Alpes-Maritimes is a department of France located in the extreme southeast corner of the country, on the border with Italy and on the Mediterranean coast. Part of the Provence-Alpes-Côte d'Azur region, it had a population of 1,803,704 in 2016, it has become in recent years one of the world's most attractive destinations, featuring cities such as Nice, Cannes and Grasse, numerous alpine ski resorts. Alpes-Maritimes entirely surrounds Monaco; the department's inhabitants are called Maralpines. The Alpes-Maritimes department is surrounded by the departments of Var in the southwest, Alpes-de-Haute-Provence in the northwest, Italy to the north and east, the Mediterranean Sea to the south, it surrounds the Principality of Monaco on the west and east. Its topography is mixed; as its name suggests, most of the department is a constituent part of the overall topographic Alps – including the Maritime Alps – but it has the distinction of being a coastal district with its Mediterranean coast. The coastal area and densely populated, includes all the cities in an continuous conurbation from Cannes to Menton, while the larger but sparsely populated mountainous area is rural with the exception of the three large resorts of Valberg and Isola 2000.

The highest point of the department is the Cime du Gélas on the Franco-Italian border which dominates the Vallée des Merveilles further east. The summit of Monte Argentera is higher at 3,297 metres above sea level. There is Mount Mounier, which dominates the south of the vast Dôme de Barrot, formed of a mass more than 900 metres thick of red mudstones indented by the gorges of Daluis and Cians. Except in winter, four passes allow passage to the north of the Mercantour/Argentera mountain range whose imposing 62-kilometre-long barrier is covered in winter snow, visible from the coast. From the west, the Route des Grandes Alpes enters the Cayolle Pass first on the way to the Alps and the sources of the Var in the commune of Entraunes; the route follows the Col de la Bonette – the highest pass in Europe at 2,715 metres – to connect to the valley of the Tinée the Ubaye. Further east, the Col de la Lombarde above Isola 2000 allows access to the shrine of Saint-Anne de Vinadio in Italy. At its eastern end, the Col de Tende links with Cuneo in Italy.

The only region of the Alps close to Nice has an afforestation rate of 60.9% higher than the average of the department and well above the average of 39.4% for the Provence-Alpes-Côte d'Azur region. The rivers in alphabetical order are: It is the climate that made the Côte d'Azur famous; the current department of Alpes-Maritimes, does not have only one climate, the complex terrain and high mountains divide the department between those who are well exposed and those which are less and with the mild Mediterranean climate there can be violent storms and prolonged droughts. The coastal area has a Mediterranean climate; the interior in the north, has a mountain climate. Around Cannes is a warm micro-climate due to the high hills warming the air which descends on the city. One of the attractions of the department is its level of sunshine: 300 days per year. Despite this the department is the most stormy of France with an average of 70 to 110 thunderstorm days per year, arising from the differences in temperature due to a warm sea in autumn.

As soon as one moves away from the coast, towards the west of the department, the interior plains the climate is a little less temperate but just as sunny. In summer, the temperature easily exceeds 30 °C, while the average is only 27 °C on the Nice coast for July and August. Occasional frost is possible in winter when, unlike in Nice, were they are rare. In the east of the department, unlike the west, there are no plains. In the Menton region, the altitude increases rapidly inland, so the sea tempers the atmosphere much more: the maximum in summer is on average 25 °C and the winters are milder than in the interior Frost is rare. Snow is rare on the coast, however, it happens that good falls surprise the Côte d'Azur, as was the case in the winter of 2004-2005 when the city of Nice woke up with a few centimetres of snow, creating traffic problems. More in February 2010, more than 10 centimetres of snow was measured in Cannes and nearly 30 centimetres in the Grasse region. In the Alps the climate is mountainous, there is snow from November to May.

