Austrian Black and Tan Hound
The Austrian Black and Tan Hound is a breed of dog originating in Austria. It is thought to be the true descendant of the original Celtic Hounds, although there is no known history of the Austrian Black and Tan Hound until after the middle of the 19th century; this large sized hound was used for tracking wounded game, most hare, in high altitudes. Colouring in this breed is important. Two fawn marks above the eyes must be present; the coat is smooth and short. The long tail is bent and the ears are medium in length and lie flat with rounded tips. Males are 50 -- 56 centimetres, they weigh 15 to 22 kg. It has a keen sense of smell, it is an elegant runner, used in all sorts of game. It has a lovely voice, makes a great pet due to its good-natured personality, it is not a dog wanting to be in a city. A suitable home will be in a rural area where the dog will have lots of space to run unrestricted by a leash, it loves to work. It needs daily exercise; the breed will only require bathing only when necessary.
Nails need to be trimmed and ears need to be cleaned every day to avoid ear infections. There are no genetic diseases known to affect this breed, healthy, lives up to 12 to 14 years of age. Brandlbracke is a compound word, stemming from "Brand" which refers to the fawn markings and "Bracke", a type of hunting dog. Vieräugl is the Austro-Bavarian diminutive of "Vierauge", meaning: somebody our something having four eyes, it refers to the distinctive fawn markings above the eyes
Bräcke Municipality is a municipality in Jämtland County in northern Sweden. Its seat is located in Bräcke; the present municipality was formed in 1974 when "old" Bräcke Municipality was amalgamated with Kälarne and Revsund. The three former municipalities had been created in 1952; the number of original entities were six. Due to the declining population in the area further amalgamations rejected. One of the most famous people coming from Bräcke Municipality is the former middle distance runner and world record holder Gunder Hägg, born in the village Albacken outside of the town Bräcke. There are four localities in Bräcke Municipality: The municipal seat in bold Albacken Bensjö Fanbyn Gimdalen Hunge Nyhem Rissna Stavre Sundsjö Sörbygden Västanede Bräcke Municipality - Official site
Deer are the hoofed ruminant mammals forming the family Cervidae. The two main groups of deer are the Cervinae, including the muntjac, the elk, the fallow deer, the chital. Female reindeer, male deer of all species except the Chinese water deer and shed new antlers each year. In this they differ from permanently horned antelope, which are part of a different family within the same order of even-toed ungulates; the musk deer of Asia and chevrotains of tropical African and Asian forests are separate families within the ruminant clade. They are no more related to deer than are other even-toed ungulates. Deer appear in art from Paleolithic cave paintings onwards, they have played a role in mythology and literature throughout history, as well as in heraldry, their economic importance includes the use of their meat as venison, their skins as soft, strong buckskin, their antlers as handles for knives. Deer hunting has been a popular activity since at least the Middle Ages and remains a resource for many families today.
Deer live in a variety of biomes. While associated with forests, many deer are ecotone species that live in transitional areas between forests and thickets and prairie and savanna; the majority of large deer species inhabit temperate mixed deciduous forest, mountain mixed coniferous forest, tropical seasonal/dry forest, savanna habitats around the world. Clearing open areas within forests to some extent may benefit deer populations by exposing the understory and allowing the types of grasses and herbs to grow that deer like to eat. Additionally, access to adjacent croplands may benefit deer. However, adequate forest or brush cover must still be provided for populations to thrive. Deer are distributed, with indigenous representatives in all continents except Antarctica and Australia, though Africa has only one native deer, the Barbary stag, a subspecies of red deer, confined to the Atlas Mountains in the northwest of the continent. However, fallow deer have been introduced to South Africa. Small species of brocket deer and pudús of Central and South America, muntjacs of Asia occupy dense forests and are less seen in open spaces, with the possible exception of the Indian muntjac.
There are several species of deer that are specialized, live exclusively in mountains, swamps, "wet" savannas, or riparian corridors surrounded by deserts. Some deer have a circumpolar distribution in Eurasia. Examples include the caribou that live in Arctic tundra and taiga and moose that inhabit taiga and adjacent areas. Huemul deer of South America's Andes fill the ecological niches of the ibex and wild goat, with the fawns behaving more like goat kids; the highest concentration of large deer species in temperate North America lies in the Canadian Rocky Mountain and Columbia Mountain regions between Alberta and British Columbia where all five North American deer species can be found. This region has several clusters of national parks including Mount Revelstoke National Park, Glacier National Park, Yoho National Park, Kootenay National Park on the British Columbia side, Banff National Park, Jasper National Park, Glacier National Park on the Alberta and Montana sides. Mountain slope habitats vary from moist coniferous/mixed forested habitats to dry subalpine/pine forests with alpine meadows higher up.
