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Ameland is a municipality and one of the West Frisian Islands off the north coast of the Netherlands. It consists of sand dunes, it is the third major island of the West Frisians. It neighbours islands Schiermonnikoog to the east; this includes the small Rif sandbanks to the east. Ameland is, counted from the west, the fourth inhabited Dutch Wadden island and belongs to the Friesland province; the whole island falls under one municipality. The Wadden islands form the border between the North Sea and the Wadden Sea, which lies on the south side of the island file; the municipality of Ameland had a population of 3,673 in 2019. The inhabitants are called Amelanders; the island has four villages, one small part-village. There were two other villages: Oerd and Sier; the name of these villages live on in MS Oerd and MS Sier, which are the names of the ferries to the island. From west to east: Hollum, the most populated village, located on the west coast, home to the island's lighthouse Ballum, smallest village, location of the island's airfield, Ameland Airport Nes, the second largest of the island, a vibrant tourist village with many hotels home to Burgemeester Waldaschool, ferry services from Holwerd mainland Buren, located at the centre of the island, includes Ameland's beach First mentioned as Ambla in the eighth century, it paid tribute to the county of Holland until in 1424 its lord, Ritske Jelmera, declared it a "free lordship".

Although Holland and the Holy Roman Emperor contested this quasi-independent status, it remained a free lordship until the ruling family, died out in 1708. After that, the Frisian stadtholder John William Friso, Prince of Orange, became lord of Ameland and after him, his son the stadtholder of all the Netherlands, William IV, Prince of Orange, his grandson, William V, Prince of Orange. Only in the constitution of 1813 was the island integrated into the Netherlands into the province of Friesland; the monarchy of the Netherlands still maintain the title Vrijheer van Ameland today. In 1871 and 1872, a dike was built between Ameland and the mainland by a society for the reclamation of Frisian land from the sea; the dike ran from Holwerd to Buren and was 8.7 km. long. The province and the Dutch realm each paid 200,000 guilders. In the end, it was unsuccessful; the dike can still be seen at low tide. The dam at Holwerd is the beginning of this dike. In 1940 German troops were ferried to the island and within hours Ameland was under the control of the German Army.

Because of its limited military value the Allies never invaded Ameland. The German forces on the island did not surrender until June 2, 1945 a full month after the defeat of Nazi Germany. Like all West and East Frisian Islands, Ameland is a unique piece of nature; the profusion of different plants on the island is caused by the immense variety of landscapes. One of the scenic areas is the Oerd, a large complex of dunes, still expanding by the year; because of the differing landscapes and types of flora, over 60 different species of birds are sitting there every year. At the eastern part of the Oerd lies a beach plain called the Hon. Besides dunes and beaches, Ameland has some woods, like the Nesser bos. Most travelers reach the island by ferry from Holwerd in the mainland of Friesland, but there is an Airport near Ballum. A bus service connects the ferries from Buren/Nes; when the sea between Friesland and Ameland is low tide one can walk across. The population of each village of the island as of 2017: The following people were born on Ameland: Ritske Jelmera a Frisian chieftain who ruled the island of Ameland Hidde Dirks Kat, Commander of a whaling ship, shipwrecked in Greenland in 1777 Willem Cornelis de Groot, architect Johannes de Jong, Archbishop of Utrecht 1936/1955 Hannes de Boer, long jumper, participated in the 1924 and 1928 Olympic Games Sjoerd Soeters, postmodern architect Pieter Mosterman, a research Scientist and academic in the USA Jan Bruin, retired Dutch footballer.

