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Amasya

Amasya is a city in northern Turkey and is the capital of Amasya Province, in the Black Sea Region. Tokat from east and Yozgat from south, Çorum from west, Samsun from north; the city of Amasya, the Amaseia or Amasia of antiquity, stands in the mountains above the Black Sea coast, set apart from the rest of Anatolia in a narrow valley along the banks of the Yeşilırmak River. Although near the Black Sea, this area is high above the coast and has an inland climate, well-suited to growing apples, for which Amasya province, one of the provinces in north-central Anatolia Turkey, is famed, it was the home of the geographer Strabo and the birthplace of the 15th century scholar and physician Amirdovlat Amasiatsi. Located in a narrow cleft of the Yeşilırmak river, it has a history of 7,500 years which has left many traces still evident today. In antiquity, Amaseia was a fortified city high on the cliffs above the river, it has a long history as a wealthy provincial capital, producing kings and princes, scientists and thinkers, from the kings of Pontus, through Strabo the geographer, to many generations of the Ottoman imperial dynasty.

With its Ottoman-period wooden houses and the tombs of the Pontus kings carved into the cliffs overhead, Amasya is attractive to visitors. In recent years there has been a lot of investment in tourism and more foreign and Turkish tourists visit the city. During the early Ottoman rule, it was customary for young Ottoman princes to be sent to Amasya to govern and gain experience. Amasya was the birthplace of the Ottoman sultans Murad I and Selim I, it is thus of great importance in terms of Ottoman history. Traditional Ottoman houses near the Yeşilırmak and the other main historical buildings have been restored. Behind the Ottoman wooden houses one can see the rock tombs of the Pontic kings. According to Strabo the Greek name Ἀμάσεια comes from Amasis, the queen of the Amazons, who were said to have lived here; the name has changed little throughout history: Ἀμάσεια, Amaseia and Amasia are all found on ancient Greek and Roman coinage and continue to be used in modern Greek. Armenian: Ամասիա, Ottoman Turkish أماصيا, modern Turkish Amasya all represent the same pronunciation.

In 2012, the permanent population of the city was 91,874. The birth rate of Amasya is low, so its population has been increasing slowly; the population varies seasonally, most people are here during the summer tourist season. Situated between the Black Sea and inner Anatolia in a region of fertile plains irrigated by the Tersakan, Çekerek and Yeşilırmak rivers, Amasya lies in a beautiful narrow river valley, bounded by vertical cliffs and the high peaks of the Canik and Pontus mountains. Despite the mountainous location, it is not far above sea level; this makes its climate more temperate. Five bridges cross the river, most of the town lies on the southern bank, spread along the river; the climb up to the higher ground is steep, making the valley walls uninhabitable. The town is shaped like the letter ` v'. Aydınca Doğantepe Ezinepazar Uygur Yassıçal Yeşilyenice Ziyaret Archaeological research shows that Amasya was first settled by the Hittites and subsequently by Phrygians, Lydians and Armenians.

An independent Pontic kingdom with its capital at Amaseia was established by the Persian Mithridatic dynasty at the end of the 4th century BC, in the wake of Alexander's conquests. In the 1st century BC, it contested Rome's hegemony in Anatolia. By 183 BC, the city was settled by Hellenistic people becoming the capital of the kings of Pontus from 333 BC to 26 BC. Today, there are prominent ruins including the royal tombs of Pontus in the rocks above the riverbank in the centre of the city. Ancient district in northeastern Anatolia adjoining the Black Sea. Amaseia was captured by the Roman Lucullus in 70 BC from Armenia and was made a free city and administrative center of his new province of Bithynia and Pontus by Pompey. By this time, Amaseia was a thriving city, the home of thinkers and poets, one of them, left a full description of Amaseia as it was between 60 BC and 19 AD. Around 2 or 3 BC, it was incorporated into the Roman province of Galatia, in the district of Pontus Galaticus. Around the year 112, the emperor Trajan designated it a part of the province of Cappadocia.

In the 2nd century it gained the titles'metropolis' and'first city'. After the division of the Roman Empire by emperor Diocletian the city became part of the East Roman Empire. At this time it had a predominantly Greek-speaking population. Saints Theodore of Amasea, a warrior saint, the local bishop Asterius of Amasea, some of whose polished sermons survive, are notable Christian figures from the period. In 1075, ending 700 years of Byzantine rule, Amasya was conquered by the Turkmen Danishmend emirs, it served as their capital until the annexation of the Danishmendid dominions by the Seljuk ruler Kilij Arslan II. When he died, his realm was divided among his sons, Amasya passed to Nizam ad-Din Arghun Shah. Hi rule was brief, as he lost it to his brother Rukn ad-Din Suleiman Shah, who subsequently became Sultan. In the 13th century the city passed under the control of the Mongol Ilkhanate, was ruled by Mongol governors, except for a brief rule by Taj ad-Din Altintash, son of the last Seljuk sultan, Mesud II.

Under the Seljuks and the Ilkhan, the city became a centre of Islamic culture and produced some notable individuals such as Yaqut al-Musta'simi calligrapher and secretary of the last Abbasid caliph, a Greek native of Amasya

Hart, Son, Peard and Co.

Hart, Peard & Co. were architectural metalworkers based in London and Birmingham, most associated with ecclesiastical works. Founded in 1842 in Wych St, off The Strand, by ironmonger Joseph Hart, they became artistic metalworkers specializing in ecclesiastical manufactures after merging with Birmingham-based Peard & Jackson in 1866–67. Skilled in sculpture, the firm made designs by J. P. Seddon, B. J. Talbert and Alfred Waterhouse, they made silverwork for William Burges, in the early 1870s for William Butterfield. The company had Henri Collet, in Paris; the company were represented at all the major exhibitions, winning many medals, including at: London. The firm was disestablished shortly before World War I in 1913

UAAP Season 55 men's basketball tournament

UAAP Season 55 is the 1992–93 athletic year of the University Athletic Association of the Philippines. This season was hosted by the University of Santo Tomas; the UAAP men's basketball competition opens on July 18 at the Araneta Coliseum. The year's host, UST known as the Glowing Goldies, will now carry the moniker Growling Tigers. De La Salle University, declared champion by the Basketball Association of the Philippines headed by president Lito Puyat, will have a new coach Gabby Velasco, who will replaced Derrick Pumaren. Far Eastern University, the UAAP board's recognized champion, lost the services of power forward Victor Pablo from graduation; the Adamson Falcons of coach Orly Bauzon, clinch the first finals berth by way of superior quotient, this was made possible by FEU's 87–76 win over UST in their final elimination assignment in which the last three minutes and forty-seven seconds of the game were replayed due to a brownout at the venue. The FEU Tamaraws advance to the championship against Adamson Falcons by defeating De La Salle Green Archers, 101–87, in a playoff.

The Tamaraws, coach by Alfredo Amador, scored a two-game sweep over the Falcons to retain the senior's basketball title