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American Falls

The American Falls is the second-largest of the three waterfalls that together are known as Niagara Falls on the Niagara River along the Canada–U. S. Border. Unlike the much larger Horseshoe Falls, of which 90% is in Ontario, Canada and 10% in the U. S. state of New York, the American Falls is within the United States. The falls receive 11% of the flow from Niagara River, with most of the rest going over Horseshoe Falls, from which it is separated by Goat Island, it has a straight line crest width of about 830 feet. If measured along the jagged lip of the falls, the crest is about 950 feet long; the torrent of water passing over the crest of the falls is about 2 feet deep. The height of the American Falls ranges between 70 to 110 feet; this measurement is taken from the top of the Falls to top of the rock pile. The height of the Falls from the top of the Falls to the river is 188 feet. Visitors can view the falls from a steep angle on the American side, where it is possible to approach to within several meters of the edge of the falls.

One can view the falls from the bank of the river, as well as on Goat Island and Luna Island, which are accessible by a pedestrian bridge that crosses the rapids of the Niagara River upstream from the falls. The falls are viewable head-on from the Canadian side in Ontario; the ledge of the American Falls is shaped in a modified "W" form, caused by numerous rock falls over the past 150 years which have resulted in the huge mound of rock at its base. The most notable recent rockfall occurred in 1954 with the collapse of Prospect Point to the north. To survey the rockfall and determine how to prevent the falls from becoming a series of rapids, the U. S. Army Corps of Engineers blocked the flow of water over the American Falls from June to November 1969. Results conflict as to whether tourist attendance that season was lower than normal. Attendance increases were due to the news the cataract was dried off. By December 1969, water was flowing over the American Falls again. In the mid‑1970s, it was decided not to make alterations to the rockwall, citing the trend to allow nature to take its course.

Images from the Historic Niagara Digital Collections Art works in the collection of the Niagara Falls Public Library Dewatering timeline

Town and Country Building

The Town and Country Building (also known as the Lyric Theatre and New Lyric Theatre is a historic commercial building located at Liberty in Sullivan County, New York. It was built in about 1890 as a combination meeting hall and retail space and has been occupied by a series of stores and social groups; the last substantive exterior renovation was about 1950 when it received the current Art Moderne facade. The building consists of two large rectangular blocks; the front block is one half stories tall and seven bays deep, surmounted by a gable roof. The rear block was built about 1950 and is one and one half stories tall, five bays deep, constructed of concrete block and surmounted by a broad gable roof; the Town and Country Men's and Boy's Clothing Store occupied the storefront for 50 years until the 1990s. It was added to the National Register of Historic Places in 2004. Allan Bérubé helped to save the building. National Register Celebrates Preservation Week -- Liberty, New York, May 2005

Fyodor Chalov

Fyodor Nikolayevich Chalov is a Russian professional footballer who plays as a striker for PFC CSKA Moscow. Chalov made his debut for the main squad of PFC CSKA Moscow in the Russian Cup game against Yenisey Krasnoyarsk on 21 September 2016. On 2 November 2016, he scored 4 goals for CSKA's Under-19 team in a UEFA Youth League 5–0 victory against Monaco. Following that game, he was called up to the main squad and made his Russian Premier League debut on 6 November 2016 as a late substitute in a game against Amkar Perm. On the next matchday on 18 November 2016, he made his first starting-lineup appearance for CSKA against Arsenal Tula, on 22 November he started their next Champions League game against Bayer Leverkusen, he scored his first goal for CSKA on 3 December 2016 in a game against Ural Yekaterinburg. On 27 February 2017, Chalov signed a new contract with CSKA, keeping him at the club until 2020, signing a new contract until the summer of 2022 on 22 January 2019. Chalov scored three goals for the Russia national under-17 football team at the 2015 FIFA U-17 World Cup.