Ameland travel guide from Wikivoyage Official website The history of Ameland

Kõpu Nature Reserve

Kõpu Nature Reserve is a nature reserve situated on Hiiumaa in western Estonia, in Hiiu County. Kõpu Nature Reserve has been established to protect the biodiversity in this unusual area on Kõpu peninsula; the nature reserve contains forest of many types, including heath forest and natural old-growth forest, fens, beach ridges and dunes. It is one of the most geologically diverse parts of Hiiumaa, the location of the island's highest point. Rare plants that find protection in the reserve include sea holly, black bogrush and several species of orchids. From the fauna, the European nightjar, black woodpecker and European honey buzzard are examples

Victoria Gardens, Portland

Victoria Gardens is a public garden, located at Underhill, Isle of Portland, England. It overlooks both Victoria Square and Chiswell; the gardens, which were created to mark the 1897 Diamond Jubilee of Queen Victoria, have remained a focal point since their opening in 1904. The gardens are made up of grassed and formal bedding areas, with a large rockery running along its centre. There is a children's play area, tennis courts and a bowling green managed by the Portland Victoria Bowls Club; the idea of transforming the land known as Little Common into a public garden was first suggested in 1896, along with the transformation of another Portland site, Easton Square, into Easton Gardens. Plans for Little Common were drawn up by the surveyor Mr E. J. Elford in 1897 and approved in 1901. Once funding was secured, work began in November 1902 and Victoria Gardens were opened on 25 May 1904 by Mr Henry Sansom, Chairman of the Portland Urban District Council; the event was attended by thousands of local residents and visitors, performances were provided by the Portland Town Band.

The original lower gate of the gardens was replaced by a new set in 1953, made by the inmates of HM Prison The Verne. These were removed but not replaced until 2015. In 1944, Portland Harbour and its naval base were commissioned as part of USNAAB Portland-Weymouth, used as a major embarkation point for American troops during D-Day the US 1st Division who embarked for "Omaha Beach" in June 1944. Portland's role in the landings was celebrated on 22 August 1945, when American Ambassador John Gilbert Winant unveiled a commemorative stone in the gardens; the plaque attached to the stone reads: "The major part of the American Assault Force which landed on the shores of Franch on'D' Day, 6 June 1944, was launched from Portland Harbor. From 6 June 1944 to 7 May 1945, 418,585 troops and 144,093 vehicles were embarked from this harbor; this plaque marks the route which the vehicles and troops took on their way to the points of embarkation. Presented by the 14th major port, U. S. Army." It is signed Harold G. Miller, Major, T.

C. Sub Port Commander, Sherman L Kibor, Colonel, T. C. Port Commander

Third River Township, Itasca County, Minnesota

Third River Township is a township in Itasca County, United States. The population was 50 at the 2010 census; this township took its name from the Third River. According to the United States Census Bureau, the township has a total area of 36.3 square miles, of which 34.9 square miles is land and 1.4 square miles, or 3.91%, is water. As of the census of 2000, there were 65 people, 32 households, 20 families living in the township; the population density was 1.9 people per square mile. There were 80 housing units at an average density of 2.3/sq mi. The racial makeup of the township was 90.77% White, 6.15% Native American, 3.08% from two or more races. There were 32 households out of which 18.8% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 50.0% were married couples living together, 3.1% had a female householder with no husband present, 37.5% were non-families. 31.3% of all households were made up of individuals and 21.9% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.03 and the average family size was 2.45.

In the township the population was spread out with 12.3% under the age of 18, 6.2% from 18 to 24, 20.0% from 25 to 44, 36.9% from 45 to 64, 24.6% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 52 years. For every 100 females, there were 97.0 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 96.6 males. The median income for a household in the township was $30,750, the median income for a family was $38,333. Males had a median income of $22,083 versus $11,667 for females; the per capita income for the township was $16,679. There were 13.6% of families and 13.8% of the population living below the poverty line, including no under eighteens and 11.1% of those over 64

Jeff Tuel

Jeffrey Victor Tuel is a former American football quarterback. He played college football for Washington State, he was signed by the Buffalo Bills as an undrafted free agent in 2013 and spent most of 2013 and 2014 as the Bills' third-string quarterback. He was a member of the Jacksonville Jaguars. Tuel's family moved from Tucson, Arizona, to Fresno, after his freshman year of high school. Wanting to play quarterback, he chose to attend Clovis West High School in Fresno due to its reputation though Beau Sweeney was entrenched as Clovis West's starting quarterback. Tuel played for the junior varsity team in his sophomore year made the varsity team as a wide receiver in his junior year, he became the starting quarterback in his senior year. Tuel enrolled at Washington State University, becoming only the second true freshman to start at quarterback for the Washington State Cougars football team, after Drew Bledsoe. In 26 games, Tuel had four wins. However, his 61.4 completion percentage is the highest in Cougars' history, he finished his career in the top ten in school history for completions, pass attempts and passing yards.

