American International Group, Inc. known as AIG, is an American multinational finance and insurance corporation with operations in more than 80 countries and jurisdictions. As of December 31, 2016, AIG companies employed 56,400 people; the company operates through three core businesses: General Insurance, Life & Retirement, a standalone technology-enabled subsidiary. General Insurance includes Commercial, Personal Insurance, U. S. and International field operations. Life & Retirement includes Group Retirement, Individual Retirement and Institutional Markets. AIG's corporate headquarters are in New York City and the company has offices around the world. AIG serves 87% of the Fortune Global 500 and 83% of the Forbes 2000. AIG was ranked 60th on the 2018 Fortune 500 list. According to the 2016 Forbes Global 2000 list, AIG is the 87th largest public company in the world. On December 31, 2017, AIG had $65.2 billion in shareholder equity. During the financial crisis of 2008, the Federal Reserve bailed the company out for $180 billion and assumed control, with the Financial Crisis Inquiry Commission correlating AIG's failure with the mass sales of unhedged insurance.
In 2011 the nationalization of AIG was ruled illegal, after regaining autonomy, AIG repaid $205 billion to the United States government in 2012. AIG was founded December 19, 1919 when American Cornelius Vander Starr established a general insurance agency, American Asiatic Underwriters, in Shanghai, China. Business grew and two years Starr formed a life insurance operation. By the late 1920s, AAU had branches throughout China and Southeast Asia, including the Philippines and Malaysia. In 1926, Mr. Starr opened his first office in the United States, American International Underwriters Corporation, he focused on opportunities in Latin America and, in the late 1930s, AIU entered Havana, Cuba. The steady growth of the Latin American agencies proved significant as it would offset the decline in business from Asia due to the impending World War II. In 1939, Mr. Starr moved his headquarters from China, to New York City. After World War II, American International Underwriters entered Japan and Germany, to provide insurance for American military personnel.
Throughout the late 1940s and early 1950s, AIU continued to expand in Europe, with offices opening in France and the United Kingdom. In 1952, Mr. Starr began to focus on the American market by acquiring Globe & Rutgers Fire Insurance Company and its subsidiary, American Home Fire Assurance Company. By the end of the decade, C. V. Starr's general and life insurance organization included an extensive network of agents and offices in over 75 countries. In 1960, C. V. Starr hired Maurice R. Greenberg to develop an international health business. Two years Mr. Greenberg reorganized one of C. V. Starr's U. S. holdings into a successful multiple line carrier. Greenberg focused on selling insurance through independent brokers rather than agents to eliminate agent salaries. Using brokers, AIU could price insurance according to its potential return if it suffered decreased sales of certain products for great lengths of time with little extra expense. In 1967, American International Group, Inc. was incorporated as a unifying umbrella organization for most of C.
V. Starr's life insurance businesses. In 1968, Starr named Greenberg his successor; the company went public in 1969. The 1970s presented many challenges for AIG as operations in the Middle East and Southeast Asia were curtailed or ceased altogether due to the changing political landscape. However, AIG continued to expand its markets by introducing specialized energy and shipping products to serve the needs of niche industries. During the 1980s, AIG continued expanding its market distribution and worldwide network by offering a wide range of specialized products, including pollution liability and political risk. In 1984, AIG listed its shares on the New York Stock Exchange. Throughout the 1990s, AIG developed new sources of income through diverse investments, including the acquisition of International Lease Finance Corporation, a provider of leased aircraft to the airline industry. In 1992, AIG received the first foreign insurance license granted in over 40 years by the Chinese government. Within the U.