The foothills and river valleys between the mountain ranges provide a mosaic of cropland and deciduous parklands. The rare woodland caribou have the most restricted range living at higher altitudes in the subalpine meadows and alpine tundra areas of some of the mountain ranges. Elk and mule deer both migrate between the alpine meadows and lower coniferous forests and tend to be most common in this region. Elk inhabit river valley bottomlands, which they share with White-tailed deer; the White-tailed deer have expanded their range within the foothills and river valley bottoms of the Canadian Rockies owing to conversion of land to cropland and the clearing of coniferous forests allowing more deciduous vegetation to grow up the mountain slopes. They live in the aspen parklands north of Calgary and Edmonton, where they share habitat with the moose; the adjacent Great Plains grassland habitats are left to herds of elk, American bison, pronghorn antelope. The Eurasian Continent boasts the most species of deer in the world, with most species being found in Asia.
Europe, in comparison, has lower diversity in animal species. However, many national parks and protected reserves in Europe do have populations of red deer, roe deer, fallow deer; these species have long been associated with the continent of Europe, but inhabit Asia Minor, the Caucasus Mountains, Northwestern Iran. "European" fallow deer lived over much of Europe during the Ice Ages, but afterwards became restricted to the Anatolian Peninsula, in present-day Turkey. Present-day fallow deer populations in Europe are a result of historic man-made introductions of this species, first to the Mediterranean regions of Europe eventually to the rest of Europe, they were park animals that escaped and reestablished themselves in the wild. Europe's deer species shared their deciduous forest habitat with other herbivores, such as the extinct tarpan, extinct aurochs (fo
The English Foxhound is one of the four foxhound breeds of dog. It is a cousin of the American Foxhound, they are scent hounds, bred to hunt foxes by scent. The breed standards' guidelines for showing English Foxhounds requires them to be 21–25 inches tall at the withers; the skull is wide and the muzzle is long. The legs are muscular, straight-boned, the paws are rounded cat-like; the English Foxhound comes in any hound color, most tricolor, red, or black with a white base. The English Foxhound is a pack hound, therefore, it gets along well with other dogs and enjoys human companionship, it gets along with horses and other pets, as it is a gentle and tolerant breed. It is an active breed that has the stamina to run all day with few breaks. There are few health problems in this breed. Seen are chronic hip dysplasia, renal disease, epilepsy; the breed's lifespan is 10–13 years. The English Foxhound was created in the late 16th century, as a result of the perception of the depletion of deer in England.
Nobles and royalty had hunted deer for both food and sport, using the Deerhound or Staghound for this purpose. During the reign of Henry VIII, it was perceived that a new prey was needed, the fox was selected; the English Foxhound was created by a careful mixing of the Greyhound, for speed, the Fox Terrier, for hunting instinct, the Bulldog, for tenacity in the hunt. During the British Raj, English Foxhounds were exported to India for the purpose of jackal coursing, though due to the comparatively hotter weather, they were long lived. Foxhounds were preferred for this purpose over greyhounds, as the former was not as fast, could thus provide a longer, more sporting chase. Studbooks for the English foxhound have been kept since the 18th century. Breeding lines and the work of people involved in breeding hounds is important in the continual development of this working breed. Puppy shows are important events in the hunting calendar and allow the local hunt followers and visiting hound breeders examine the latest generation from the hound pack.
The International Foxhound Association was created in 2012 for the promotion of the English Foxhound as a breed. English Foxhound at Curlie
Fédération Cynologique Internationale
The Fédération cynologique internationale is an international federation of a number of national kennel clubs, it is based in Thuin, Belgium. The FCI was founded in 1911 by Germany, Belgium and the Netherlands, it was disbanded in World War I and recreated in 1921 by Belgium and France; the FCI divides breeds it recognises into ten groups based on various discriminators such as appearance or role: Sheepdogs and cattle dogs Pinschers and schnauzers - molossoid breeds - Swiss mountain and cattle dogs and other breeds Terriers Dachshunds Spitz and primitive types Scenthounds and related breeds Pointers and setters Retrievers - flushing dogs - water dogs Companion and toy dogs Sighthounds Official website FCI world championships calendar
The Ariegeois is a breed of dog from the département of Ariège in the Midi-Pyrenées region of southern France. It is a medium-sized pack-hunting scenthound deriving from crossing of Grand Bleu de Gascogne and Grand Gascon-Saintongeois hounds with local Briquet dogs, it is used both for driving game to waiting guns. While most successful with hares, it is used for hunting deer and boar, it is distinguished by affection for human companions. This breed originated in France in 1912, making it a new breed, it is not yet well known outside its own region. The breed is registered with the Fédération Cynologique Internationale; the Ariegeois weighs 28–30 kg. Males should stand 52–58 cm tall, females 50–56 cm; the coat is smooth and short, white with defined black markings. The head of the dog is elongated. There are no wrinkles; the eyes are gentle. The ears are soft and medium-length; the muzzle is of medium length, the nose is black. The neck is slender and arched to the chest, narrow and deep; the ribs are well-sprung with a sloping back.
