Alp Arslan, real name Muhammad bin Dawud Chaghri, was the second Sultan of the Seljuk Empire and great-grandson of Seljuk, the eponymous founder of the dynasty. As Sultan, Alp Arslan expanded Seljuk territory and consolidated power, defeating rivals to his south and northwest, his victory over the Byzantines at the Battle of Manzikert in 1071 ushered in the Turkish settlement of Anatolia. For his military prowess and fighting skills he obtained the name Alp Arslan, which means "Heroic Lion" in Turkish. Alp Arslan was the son of nephew of Tughril, the founding sultans of the Seljuk empire, his grandfather was Mikail. He was the father of numerous children, including Malik-Shah I and Tutush I, it is unclear. Arslan was known to be married at least twice, his wives included the widow of his uncle Tughril, a Kara-Khanid princess known as Aka Khatun, the daughter or niece of Bagrat IV of Georgia. One of Seljuk's other son's was the Turkic chieftain Arslan Isma'il, whose son Kutalmish contested his nephew's succession to the sultanate.
Alp Arslan's younger brothers Suleiman ibn Chaghri and Qavurt were his rivals for the sultanate. Suleiman ibn Kutalmish would become Seljuk sultan of Rûm; the son of Suleiman was his successor Kilij Arslan, a major opponent of the Franks during the First Crusade and the Crusade of 1101. Alp Arslan accompanied his uncle Tughril on campaigns in the south against the Fatimids while his father Chaghri remained in Khorasan. Upon Alp Arslan's return to Khorasan, he began his work in administration at his father's suggestion. While there, his father introduced him to Nizam al-Mulk, one of the most eminent statesmen in early Muslim history and Alp Arslan's future vizier. After the death of his father, Alp Arslan succeeded him as governor of Khorasan in 1059, his uncle Tughril died in 1063 and had designated his successor as Suleiman, Arslan's infant brother. Arslan and his uncle Kutalmish both contested this succession, resolved at the battle of Damghan in 1063. Arslan defeated Kutalmish for the throne and succeeded on 27 April 1064 as sultan of the Seljuk Empire, thus becoming sole monarch of Persia from the river Oxus to the Tigris.
In consolidating his empire and subduing contending factions, Arslan was ably assisted by Nizam al-Mulk, the two are credited with helping to stabilize the empire after the death of Tughril. With peace and security established in his dominions, Arslan convoked an assembly of the states and in 1066, he declared his son Malik Shah I his heir and successor. With the hope of capturing Caesarea Mazaca, the capital of Cappadocia, he placed himself at the head of the Turkish cavalry, crossed the Euphrates, entered and invaded the city. Along with Nizam al-Mulk, he marched into Armenia and Georgia, which he conquered in 1064. After a siege of 25 days, the Seljuks captured the capital city of Armenia. An account of the sack and massacres in Ani is given by the historian Sibt ibn al-Jawzi, who quotes an eyewitness saying: Putting the Persian sword to work, they spared no one... One could see there the calamity of every age of human kind. For children were ravished from the embraces of their mothers and mercilessly hurled against rocks, while the mothers drenched them with tears and blood...
The city became a road. The army entered the city, massacred its inhabitants and burned it, leaving it in ruins and taking prisoner all those who remained alive... The dead bodies were so many, and the number of prisoners was not less than 50,000 souls. I was determined to see the destruction with my own eyes. I tried to find a street. En route to fight the Fatimids in Syria in 1068, Alp Arslan invaded the Byzantine Empire; the Emperor Romanos IV Diogenes, assuming command in person, met the invaders in Cilicia. In three arduous campaigns, the Turks were defeated in detail and driven across the Euphrates in 1070; the first two campaigns were conducted by the emperor himself, while the third was directed by Manuel Comnenos, great-uncle of Emperor Manuel Comnenos. During this time, Arslan gained the allegiance of Rashid al-Dawla Mahmud, the Mirdasid emir of Aleppo. In 1071 Romanos again took the field and advanced into Armenia with 30,000 men, including a contingent of Cuman Turks as well as contingents of Franks and Normans, under Ursel de Baieul.
