Amborella is a monotypic genus of understory shrubs or small trees endemic to the main island, Grande Terre, of New Caledonia. The genus is the only member of the family Amborellaceae and the order Amborellales and contains a single species, Amborella trichopoda. Amborella is of great interest to plant systematists because molecular phylogenetic analyses place it as the sister group to all other flowering plants. Amborella is a sprawling small tree up to 8 m high, it bears simple evergreen leaves without stipules. The leaves are two-ranked, with distinctly serrated or rippled margins, about 8 to 10 cm long. Amborella has xylem tissue; the xylem of Amborella contains only tracheids. Xylem of this form has long been regarded as a "primitive" feature of flowering plants; the species is dioecious. This means that each plant produces "female flowers", but not both. At any one time, a dioecious plant produces only functionally staminate or functionally carpellate flowers. Staminate Amborella flowers do not have carpels, whereas the carpellate flowers have non-functional "staminodes", structures resembling stamens in which no pollen develops.
Plants may change from one reproductive morphology to the other. In one study, seven cuttings from a staminate plant produced, as expected, staminate flowers at their first flowering, but three of the seven produced carpellate flowers at their second flowering; the small, creamy white flowers are arranged in inflorescences borne in the axils of foliage leaves. The inflorescences have been described as cymes, with up to three orders of branching, each branch being terminated by a flower; each flower is subtended by bracts. The bracts transition into a perianth of undifferentiated tepals; the tepals are arranged in a spiral, but sometimes are whorled at the periphery. Carpellate flowers are 3 to 4 mm in diameter, with 7 or 8 tepals. There are a spiral of 4 to 8 free carpels. Carpels bear green ovaries, they contain a single ovule with the micropyle directed downwards. Staminate flowers are 4 to 5 mm in diameter, with 6 to 15 tepals; these flowers bear 10 to 21 spirally arranged stamens, which become progressively smaller toward the center.
The innermost may be sterile. Stamens bear triangular anthers on short broad filaments. An anther consists of two on each side, with a small sterile central connective; the anthers may be covered with secretions. These features suggest that, as with other basal angiosperms, there is a high degree of developmental plasticity. 1 to 3 carpels per flower develop into fruit. The fruit is an ovoid red drupe borne on a short stalk; the remains of the stigma can be seen at the tip of the fruit. The skin is papery; the inner pericarp surrounds the single seed. The embryo is small and surrounded by copious endosperm. Plant systematists accept Amborella trichopoda as the most basal lineage in the clade of angiosperms. In systematics the term "basal" describes a lineage that diverges near the base of a phylogeny, thus earlier than other lineages. Since Amborella is basal among the flowering plants, the features of early flowering plants can be inferred by comparing derived traits shared by the main angiosperm lineage but not present in Amborella.
These traits are presumed to have evolved after the divergence of the Amborella lineage. One early twentieth century idea of "primitive" floral traits in angiosperms, accepted until recently, is the Magnolia blossom model; this envisions flowers with numerous parts arranged in spirals on an elongated, cone-like receptacle rather than the small numbers of parts in distinct whorls of more derived flowers. In a study designed to clarify relationships between well-studied model plants such as Arabidopsis thaliana, the basal angiosperms Amborella, Illicium, the monocots, more derived angiosperms, chloroplast genomes using cDNA and expressed sequence tags for floral genes, the cladogram shown below was generated; this hypothesized relationship of the extant seed plants places Amborella as the sister taxon to all other angiosperms, shows the gymnosperms as a monophyletic group sister to the angiosperms. It supports the theory that Amborella branched off from the main lineage of angiosperms before the ancestors of any other living angiosperms.
