key thinkers from this age who had a profound influence on future philosophies and religions, identified characteristics common to each area from which those thinkers emerged. Jaspers' approach to the culture of the middle of the first millennium BCE has been adopted by other scholars and academics, has become a point of discussion in the history of religion. Jaspers introduced the concept of an Axial Age in his book Vom Ursprung und Ziel der Geschichte, published in 1949; the simultaneous appearance of thinkers and philosophers in different areas of the world had been remarked by numerous authors since the 18th century, notably by the French Indologist Abraham Hyacinthe Anquetil-Duperron.

Jaspers explicitly cited some of these authors, including Victor von Strauß and Peter Ernst von Lasaulx. He was unaware of the first nuanced theory from 1873 by John Stuart Stuart-Glennie, forgotten by Jaspers' time, which Stuart-Glennie termed “the moral revolution”. Stuart-Glennie and Jaspers both claimed that the Axial Age should be viewed as an objective empirical fact of history, independently of religious considerations. Jaspers argued that during the Axial Age, "the spiritual foundations of humanity were laid and independently in China, Persia and Greece, and these are the foundations upon which humanity still subsists today". He identified a number of key thinkers as having had a profound influence on future philosophies and religions, identified characteristics common to each area from which those thinkers emerged. Jaspers held up this age as unique and one to which the rest of the history of human thought might be compared. Jaspers presented his first outline of the Axial age by a series of examples: Confucius and Lao-Tse were living in China, all the schools of Chinese philosophy came into being, including those of Mo Ti, Chuang Tse, Lieh Tzu and a host of others.

Everything implied by these names developed during these few centuries simultaneously in China and the West. Jaspers described the Axial Age as "an interregnum between two ages of great empire, a pause for liberty, a deep breath bringing the most lucid consciousness", it has been suggested that the Axial Age was a liminal period, when old certainties had lost their validity and new ones were still not ready. Jaspers had a particular interest in the similarities in thought of its figures. Similarities included an engagement in the quest for human meaning and the rise of a new elite class of religious leaders and thinkers in China and the Mediterranean; these spiritual foundations were laid by individual thinkers within a framework of a changing social environment. Jaspers argues that the characteristics appeared under similar political circumstances: China, the Middle East and the Occident each comprised multiple small states engaged in internal and external struggles; the three regions all gave birth to, institutionalized, a tradition of travelling scholars, who roamed from city to city to exchange ideas.

After the Spring and Autumn period and the Warring States period and Confucianism emerged in China. In other regions, the scholars were from extant religious traditions. Many of the cultures of the axial age were considered second-generation societies because they were built on the societies that preceded them. Parshvanatha and Mahavira, known as the fordmakers of Jainism, lived during this age, they propagated the religion of sramanas and influenced Indian philosophy by propounding the principles of ahimsa, karma and asceticism. Buddhism of the sramana tradition of India, was another of the world's most influential philosophies, founded by Siddhartha Gautama, or the Buddha, who lived during this period. In China, the Hundred Schools of Thought were in contention and Confucianism and Taoism arose during this era, in this area it remains a profound influence on social and religious life. Zoroastrianism, another of Jaspers' examples, is one of the first monotheistic religions and some believe it influenced modern Abrahamic religions with such conceptions as the devil and Heaven/Hell.

The exact date of Zoroaster's life is debated by scholars, with some, such as Mary Boyce, arguing that Zoroastrianism itself is older. Others, such as William W Malandra and RC Zaehner, suggest that Zoroaster may indeed have been an early contemporary of Cyrus livi

Johann Adam Hartmann

Johann Adam Hartmann was a German born trapper and frontiersman in New York State. Some consider him as a possible inspiration for Natty Bumpo, the main character in James Fenimore Cooper's Leatherstocking Tales. Hartmann was born in Edenkoben, Palatinate in 1748, his parents were Anna Maria Scholl, a native of Edenkoben and Johann Hartmann, a weaver, from Switserland. The couple married in 1737. Hartman left his hometown at the age of 16 to travel on the ship Boston from Rotterdam to Philadelphia. From there he moved to Upstate New York where he lived as frontiersman and hunter; when the American Revolutionary War broke out in 1775 Hartmann joined the American side and served as ranger at Fort Dayton. He participated in the Battle of Oriskany. One description of his war time career goes as follows: He was a scout at Fort Dayton. In a skirmish in which he killed an Indian he was himself wounded in the same instant by a Tory's shot. Hartmann had many adventures, he was the ideal of the fearless soldier in the true militia of Tryon County.

