American Idol is an American singing competition television series created by Simon Fuller, produced by FremantleMedia North America and 19 Entertainment, distributed by Fremantle North America. It aired on Fox from June 11, 2002, to April 7, 2016, for 15 seasons, it had a hiatus for two years, until March 11, 2018, when a revival of the series aired on ABC. It started as an addition to the Idols format, based on Pop Idol from British television, became one of the most successful shows in the history of American television; the concept of the series involves discovering recording stars from unsigned singing talents, with the winner determined by American viewers using phones, SMS text voting. The winners of the first seventeen seasons, as chosen by viewers, are Kelly Clarkson, Ruben Studdard, Fantasia Barrino, Carrie Underwood, Taylor Hicks, Jordin Sparks, David Cook, Kris Allen, Lee DeWyze, Scotty McCreery, Phillip Phillips, Candice Glover, Caleb Johnson, Nick Fradiani, Trent Harmon, Maddie Poppe, Laine Hardy respectively.
American Idol employs a panel of vocal judges. The original judges, for the first through eighth seasons, were record producer and music manager Randy Jackson and choreographer Paula Abdul, music executive and manager Simon Cowell; the judging panel for the last three seasons on Fox consisted of singers Keith Urban, Jennifer Lopez, Harry Connick Jr. The sixteenth season brought three new judges: singers Lionel Richie, Katy Perry, Luke Bryan; the first season was hosted by radio personality Ryan Seacrest and comedian Brian Dunkleman, but Seacrest remained as the sole master of ceremonies for the rest of the series. The success of American Idol has been described as "unparalleled in broadcasting history". A rival TV executive said the series was "the most impactful show in the history of television", it became a recognized springboard for launching the career of many artists as bona fide stars. According to Billboard magazine, in its first ten years, "Idol has spawned 345 Billboard chart-toppers and a platoon of pop idols, including Kelly Clarkson, Carrie Underwood, Chris Daughtry, Ruben Studdard, Jennifer Hudson, Clay Aiken, Adam Lambert, Jordin Sparks while remaining a TV ratings juggernaut."For an unprecedented eight consecutive years, from the 2003–04 television season through the 2010–11 season, either its performance show or result show was ranked number one in U.
S. television ratings. American Idol was based on the British show Pop Idol created by Simon Fuller, in turn inspired by the New Zealand television singing competition Popstars. Television producer Nigel Lythgoe helped bring it over to Britain. Fuller was inspired by the idea from Popstars of employing a panel of judges to select singers in audition, he added other elements, including telephone voting by the viewing public, the drama of backstories, real-life soap opera unfolding in real time. Pop Idol debuted in Britain in 2001 with Lythgoe as showrunner—the executive producer and production leader—and Simon Cowell as one of the judges, was successful with the viewing public. In 2001, Cowell, TV producer Simon Jones attempted to sell the Pop Idol format to the United States, but the idea was met with poor responses from all the television networks including Fox. However, Rupert Murdoch, head of Fox's parent company, was persuaded to buy the series by his daughter, who had seen the British show.
Although Fox's executives wanted to change the format, Murdoch insisted that it should remain the same as the British one. One change was made due to the presence of multiple time zones in the United States that made it impractical for the country to vote in the same time period, an additional half-hour results show was therefore added the day following the performance show; the show was renamed American Idol: The Search for a Superstar and debuted in the summer of 2002. Cowell was offered the job of showrunner, but turned down the offer. Much to the surprise of Cowell and Fox, it became one of the biggest shows of the summer. With its successful launch in the summer, the show was moved to January and expanded; the show grew into a phenomenon due to its personal engagement with the contestants by prompting the viewers to vote, the presence of the acid-tongued Cowell as a judge. By 2004, it had become the most-watched show on U. S. television, a position it held for seven consecutive seasons. However, after a few years of sharp declining ratings starting in 2012, with rating falls of over 20% each season, the fifteenth season would be its last, ending its run in April 2016.
In May 2017, ABC acquired the rights to the series and the program returned for the 2017–18 television season. ABC announced in May 2019; the show had planned on having four judges following the Pop Idol format. A fourth judge, radio DJ Stryker, was chosen but he dropped out citing "image concerns". In the second season, New York radio personality Angie Martinez had been hired as a fourth judge but withdrew only after a few days of auditions due to not being comfortable with giving out criticism; the show decided to continue with the three judges format until the eighth season. All three original judges stayed on the judging panel for eight seasons. In the eighth season, Latin Grammy Award-nominated singer-songwriter and record producer Ka
The men's double trap competition at the 2004 Summer Olympics was held on August 17 at the Markópoulo Olympic Shooting Centre near Athens, Greece. The event consisted of two rounds: a qualifier and a final. In the qualifier, each shooter fired 3 sets of 50 shots in trap shooting. Shots were paired, with two targets being launched at a time; the top 6 shooters in the qualifying round moved on to the final round. There, they fired one additional round of 50; the total score from all 200 shots was used to determine final ranking. Ties are broken using a shoot-off. Ahmed Al Maktoum, a member of Dubai's royal family, set a historic milestone for the United Arab Emirates by picking up the nation's first gold medal in Olympic history, breaking a new Olympic record of 179 in the qualification round and increased his six-point lead to a ten-point post-final victory margin at 189. India's Rajyavardhan Singh Rathore, who finished fifth earlier in the prelims with 135, shot in the final round to grab the silver with 179, while China's Wang Zheng scored 178 to edge out his teammate Hu Binyuan for the bronze by a single hit.
Defending Olympic champion Richard Faulds failed to reach the final round after a dismal display in the prelims, posting a total record of 130 out of 150 to finish thirteenth in a field of twenty-five shooters. Prior to this competition, the existing world and Olympic records were. =OR Equalled Olympic record – Q Qualified for final =OR Equalled Olympic record Official Results
Lardizabalaceae is a family of flowering plants. The family has been universally recognized by taxonomists, including the APG II system, which places it in the order Ranunculales, in the clade eudicots; the family consist of 7 genera with about 40 known species of woody plants. All are lianas, save Decaisnea; the leaves are alternate, compound, with pulvinate leaflets. The flowers are in drooping racemes, they are found in eastern Asia, from the Himalayas to Japan, with the exception of the genera Lardizabala and Boquila, both native to southern South America. Lardizabalaceae in the Flora of North America Lardizabalaceae in the Flora of China links at CSDL Chilean Lardizabalaceae at Chileflora