Parmer County, Texas
Parmer County is a county located in the southwestern Texas Panhandle on the high plains of the Llano Estacado in the U. S. state of Texas. As of the 2010 census, the population was 10,269; the county seat is Farwell. The county was created in 1876 and organized in 1907, it is named in honor of Martin Parmer, a signer of the Texas Declaration of Independence and early judge. Parmer County was one of 10 prohibition, or dry, counties in the state of Texas, but is now a moist county. According to the U. S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 885 square miles, of which 881 square miles is land and 4.4 square miles is water. U. S. Highway 60 U. S. Highway 70 U. S. Highway 84 State Highway 86 State Highway 214 Deaf Smith County Castro County Lamb County Bailey County Curry County, New Mexico As of the census of 2000, 10,016 people, 3,322 households, 2,614 families resided in the county; the population density was 11 people per square mile. The 3,732 housing units averaged four per square mile; the racial makeup of the county was 66.01% White, 1.01% Black or African American, 0.76% Native American, 0.32% Asian, 0.04% Pacific Islander, 29.51% from other races, 2.35% from two or more races.
49.19% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. Of the 3,322 households, 42.9% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 67.0% were married couples living together, 8.3% had a female householder with no husband present, 21.3% were not families. About 19.3% of all households were made up of individuals, 10.5% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.97 and the average family size was 3.43. In the county, the population was distributed as 32.9% under the age of 18, 8.5% from 18 to 24, 26.2% from 25 to 44, 19.6% from 45 to 64, 12.7% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 32 years. For every 100 females, there were 97.90 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 93.90 males. The median income for a household in the county was $30,813, for a family was $34,149. Males had a median income of $26,966 versus $19,650 for females; the per capita income for the county was $14,184. About 14.2% of families and 17.0% of the population were below the poverty line, including 20.9% of those under age 18 and 14.2% of those age 65 or over.
Bovina Farwell Friona Lazbuddie Dry counties List of museums in the Texas Panhandle Recorded Texas Historic Landmarks in Parmer County Parmer County government’s website Parmer County from the Handbook of Texas Online Parmer County Profile from the Texas Association of Counties
Texas State Technical College
Texas State Technical College is a two-year technical state college with ten campuses throughout Texas. It is the only state-supported multiple campus institution in Texas that operates under an outcomes-based formula funding tied to graduates' successful employment. In partnership with business and industry, TSTC's statewide mission is to place more Texans in high-demand jobs and help fill the skills gap in the state. TSTC's headquarters are at the former Connally Air Force Base north of Waco and are co-located with the Waco campus, the oldest TSTC location. TSTC operates campuses in Harlingen, Red Oak, Breckenridge, Sweetwater, Williamson County, Fort Bend County, the newest campus location. TSTC was established in 1965 as the James Connally Technical Institute of Texas A&M University to meet the state’s evolving workforce needs. At the time, Governor John Connally predicted that it would be "the most sophisticated technical-vocational institute in the country." In 1967, JCTI expanded to include a south Texas campus in Harlingen.
In 1969, the JCTI colleges separated from Texas A&M University and became an independent state system, with its own Board of Regents, taking the name Texas State Technical Institute. Texas State Technical Institute-Waco was the first school in the United States to offer an Associate of Applied Science degree in Laser Electro-Optics Technology; the program began in September 1969. The name would change to its present one in 1991; as the need for technical education increased in Texas, TSTC opened additional campuses in Amarillo and Sweetwater in 1979, McAllen, Breckenridge and Marshall. On September 1, 1999, the Marshall extension center was designated a stand-alone campus by the Texas Legislature, it became known as Texas State Technical College Marshall. In 2011, the Legislature redefined the TSTC West Texas campus as one that serves West Texas with four strategically positioned, permanent locations at Sweetwater, Abilene and Brownwood. In 2013, the Texas Legislature authorized the creation of an extension center in Ellis County creating TSTC Marshall North Texas Extension Center known as TSTC North Texas.