After the war Hartmann stayed in Herkimer County and lived of a disability pension, that he received as a veteran of the revolution. He died on April 5, 1836; the Leatherstocking Tales were hugely popular in Germany and in 1936 Carl Suesser published an article in Westermanns Monatshefte in which he suggested that Cooper might have been inspired by Hartmann when he created the character of Natty Bumpo. Alfred H. Kuby pointed out in 1983, that Cooper has mentioned Hartmann in the first edition of The Pioneers and that during his travels in Europe Cooper had spent some time in the region where Hartmann was born; the city of Edenkoben dedicated a plaque to Hartmann on the occasion of the 175th anniversary of the Battle of Oriskany. Due to some computation error, that only got discovered after the plaque had been set up, it contains the wrong year of birth, 1743 instead of 1748; the German sculptor Gernot Rumpf designed a fountain for the city of Edenkoben, completed in 1990. The Lederstrumpfbrunnen features three major statues of figures related to the Leatherstocking Tales, one of them is a statue of Hartmann/Bumpo displayed with a hunting rifle and a dog.

Im Wilden Westen der Pfalz - report on the German radio broadcaster SR 3 Saarlandwelle on May 12, 2005


Vanjagan is a 2006 Tamil thriller film directed by A. M. Baskar; the film features Sujibala, newcomer Prathap and Suman in lead roles, with Senthil, Chinni Jayanth, Chandrahassan Jayaprakash and Maaran playing supporting roles. The film, produced by S. V. Jayaprakash Radhai, had musical score by John Peter and was released on 4 August 2006; the film begins with a disfigured man running with three rowdies chasing him. The man throws the suitcase into a nearby flat; the newspaper reporter Jeeva witnesses the whole incident from her flat, she takes that suitcase and brings it at her house. When she opens the suitcase, she finds a diary in it where it is written that murders of four influential persons in the city will happen soon; when she informs the police about this, the police didn't take the matter seriously. So Jeeva and her boyfriend Siva, a private detective, begins to investigate to find the murderer. After the murders of Arunachalam and Panneerselvam, the two influential persons who were mentioned in the diary, the police decides to conduct its investigation with the help of Jeeva and Siva.

Jeeva writes a press article about the three rowdies with their photos and concludes that the rowdies killed the two influential persons. The three rowdies call her to threaten her but she refuses to remove the press article. Rowdies kidnap Jeeva and sequester her, an auto-driver saves her and admits her in the nearby hospital. Arrested by the police, the three rowdies reveal that they chased the disfigured man thinking that the suitcase was containing money but the man named Cutting Bhaskar a rowdy, told them that there was no money in the suitcase so in anger, they brutally kill him and ran away. Siva finds a similarity between the two murders: five minutes before they were killed, the victims get a call from the same phone number; the police track down the home address of the owner of the phone number and discovers a dead body at that address. Siva reveals that the auto driver was, in fact, his senior Suman and secretly works in this case. Chinrasu is found dead with bullet wounds. Siva finds the fourth victim's home address but when the police arrive at the place, Thirunavukkarasu is found dead.

The police arrest the two suspects: Veera and Ravi who murdered the four persons. The two become mentally handicapped persons after an incident. Veera was a teenager who lived with beloved sister, his father deposited all his savings in a chit fund company for his daughter's marriage but one day, the chit fund company employees swindled their money and escaped. Thereafter, Veera's family committed suicide. Ravi was a victim of this scam. Together, they decided to kill the four employees of that fake chit fund company. In view of their mental health, the court judge sends them to a mental asylum; the film score and the soundtrack were composed by film composer John Peter. The soundtrack, released in 2006, features 5 tracks with lyrics written by Ponnadiyan, P. Vijay and Kalaikumar