S. AIG acquired SunAmerica Inc. a retirement savings company managed by Eli Broad, in 1999. The early 2000s saw a marked period of growth as AIG acquired American General Corporation, a leading domestic life insurance and annuities provider, AIG entered new markets including India. In February 2000, AIG created a strategic advisory venture team with the Blackstone Group and Kissinger Associates "to provide financial advisory services to corporations seeking high level independent strategic advice". AIG was an investor in Blackstone from 1998 to March 2012, when it sold all of its shares in the company. Blackstone acted as an adviser for AIG during the 2007-2008 financial crisis. In March 2003 American General merged with Old Line Life Insurance Company. In the early 2000s, AIG made significant investments in Russia as the country recovered from its financial crisis. In July 2003, Maurice Greenberg met with Putin to discuss AIG's investments and improving U. S.-Russia economic ties, in anticipation of Putin's meeting with U.
S. President George W. Bush that year."In November 2004, AIG reached a US$126 million settlement with the U. S. Securities and Exchange Commission and the Justice Department resolving a number of regulatory matters, but the company must still cooperate with investigators continuing to probe the sale of a non-traditional insurance product. In 2005, AIG became embroiled in a series of fraud investigations conducted by the Securities
Chalcuchimac was, along with Quizquiz and Rumiñawi one of the leading Inca generals of the north and a supporter of Atahualpa, for whom he had won five battles against the Spaniards. He was born in Quito in the north end of the Empire, therefore swore his allegiance to Atahualpa in the division of the empire after the 1527 death of Huayna Capac and predicted heir Ninan Cuyochi died in smallpox in the north. In the civil war that followed in 1529, he fought alongside Atahualpa and participated in defeating the Huáscaran forces in the battle of Chimborazo and having Huáscar's general and brother Atoc captured and killed. In April 1532, he and his companion captured Huáscar in the battle of Quipaipan. Hernando Pizarro convinced Chalcuchimac, camped with an army of 35,000 in the Jauja Valley, that he was called to Cajamarca by Atahualpa after the Battle of Cajamarca. Chalcuchimac was arrested by the Spaniards, who feared he might resume hostilities. Once Atahualpa had been executed on 29 August 29, 1533, Pizarro advanced with his army of five hundred Spaniards toward Cuzco, accompanied by Chalcuchimac and Manco Inca Yupanqui, after the death of Túpac Huallpa.
The natives attacked these troops several times with such spirit and discipline that they suspected Chialiquichiama was in secret communication with the Indians and directing their operations. There was a rumor that Quizquiz, the leader of the natives, had received communications from his imprisoned colleague Chialiquichiama letting him know the Spanish force was divided and how best to profit by that occasion; the suspicions, though not sufficiently proved to justify his fate, were enough to decide it, Pizarro sentenced him to be burned alive. He was offered a less painful death if he would become a Christian, but he refused to be baptized, died according to the sentence, remonstrating to the last moment against the injustice of his condemnation; the Spaniards routed the forces of Quizquiz and captured Cuzco in late 1533. Quintana, Manuel José. Vidas de los españoles célebres, Tomo II, El Gran Capitán - Vasco Nuñez de Balboa. Madrid. Pp. 173–198. Archived from the original on 22 February 1992.
Retrieved 25 June 2015
"Upgrade U" is a song by American singer and songwriter Beyoncé from her second studio album B'Day. The song features additional vocals from American rapper Jay-Z, it was composed by Swizz Beatz, Cameron Wallace, Beyoncé, MK, Sean Garrett, Angela Beyincé, Jay-Z, Willie Clarke, Clarence Reid, Beyoncé's sister, Solange. Columbia Records released "Upgrade U" as a promotional single on 8 October 2006 in the United States only. "Upgrade U" draws from the genres of hip hop and contemporary R&B. The concept of the song revolves around a woman offering luxuries to a man to upgrade his lifestyle. "Upgrade U" was well received by music critics, some praising Knowles' assertiveness while singing about her desire to give luxuries to her man. Many praised the natural chemistry that Knowles and Jay-Z have in the song. After the release of B'Day, "Upgrade U" started to gain popularity on R&B and hip hop radio stations in the United States; this prompted its pre-release debut on the US Hot R&B/Hip-Hop Songs chart and on the US Billboard Hot 100 chart.