There is however some uncertainty about the relationship between the Amborellaceae and the Nymphaeales: one theory is that the Amborellaceae alone are the monophyletic sister to the extant angiosperms. Because of its evolutionary position at the base of the flowering plant clade, there was support for sequencing the complete genome of Amborella trichopoda to serve as a reference for evolutionary studies. In 2010, the US National Science Foundation began a genome sequencing effort in Amborella, the draft genome sequence was posted on the project website in December 2013. Amborella is the only genus in the family Amborellaceae; the APG II system recognized this family, but left it unplaced at order rank due to uncertainty about its relationship to the family Nymphaeaceae. In the more recent APG systems, APG III and APG IV, the Amborellaceae comprise the mon
The Amboy and George Spencer Shipwreck Site is an archeological shipwreck site which consists of the wrecks of the wooden bulk freighter George Spencer and the wooden schooner-barge Amboy. Both vessels were wrecked during the Mataafa Storm of 1905. In 1994 the site was added to the National Register of Historic Places; the George Spencer was built in 1884 by the Thomas Quayle & Sons Shipyard in Ohio. She was built for Thomas Wilson of Ohio, she had an overall length of 242 feet, she was 230 feet long between her perpendiculars, her beam was 37 feet wide and her cargo hold was 20 feet deep. She was powered by a 625-horsepower fore and aft compound engine, fueled by a coal burning Scotch marine boiler, she had a net tonnage of 1082.79 tons. She was used to haul bulk cargoes such as iron ore and grain, she was one of the first vessels to load iron ore in Two Harbors, Minnesota when the port opened in 1884. In 1888 the Spencer was sold to B. L. Pennington. In 1889 the Spencer was transferred B. F. Powers.
In 1895 she was transferred to the Commercial Transit Company. In 1899 the Spencer was sold to the Tonawanda Steel Company of Tonawanda, New York. On September 9, 1901, the Spencer was sailing down the west channel of the Niagara River when she grounded at the head of Little Island; when she was freed she was towed by the tugs. The 1,400 tons of iron ore, in the Spencers cargo hold was consigned to the Tonawanda Iron & Steel Plant; the Spencers grounding was caused by low water levels in the river. The Amboy was a wooden schooner barge, constructed for the Minnesota's iron ore trade, she was built in 1874 by Murphy of Cleveland, Ohio. She was 209.3 feet in length, her beam was 34.2 feet and her cargo hold was 14.4 feet. She had a gross tonnage of 893 tons, a net tonnage of 849 tons, she could carry 1,500 tons of cargo. She was named Helena. In July 1891 the Helena sank in a collision in the Little Mud Lake, St. Marys River with the loss of one life. On August 26, 1892, the Amboy arrived in Cleveland, full of water.
She was traveling from Escanaba, when she was caught in a storm. The amount of water pouring into her hull became too much for the pumps to empty, she was saved by the tugboats Gregory and Blazier. On October 14, 1893 the Amboy ran aground at the foot of Georgia Street in New York, she broke away in the strong gale. The Helena left the Amboy to be freed by tugboats; the tug Cascade came to her assistance and after about half an hours work she was freed. On September 5, 1898, at around 10:00A. M; the Amboy ran aground in the Niagara River near the Germania Park. She was under tow of the tug James Byers. Low water levels caused her keel to run aground; the Byers failed to free her. The tugs Cascade and Conneaut arrived to try and free her but failed. A lighter was sent to try and rescue her by removing part of her cargo. On the day of November 28, 1905 the Spencer and the Amboy were bound from Buffalo, New York for Duluth, Minnesota with a cargo of coal when they were struck by the full force of the Mataafa Storm.
After the storm blew itself out it was discovered that 18 ships had been stranded. The crew of the Spencer cut the line between her and the Amboy in an attempt to save both of the ships. Both vessels were driven ashore; the crew of the ships escaped the vessels with a breeches buoy, rigged up by some nearby fishermen. A December 1, 1905 issue of the Duluth Evening Herald described the wreck of the Spencer and the Amboy: Both boats lost their bearings in the snowstorm and landed on a sandy beach; as soon as they struck, buoys with lines were thrown over the side. When they floated ashore they were made fast. With an improvised life buoy rigged in the hawsers the entire crew were taken safely to shore preceded by Mrs. Harry Lawe, wife of the mate, acting as steward; the vessels ran on the rocks Tuesday morning, for thirteen hours the situation of the crew on the battered hulks was desperate. Fishermen rushed into the surf to their necks and aided the sailors to escape; the Spencer's cargo can be lightered but there is little hope for saving the boat.