On 11 May 2018, he was included in Russia's extended 2018 FIFA World Cup squad, the first time he was called up to the senior national team. He was not included in the finalized World Cup squad, he made his debut for the team on 21 March 2019 in a UEFA Euro 2020 qualifier against Belgium. His father is a research chemist, while his older brother Daniil Chalov is a professional footballer. In his youth he excelled at flute as well as football; as of 12 December 2019 CSKA Moscow Russian Super Cup: 2018 Russian Premier League top goalscorer: 2018–19 Best young soccer player of Russia: 2017 Fyodor Chalov at Russian Premier League Fyodor Chalov – UEFA competition record

Mark Gustavson

Mark Gustavson is an American composer of contemporary classical music. Gustavson lives on eastern Long Island, teaches at various universities in the New York City area, including Adelphi University and Nassau Community College, he graduated from the University of Illinois in 1981 and received a D. M. A. from Columbia University in 1990. Gustavson studied at the Sweelinck Conservatory with Ton De Leeuw on a Fulbright Fellowship in 1985-86 and was a composition fellow at Tanglewood in 1979, his primary composition teachers were Ben Johnston and Fred Lerdahl. Western classical music, Folk music from around the world, Jazz blended with Eastern and Western philosophy have all influenced Gustavson's style, he favors notated music that sounds improvised. Form is based on different approaches to variations influenced by occurring cycles. Rhythm can at times be complex or deceptively simple; because of the unpredictable entrances of each voice an improvisatory quality is suggested. In A Fool's Journey, it is the complex textures.

The complex layering of lines or polyphony in this example from "A Fool's Journey" purposely avoids the coming together of the independent voices. The Prelude to "Lament" for piano solo demonstrates another way to create the sense of improvisation by using a basso ostinato in the left hand and a rhythmically free right hand. One more example from a recent work "Turning" for bass clarinet, percussion and double bass explores many ways of creating the illusion of improvisation; this example demonstrates metrical independence of the four instruments, at times in four different meters. His music has been recognized with various awards and prizes, including the American Academy of Arts and Letters Walter Hinrichsen Award, the Joseph H. Bearns Prize, the BMI Student Composer Award, the ASCAP Foundation Morton Gould Young Composer Award. In the first decade of the 21st century, Gustavson's attention turned to vocal music. Two works of note are The Fisherman Songs for bass/baritone and piano and Lament, a monodrama for bass/baritone, bass clarinet, piano, female chorus, double bass, using a poem of the same title by Dylan Thomas.

Prelude from "Lament" for bass clarinet, percussion and double bass is performed by the pianist Jacob Rhodebeck and "Turning" was performed by the Stony Brook Contemporary Chamber Players. A recording with Quintet performed by Contempo and Dissolving Images for solo piano performed by Lisa Moore are available on Albany Records, and "Dissolving Images" and "Quintet" are published by Edition Peters. Orchestra Dust Dance Hymn to the Vanished for string orchestra Silent Moon Waves Band & Wind ensemble Hymn to the Vanished arranged for concert band The Emperor's Music for twelve antiphonal solo brassChamber Wheel for violin and piano Hymn to the Vanished for clarinet and piano Turning for bass clarinet, percussion and double bass Chiftetelli for clarinet, 2 violins and cello A Fool's Journey for flute, percussion and cello Two of Cups for clarinet and viola Albion for wind quintet Quintet for clarinet, 2 violins and cello Bag o'Tales for saxophone quartet Plexus for flute, harp and cello Jag for flute, trombone and cello Twenty Variations for flute and pianoVocal I Heard an Angel Singing text: Mark Gustavson for soprano and fixed media Lament text: Dylan Thomas monodrama for bass/baritone, bass clarinet, percussion.