Shahid Bashir

Colonel Shahid Bashir is a Pakistan Army engineer and aviator, facing court martial by the Judge Advocate General Branch of Pakistan Army. Bashir is accused of spying, including leaking secrets of the Shamsi Air base to those planning to attack it, inciting fellow soldiers to commit acts of terrorism against US army occupying these basis. On December 10, 2009, Colonel Bashir along with his close friends, was arrested by the Pakistani military police. Advocate ex PAF cadet Nadeem Ahmad Shah, a retired air force fighter pilot and a former professional JAG lawyer, now a practiced civilian advocate at the Lahore High Court, Awais Ali Khan, a civilian mechanical engineer served with the military's Air Weapons Complex but resigned two years ago. According to the media reports, the three men are in army's custody in Kotli, district of Azad Kashmir but there was no official word on allegations levelled against them. 22-Jun-2011 RAWALPINDI: A former senior army officer charged with links to banned organisation Hizb ut-Tahrir has moved the Lahore High Court against a decision of the Field General Court Martial.

The convicted lieutenant colonel Shahid Bashir – presently serving his sentence in solitary confinement in Rawalpindi’s Adiala Jail – says he has been victimised for raising voice against corruption in his department. The petitioner challenged the verdict of FGCM that handed down three-year rigorous imprisonment coupled with dismissal from service, he asked the high court on Tuesday to set aside the military court’s decision and direct the provincial authorities to end his solitary confinement. Bashir was a closed friend of Nadeem Ahmed Advocate, he started his education with Nadeem Ahmed Advocate, Bashir was commissioned in the army in 1984 and is a graduate of Military College of Signals, Rawalpindi where he gained his B. Eng. in Electronics and Communication Engineering with a specialization in electronic signals technology from the College of Electrical and Mechanical Engineering. After his degree, he was inducted in Corps of Engineers as a 2nd Lieutenant in 1986. In 1990, Shahid was transferred to Army Aviation Corps where he did a one-year-long aviation course, was inducted into the Army Aviation Corps as an Aviation Pilot of PA-AH-1 Cobra.

In 1996, he was transferred to the Pakistan Army Corps of Electrical and Mechanical Engineering where he started his engineering career from Air Weapons Complex. At AWC, he met with Awais Ali Khan, a U. S. educated-mechanical engineer who expertise in drs given a charge of one regiment of the Pakistan Army Corps of Electrical and Mechanical Engineering, was posted as a commanding officer at the Shamsi Air Force Base. The Shamsi Air Force Base is a Pakistan Air Force's secret air base use by the Central Intelligence Agency for Predator drone attacks on militants in Pakistan's Federally Administered Tribal Areas. May 4, 2009, Colonel Bashir and his close friends Sq. Ldr. Nadeem Ahmad Shah and Awais Ali Khan left their houses to have a dinner to a nearby restaurant but they could not reach their destination and mysteriously disappeared, it was discovered that the three men were arrested by the Pakistani military police, are investigated by the Military Intelligence. On Wednesday, May 13, 2009, Federal Minister for Law and Parliamentary Affairs Dr. Babar Awan informed Parliament that the army has detained a serving colonel along with a Rawalpindi based lawyer on the basis of espionage charges.

However, during the press conference, the minister did not speak about the charges in details. On December 2009, the Pakistan Armed Forces military information office, Inter Services Public Relations held a press conference to provide the details; the ISPR's Director-General and Chief military spokesman Major-General Athar Abbas said he was aware that some persons were being investigated for spying but he did not have any knowledge about the court-martial. According to the M. I. military investigators, Colonel Bashir had contacts to the terrorist group and the Army investigators have probed his alleged links to the Hizb ut-Tahrir group. According to details of the charges provided to the families of the three men, Colonel Shahid Bashir and his close friends has been charged with leaking secrets of Shamsi airbase to persons who were planning to attack the facility. According to the sources, the three men are in army's custody in Kotli, district of Azad Kashmir but there was no official word on allegations levelled against them.

BBC quoted its sources as saying that they had been accused of leaking secrets about the Pakistan Air Force base at Shamsi in Balochistan and inciting army officers to commit acts of terrorism. The court-martial is conducted by the JAG court headed by the Army's Brigadier-General under the provisions of the Army Act. Under the military justice law of Pakistani Armed Forces, if the accused are convicted, the colonel could be given the death sentence with a dishonorable discharged while the others could receive a life-sentence in military jails. Nadeem Ahmed Advocate Bio