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FrantiĊĦek Lipka

František Lipka is a Slovak diplomat and translator, who contributed to the process of the creation of independent Montenegro. Lipka studied Slovak and the Serbo-Croatian language at the School of Philosophy of the Comenius University in Bratislava, he worked as an external editor of the World Literature Revue magazine, cooperated with magazines "Smena na nedeľu", "Mladá tvorba", "Slovenské pohľady", Romboid. He is active as a sommelier and since 1994 Lipka has been serving as the President of the International Jury for the Bestowment of the International Vine and Wine Organization awards, headquartered in Paris, he began working with poetry during his university studies, with a debut of sensitive and reflexive lyric poetry "Štvanica". His poetry is characterized by a rational attitude, striving to penetrate national and humankind's universal history, bringing back motives from ancient history with the objective of understanding the presence of humankind in its contemporary social and ecological environment.

His statements carry a super-personal aspect, creates an impression of an intellectual and analytical cognition of reality. František Lipka is an important translator of Serbian, Croatian and Macedonian literature, he has published an anthology of poetry works of Bosnia and Herzegovina, redacted an anthology of Serbian poetry of the 20th century, an anthology of contemporary Macedonian poetry, prepared an anthology of poetry by contemporary Slovak poets living in the territory of the former Yugoslavia. He published a book for children, "Farebné rozprávky". Poetry Štvanica Jazero Zem na jazyku Orfeus na bicykli Argonauti Útek z obrazu Rozprava o metóde Children's books Farebné rozprávky Anthologies Sarajevská jar Zápisy v striebre mora Nepokoj v krajine Súčasne Wine Praktický sprievodca slovenskými vínami Since the end of the 1980s, he has been active in diplomacy, he served as an ambassador of Slovakia in France and Luxembourg. In 2006 Lipka became the Referendum Commission President for the upcoming Montenegrin Independence Referendum and was in charge of supervision over the course of the referendum, its results and a safeguard of the adherence to correct and valid election processes.

On Monday, 22 May 2006 he announced that the preliminary results of the referendum were 55.4% in favor of independence, thus meeting the set independence requirement in the form of a supermajority threshold of 55% in favor. Https://

President's Cottage

The President's Cottage is a historic residence located in Oskaloosa, United States. From 1892, when it was built, to 1918 this structure housed the president of William Penn College, it highlights the school's improved finances at the time of its construction, the importance it placed on its leadership, its association with the Quaker testimony in Oskaloosa, which makes this house historic. The placement of the house on a corner lot at the end of College Avenue gave the campus a linear feel in the "Yale Row" concept of college design. Absalom Rosenberger and David M. Edwards and their families lived here during their presidencies. H. Edwin McGrew did not live in the house, it is not certain whether some of the presidents lived here either because they had homes in Oskaloosa; the college subsequently sold the house and it now serves as a private residence. The 2½-story frame structure features Queen Anne influences, a wrap-around front porch, a gable-end roof with intersecting gables, it was listed on the National Register of Historic Places in 1996


The malong is a traditional Filipino rectangular or tube-like wraparound skirt bearing a variety of geometric or okir designs. The malong is traditionally used as a garment by both men and women of the numerous ethnic groups in the mainland Mindanao and parts of the Sulu Archipelago, they are wrapped around at waist or chest-height and secured by tucked ends, with belts of braided material or other pieces of cloth, or are knotted over one shoulder. They were traditionally hand-woven, with the patterns distinctive to a particular ethnic group. However, modern malong are machine-made or imported, with patterns that mimic the traditional local designs. Handwoven malongs are made by Maranao, T'boli weavers on a backstrap loom; the pattern or style of the malong may indicate the weaver's tribal origin, such as the Maranao malong landap. Rare malong designs and styles can indicate the village in which the malong was made, for example, the intricate malong rawatan made only by a handful of Maranao weavers in Lanao del Sur, Mindanao.