In 2015, TSTC and the Greater Fort Bend Economic Development Council unveiled plans to build a permanent campus in Rosenberg. The grand opening was celebrated in the fall a year bringing manufacturing and information technology programs to the community. TSTC collaborates with educational partners from throughout Texas to bring additional educational options to students. TSTC has partnerships in Hutto and Richmond working with a number of universities, school districts and other entities to help provide a strong workforce for the future of Texas. TSTC's official purpose is stated in Section 135.01 of the Texas Education Code. As its name suggests, it is a technical college, designed to provide vocational and technical education to people entering the workforce or in the midst of a career change; as such, it offers the Associate of Applied Science degree. In 2009, TSTC Harlingen received approval from the Texas Legislature and Texas Higher Education Coordinating Board to add associate of science degrees to its traditional offerings for those students desiring to transfer to a university or enter the workforce directly with an associate of science in biology, computer science, mathematics, nursing preparatory, health professions.
Additionally, the Harlingen college began offering fields of study in combination with the academic core which, when transferred to a Texas public college or university, can substitute for freshman and sophomore major requirements. The Texas State Technical College is governed by a nine-member Board of Regents and operated under the direction of a chancellor; these regents, who provide a statewide perspective, are appointed by the governor to six-year terms. The board meets quarterly to provide leadership and enact policies for the successful management and operation of the system; the colleges operate under the rules and regulations of the Texas Higher Education Coordinating Board. The Texas State Technical College Chancellor is Michael L. Reeser. TSTC administers an Extension Center in partnership with Temple College at the East Williamson County Higher Education Center in Williamson County. Texas State Technical College is accredited to award Associate of Applied Science degrees and Certificates of Completion by the Commission on Colleges of the Southern Association of Colleges and Schools.
Students may review accreditation records in the Texas State Technical College Office of the Chancellor. Texas State Technical College is a member of the American Association of Collegiate Registrars and Admissions Officers and is listed in that association's Report of Credit Given. In 2017, TSTC was nationally recognized for its outcomes-based funding formula when the college received an Innovation Award from Eduventures, a research and advisory firm analyzing trends in higher education and, part of the National Research Center for College and University Admissions; the award recognizes achievements in higher education student enrollment management and success. TSTC has received state and national recognition for its Money Back Guarantee, an innovative initiative new to higher ecucation. TSTC's Money Back Guaranee promises a tuition refund or students who graduate from certain de
Castro County, Texas
Castro County is a county located in the U. S. state of Texas. As of the 2010 census, its population was 8,062; the county seat is Dimmitt. The county was named for Henri Castro, consul general to France for the Republic of Texas and the founder of a colony in Texas; the county was created in 1876. It was organized in 1891, a courthouse was built about the town square. Temporary county office space, was obtained from businessman J. N. Morrison; the ornate two-story courthouse was completed but was destroyed by lightning in 1906. According to the U. S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 899 square miles, of which 894 square miles is land and 4.9 square miles is water. U. S. Highway 60 U. S. Highway 385 State Highway 86 State Highway 194 Deaf Smith County Randall County Swisher County Hale County Lamb County Parmer County As of the census of 2000, there were 8,285 people, 2,761 households, 2,159 families residing in the county; the population density was 9 people per square mile. There were 3,198 housing units at an average density of 4 per square mile.
The racial makeup of the county was 75.35% White, 2.27% Black or African American, 1.17% Native American, 0.02% Asian, 0.01% Pacific Islander, 19.12% from other races, 2.05% from two or more races. 51.65% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. There were 2,761 households out of which 40.90% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 65.10% were married couples living together, 8.70% had a female householder with no husband present, 21.80% were non-families. 20.50% of all households were made up of individuals and 10.20% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.98 and the average family size was 3.45. In the county, the population was spread out with 33.10% under the age of 18, 9.00% from 18 to 24, 24.30% from 25 to 44, 20.90% from 45 to 64, 12.70% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 32 years. For every 100 females there were 100.50 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 98.20 males. The median income for a household in the county was $30,619, the median income for a family was $35,422.