Alp Arslan, who had moved his troops south to fight the Fatimids reversed to meet the Byzantines. At Manzikert, on the Murat River, north of Lake Van, the two forces waged the Battle of Manzikert; the Cuman mercenaries among the Byzantine forces defected to the Turkish side. Seeing this, "the Western mercenaries rode off and took no part in the battle." To be exact, Romanos was betrayed by general Andronikos Doukas, son of the Caesar, who pronounced him dead and rode off with a large part of the Byzantine forces at a critical moment. The Byzantines were routed. Emperor Romanos IV was himself conducted into the presence of Alp Arslan. After a ritual humiliation, Arslan treated him with generosity. After peace terms were agreed to, Arslan dismissed the Emperor, loaded with presents and respec
The McCord Museum is a public research and teaching museum dedicated to the preservation, study and appreciation of Canadian history. The museum, whose full name is McCord Museum of Canadian History, is located next to McGill University, in downtown Montreal, Canada. On October 13, 1921, the McCord National Museum, as it was called, moved to the former McGill Union building, designed by Percy Erskine Nobbs in the Arts and Crafts tradition; the collection was based on the McCord family collection. Since 1878, David Ross McCord had been adding to the considerable collection assembled by his family since their arrival in Canada. Over the years, he developed the plan of founding a national history museum in Montreal, at that time Canada's metropolis; the building that now houses the museum was administered by McGill University for over sixty years, when it was the seat of the student government. After riots targeted at SSMU led to the building's storming and several executives being taken hostage, McGill University set out to build a more secure building, University Centre, the current seat of SSMU.
Leading members of the community lent their support to the museum over the years. Today, the McCord Museum is supported by the governments of Canada and Montreal, by a large network of members and sponsors; the museum was founded in 1921 based on his own family collection of objects. Since the museum's holdings have increased substantially; this collection of 15,800 objects documents many aspects of the ways of life, arts and traditions of the Aboriginal people of Canada. It includes a number of objects from communities living in Alaska and the northern United States. In this collection, there are more than 7,300 historical aboriginal objects, dating from the early 1800s to 1945 and more than 8,500 archaeological objects dating from about 10,000 years ago to the 16th century; this collection of 18,845 objects consists of women’s dresses, hats and footwear, many created by some of Montreal’s greatest 20th century designers. The menswear in the collection includes suits and accessories. There is an important selection of embroidered samplers and other textiles, including North America's oldest known patchwork quilt.
This collection includes 1,300,000 photographs and various items of early photographic equipment and accessories. It provides a visual history of Montreal and Canada from the 1840s to the present; the collection contains the William Notman & Son Photographic Studio fond constituting more than 600,000 photographic images dating from 1840 to 1935. The collection includes 700,000 images taken by other photographers; this collection of 69,000 iconographical pieces illustrates the personalities and events that made the history of Montreal and Canada, from the 18th to the 21st centuries. It includes paintings, silhouettes and caricatures from the 19th, 20th and 21st centuries; the 38,900 objects included in this collection documents the material environment within which Montrealers and Canadians lived in past centuries. This collection consists of furniture, ceramics, sculpture, hunting equipment, sports equipment, items of folk art and a major collection of 19th century toys; this collection, which total 262 running meters, includes manuscripts, personal journals and other documents showing the history of Canada from the 18th century to the present.
The documents come from families. The museum's exterior features the sculpture Totem urbain / histoire en dentelle, an allegorical representation of Montreal history, by Pierre Granche; the Museum is affiliated with: CMA, CHIN, Virtual Museum of Canada. Exhibition Catalogue. Wrapped in the Colours of the Earth. Cultural Heritage of the First Nations. McCord Museum. ISBN 1-895615-07-0. Exhibition Catalogue. Form and Fashion. Nineteenth-Century Montreal Dress. McCord Museum. ISBN 1-895615-00-3. Exhibition Catalogue; the McCord Family. A Passionate Vision. McCord Museum. ISBN 978-0-7735-6373-5. Exhibition Catalogue. Eclectic Tastes. Fine and Decorative Arts from the McCord. McCord Museum. ISBN 1-895615-02-X. McCord Museum
The town of Pocklington in the East Riding of Yorkshire, England has a recorded written history that goes back around 1,500 years, archaeological evidence shows settlement at the site as long as 2,500 years ago. This gives it a longer history of settlement than larger contemporary settlements in the region and country such as York and London. During this time, it has experienced plague, several invasions, the loss of its railway, its marginalisation to a backwater under the Romans. Pocklington has prospered where other market towns have failed, it has always been the commercial and civic centre for the district and was at one point the second largest settlement in Yorkshire. It is the focal point of an area which has seen significant events through the centuries, many influencing English history. Pocklington gets its name via the Old English "Poclintun" from the Anglian settlement of Pocel's people and the Old English word "tun" meaning farm or settlement, but though the town's name can only be traced back to around 650 AD, the inhabitation of Pocklington as a site is thought to extend back a further 1000 years or more to the Bronze Age.
