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Almdudler is the brand name of a popular carbonated soft drink from Austria. The original Almdudler is a sweetened carbonated beverage made of herbal extracts. Almdudler has been called the "national drink of Austria", its popularity in Austria is second only to Coca-Cola. About 80 million litres of the beverage are produced per year. Almdudler is sold in original, light, "still", g'spritzt versions. In Austria, a Radler variety, is available as Almradler. In the wine-growing regions of Lower Austria and Burgenland, it is a popular mixer with locally produced red and white wines. After three years of development, Almdudler was produced from 1957 by the Viennese entrepreneur Erwin Klein. According to the company's website, he derived the name from the then-common phrase auf der Alm dudeln, which means "yodeling in the pasture"; the drink was created and marketed as an alternative to alcoholic beverages or as a mixer for alcoholic drinks. Klein promoted the popularity of Almdudler through advertising and sponsoring at major sporting events, such as the 1964 Winter Olympics held in Innsbruck.

Since 1973, the Almdudler company only functions as a license supplier. Almdudler is bottled in Austria, Croatia and Switzerland, it is further exported to the Czech Republic, Hungary, the Netherlands, Romania and the United States. The Almdudler advertising messages succeeded in passing on a kind of Heimat emotion standing out from "global" beverages; the slogan of a known advertising campaign, in the local Austro-Bavarian dialect, has become a well-known phrase in Austria: Wenn de kan Oimdudla haum, geh' i wieda ham!. This advertising concept was written by an Englishman. Official website

Ramsay baronets

There have been five baronetcies created for members of Clan Ramsay, four in the Baronetage of Nova Scotia and one in the Baronetage of the United Kingdom. The baronetcy in the Baronetage of the United Kingdom is extant as of 2020; the Ramsay Baronetcy, of Balmaine in the County of Kincardine, was created in the Baronetage of Nova Scotia on 3 September 1625 for Gilbert Ramsay, the son of David Ramsay and Margaret Ogilvie, daughter of Sir Gilbert Ogilvie of Ogilvie. David Ramsay was MP for Kincardineshire in the Parliament of Scotland and the grandson of John Ramsay, Lord Bothwell; the fourth Baronet was one of the Scottish representatives to the 1st Parliament of Great Britain and subsequently sat for Kincardineshire in the British Parliament. The fifth and sixth Baronets represented Kincardineshire in the House of Commons; the latter assumed the additional surname of Irvine. Alexander Ramsay-Irvine, the 6th Baronet, died without sons 11 February 1806, at which point the Nova Scotia baronetcy either became extinct or dormant.

The Ramsay Baronetcy, of Whitehill in the County of Edinburgh, was created in the Baronetage of Nova Scotia on 2 June 1665 for John Ramsay.) The title became extinct on the death of the fifth Baronet in 1744. The Ramsay Baronetcy, of Bamff in the County of Perth, was created in the Baronetage of Nova Scotia on 3 December 1666 for Gilbert Ramsay.) The title became extinct on the death of the twelfth Baronet in 1986. The Ramsay Baronetcy, of Abbotshall in the County of Fife, was created in the Baronetage of Nova Scotia on 23 June 1669 for Andrew Ramsay.) The title became extinct on the death of the second Baronet in 1709. The Ramsay Baronetcy, of Balmain in the County of Kincardine, was created in the Baronetage of the United Kingdom on 13 May 1806 for Alexander Ramsay. Alexander Burnett was the second son of Catherine Ramsay, the granddaughter of Sir Charles Ramsay, 3rd Baronet of Balmain of the earlier creation in the Baronetage of Nova Scotia, inherited by her brother, Sir Alexander Ramsay-Irvine, 6th Baronet.