Piano, female chorus and double-bass Fisherman Songs text: collection for bass/baritone and piano The Four Love Songs for soprano, 2 clarinets, 2 percussion and cello The Three Mirrors text: Edwin Muir for soprano, clarinet, piano, 3 percussion Solo instrumental The Lounge Pianist for vocalizing pianist Trickster for clarinet solo Dissolving Images for piano soloElectroacoustic I Heard an Angel Singing for soprano & fixed media Footfalls for fixed media Air for fixed mediaMultimedia In-between for fixed media & video Dissolving Images, Lisa Moore, Edward Gilmore, Either/Or, Albany Records, Release date: July 1, 2013. Chiftetelli, Contemporary Chamber Players of the University of Chicago, CD Baby, Release date: September 10, 2010. Air: Music for Yoga and Meditation, Gustavson Sounds Records, Release date: September 2, 2016. Gustavson, Mark "Conversation in New York", Contemporary Music Review, Volume 10, American Composers: The Emerging Generation, pp. 121 – 132. ISBN 3-7186-5529-2 Maurice Hinson and Wesley Roberts, "Guide to the Pianist's Repertoire, Fourth Edition", Indiana University Press, 2013, p. 459 Patrick Hanudel, Album Review: "Gustavson: Chamber Music", "American Record Guide", January/February 2014, p. 114 Buell, Richard, "The Smart, Persuasive Sounds of Young Dinosaurs", Boston Globe, 7 February 2001.

Accessed via subscription 2 March 2010. Dyer, Richard, "Tanglewood Festival Celebrates Diversity of Contemporary Music", Boston Globe, 6 August 2006. Accessed via subscription 2 March 2010. Gowan, Bradford, "Review: Dissolving Images by Mark Gustavson", The Piano quarterly, Issue 148, Winter 1988/89, p. 16 Griffiths, "Looking Eastward for Patterns and a Quiet Sensuality", New York Times, 10 O

Alex Ross (politician)

Alexander Ross was a stonemason and cabinet minister from Alberta, Canada. He was born in Scotland. Ross was first elected in the 1917 Alberta election defeating Conservative Thomas Tweedie, he was elected as the first and only member of the Labor Representation League to sit in the assembly. The Labor Representation League merged with the Dominion Labor Party. In the 1921 Alberta election after Calgary Centre was abolished he ran in the reconstituted Calgary riding and won the top spot in a 5-member block vote. In that election the United Farmers of Alberta defeated the Liberals in the rural part of the province, formed the government; the United Farmers did not run any candidates in Calgary and Ross was asked to serve as Minister of Public Works despite being a member of the opposition. Ross was acclaimed in a ministerial by-election on December 9, 1921. In 1922 Ross helped found the Canadian Labor Party and served on its executive with other prominent labor politicians of the era, such as Elmer Ernest Roper and Alf Farmilo.

Ross served out the rest of his second term as a minister, his third term for the legislature until the 1926 Alberta general election. He was nominated by the Canadian Labor Party to run in Calgary, however the Calgary Herald reported that he did not appear to be enthusiastic to run, but would accept his nomination anyway. On voting day Ross was defeated in the 8th round of vote transfers finishing 8th out of 11 candidates. Edmonton Labor Council in Municipal Politics 1903 - 1960 United Farmers of Alberta: Years of Government, Alberta Heritage Who's Who in the provincial election Calgary Herald June 22, 1926 Alex Ross will run in Calgary, Calgary Herald June 8, 1926 Legislative Assembly of Alberta Members Listing

Avalon, New Jersey

Avalon is a borough in Cape May County, New Jersey, on Seven Mile Island. As of the 2010 United States Census, the full-time borough population was 1,334, although it swells during the summer months; the population declined by 809 from the 2,143 counted in the 2000 Census, which had in turn increased by 334 from the 1,809 counted in the 1990 Census. The community is one of the most affluent communities along the Jersey Shore and is home to some of the most expensive real estate on the East Coast. In 2007, Forbes listed Avalon as the 65th most expensive ZIP Code in the United States. Washingtonian "named Avalon the'chicest beach' in the mid-Atlantic, the place to see women in diamonds and designer swimwear." A small portion of Avalon is not on Seven Mile Island. The borough is part of the Ocean City Metropolitan Statistical Area. Avalon, known as a South Jersey seashore resort, has the motto "Cooler by a Mile", since it juts out into the Atlantic Ocean about a mile farther than other barrier islands.