It is not known when there was first a settlement at Pocklington – archaeologists have found Iron Age remains in and around the town and many Bronze Age burials and other finds have been discovered in the neighbourhood. More in 2016 builders uncovered an earlier, Bronze Age, dating to around 800 BC. In 1937, wooden planks belonging to an ancient boat were discovered by a local man in nearby Ferriby. Estimated to date from 1300 BC, newer estimates using radiocarbon dating have placed the boats between the years 1890 BC to 1700 BC; the Wolds area as a whole was a attractive location for settlements to ancient man, who preferred to stay clear of the poorly drained and flooded neighbouring vales – before the draining of a lot of land in the medieval era the flat land to the west and south of Pocklington was marshy. Archaeologists have experienced problems in recovering early remains and artefacts from the area intact because of the damage and disruption caused by centuries of arable land use – one skeleton discovered in 2005 was intact apart from its skull, sheared off and crushed by a plough.
Ptolemy relates that the Parisii, an ancient Briton tribe inhabited a large part of what is now the East Riding of Yorkshire in the late Iron Age. They were displaced to Britain by population movements on the continent, it is possible that Pocklington was settled by the Parisii as early as the 5th century BC, but by the time the Parisii participated in the general rising of Vercingetorix against Julius Caesar in 52 BC there is strong evidence that their regional capital was based at Pocklington itself. In 2017, a Celtic warrior’s grave, dated to about BC 320 to 174, was discovered at a housing development under construction in Pocklington at the Yorkshire Wolds. After archeologists had completed a long excavation project, the site was found to include a bronze shield, remains of a chariot and the skeletons of ponies; the shield's boss bears a resemblance to the Wandsworth shield boss, owned by the British Museum. One design element on the extremely-well preserved Pocklington shield, a scalloped border, "is not comparable to any other Iron Age finds across Europe, adding to its valuable uniqueness", said Paula Ware, managing director at MAP Archaeological Practice Ltd in late 2019.
Horses were included in Iron Age burials, making the find significant. "The discoveries are set to widen our understanding of the Arras culture and the dating of artefacts to secure contexts is exceptional," according to Paula Ware. It is during the era of the Roman occupation that Pocklington suffered something of a reversal in its development, it was eclipsed by York as the prominent settlement within the Yorkshire region, with the City of York beginning its life during this era and swiftly eclipsing Pocklignton in size and importance. Despite Pocklington's existing status and size at the time, York was favoured as the site of the Roman city Eboracum in around 71 AD, it is thought to have been selected, whilst Pocklington was ignored, because of its better water access and because it was a crossing point on a plain of routes from all directions. Despite Ermine Street running close by Pocklington, the town was not garrisoned by Roman forces. A legionary barracks and important Roman town were constructed in York, for several years the home of the Roman Imperial Court and the centre of administration for the Roman Empire, but Pocklington remained a Roman-influenced but little altered Iron Age settlement.
There is archaeological evidence for some signs of Romanization in Pocklington, including a Roman-style bath-house. The Roman name for Pocklington is not known but it is thought that Pocklington might be the presently unlocated Delgovicia, meaning "out of the way place" or backwater; however and Malton are competing candidates for this place-name also. By the time Ptolemy wrote his Geography in 140 AD, he made no mention of Pocklington but instead referred to the capital of the Romano-British Parisi as being located in Petuaria, near modern-day Brough. Given that the Parisi themselves were non-literate and Ptolemy was writing at some remove, it is difficult now to know whether their capital shifted from Pocklington to Brough, or whether it was always
Lena Amalia Kyoung Ran Sundström is a Swedish journalist and author. She writes news writes for Swedish daily newspaper Dagens Nyheter, she has had her own column at Aftonbladet newspaper, Metro newspaper's Swedish editions and Dagens Arbete. Sundström was born in Seoul, South Korea, to an unknown mother and was found outside an orphanage on 8 April 1972, she was estimated to be about one month old at the time, her birthdate was arbitrarily set at 8 March 1972. She was adopted by a Swedish family, she studied in Kristianstad, continued to study media and communications in Lund and Copenhagen and journalism at Poppius journalistskola. She started her career as a journalist at Piteå-Tidningen newspaper, made her debut as an author in 2005 with the release of the book Saker jag inte förstår och personer jag inte gillar, her second book, Känns det fint att finnas en dag till?, was released in 2007. She has been a television presenter as well, presenting the TV4 investigative show Kalla fakta after Lennart Ekdal chose to leave the show.
