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SUMMARY / RELATED TOPICS

Ambulacraria

Ambulacraria or Coelomopora is a Superphylum of invertebrate phyla which includes echinoderms and hemichordates. Phylogenetic analysis suggest the echinoderms and hemichordates separated around 533 million years ago; the Ambulacraria are part of the deuterostomes, a larger clade that includes the Chordata and Saccorhytus. The two living clades with representative organisms are: Echinodermata Hemichordata The group Xenoturbellida has been considered to be in this clade, but is now considered to be placed more basally among metazoans. Fossil taxa that may lie on the stem lineage: Superphylum Ambulacraria unranked clade Cambroernida † unranked clade = Eldoniida † Stellostomites Caron, Conway Morris & Shu, 2010 † Velumbrella? † Herpetogaster Caron, Conway Morris & Shu, 2010 - with one species: † Herpetogaster collinsi Caron, Conway Morris & Shu, 2010 † Rotadisciidae † Seputus? Murray, J & MacGabhann As for many animals, the egg cell of any extant ambulacrarian by cell division evolves to a blastula, which evolves to a triploblast gastrula.

The gastrula evolves to a dipleurula larva form, specific for the ambulacraria. This, in its turn, is developed in various different kinds of larvae for different taxa of ambulacrarians, it has been suggested that the adult form of the last common ancestor of the ambulacrarians was anatomically similar to the dipleurula larvae, whence this hypothetic ancestor sometimes is called dipleurula

Saskia Vester

Saskia Vester is a German actress and author. Vester is the daughter of the biochemist and environmentalist Frederic Vester and the sister of actress Madeleine Vester. After completing her training at the Neue Münchner Schauspielschule, Vester began acting in plays, among others at Theater Augsburg, Staatstheater Nürnberg, Stadttheater Ingolstadt, at the Kampnagel in Hamburg and Theater44 and Komödie im Bayerischen Hof in Munich. At the same time, since 2000 she worked in numerous theatrical and TV films as well as in TV series. In 1985, Vester published Pols Reise. Vester lives with her husband, television producer Robbie Flörke, their two children in Munich. 2012: Der Stalker – ARD Radio-Tatort – Regie: Ulrich Lampen 2007: Bavarian TV Awards for the role of Kristin Bender in KDD – Kriminaldauerdienst Pols Reise Saskia Vester on IMDb Saskia Vester at prisma.de Saskia Vester at die-agenten.de

Robert Mann (Royal Navy officer)

Robert Mann was an officer of the Royal Navy. He served during the American War of Independence and the French Revolutionary Wars rising to the rank of admiral of the red. Mann was born into a naval family, his father, the elder Robert Mann, was a captain in the navy. He was mortally wounded while commanding HMS Milford during the capture of the French privateer Gloire on 7 March 1762, during the Seven Years' War, his son, the younger Robert Mann, was born in 1745, being baptised at Wandsworth on 18 July 1745. He embarked on a naval career and was commissioned as lieutenant on 26 May 1768, having been wounded in the neck by a musket ball in the action when his father was killed; the grave shows his name as Man rather than Mann, that all his correspondence, as well as that of his father, used the same spelling. On 24 June 1776, during the American War of Independence, Mann received a promotion to commander and given his first command, the 10-gun HMS Zephyr. Mann was promoted to post-captain on 30 May 1777 and appointed to command the 32-gun HMS Alarm in October that year, where he remained until April 1779.

Mann next assumed command of the 32-gun HMS Cerberus in July 1779. In 1780 Mann fell in with a Spanish fleet consisting of twelve sail of the line and several frigates under Don Joseph Solano, he followed the Spanish for several days, proceeding to give the earliest intelligence dispatches to Admiral Sir George Rodney, whom he found at anchor at Barbados. On 25 February 1781, whilst cruising twenty leagues off Cape Finisterre, he captured the Spanish 28-gun frigate Graña, under Don Nicolás de Medina. Graña had not captured anything. In the action with Cerberus she lost her first lieutenant and six men killed, seventeen wounded, out of her crew of 166 men; the Spanish officers fought as long as they could. Captain Mann in contrast was pleased with the behaviour of the officers and men of the Cerberus, only two of whom were wounded. From October 1782 until the end of the war, he commanded the 64-gun HMS Scipio. From June 1787 to April 1791 Mann commanded the 74-gun HMS Bedford. Mann returned to take command of Bedford in January 1793, remaining there until late 1794 and participating in the Raid on Genoa.