Alpes-Maritimes is divided into two arrondissements: Grasse and Nice, twenty-seven cantons and 163 communes. As of 1 January 2014, there were seven intercommunalities: Four agglomeration communities: Communauté d'agglomération de Sophia Antipolis Communauté d'agglomération Cannes Pays de Lérins Communauté d'agglomération du Pays de Grasse Communauté d'agglomération de la Riviera Française One metropolis: Métropole Nice Côte d'Azur. Two communautés de communes: Communauté de communes du Pays des Paillons Communauté de communes Alpes d'AzurThe most populous cities in the department in 2012 were: Nice Antibes Cannes Grasse Cagnes-sur-Mer Le Cannet S


Forfexopterus is a genus of archaeopterodactyloid pterosaur from the Early Cretaceous Jiufotang Formation in China. It contains a single species, F. jeholensis. Forfexopterus would have been large for an archaeopterodactyloid; the skull was long, measuring 510 millimetres in length. Forfexopterus is unique among archaeopterodactyloids in that the first phalanx bone of the wing finger was shorter than the second but longer than the third. In addition, it exhibits a unique combination of traits: it has in total 120 long, slender teeth, which span from the tip of the jaw to 1/3 along the length of the skull; the holotype specimen of Forfexopterus was discovered by a local farmer, who had damaged this specimen while attempting to remove the encasing rock. The specimen, which has the number HM V20, represents a single individual, consists of a complete skeleton including the skull but missing most of the vertebral column, it was discovered in rocks belonging to the Jiufotang Formation, dating to 120 million years ago, it was described in 2016.

The generic name Forfexopterus is derived from Greek pterus. While no phylogenetic analysis was conducted, the authors determined that Forfexopterus was a member of the Archaeopterodactyloidea, on account of the long fourth metacarpal and the reduced fifth metatarsal

Steve Cammack

Stephen Richard Cammack is an English former footballer. A forward, he scored 143 goals in 419 league appearances in a 15-year career in the Football League, he began his career at Sheffield United in 1971, before transferring to Chesterfield four years later. After over 100 appearances in four years he moved onto Scunthorpe United, he spent seven seasons with the "Iron" in two spells around a spell with Lincoln City in 1981–82. His goals fired Scunthorpe out of the Fourth Division in 1982–83. In all he scored 110 goals for the club in 245 league appearances, he was loaned out to Port Vale and Stockport County, before entering non-league football with Scarborough and Worksop Town. Cammack began his career at Sheffield United; the "Blades" finished tenth in the First Division in 1971–72 and 14th in 1972–73 under the stewardship of John Harris. Following the appointment of Ken Furphy, United finished 13th in 1973–74 and sixth in 1974–75. Cammack made 36 league appearances during his four years at Bramall Lane, before he signed with Joe Shaw's Chesterfield.

The "Spireites" finished 14th in the Third Division in 1975–76. Under the stewardship of Arthur Cox, Chesterfield finished 18th in 1976–77 and ninth in 1977–78, before narrowly avoiding relegation by one place and four points in 1978–79. Cammack scored 21 goals in 113 league games in his four years at Saltergate, his next move was to Scunthorpe United. Ron Ashman led the "Iron" to 14th in the Fourth Division in 1979–80 and 16th in 1980–81. Cammack spent the 1981–82 season with Colin Murphy's Lincoln City, who finished one place and one point outside of the Third Division promotion places, he left Sincil Bank and returned to Scunthorpe, now managed by John Duncan, scored 25 goals in 1982–83 to become the division's top scorer, help "Scunny" to win promotion out of the Fourth Division in third place. They failed to survive in the league above under new boss Allan Clarke, were relegated in 1983–84 after failing to win away from the Old Showground all season. After Frank Barlow took charge, they finished ninth in 1984–85.

Cammack was given the club's Player of the Year award in 1985 after scoring 25 goals in 39 appearances. Over his two spells at the club, Cammack made scoring 110 goals, he was loaned out to John Rudge's Port Vale in December 1985, but returned to his club the next month after failing to impress in his one start and two substitute appearances. At the end of the 1985–86 season, the "Valiants" won promotion out of the Fourth Division. After a loan spell with Stockport County in which he featured just four times at Edgeley Park, he moved on to Kevin Blackwell's Alliance Premier League side Scarborough. After leaving the McCain Stadium, he played for Worksop Town in the Northern Premier League. Source: IndividualScunthorpe United F. C. Player of the Year: 1985Scunthorpe UnitedFootball League Fourth Division third place promotion: 1982–83