In August 2009, she authored her third book, Världens lyckligaste folk, about Denmark's tough policy concerning immigrants. In the same year, a documentary with the same name as the book aired on TV4. In 2013, her second documentary, called Dom kallas rasister, was broadcast on TV4. In the same year her next book called. Sundström won a number of prizes for her work including Guldspaden journalism award in 2009, the Gleerups literary award in 2009, the Swedish Publicists' Association Publicistklubben award in 2010, the Torgny Segerstedts frihetspenna award in 2014 and the Jolopriset literary award in 2016. Sundström has two daughters. In 2010, they competed together in the TV show På spåret; the couple divorced in 2016. 2005: Saker jag inte förstår – och personer jag inte gillar 2007: Känns det fint att finnas en dag till? 2009: Världens lyckligaste folk: en bok om Danmark 2013: Spår ISBN 9789127133983 Media related to Lena Sundström at Wikimedia Commons
James Gibbon was a land speculator and politician in Queensland, Australia. He was a Member of the Queensland Legislative Council. James Gibbon was born in 1819 in Kettering, England, he became a merchant. In 1860 he speculated in urban property, he amassed considerable land, including a large estate at Teneriffe land on which the heritage-listed Elder Smith Woolstore and Roseville house, were built. His own home Teneriffe House on the top of hill is now heritage-listed, he is said to be the person. He was a member of the congregation of the Holy Trinity Church there. Gibbon was a candidate for the Queensland Legislative Assembly in East Moreton in the inaugural 1860 colonial election, but was not successful. James Gibbon was appointed to the Queensland Legislative Council on 22 February 1866, he held the appointment until 19 February 1887 when his seat was declared vacant as he had not attended Parliament for some years, questions about his non-attendance having been raised as early as 1885. In about 1885, Gibbon returned to England, where he died in April 1888
Rogers Bridge Park is a riverfront city park and dog park in Duluth, Georgia. It is a 16.98 acre park located in the northwestern quadrant of Duluth. The park is a few blocks north of Peachtree Industrial Boulevard on Rogers Bridge Road. Surrounding properties include an adjacent private event facility, a sand dredging facility, single-family residential neighborhoods; the remains of a historic steel bridge span the Chattahoochee River. Although the bridge is in disrepair, the structure is sound and there are conceptual plans to restore the bridge for bike/pedestrian purposes in the near future; the park sits at a strategic location, adjacent to the river and at the intersection of several planned, but not constructed, multi-use trails. The trails include the Western Gwinnett Bikeway along Peachtree Industrial Boulevard, The Rogers Bridge Trail along Rogers Bridge Road and the Chattahoochee River Greenway which follows the river along the city’s northern boundary; the Chattahoochee River flows along the northern boundary of the park.
Two-thirds of the park is an open grassy field with small wooded areas along the stream buffer and at the southern end of the park. A gravel parking lot, picnic pavilion and volleyball court are the only recreational amenities in the park; the private event facility includes large open spaces, a volleyball court, a small multi-use building, a boat ramp. 3,100 square foot pavilion 1 sand volleyball court 1 playground 15 space gravel parking lot 2 horseshoe pits 10 tables and 2 grills picnic area It is the first dog park created in the city. Located on nearly three acres, the park is in the northeast section of Duluth adjacent to the Chattahoochee River. In 2017, the park was identified as one of the seven best dog parks in Metro Atlanta by the AJC. In 2018, the dog park won third place in Atlanta and first in Gwinnett County. One acre dog park for small dogs with an interactive fountain Two acre large dog park with an interactive fountain Seating areas Dog agility equipment Green space Chattahoochee River Western Gwinnett Bikeway Official website