Handwoven malongs, which are costly, are to be used only at social functions, to display the social and economic status of the wearer. While modern malongs are made of cotton and Lurex threads, some contemporary handwoven malongs are made of inexpensive rayon thread, to reduce the manufacturing cost to the weaver and ultimate cost to the consumer. There are many grades of cotton thread, the cost of a malong can be reduced by using the lesser grades of cotton thread, or by creating a loose or coarse weave. Machine-made printed cotton malongs are made in Indonesia for export to the Philippines, are referred to as "batik" because the item is imported; the designs of traditional handwoven designs are used in imported cotton from Thailand, allowing the purchaser to have a cotton machine-printed malong which, from a distance, convincingly mimics the look of a much more expensive handwoven malong. The malong can function as a skirt for both men and women, a turban, Hijab, a dress, a blanket, a sunshade, a bedsheet, a "dressing room", a hammock, a prayer mat, other purposes.

A newborn is wrapped in a malong, as he grows this piece of cloth becomes a part of his daily life. When he dies, he is once again wrapped in a malong. Among traditional tribal peoples, the malong is used in everyday life. In areas where people wear Western-style clothing during the day, the malong is used as sleepwear; the malong is used in big festivals, they wear this to show respect. Two are represented in the Ayala Museum Collection: The "malong a andon" on the left, the "malong a landap" on the right. Similar wraparound skirts were worn by other Filipino ethnic groups in the pre-colonial period, like the identical Visayan and Tausug patadyong and the shorter Tagalog tapis. However, most of these evolved into a component of the baro't saya worn over a longer skirt due to Spanish influence; some of them survive among more isolated highlander groups like among the Ifugao people. The malong and other Philippine wraparound skirts are related to the sarong worn by peoples in other parts of Maritime Southeast Asia, as well as the barkcloth skirts worn by other Austronesian peoples like the lavalava.

Patadyong Tapis Abacá Batik Inabel Piña T'nalak Sarong Lavalava Longyi Sinh From the Rainbow's Varied Hue: Textiles of the Southern Philippines.. Edited by Roy W. Hamilton. Fowler Museum of Cultural History, University of California at Los Angeles

Karl Theobald

Karl Julian Theobald is an English actor and comedian. He has played'Landlord' in Plebs and Martin Dear in Channel 4 sitcom Green Wing. Theobald was born to Wendy Theobald, he grew up in Lowestoft, for seventeen years, where he studied at The Denes High School and went to dance school at an early age. He graduated from the Drama Centre London in 1998. Theobald is the one-time comedy partner of Russell Brand; this has been mentioned in his autobiography, My Booky Wook. As well as appearing in Green Wing, Theobald has written comedy for the television programmes The Sketch Show and Smack the Pony, he appeared in the radio sitcom The Exterminating Angels. In 2008, Theobald joined the cast of ITV science fiction series Primeval as Oliver Leek, he appeared in the 2010 film Get Him alongside Brand, playing his assistant. In 2014, he starred in the independent British feature film Downhill, with Ned Dennehy, Jeremy Swift and Richard Lumsden, a comedy about four men attempting Alfred Wainwright's Coast to Coast Walk.

The film is directed by James Rouse and the screenplay was written by Torben Betts. Karl Theobald on IMDb, 20 questions for Karl Theobald

Croats of Serbia

Croats are a recognized national minority in Serbia, a status they received in 2002. According to the 2011 census, there were 0.8 % of the region's population. Of these, 47,033 lived in Vojvodina, where they formed the fourth largest ethnic group, representing 2.8% of the population. A further 7,752 lived in the national capital Belgrade, with the remaining 3,115 in the rest of the country. Croatian, a standard variety of Serbo-Croatian, is listed as one of the six official languages of Vojvodina, autonomous province located in the northern part of the country which traditionally fosters multilingualism and multiconfessionalism; some people of Croat ethnic descent have held high positions in Serbia, such as prime minister, deputy prime minister and speaker of the National Assembly. During the 15th century, Croats lived in the Syrmia region, it is estimated that they were a majority in 76 out of 801 villages that existed in the present-day territory of Vojvodina. During the 17th century, Roman Catholic Bunjevci from Dalmatia migrated to Vojvodina, where Šokci had been living.