The music video for the song was directed by Melina Matsoukas, took one and a half days of shooting. Knowles did an impersonation of Jay-Z in the clip and is seen amidst gold watches and jewelry, continuing the motif of luxury, alluded to in the song, it emerged as the forty-fifth best R&B/Hip-Hop song of 2007 in the United States. Although Knowles did not perform "Upgrade U" in any televised appearances, the song was a part of her set list on The Beyoncé Experience tour, I Am... Tour, as well as her and Jay Z's joint On the Run Tour. "Upgrade U" was written by Beyoncé Knowles, MK, Sean Garrett, Angela Beyincé, Jay-Z, Willie Clarke and Solange Knowles. It was recorded at Sony Music Studios in New York City. T. I. was to be the original rap guest on the song. Jay-Z was selected as the featuring artist; the song was released as a twelve-inch promotional single on November 27, 2006, in the United States only. "Upgrade U" is a hip hop song, with influences of pop and contemporary R&B. According to the sheet music published at Musicnotes.com by EMI Music Publishing, the song is set in the key of D minor, with a moderate groove of 92 beats per minute in common time.
Knowles' vocals range from the note of G♯3 to E5. The song features a synth-horn backdrop as well as a bounce-based hand clap beat. Like most of the tracks on the album, the beat is reinforced by the Roland TR-808 drum machine, while the song features a heavy bass. "Upgrade U" samples Betty Wright's 1968 song "Girls Can't Do What the Guys Do", composed by Willie Clarke and Clarence Reid. Sal Cinquemani of Slant Magazine noted that similarities between "Upgrade U" and songs from the Destiny's Child era in the sense that it could make a "female self-empowerment" anthem. According to Mike Joseph of PopMatters, "Upgrade U" contains "the natural chemistry" that Knowles and Jay-Z have in real life; the concept of the song revolves around a woman offering luxuries to a man, to upgrade the lifestyle and the reputation of the latter. Phil Harrison of Timeout commented that the song has "a strange business-like" quality, which seems to posit a love affair as a business arrangement. Throughout the song, both Jay-Z and Knowles name-check a list of goods from prestige brands and personalities: "Audemars Piguet", a Swiss watchmaker.
According to Eb Haynes of AllHipHop, Knowles displays "a lot of strength and confidence" when she mentions the assets she will gift her man to upgrade his lifestyle. The song opens with a dialogue between Knowles and Jay-Z, with his verse rap sampling the lyrics, "How you gon' upgrade me? What's higher than number one? You know. Now I be's the block." In the first verse, Knowles sings, "I hear you be the block but I'm the lights that keep the streets on". The chorus samples the lyrics: "You need a real woman in your life, that's a good look Take care of home and still fly, that's a good look Let me upgrade you, flip a new page". In the second verse, according to Sarah Rodman of The Boston Globe, Knowles "disturbingly conflates transforming her man into a leader" by providing him with Veblen goods with "what Martin did for the people", after declaring herself the equal of her man offers to "let take the lead role". Describing the lyrics of the second verse as Knowles' "funnier and more idiosyncratic than ever", Tim Finney of Pitchfork commented that she boasts of the song's "extreme makeover hard-sell" as she knows that she is "the only R&B singer" who could del
Cranberry is a township in Venango County, United States. The population was 7,014 at the 2000 census. According to the United States Census Bureau, the township has a total area of 71.3 square miles, of which, 70.4 square miles of it is land and 0.9 square miles of it is water. As of the census of 2000, there were 7,014 people, 2,843 households, 2,066 families residing in the township; the population density was 99.7 people per square mile. There were 3,054 housing units at an average density of 43.4/sq mi. The racial makeup of the township was 98.67% White, 0.31% African American, 0.24% Native American, 0.20% Asian, 0.24% from other races, 0.33% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.66% of the population. There were 2,843 households out of which 31.1% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 59.2% were married couples living together, 9.7% had a female householder with no husband present, 27.3% were non-families. 24.0% of all households were made up of individuals and 11.4% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older.