Males had a median income of $25,379 versus $20,433 for females. The per capita income for the county was $14,457. About 15.70% of families and 19.00% of the population were below the poverty line, including 25.30% of those under age 18 and 13.90% of those age 65 or over. Dimmitt Hart Nazareth Hilburn Summerfield Sunnyside List of museums in the Texas Panhandle Recorded Texas Historic Landmarks in Castro County Castro County government's website Castro County in Handbook of Texas Online at the University of Texas Interactive Texas Map Texas Map Collection Castro County Profile from the Texas Association of Counties
National Basketball Association
The National Basketball Association is a men's professional basketball league in North America. It is considered to be the premier men's professional basketball league in the world; the NBA is an active member of USA Basketball, recognized by FIBA as the national governing body for basketball in the United States. The NBA is one of the four major professional sports leagues in the United States and Canada. NBA players are the world's best paid athletes by average annual salary per player; the league was founded in New York City on June 1946, as the Basketball Association of America. The league adopted the name National Basketball Association on August 3, 1949, after merging with the competing National Basketball League; the league's several international as well as individual team offices are directed out of its head offices located in the Olympic Tower at 645 Fifth Avenue in Midtown Manhattan. NBA Entertainment and NBA TV studios are directed out of offices located in New Jersey; the Basketball Association of America was founded in 1946 by owners of the major ice hockey arenas in the Northeastern and Midwestern United States and Canada.
On November 1, 1946, in Toronto, Canada, the Toronto Huskies hosted the New York Knickerbockers at Maple Leaf Gardens, in a game the NBA now refers to as the first game played in NBA history. The first basket was made by Ossie Schectman of the Knickerbockers. Although there had been earlier attempts at professional basketball leagues, including the American Basketball League and the NBL, the BAA was the first league to attempt to play in large arenas in major cities. During its early years, the quality of play in the BAA was not better than in competing leagues or among leading independent clubs such as the Harlem Globetrotters. For instance, the 1948 ABL finalist Baltimore Bullets moved to the BAA and won that league's 1948 title, the 1948 NBL champion Minneapolis Lakers won the 1949 BAA title. Prior to the 1948–49 season, however, NBL teams from Fort Wayne, Indianapolis and Rochester jumped to the BAA, which established the BAA as the league of choice for collegians looking to turn professional.
On August 3, 1949, the remaining NBL teams–Syracuse, Tri-Cities, Sheboygan and Waterloo–merged into the BAA. In deference to the merger and to avoid possible legal complications, the league name was changed to the present National Basketball Association though the merged league retained the BAA's governing body, including Podoloff. To this day, the NBA claims the BAA's history as its own, it now reckons the arrival of the NBL teams as an expansion, not a merger, does not recognize NBL records and statistics. The new league had seventeen franchises located in a mix of large and small cities, as well as large arenas and smaller gymnasiums and armories. In 1950, the NBA consolidated to eleven franchises, a process that continued until 1953–54, when the league reached its smallest size of eight franchises: the New York Knicks, Boston Celtics, Philadelphia Warriors, Minneapolis Lakers, Rochester Royals, Fort Wayne Pistons, Tri-Cities Blackhawks, Syracuse Nationals, all of which remain in the league today.
The process of contraction saw. The Hawks shifted from the Tri-Cities to Milwaukee in 1951, to St. Louis in 1955; the Rochester Royals moved from Rochester, New York, to Cincinnati in 1957 and the Pistons relocated from Fort Wayne, Indiana, to Detroit in 1957. Japanese-American Wataru Misaka broke the NBA color barrier in the 1947–48 season when he played for the New York Knicks, he remained the only non-white player in league history prior to the first African-American, Harold Hunter, signing with the Washington Capitols in 1950. Hunter was cut from the team during training camp, but several African-American players did play in the league that year, including Chuck Cooper with the Celtics, Nathaniel "Sweetwater" Clifton with the Knicks, Earl Lloyd with the Washington Capitols. During this period, the Minneapolis Lakers, led by center George Mikan, won five NBA Championships and established themselves as the league's first dynasty. To encourage shooting and discourage stalling, the league introduced the 24-second shot clock in 1954.
If a team does not attempt to score a field goal within 24 seconds of obtaining the ball, play is stopped and the ball given to its opponent. In 1957, rookie center Bill Russell joined the Boston Celtics, which featured guard Bob Cousy and coach Red Auerbach, went on to lead the club to eleven NBA titles in thirteen seasons. Center Wilt Chamberlain entered the league with the Warriors in 1959 and became a dominant individual star of the 1960s, setting new single game records in scoring and rebounding. Russell's rivalry with Chamberlain became one of the greatest rivalries in the history of American team sports; the 1960s were dominated by the Celtics. Led by Russell, Bob Cousy and coach Red Auerbach, Boston won eight straight championships in the NBA from 1959 to 1966; this championship streak is the longest in NBA history. They did not win the title in 1966–67, but regained it in the 1967–68 season and repeated in 1969; the domination totaled nine of the ten championship banners of the 1960s.