Catherine Ramsay married Sir Thomas Burnett of Leys, 6th Baronet, their eldest son, inherited the Burnett baronetcy, while their second son, Alexander Burnett, was his maternal uncle's namesake and heir. Sir Alexander Ramsay, 6th Baronet bequeathed his estates to his nephew and the baronetcy was revived in favour of Burnett a few months after Sir Alexander's death, who changed his surname to Ramsay by royal licence; the second Baronet sat as Member of Parliament for MP for Kincardineshire. The third Baronet was Member of Parliament for Rochdale; the seventh and present Baronet is the presumed heir to the dormant Burnett Baronetcy of Leys. William Alexander Ramsay, eldest son of Captain Francis Ramsay, third son of the second Baronet, was a brigadier-general in the British Army, his son Sir Bertram Ramsay was an admiral in the Royal Navy. Sir Gilbert Ramsay, 1st Baronet Sir David Ramsay, 2nd Baronet Sir Charles Ramsay, 3rd Baronet Sir David Ramsay, 4th Baronet Sir Alexander Ramsay, 5th Baronet Sir Alexander Ramsay-Irvine, 6th Baronet Sir John Ramsay, 1st Baronet Sir John Ramsay, 2nd Baronet Sir John Ramsay, 3rd Baronet Sir Andrew Ramsay, 4th Baronet Sir John Ramsay, 5th Baronet Sir Gilbert Ramsay, 1st Baronet Sir James Ramsay, 2nd Baronet Sir John Ramsay, 3rd Baronet Sir James Ramsay, 4th Baronet Sir John Ramsay, 5th Baronet Sir George Ramsay, 6th Baronet Sir William Ramsay, 7th Baronet Sir James Ramsay, 8th Baronet FRSE Sir George Ramsay, 9th Baronet Sir James Henry Ramsay, 10th Baronet Sir James George Ramsay, 11th Baronet Sir Neis Alexander Ramsay, 12th Baronet Sir Andrew Ramsay, 1st Baronet Sir Andrew Ramsay, 2nd Baronet Sir Alexander Burnett Ramsay, 1st Baronet Sir Alexander Ramsay, 2nd Baronet Sir Alexander Ramsay, 3rd Baronet Sir Alexander Entwisle Ramsay, 4th Baronet Sir Herbert Ramsay, 5th Baronet Sir Alexander Burnett Ramsay, 6th Baronet Sir Alexander William Burnett Ramsay, 7th Baronet The heir apparent to the baronetcy is Alexander David Ramsay of Balmain, eldest of three sons of the 7th Baronet.

Ramsay-Steel-Maitland baronets Ramsay-Fairfax-Lucy baronets Burnett baronets

Stress testing (software)

Stress testing is a software testing activity that determines the robustness of software by testing beyond the limits of normal operation. Stress testing is important for "mission critical" software, but is used for all types of software. Stress tests put a greater emphasis on robustness and error handling under a heavy load, than on what would be considered correct behavior under normal circumstances. Failures may be related to: characteristics of non-production like environments, e.g. small test databases complete lack of load or stress testing Reasons for stress testing include: The software being tested is "mission critical", that is, failure of the software would have disastrous consequences. The amount of time and resources dedicated to testing is not sufficient, with traditional testing methods, to test all of the situations in which the software will be used when it is released. With sufficient time and resources for writing tests, it may not be possible to determine before hand all of the different ways in which the software will be used.

This is true for operating systems and middleware, which will be used by software that doesn't exist at the time of the testing. Customers may use the software on computers that have fewer computational resources than the computers used for testing. Input data integrity cannot be guaranteed. Input data are software wide: it can be data files and memory buffers, as well as arguments and options given to a command line executable or user inputs triggering actions in a GUI application. Fuzzing and monkey test methods can be used to find problems due to data incoherence. Concurrency is difficult to test with traditional testing methods. Stress testing may be necessary to find race deadlocks. Software such as web servers that will be accessible over the Internet may be subject to denial of service attacks. Under normal conditions, certain types of bugs, such as memory leaks, can be benign and difficult to detect over the short periods of time in which testing is performed. However, these bugs can still be serious.

In a sense, stress testing for a short period of time can be seen as simulating normal operation for a longer period of time. Branch coverage is a metric of the number of branches executed under test, where "100% branch coverage" means that every branch in a program has been executed at least once under some test. Branch coverage is one of the most important metrics for software testing. Note that code coverage metrics are a property of the tests for a piece of software, not of the software being tested. Achieving high branch coverage involves writing negative test variations, that is, variations where the software is supposed to fail in some way, in addition to the usual positive test variations, which test intended usage. An example of a negative variation would be calling a function with illegal parameters. There is a limit to the branch coverage that can be achieved with negative variations, however, as some branches may only be used for handling of errors that are beyond the control of the test.