He was promoted to rear-admiral of the blue on 4 July 1794 and raised his flag aboard the 74-gun HMS Defence. He soon transferred his flag to the 74-gun HMS Cumberland and sailed from Portsmouth in March 1795, through the strait of Gibraltar to reinforce the Mediterranean Fleet under Admiral Sir William Hotham off the east coast of Menorca. Mann was promoted to rear-admiral of the white on 1 June 1795. After cruising for a short time, the British anchored in St. Fiorenzo Bay on 29 June and refitted their ships. Mann transferred his flag to the 100-gun HMS Victory on 7 July and took part in the Battle of Hyères Islands on 13 July 1795. Victory suffered considerable damage, having had her stays shot away, as well as much of the rigging, he transferred his flag to the 98-gun HMS Windsor Castle in December 1795. He was given command of a detached squadron in 1796 and sailed to Gibraltar with seven ships to watch the French fleet at anchor at Cadiz under Admiral Joseph de Richery, he remained there for a month, before sailing to Toulon with supplies for Admiral Sir John Jervis's blockading fleet.

With the Spanish entry to the war, a large Spanish fleet of twenty ships of the line as an escort for the French who planned to attack Newfoundland had sailed. While returning to Gibraltar on 1 October Mann's squadron, accompanied by three transports and a brig, squadron sighted the Spanish fleet under Don Juan de Lángara in the south-east quarter. At 11 pm, helped by an easterly breeze, the Spanish bore up and captured the merchant brig and one of the transports, but Mann and his seven ships of the line managed to escape into Rosia Bay, near the mole of Gibraltar. Mann held a conference with his captains, decided not to return to the Mediterranean, but instead to sail north with a convoy, cruise off Cape Finisterre for a time. With his ships in poor condition after a long period at sea, Mann returned to England to refit. Mann had no authority to make this decision, it infuriated Jervis, who accused him of jeopardising the British strategy and forcing a temporarily withdrawal from the Mediterranean.

Mann never again received an active command. He continued to be promoted according to his seniority, reaching vice-admiral of the white on 14 February 1799, vice-admiral of the red with admiral of the blue on 23 April 1804, admiral of the white on 28 April 1808, admiral of the red on 12 August 1812, he was appointed one of the Lords Commissioners of the Admiralty in 1798. He died on 20 September 1813; the traditional view of man has now been superseded. The reality of Mann's situation off Cadiz is that misfortune led to misfortune: his quarry – a French squadron under Richery – came out but accompanied by a large, no longer neutral, Spanish fleet. Starved of supplies, unable to re-join Jervis and the Mediterranean Fleet, with promises of support from home unfulfilled, he returned to England, his actions were misunderstood by Nelson, seized upon by Jervis eager for a scapegoat. Calmer minds prevailed at the Admiralty where he was appointed as a Lord Commissioner, scarcely a role for someone whose career had ended in ignominy.

Indeed, his career only ended, along with many others, when Jervis was appointed First Lord of the Admiralty on the fall of Pitt in 1801

International School Amsterdam

The International School of Amsterdam is a private international school located in the city of Amstelveen, over 11 kilometres away from the city centre of Amsterdam. It hosts students from over 65 countries from pre-kindergarten to 12th grade; the official language and language of instruction of the school is English. Dutch, German, Japanese and Spanish are offered as additional languages. Around 50 other languages are spoken within the school community; the academic program is based on the International Baccalaureate Programme. Founded in 1964, ISA was the first authorised IB World School, offering International Baccalaureate programmes from pre-school through grade 12. In 1997 about 40% of the student body was Japanese; the School is housed in a purpose-built building. Facilities include a four-floor library/media center, a 420-seat theatre, science laboratories and specialist rooms for music and drama. More than 690 computers are joined in a school-wide network that has indirect access to the Internet.