Through this period, the NBA continued to evolve with the shift of the Minneapolis Lakers to Los Angeles, the Philadelphia Warriors to San Francisco, the Syracuse Nationals to Philadelphia to become the Philadelphia 76ers, the St. Louis Hawks moving to Atlanta, as well as the addition of its first expansion franchises; the Chicago Packers (now Wa
Potter County, Texas
Potter County is a county located in the U. S. state of Texas. As of the 2010 census, the population was 121,073, its county seat is Amarillo. The county was created in 1876 and organized in 1887, it is named for Robert Potter, a politician, signer of the Texas Declaration of Independence and the Secretary of the Texas Navy. Potter County is included in the TX Metropolitan Statistical Area; the LX Ranch was established in the county by W. H. "Deacon" Bates and David T. Beals by 1877. In July of 1876, along with some cowboys that included Charlie Siringo, established a herd of steers and ranch headquarters along Ranch Creek on the north bank of the Canadian River; the headquarters included a bunkhouse, storeroom, corrals, blacksmith shop, wagon sheds, a post office named Wheeler. The LX established the county's first cemetery; the ranch extended from Dumas to the Palo Duro Canyon and 35 miles east to west. By 1884, the ranch encompassed 187,000 acres, 45,000 cattle and 1000 horses, when the operation was sold to the American Pastoral Company.
In 1902, the ranch headquarters was moved on the south bank of the Canadian River. On 6 Oct. 1910, that company sold 30,354 acres south of the river to Lee Bivins, on 1 June 1911, R. B. "Ben" Masterson acquired 89,139 acres on the north side. On 19 May 1915, Bivins bought an additional 53,329 LX acres. According to the U. S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 922 square miles, of which 908 square miles is land and 14 square miles is water. I-27 I-40 BL I-40 US 60 US 66 US 87 US 287 SH 136 SH 279 Loop 335 Moore County Carson County Randall County Oldham County Deaf Smith County Armstrong County Hartley County Hutchinson County Alibates Flint Quarries National Monument Lake Meredith National Recreation Area As of the census of 2000, there were 113,546 people, 40,760 households, 27,472 families residing in the county; the population density was 125 people per square mile. There were 44,598 housing units at an average density of 49 per square mile; the racial makeup of the county was 68.60% White, 9.96% Black or African American, 0.87% Native American, 2.49% Asian, 0.04% Pacific Islander, 15.44% from other races, 2.60% from two or more races.
28.11% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. There were 40,760 households out of which 34.70% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 47.40% were married couples living together, 15.00% had a female householder with no husband present, 32.60% were non-families. 27.60% of all households were made up of individuals and 10.10% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.61 and the average family size was 3.21. In the county, the population was spread out with 28.00% under the age of 18, 11.10% from 18 to 24, 30.10% from 25 to 44, 19.10% from 45 to 64, 11.70% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 32 years. For every 100 females there were 100.90 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 100.20 males. The median income for a household in the county was $29,492, the median income for a family was $35,321. Males had a median income of $26,123 versus $20,275 for females; the per capita income for the county was $14,947.
About 15.20% of families and 19.20% of the population were below the poverty line, including 25.30% of those under age 18 and 12.30% of those age 65 or over. The Texas Department of Criminal Justice Clements Unit and Neal Unit are located in unincorporated Potter County, east of the City of Amarillo. Potter County supports Republican candidates at the federal level, it has supported Republican presidential candidates in every election since 1968 by lopsided margins. In 2004, George W. Bush received 21,401 votes in the county to just 7,489 votes for his opponent, John Kerry. In 2008, John McCain fared nearly as well. Amarillo Bishop Hills Dumas Junction Folsom Pleasant Valley Pullman Soncy List of museums in the Texas Panhandle National Register of Historic Places listings in Potter County, Texas Recorded Texas Historic Landmarks in Potter County Potter County government’s website Potter County from the Handbook of Texas Online Historic Potter County materials, hosted by the Portal to Texas History.