It was ranked the seventh-best beach in New Jersey in the 2008 Top 10 Beaches Contest sponsored by the New Jersey Marine Sciences Consortium. Around 14,000 years ago, the barrier islands of Cape May County formed from spits and lines of dunes. A thriving juniper forest occupied by Lenni Lenape Native Americans, the area was purchased by Aaron Leaming in December 1722 for 79 pounds. Known as Seven Mile Beach, it was owned and retained by the Leamings for 100 years. Legends say that pirates buried their bounty on Seven Mile Island, that Henry Hudson may have dropped anchor somewhere offshore but these legends are not confirmed; the island served as a cattle range and was used for its plentiful timber. The Leamings sold the land, the island exchanged hands in a number of transactions afterwards. In April 1887, the Seven Mile Beach company was formed; as early as 1893, Avalon was advertised as a resort town. With this rapid development and businesses were erected; the native juniper forest was graded and cut, the sandy hills were leveled off, making the island flat.

Today it is rare to see hills or native juniper in Avalon. Avalon was incorporated as a borough by an act of the New Jersey Legislature on April 18, 1892, from portions of Middle Township, based on the results of a referendum held two days earlier; the borough was reincorporated on March 6, 1896, again on May 4, 1897. Another portion of Middle Township was annexed in 1910. On December 27, 1941, portions of Avalon were ceded to Stone Harbor; the borough is named for Avalon of Arthurian legend. On January 4, 1890, the Commonwealth, piloted by Captain W. S. Willets, sank; this 197-ton ship was en route from New York City to Philadelphia with a cargo of molasses, tobacco, coconut oil, camphor. Straying from its course in rough weather, the Commonwealth ran aground in Townsend's Inlet; the crew was rescued and most of the cargo was salvaged. However, after a week trapped in the sandy bottom of the inlet, the ship began to come apart in the waves; some of the remaining cargo washed ashore and most of it was taken by the early residents of Avalon.

The wreck, unable to be recovered, was sold to John Townshend on February 2. By the early 1900s, the Leaming Railroad bridge was constructed, allowing train connections into the town; this increased the traffic from Pennsylvania. Around 1944 the West Jersey and Seashore railroad lines merged with the Reading Railroad; this ended the era of travel by train to the island. A hurricane took Avalon now has a north end beginning at 7th street. In the mid-1950s the Wolfington Family of Philadelphia purchased and operated the Puritan Hotel enlarged and renamed the Whitebriar Hotel on the beach block at 21st Street; the Whitebriar was managed for two seasons in the mid-1950s, one of the future'great hosts' of several hotels in the Greater Philadelphia area, Robert C. Bennett, he was the son of another'famous' hotelier, Claude H. Bennett of the Bellevue Stratford Hotel in Philadelphia; the most used method of transportation to and from Avalon is by car or boat. According to the United States Census Bureau, the borough had a total area of 4.927 square miles, including 4.152 square miles of land and 0.775 square miles of water.

Unincorporated communities and place names located or within the borough include Peermont. The borough borders the Cape May County municipalities of Dennis Township, Middle Township, Sea Isle City and Stone Harbor, as well as the Atlantic Ocean; as of the 2010 United States Census, there were 1,334 people, 692 households, 415.892 families living in the borough. The population density was 321.3 per square mile. There were 5,434 housing units at an average density of 1,308.8 per square mile. The racial makeup of the borough was 98.05% White, 0.30% Black or African American, 0.30% Native American, 0.22% Asian, 0.00% Pacific Islander, 0.15% from other races, 0.97% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 2.17% of the population. There were 692 households out of which 9.2% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 54.6% were married couples living together, 4.8% had a female householder with no husband present, 39.9% were non-families. 36.0% of all households were made up of individuals, 21.1% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older.

The average household size was 1.93 and the average family size was 2.45. In the borough, the population was spread out with 8.9% under