The vessels were coming up without cargo to load ore. Capt. Frank Conland sailed the Fred Watson was master of the Amboy; the Spencer was valued at $35,000 and the Amboy at $10,000. A December 6, 1905 issue of the Duluth News Tribune wrote about the assessment of the wrecks: Captain C. O. Flynn returned last evening from an inspection of the stranded steamer George Spencer and schooner Amboy, he said. Her hatches are intact, she does not appear to be damaged; as to the condition of her bottom that cannot be told at present. The remains of the George Spencer lies off the beach and about one mile south of Sugar Loaf Cove, the quarter mile long stretch of beach is crescent shaped and blends from the large cobbles on the north to the sand on the south section of the beach. Though much of her hull was removed there are still large bits of her hull on the site, her wreck is a lot more intact than that of the Amboy. The wreckage of the Spencer consists of a 141-foot long section of the base of her wo
The Barranco de Badajoz or Chamoco is a ravine on the island of Tenerife, in the province of Santa Cruz de Tenerife, part of the municipality of Güímar in the southeast of the island. The most significant prehistoric remains on the island were found in this area, demonstrating the aboriginal guanche activity. In addition, several Guanche mummies have been found here, so the place is important archaeologically. There are many legends about experiences people have had who have visited and stayed at night in the Barranco de Badajoz. Many people claim to have seen apparitions of angelic beings and to have experienced various paranormal phenomena, ranging from UFO's to poltergeists and orbs, balls of fire, appearances of the legendary Tibicena, ritual satanic and other spectral phenomena; the area has been described as similar to the Bridgewater Triangle in the United States. Official Website
The Sinbad Show is an American sitcom starring comedian Sinbad that premiered on September 16, 1993 on Fox. The show's main plot is about a bachelor taking in two orphaned children. Chuck Brown performed this sitcom's theme music, it was canceled after one season on April 1994, with two episodes left unaired. The series follows the life of David Bryan, a carefree bachelor, who becomes a single parent when he adopts two orphaned children, Zana and L. J. Beckley, who face several issues which they work through together; the show follows David as he helps L. J. and Zana deal with their new lives, L. J. dealing with school, friendships and being a teenager, Zana learning how to function in everyday life. Meanwhile, Clarence shares David's parents helping him deal with raising kids. Hal Williams - Rudy Bryan Nancy Wilson - Louise Bryan Patrice Chanel — Claudette Trina McGee — Faith Michael Ralph — Leon Peter Brost — Young Leon Salma Hayek - Gloria Contreras The Sinbad Show was cancelled after its first season, aired its last episode on April 21, 1994.
It aired at 8:30 p.m. following Thursday nights on Fox. The series was one of several shows featuring predominately black casts that were canceled by Fox around the same time. Activist Jesse Jackson protested the cancellations and called for a boycott of the network for their "institutional racism". Fox maintained that the series were low rated and the decision to cancel was not racially motivated; the show aired in syndication on The Family Channel Monday to Thursday at 9:30 p.m. and weekend mornings at 11:30. It aired on Disney Channel for a short time during the mid-1990s; the Sinbad Show on IMDb The Sinbad Show at TV.com The Sinbad Show at epguides.com
John Cork is an American author and documentary film director and producer. An avid James Bond fan, Cork has produced and directed more than thirty documentaries for MGM's releases of the James Bond films on DVD, Blu-ray, streaming platforms; as an author, he and Scivally have written the biographies of Ian Fleming, Cubby Broccoli, Harry Saltzman. Collectively, they have conducted over one hundred and fifty interviews with the creative talents behind the 007 films, they contributed to The Ultimate James Bond: An Interactive Dossier, a CD-ROM for MGM Interactive. Cork serves as president of the multi-media production company Cloverland. In 2002, Cork and Bruce Scivally wrote the book James Bond: The Legacy which documents the history of the James Bond legacy as well as importance in popular culture, global affairs and current events from the time it started up until present time. In 2003, John Cork co-wrote the book Bond Girls Are Forever: The Women of James Bond with actress Maryam d'Abo. With Collin Stutz, Cork co-authored The James Bond Enclyclopedia, first published in 2007, updated in 2009, 2014.