Potter County, TX Genealogy Potter County Profile from the Texas Association of Counties
Big Spring, Texas
Big Spring is a city in and the county seat of Howard County, United States, at the crossroads of U. S. Highway 87 and Interstate 20. With a population of 27,282 as of the 2010 census, it is the largest city between Midland to the west, Abilene to the east, Lubbock to the north, San Angelo to the south. Big Spring was established as the county seat of Howard County in 1882; the city got its name from the single, large spring that issued into a small gorge between the base of Scenic Mountain and a neighboring hill in the southwestern part of the city limits. Although the name is sometimes still mistakenly pluralized, it is singular. "To the native or established residents who may wince at the plural in Big Spring, it should be explained that until about 1916, when for some unexplained reason the name dropped the final's', the official name of the town was indeed Big Springs." The area had long been a popular watering hole for Native American residents and nomads, including members of the more established Jumano and Comanche tribes.
The first European to view the site was a member of a Spanish expedition that of Álvar Núñez Cabeza de Vaca, although the record of his travels cannot confirm his visit. During the 1840s and 1850s Big Spring was where Comanches assembled and organized themselves before departing on large-scale raids into northern Mexico during the Comanche-Mexico Wars. Captain Randolph B. Marcy's expedition in 1849 was the first United States expedition to map the area. Marcy marked the spring as a campsite on the Overland Trail to California; the site began to collect inhabitants, by the late 1870s a settlement had sprung up to support buffalo hunters who frequented the area. The original settlement consisted of hide huts and saloons. Ranching became a major industry in the area. G. Oxsheer, C. C. Slaughter, B. F. Wolcott. One notable early rancher was the Seventh Earl of Aylesford. Finch purchased 37,000 acres of ranchland in the area in 1883, is credited with building Big Spring's first permanent structure, a butcher's shop.
The completion of the Texas and Pacific Railroad led to the founding in the early 1880s of Abilene, Colorado City, Big Spring, three railroading and ranching cities where saloons and gambling dens flourished. More important in the city's history was the discovery of oil in the region during the 1920s; the early discoveries in the area marked the beginning of the oil industry in the Permian Basin area of West Texas, the oil industry has continued to be a dominant part of the area's economy. The oil industry in Big Spring reached its peak during the oil boom of the 1950s. Another major part of Big Spring's economy and life during the 1950s, 1960s, 1970s was Webb Air Force Base, it opened during World War II as the Big Spring Bombardier School. Following the war, it was converted to a US Air Force training base and was named for James Webb, a Big Spring native who died in action during World War II. Webb Air Force Base was active until 1977. Big Spring was featured in the 1969 film Midnight Cowboy, which starred Dustin Hoffman and Jon Voight, received the Academy Award for Best Picture of 1969.
The opening scenes featuring Voight a unknown actor, playing the character Joe Buck, were filmed in Big Spring and the neighboring city of Stanton. In 1980, Hollywood returned to Big Spring with the filming of Hangar 18, it was a low-budget science-fiction movie about a space shuttle's collision with an alien spacecraft and the ensuing government cover-up. It starred such big names as Gary Collins, James Hampton, Robert Vaughn, Darrin McGavin, a host of other B-list actors, including Stuart Pankin, who at that time was unknown; the film received both in critics' reviews and box-office earnings. Despite its poor performance, it became an instant cult classic, appearing on television under a different title and featuring an alternate ending. Several local residents were used as on-screen extras. Big Spring is the location for the opening scene of the Robert Rodriguez film From Dusk Till Dawn. In 1999, a New York energy company erected the first 80-meter tower for one of North America's largest wind turbines for that time at Big Spring.
The FAI World Hang Gliding Championship was hosted by Big Spring in August 2007. The area's "big spring", long dry but modified to draw water from Comanche Trail Lake, was of major importance to all life in the surrounding area. In the early 1840s, it was the center of a territorial dispute between Comanche and Pawnee tribes, has been a major watering hole for wildlife and prehistoric people in this semiarid area. Early military scouting reports and pioneer accounts describe the water as cold and dependable; the spring has mistakenly been described in other writings as being located in Sulphur Draw. It is located to the south, near the top of a small, unnamed draw running eastwards from the spring, is itself a tributary to Beal's Creek, the name given to Sulphur Draw as it flows into and past the city of Big Spring. Long used by regional inhabitants, both permanent and nomadic, with a large number of locally collected artifacts testifying to its heavy occupation, the spring sat astride the several branches of the later-developed Comanche War Trail as they converged on this important water hole from beyond Texas, coming south across the Northern Plains and the Llano Estacado.
From the Big Spring, the war trail continued south v