Two gymnasiums, pain oriented playgrounds and adjacent playing fields are large, well equipped and secure. ISA is served by Sportlaan tram stop on Line 51 of the Amsterdam Metro; as of March 2019 to the fall of 2020, due to construction, Line 51 is being temporarily replaced by bus line 55. The International School of Amsterdam has built a new addition on campus, due to the fact that more and more faculty and students are arriving in ISA. Construction began in early June 2013 and finished late August 2014. In 2017 they began to build a new gym for the students including a workout room, a rock wall, a new cafeteria. Construction concluded in early 2018; the International School of Amsterdam Homepage US Department of State: ISA

Kidderminster (UK Parliament constituency)

Kidderminster was a parliamentary constituency in Worcestershire, represented in the House of Commons of the Parliament of the United Kingdom. It elected one Member of Parliament by the first past the post voting system; the borough of Kidderminster returned two members to Parliament in 1295, Walter Caldrigan and William Lihtfot, but not to any subsequent one. From 1295 to 1832 Kidderminster had no separate representation from Worcestershire; the constituency was created by the Reform Act 1832 for the 1832 general election and was abolished for the 1983 general election, when it was replaced by the new Wyre Forest constituency. The Reform Act 1832 enfranchised Kidderminster as a parliamentary borough; the constituency comprised the township of Kidderminster Borough and part of the township of Kidderminster Foreign. The Parliamentary Boundaries Act of the same year set out the boundaries in detail: From the Point at or near Proud Cross at which the Boundary of the old Borough meets the Broomfield Road, along the Boundary of the old Borough, to the Point at which the Abberley Road meets the Black Brook.

The Representation of the People Act 1867 redrew parliamentary constituencies. The consequential Boundary Act of the following year extended the boundaries of the parliamentary borough. Three areas of the parish of Kidderminster and part of the parish of Wolverley were added; the next change in constituency boundaries was carried out under the Representation of the People Act 1918. The parliamentary borough was abolished and a new Kidderminster constituency was created as a division of the parliamentary county of Worcestershire, it consisted of a wide area of northern Worcestershire, comprising the following local government districts: The municipal borough of Kidderminster Bromsgrove Urban District North Bromsgrove Urban District Redditch Urban District Bromsgrove Rural District Kidderminster Rural District The Representation of the People Act 1948 redrew constituencies throughout Great Britain: the revised boundaries were first used at the 1950 general election. The 1948 legislation introduced the terms "borough constituency" and "county constituency".

The Bromsgrove and Redditch areas were formed into a separate Bromsgrove constituency, while the new Kidderminster County Constituency, now took much of north west Worcestershire. It was defined as follows: The boroughs of Bewdley and Kidderminster The urban district of Stourport on Severn The rural districts of Kidderminster and TenburyThe boundaries were not altered at the next redistribution in 1970 and the seat remained unchanged until the 1983 general election, when constituencies were realigned to the administrative geography introduced in 1974. A new seat of Wyre Forest was formed centred on Kidderminster. Note A: ^ Grant was granted the title of baron in the Italian nobility by Victor Emmanuel II in 1868, styled himself "Baron Albert Grant" thereafter, his election in 1874 was overturned on petition. Godson's death caused a by-election. Lowe was appointed Vice-President of the Board of Trade. Bristow resigned; the election was declared void on petition. Following the election, upon discovering his election agent had been reported for bribery at a previous election, Brinton resigned to seek re-election at a by-election.

General Election 1914/15: Another General Election was required to take place before the end of 1915. The political parties had been making preparations for an election to take place and by the July 1914, the following candidates had been selected; the political parties had been making preparations for an election to take place and by the Autumn of 1939, the following candidates had been selected. British parliamentary election results 1918-1949. Chichester: Parliamentary Research Services. ISBN 0-900178-06-X. Leigh Rayment's Historical List of MPs – Constituencies beginning with "K"

English guitar

The English guitar or guittar, is a stringed instrument –a type of cittern, popular in many places in Europe from around 1750–1850. It is unknown when the identifier'English' became connected to the instrument at the time of its introduction to Great Britain, during its period of popularity it was simply known as guitar or guittar; the instrument was known in Norway as a guitarre and France as cistre or guitarre allemande. There are many examples in Norwegian museums, like British; the English guitar has a pear-shaped body, a flat base, a short neck. The instrument is related to the Portuguese guitar and the German waldzither. Early examples had tuning pegs, but many museum examples have what are referred to now as Preston tuners, an innovation that appears linked with the instrument, it had ten strings in a repetitive open C tuning, of which the highest eight are paired in four courses, C E GG cc ee gg. The English guitar may have influenced the development and tuning of the Russian guitar, which has seven strings tuned to open G in thirds with two fourths: D', G', B, D, g, b, d'.

Citole Cittern Portuguese guitar Halszither Waldzither