The average household size was 2.46 and the average family size was 2.89. In the township the population was spread out with 24.1% under the age of 18, 7.5% from 18 to 24, 26.2% from 25 to 44, 25.9% from 45 to 64, 16.2% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 40 years. For every 100 females, there were 94.2 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 91.2 males. The median income for a household in the township was $34,547, the median income for a family was $40,063. Males had a median income of $31,573 versus $24,750 for females; the per capita income for the township was $16,361. About 10.6% of families and 11.8% of the population were below the poverty line, including 16.2% of those under age 18 and 6.1% of those age 65 or over. Bredinsburg – Also known in 1906 as Breydensburg. Cranberry Township Official Website
Hoyt Archery is an American manufacturer of recurve and compound bows located in Salt Lake City, Utah. Most notable for their competition recurve bows, which are featured prominently in the Olympics. Hoyt is owned by Jas. D. Easton, Inc.. Hoyt was founded in 1931 in St. Louis, MO with Earl Hoyt Sr. and his son producing hand made cedar arrows and wooden bows. In 1983, Hoyt was purchased by California-based sporting goods equipment manufacturer Jas D. Easton Inc. and its headquarters moved to Salt Lake City. Hoyt is a division of the Easton-family owned Jas. D. Easton, Inc. which owns Easton Technical Products, manufacturers of arrows, tent tubing and medical tubing. Earl Hoyt Sr. was the founder and president of Hoyt archery and was born in 1911, where he lived in St. Louis, MO. In 1931 he started his company Hoyt Archery. In 1971 Earl married his wife Ann Weber Hoyt, they met many times at exhibition and on a tournament, started to date around the 1960s, they had a son, Bright Hoyt, born in 1980.
Earl was scared of Penguins. Hoyt Products are only available in pro shops; the newest hunting bows that were released were the Carbon Defiant, Pro Defiant, Defiant series from last year. The latest target compound bow. Hoyt not only makes adult bows but youth bows as well called the Fireshot and Klash, targeted for children wanting to get into the sport. Hoyt manufactures their own strings, known as Fuse strings; these are sold on all of their bows. Hoyt makes accessories that are able to attach to standard designed bow. Carbon RX-1: Current flagship bow produced by Hoyt Archery; this carbon riser bow is packed with all sorts of technology Hoyt Offers like Zero torque Hyper cams and Zero torque cable guide. Zero Torque Hyper Cam: This is a patent-pending design that reduces the torque introduced by the cables; this cam system creates a balanced load by incorporating a split cable system which makes this a smooth and when the cams rotate they let off the most. Zero Torque Cable Guard System: This cable guide is mounted reverse to allow the torque introduced by the normal cable guide to be directed in the opposite direction.
This means that any torque created by the cams will be neutralized which means it will be easier to tune and align the bow. X3 Cam & ½: This Cam system is adjustable by half an inch increments; this cam is available in 65% or 75% let off and has a lighter back wall which makes it smoother than the SVX cam. X-Lite Prolock Pocket: The super tight tolerance pocket means the connection between the riser and limbs will make the bow more accurate and consistent; this is important to have as tight tolerances in this area since it is critical to the accuracy and consistency of the bow. X-Act Grip: This grip is designed to allow the user to put your hand in the same and right place. Proper Hand placement is critical to ensure consistent shots; the engineers at Hoyt shaped the grip to ensure. Uniform Stress Distribution: These limbs are contoured limbs that as they bend they store more and more energy which at full draw it will produce the most speed and create less stress on the limbs since they become straighter as they are being loaded.