Tuel suffered a broken collarbone early in the 2011 season, reinjured his collarbone when he returned. He considered petitioning the National Collegiate Athletic Association for a fifth year of collegiate eligibility due to injuries that limited his playing time, but decided against it, he believed. Statistics via ESPN Tuel was not invited to the NFL Scouting Combine or selected in the 2013 NFL Draft. Tuel signed with the Buffalo Bills. On August 26, 2013, Tuel was tentatively named the starting quarterback for Week 1 of the 2013 Buffalo Bills season. Whether Tuel would start depended on the status of current first-string quarterback EJ Manuel, recovering from an operation on his knee. On September 4, the Bills determined Manuel was healthy enough to return to play and named him starting quarterback, relegating Tuel to the second string position. Had Tuel started that game, he would have been the first undrafted rookie quarterback to start a season opener without any prior professional football experience since at least the 1950s.

He received some notoriety for being a unknown player when he was named as the Bills' starting quarterback—in fact, this Wikipedia page did not exist when the announcement happened. Tuel played his first NFL game on October 3, 2013 against the Cleveland Browns shortly after the starting quarterback, EJ Manuel, hurt his knee halfway into the 3rd quarter, his first pass was due to a defensive interference. Late in the 4th quarter, Tuel threw an interception, returned 44 yards for a touchdown ending any chance of a Bills comeback. Following Tuel's performance, the Bills called up Thad Lewis from the practice squad and named him starter, again demoting Tuel to second-string. Coincidentally, the Bills brought back punter Brian Moorman, who wore Tuel's original number 8 in the twelve seasons before Tuel's arrival. Tuel made his first NFL start on a 23 -- 13 loss to the Kansas City Chiefs. Tuel and Lewis competed for the second string position during the 2014 training camp; the move was short-lived. Tuel was signed to the Bills' practice squad shortly afterward.

Tuel was waived by the Bills on May 29, 2015. Tuel was claimed off waivers by the Jacksonville Jaguars on June 1, 2015, he was waived on August 29, 2015. On October 13, Tuel was re-signed to Jacksonville's practice squad. On December 9, 2015, Tuel was released from the Jacksonville Jaguars' practice squad. Statistics via ESPN Jeff Tuel on Twitter Buffalo Bills bio Washington State Cougars bio feature story

Gō Rijū

Gō Rijū is a Japanese film director and actor. Rijū started making 8mm films in high school, his Kyōkun I earned a spot at the 1980 Pia Film Festival. In 1981, he made his acting debut with a starring role in the TBS drama Fubo no gosan; the same year, he participated in the production of Kihachi Okamoto's At This Late Date, the Charleston, not only starring, but co-authoring the script and serving as assistant director. As an actor, he has appeared in films directed by Juzo Itami, Yoichi Sai, Kaizo Hayashi, Shinji Aoyama; as a director, his film Elephant Song won the NETPAC Award at the 1995 Berlin Film Festival. His next work Berlin earned him the Directors Guild of Japan New Directors Award, his 2001 film Chloe was selected for the competition at the Berlin Film Festival. Fubo no gosan Tokugawa Ieyasu, Toyotomi Hideyori Kinpachi-sensei Fūrin Kazan, Narita Nagayasu Drifting Net Cafe Ryōmaden, Maki Yasuomi Ariadne no Dangan Ataru Hanzawa Naoki At This Late Date, the Charleston KT Taiyō no Ie Elephant Song Berlin Chloe Official website Gō Rijū on IMDb