For example, a test would have no control over memory allocation, so branches that handle an "out of memory" error are difficult to test. Stress testing can achieve higher branch coverage by producing the conditions under which certain error handling branches are followed; the coverage can be further improved by using fault injection. A web server may be stress tested using scripts and various denial of service tools to observe the performance of a web site during peak loads. Stress testing tries to break the system under test by overwhelming its resources or by taking resources away from it; the main purpose of this process is to make sure that the system fails and recovers gracefully—a quality known as recoverability. Load testing implies a controlled environment moving from low loads to high. Stress testing focuses on more random events and unpredictability. Using a web application as an example here are ways stress might be introduced: double the baseline number for concurrent users/HTTP connections randomly shut down and restart ports on the network switches/routers that connect the servers take the database offline restart it rebuild a RAID array while the system is running run processes that consume resources on the Web and database servers observe how the system reacts to failure and recovers Does it save its state?

Does the application hang and freeze or does it fail gracefully? On restart, is it able to recover from the last good state? Does the system output meaningful error messages to the user and to the logs? Is the security of the system compromised because of unexpected failures? Software testing This article covers testing software reliability under unexpected or rare workloads. See the related: Scalability testing Load testing List of software tools for load testing at Load testing#Load testing tools Stress test for a general discussion Black box testing Software performance testing Scenario analysis Simulation White box testing Technischer Überwachungsverein - product testing and certification Concurrency testing using the CHESS model checker Jinx automated stress testing by automatically exploring unlikely execution scenarios. Stress test


Kavualedurga Fort is a 9th-century fort 18 km from Thirthahalli, Shimoga. It was the last capital of Keladi kingdom; the fort was built in the 9th century, it was renovated in the 14th century by Cheluvarangappa. Kavaledurga called Bhuvanagiri, was a stronghold of the Nayakas of Keladi, who were the feudatories under the Vijayaanagara rulers and became independent after the fall of the Vijayanagara kingdom. Venkatappa Nayaka fortified the place here. Built a palace and made it an Agrahara with a Mahattina Matha. A Sringeri Matha. A treasury, a granary, stables for horses and ponds; the fort at Kavaledurga has three lines of walls, which are constructed of huge granite blocks following the natural contour of the hillock. Each fortification has a gateway flanked by guard- rooms on either side In between the fortifications there are temples, a ruined palace site and basement of structures. At the summit of the hill at the centre overlooking the western sea is a small temple popularly known as Shikhareshvara or Srikanthesvara temple.

The Srikanthesvara temple on plan has a Garbhagriha. A Nandi.mantapa and an entrance porch commanding a fine view of the setting sun beyond the western horizon. The palace site within the fort has ornate basement of a large terraced structure. Recent clearance in the area has laid bare series of interconnected rooms enclosing a spacious inner quadrangle this is provided with a frontal spacious pillared Verandah A pooja room, kitchen with, five burner oven in stone, stone platform in the bath room with well developed water supply system, a large closed verandah leading to a stepped tank provide an insight into the palace architecture of the place. Thirthahalli Kundapur Kodachadri Udupi Ambutheertha Shivamogga Nagara fort Jog falls Kunchikal Falls Agumbe Hulikal Kundadri Kuppalli

Amy Loftus

Amy Loftus is a Chicago-born singer/songwriter, now resident in Los Angeles. She worked as an actress in Los Angeles in the late 1990s, appearing in Days of Our Lives, HBO's Tracey Takes On... and in the films Introducing Dorothy Dandridge and The 13th Floor. She moved to Nashville as part of a musical duo, before going solo and beginning to tour on her own, her first solo record Straight to Amy was produced by Will Kimbrough and released in 2005. Loftus was named "Best New Singer/Songwriter" by Nashville Scene magazine in their October 27, 2005 "Best of Nashville" edition, she placed third in the "Folk/Singer-Songwriter" category in the International Songwriting Competition in 2006 for the song "Work to Do" written with Will Kimbrough. In 2011 she signed with Lakeshore Records, in 2012 her song "Surrender" was written for the One For The Money soundtrack, she continues to perform in the Los Angeles area. Amy Loftus was raised in Chicago, Illinois, she sang in private throughout her youth, began writing poetry around the age of six.

As a child she avidly listened to musicians such as Bob Dylan, Shawn Colvin, Joni Mitchell, loved Rodgers and Hammerstein musicals. Other early influences included Annie Lenox, Stevie Wonder, Kate Bush, Peter Gabriel. While in Chicago she was an alumnus of the improv acting group The Second City, she was a member of a professional dance company. She began to focus as well on singing at age 21, after an experience where she was invited on stage to sing "Revolution" by Tracy Chapman, after the male singer of the band the Cartoon Gypsies couldn't reach the notes, she showed the band samples of her journals and poetry, became their lead singer from 1994 to 1997, cutting one album. In 1996 Loftus earned a degree in painting and art history from the University of Kansas, went on to study acting, all while writing songs. Following graduation Loftus moved to Los Angeles to pursue acting. From 1998 ti 2000 she made appearances on Days of Our Lives and HBO's Tracey Takes On... and in the films Introducing Dorothy Dandridge and The 13th Floor.