According to some opinions, Šokci might be descendants of medieval Slavic population of Vojvodina where their ancestors might lived since the 8th century. According to other opinions, medieval Slavs of Vojvodina spoke ikavian dialect. Between 1689, when the Habsburg Monarchy conquered parts of Vojvodina, the end of the 19th century, a small number of Croats from Croatia migrated to the region. Before the 20th century, most of the Bunjevac and Šokac populations living in Habsburg Monarchy haven't been nationally awakened yet; some of their leaders worked hardly to awake their Yugoslav national feelings. According to 1851 data, it is estimated that the population of the Voivodeship of Serbia and Banat of Temeschwar, the historical province, predecessor of present-day Vojvodina, among other ethnic groups, 62,936 Bunjevci and Šokci and 2,860 Croats. Subsequent statistical estimations from the second half of the 19th century counted Bunjevci and Šokci as "others" and presented them separately from Croats.

The 1910 Austro-Hungarian census showed large differences in the numbers of those who considered themselves Bunjevci and Šokci, those who considered themselves Croats. According to the census, in the city of Subotica there were only 39 citizens who declared Croatian as their native language, while 33,390 citizens were listed as speakers of "other languages". In the city of Sombor, 83 citizens declared Croatian language, while 6,289 citizens were listed as speakers of "other languages". In the municipality of Apatin, 44 citizens declared Croatian and 7,191 declared "other languages". In Syrmia, part of the Kingdom of Croatia-Slavonia, according to the 1910 census results Croats were a relative or absolute majority in Gibarac, Novi Slankamen, Stari Slankamen and Morović. Other places which had a significant minority of Croats included Novi Banovci, Sremska Kamenica, Sremska Mitrovica, Sremski Karlovci and Ljuba. In 1925, Bunjevac-Šokac Party and Pučka kasina organized in Subotica the 1000th anniversary celebration of the establishment of Kingdom of Croatia, when in 925 Tomislav of Croatia became first king of the Croatian Kingdom.

On the King Tomislav Square in Subotica a memorial plaque was unveiled with the inscription "The memorial plaque of millennium of Croatian Kingdom 925-1925. Set by Bunjevci Croats". Besides Subotica, memorial plaques of King Tomislav were revealed in Sremski Karlovci and Petrovaradin. In 1990s, during the war in Croatia, members of Serbian Radical Party organized and participated in the expulsion of the Croats in some places in Vojvodina; the President of the Serbian Radical Party, Vojislav Šešelj is indicted for participation in these events. According to some estimations, the number of Croats which have left Serbia under political pressure of the Milošević's regime might be between 20,000 and 40,000; the number of Croats in Serbia was somewhat larger in previous censuses that were conducted between 1948 and 1991. However, the real number of declared Croats in the time when these censuses were conducted may have been smaller because the communist authorities counted those citizens who declared themselves Bunjevci or Šokci as Croats.

Today, most members of the Šokci community consider themselves Croats, while large part of the Bunjevci population see themselves as members of the distinct Bunjevci ethnicity, while smaller part sees themselves as Croats. The largest recorded number of Croats in a census was in 1961 when there were 196,409 Croats in the Socialist Republic of Serbia. Since 1961 census, the Croat population in Serbia is in a constant decrease; this is caused by various reasons, including economic emigration, ethnic tensions of the Yugoslav wars during the 1990s, more the 1991-1995 War in Croatia. During this war-time period, Croats in Serbia were under pressure from the Serbian Radical Party and some Serb refugees from Croatia and Bosnia and Herzegovina to move to Croatia. In that time, a transfer of population occurred