Cork wrote and directed the documentary, "You Belong to Me: Sex and Murder in the South" for producers Judith Hagin, Kitty Potapow, Hilary Saltzman, delving into the murder of the white Dr. LeRoy Adams by the black woman, Ruby McCollum in Live Oak, Florida in 1952; the film played in festivals in 2014 and was released on video and streaming platforms in 2015. In 2017, Penguin Random House and Ian Fleming Publications asked Cork to write new introductions to three of the original James Bond novels, Casino Royale and Let Die, Goldfinger Casino Royale and Let Die, Goldfinger. Cork is a member of The Ian Fleming Foundation, a group dedicated to the study of Ian Fleming and his works. Cork, an award-winning screenwriter, has penned the civil rights drama, The Long Walk Home, starring Sissy Spacek and Whoopi Goldberg, has written screenplays for many major film studios. Bruce Scivally has worked for several motion picture production companies, co-edited The Special Effects and Stunts Guide, was the Production Coordinator for the 2001 Academy Awards Show.
Both authors live in Los Angeles. In addition, in 2007, for the release of the Spider-Man 2.1 DVD, Cork and Bruce Scivally wrote and compiled the Spidey Sense 2.1-trivia track, a closed captioning feature on Disc 1 of the DVD, which includes integrated pop-ups that provides information about the Spider-Man actors, production, comic books and Spider-Man legacy. The feature is available via closed captioning that plays during the course of key scenes throughout the film. John Cork was born in Ala.. He splits his time between Florida and California, he was married to singer Nicole Dillenberg from 1994 until 2014. They have Jimmy Cork. Both Cork and his ex-wife are graduates of the University of Southern California School of Cinema-Television. Cork has said that he and his ex-wife honeymooned at Goldeneye, the secluded home in Jamaica where Ian Fleming wrote his 14 James Bond books. Goldeneye's owner, Island Records founder and hotelier Chris Blackwell, who served as location manager for Dr. No, waived the rental for the three-bedroom villa as a wedding present, according to Cork.
John Cork on IMDb The John Cork CommanderBond.net Interview – James Bond 007 An Interview With: John Cork @ Universal Exports Welcome to Cloverland
Sirembe Secondary School was established in 1989. It is a mixed day and boarding secondary school. Sirembe Secondary School is located along Kodiaga-Siaya Road in Sirembe Sub Location, Gem Constituency in Siaya County in Kenya. School Postal address is P. O BOX 143-40612, SAWAGONGO, KENYA The school's population stands at 500 students; the school has produced notable Alumni, Ronald McAgak, Maxwell Odera, Judith Nyajom, Mophat Onyango Benard Okoth, Victor Omondi, Samson Opondo Duncan Mola, Belvin Okaka, among others. Performance The School became position 29 Nationwide among the district secondary schools in the 2013 KSCE Partnership The school partners with Restore Humanity, a Non-proft making organisation that aims at making the dreams of financially incapacitated students a reality; the organisation sponsors a number of students in the school Currently Restore Humanity is running a campaign " OUTREACH #EDUCATE40 " that aims at sending 30 Kenyan Girls and 10 boys to High School The school works with other community based organisations, the CDF, government and other organisations Leadership The school is Currently headed by Henry Oyuga Airo.
Former Principals include the late Peter Odida Owuor, Ernest Odero and Walter Onyango Digital Media platforms Website/blog: Sirembe Secondary School Sirembe School Website Retrieved on 17 January 2017 Shule Zote Retrieved on 17 January 2017 Elimu Centre Retrieved on 17 January 2017 The Standard Newspaper Retrieved on 17 January 2017 Advance Africa Retrieved on 17 January 2017 Restore Humanity Retrieved on 17 January 2017