She became one half of a musical duo and began learning guitar in 1998 for co-writing, but still only "barely played." In LA she held a number of part-time jobs, including as a limo driver for music producer Jerry Leiber. In 1999 he gave her the advice to focus on her most necessary artistic outlet. In 2000 she moved into a van and left Los Angeles for Nashville, booking a year of shows for the musical duo she was in at the time. According to Loftus, the duo was moving towards a traditional record deal in Nashville. However, she began to feel she wasn't contributing to the co-writing sessions and that her solo material was being phased out by the label. In 2001, after seeing Bonnie Raitt perform at Jazz Fest in New Orleans, Loftus was inspired to fire her managers and duck the record deal. By the spring of 2002 she was learning guitar, began recording her own demos. In 2002 she began to work with him musically, he would produce her first two albums. In 2003 she began performing solo shows, touring to sing her own material, living in her van and at times trading yoga lessons to pay for musicians.

Her debut LP Straight to Amy was produced by Kimbrough, who provided banjo, dobro and electric guitar and co-wrote and shared lead vocals on the track "Work To Do." The CD's title was in allusion to her included cover of The Clash's "Straight To Hell". Seeing Bonnie Raitt and quitting her development deal inspired the song "Artificial Glare", the first cut for Straight to Amy and her first song played on the radio The album was first available digitally on March 18, 2005. After the release Loftus was named "Best New Singer/Songwriter" by the Nashville Scene; the track Nashville Doesn't Sleep Here Tonight played on BBC Radio 2's Bob Harris' country show on January 19, 2006. The track "Work to Do" placed third in the International Songwriting Competition. "Cavalier" placed 7th in the 2007 CMT/INSAI songwriting contest. A review stated, "Overall it's Amy’s uniquely strong, smart songwriting that coalesces a vintage country vibe with an airy romp through contemporary alt-rock that makes her one of the best new voices in this burgeoning genre."

Another review stated "her voice is sweet with shades of Stacey Earle or Kim Richey. Her brutally honest songs dressed in Kimbrough’s talented hands makes for a winning combination." Her second LP, was produced by Kimbrough. It was recorded live to a two-track analog by engineer/producer Lij, released in 2007, it went on to be positively received by BBC radio host Bob Harris. By January 2008 Loftus was touring with Will Kimbrough, opening for him and performing some songs together with him at each show. In January 2008 she released the EP Fireworks, which she co-produced with John Deaderick, a keyboardist who had played with Patty Griffin and Emmylou Harris, she released the EP Peas and Carrots in November 2008, self-produced and only released digitally. By 2008 she had toured out of Nashville for four years to support all her albums, at the end of that year she returned to Los Angeles, she began to perform locally, an AP writer wrote "It’s a rare thing in LA to have a bar full of people shut up and listen.

A voice as hauntingly soul-stirring as Alison Krauss." In June 2010 a review of performance at the Viper Room wrote "Her sound is reminiscent of Jewel...subconsciously aware or not, she owns her music and has a unique vocal styling. Amy and her songwriting partner perform in a cohesive, symbiotic way throughout their set, which made them unobtrusive, but centered in your attention all at once, her voice is an angelic masterpiece."In January 2009

Ramón Flores (footballer)

Ramón Ulises Flores Aguirre is a Salvadoran footballer who plays as a defender for FAS in the Salvadoran Premier League and internationally for El Salvador. After having spent well over a decade with the FAS institution, Flores left in 2010 to join Once Municipal, a club that had just been promoted before he signed a one-year contract, he rejoined FAS however for the 2011 Clausura. Flores received his first call up to the senior national team in January 2008, he received his first cap on January 22, 2008 in a friendly match against Belize. Flores represented his country in 6 2010 FIFA World Cup qualifying games, in which he played a few games under Mexican coach Carlos de los Cobos. On September 20, 2013, Flores was one of 14 Salvadoran players banned for life due to their involvement with match fixing. Ramón Flores at