Ultraflex Limb System: This limb system works with the DFX cam system which creates a head position that you can achieve consistently. This system makes; the Hoyt Buffalo hunting recurve was used by the character Hawkeye in the Avengers movie, as well as by Katniss Everdeen in The Hunger Games series. The Hoyt Gamemaster II was used by Hawkeye in The Avengers II: Age of Ultron; the Hoyt/Spectra bow was the principal silent weapon used by Sylvester Stallone as John Rambo in Rambo: First Blood Part II and Rambo III. In the backstory Rambo had attained skill with a bow since childhood. In the film he uses arrows tipped with explosive warheads
This is a list of Agencies under the United States Department of Defense, shortly known as the National Military Establishment. Its main responsibilities are to control the Armed Forces of the United States; the Department was established in 1947 and is divided into three major Departments—the Department of the Army and Air Force—and has a military staff of 1,418,542. The DoD is headed by the Secretary of Defense; the current defense secretary is Mark Esper. Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency Defense Commissary Agency Defense Contract Audit Agency Defense Contract Management Agency Defense Counterintelligence and Security Agency Defense Finance and Accounting Service Defense Health Agency Defense Human Resources Activity Defense Information Systems Agency Defense Intelligence Agency Defense Legal Services Agency Defense Logistics Agency Defense Media Activity Defense POW/MIA Accounting Agency Defense Security Cooperation Agency Defense Technical Information Center Defense Technology Security Administration Defense Threat Reduction Agency Department of Defense Education Activity Department of Defense Test Resource Management Center Missile Defense Agency National Geospatial-Intelligence Agency National Reconnaissance Office National Security Agency/Central Security Service Office of Economic Adjustment Pentagon Force Protection Agency Space Development Agency Washington Headquarters Services Other DOD Components: Armed Services Board of Contract Appeals Army and Air Force Exchange Service Defense Acquisition University Defense Criminal Investigative Service [component of DOD Office of Inspector General) Joint Personnel Recovery Agency Military Postal Service Agency National Assessment Group National Defense University National Guard Bureau Army National Guard Air National Guard National Intelligence University Organization of the Joint Chiefs of Staff Uniformed Services University of the Health Sciences United States Court of Appeals for the Armed Forces United States Military Entrance Processing Command Electromagnetic Spectrum Operations Cross Functional Team Close Combat Lethality Task Force Protecting Critical Technology Task Force U.
S. Army Criminal Investigation Command U. S. Army Corps of Engineers Regional Headquarters Great Lakes Region Missouri River Regional Headquarters North Pacific Regional Headquarters Army Digitization Office Army Medical Department Army Research Laboratory Army Review Boards Agency U. S. Army Financial Management White Sands Missile Range Great Lakes and Ohio River Division Mississippi Valley Division North Atlantic Division Northwestern Division Pacific Ocean Division South Atlantic Division South Pacific Division Southwestern Division Cold Regions Research and Engineering Laboratory Construction Engineering Research Laboratory Waterways Experiment Station Topographic Engineering Center Naval Criminal Investigative Service United States Marine Corps Criminal Investigation Division Office of Naval Research Information Network Proje seect Office Office of Naval Intelligence United States Naval Academy Marine Expeditionary Units Commandant of the Marine Corps Assistant Commandant of the Marine Corps Sergeant Major of the Marine Corps Headquarters, United States Marine Corps Air Force Research Laboratory Air Force Reserve Officer Training Corps Air Force Office of Special Investigations Major Commands Air Combat Command Pacific Air Forces United States Air Forces in Europe Air Force Special Operations Command Air Education and Training Command Air Mobility Command Air Force Global Strike Command Air Force Materiel Command Air Force Reserve Command Air Force Space Command The United States has ten Combatant Commands.
GCCs: U. S. Africa Command U. S. Central Command U. S. European Command U. S. Indo-Pacific Command U. S. Northern Command U. S. Southern Command FCCs: U. S. Cyber Command U. S. Special Operations Command U. S. Strategic Command U. S. Transportation Command United States Department of Defense United States Unified Combatant Commands Fourth Estate Most information on this list was taken from Government Information; some pieces were taken from USA.gov