It should have strong, powerful hindlegs. The feet are foxlike; the tail is curved. Overall, the Ariegeois is a talented scenthound, affectionate and serene in the home; the Ariegeois is now being bred in Italy and used to hunt wild boar, performing well in this endeavour under Italian conditions. Continental Kennel Club standard
A hunting dog is a canine that hunts with or for humans. There are several types of hunting dogs developed for various purposes; the major categories of hunting dogs include hounds, dachshunds, cur type dogs, gun dogs. Further divisions can be made among these categories based upon the dogs' skillset and capabilities. For a list of breeds of each type, see the detailed articles for each category: Spaniels definitively fall into two types: ones that seek prey in water and others that seek it on land. Spaniels are the oldest class of going back at least to the late Renaissance. Flushing spaniels combine hunting and retrieving skills. Flushing spaniels that are used in the modern field include the Brittany, the English Springer Spaniel, the smaller Welsh Springer Spaniel, the field bred American and English Cocker Spaniels; the larger two chiefly are used for retrieving and flushing game in thick grass or mild underbrush, with the Brittany having working habits closest to developed pointers. Cocker Spaniels are used for thick prickly brush that they can duck and dodge in pursuit of smaller game like rabbits, Clumbers and Field Spaniels are preferred for their slower, methodical hunting pattern.
The American Water Spaniel, Irish Water Spaniel and the Boykin Spaniel are noted for their water work and do well in temperate water, with the last being adapted to subtropical swamps. They fall into the water spaniel category. Many of these breeds vary their game according to the desires of the hunter: American Water Spaniels are known to be able to go after animals as big as a large goose in the water or the much smaller prairie chicken out of the water. Boykin Spaniels have a coat more adapted to the warmer temperatures of the American South whereas Irish Water Spaniels are adapted for cool, damp conditions, hence the curly coat and whiplike tail of the latter. Like spaniels, hounds fall into two types: Sighthounds and scenthounds; the scenthounds are the younger of the two classes. Typical examples of the scenthound family include the Beagle, members of the Coonhound family, the Grand Bleu de Gascogne. There is great variety in how this group operates, but the one constant is having some of the strongest noses in dogdom: Bloodhounds have been used for hundreds of years to track both man and beast, sometimes on trails that have been sitting on the ground for days.
Members of the coonhound family were bred in the American South, a region with terrain that varies from mountains to forest to swamps, thus require hounds with versatile abilities. They are still used to this day to hunt many different kinds of beasts, ranging in size from the squirrel to the American black bear, so accordingly they are bred for great stamina in multiple terrain, on water and land a loud booming bark that can carry for miles, an ability to defend themselves against animals that can fight back violently, an ability to work singly or in packs, a short coat that pairs well with a humid subtropical climate. Beagles have been bred in the British Isles since at least the 16th century as rabbit and fox hunters who will relentlessly pursue the scent of prey when it goes to ground and were intended to work in large packs: they have a gregarious temperament. A Grand Bleu de Gascogne is a large breed of scenthound, quite old: it was a common dog for noblemen to use in their hunting parties and was a pack hunter.
Sighthounds are different from scenthounds in their adaptations. The long, lean head of the sighthound gives it a greater degree of binocular vision, the body is quite slender with an elongated lower spine, giving a double suspension gallop when it runs. In many cases this class is older than the scenthound group: the greyhound, the Scottish Deerhound, the Saluki have origins going well back into the Middle Ages and earlier, their speed and visual acuity are adapted for coursing game in open meadows or steppes, all of them are adapted for running down prey rather than just sniffing for them until they catch up. They are independent in nature, are worked singly or in a "brace" of two or three dogs. Sighthounds are quiet and placid dogs compared to other hunting breeds, but are capable of explosive speed; the Irish Wolfhound, a member of this group, is noted for its quiet demeanor and love of a good rest by the fireplace, but for hundreds of years it was used for coursing and killing wolves. Rhodesian Ridgebacks are one of the few hound breeds with both capabilities, though they are not the fastest runners, they are notable for having exceptionable endurance.
Setters and pointers hunt over long distances to find game birds like members of the pheasant and quail family, using their noses to find the prey and sneaking up on them in the brush, showing the hunter where the bird is hiding. Most of this family comes from Europe, would include the Shorthaired, Shorthaired German Pointers and Weimaraner from Germany, The Viszla from Hungary, Bracco Italiano from Italy, field bred Irish Setters, Irish Red and White Setters, English Pointers, English Setters, Gordon Setters from the British Isles. Many in this group share traits with spaniels in terms of the coat they have: it is easier to pick out bits of nettle from a long coat than a short one and the coat itself offers some protection from damp and thorny conditions. Water dogs fall into two categories