American Jews, or Jewish Americans, are Americans who are Jews, whether by religion, culture, or nationality. Today the Jewish community in the United States consists of Ashkenazi Jews, who descend from diaspora Jewish populations of Central and Eastern Europe and comprise about 90–95% of the American Jewish population. Most American Ashkenazim are US-born, with a dwindling number of now-elderly earlier immigrants, as well as some more recent foreign-born immigrants. During the colonial era, prior to the mass immigration of Ashkenazim and Portuguese Jews represented the bulk of America's then-small Jewish population, while their descendants are a minority today, along with an array of other Jewish communities, represented the remainder of American Jews, including other more recent Sephardic Jews, Mizrahi Jews, various other ethnically Jewish communities, as well as a smaller number of converts to Judaism; the American Jewish community manifests a wide range of Jewish cultural traditions, encompassing the full spectrum of Jewish religious observance.
Depending on religious definitions and varying population data, the United States has the largest or second largest Jewish community in the world, after Israel. In 2012, the American Jewish population was estimated at between 5.5 million and eight million, depending on the definition of the term, which constitutes between 1.7% and 2.6% of the total U. S. population. Jews have been present in the Thirteen Colonies since the mid-17th century. However, they were small in number, with at most 200 to 300 having arrived by 1700; those early arrivers were Sephardic Jewish immigrants, of Western Sephardic ancestry, but by 1720 Ashkenazi Jews from Central and Eastern Europe predominated. The English Plantation Act 1740 for the first time permitted Jews to become British citizens and emigrate to the colonies. Despite some being denied the ability to vote or hold office in local jurisdictions, Sephardic Jews became active in community affairs in the 1790s, after achieving political equality in the five states where they were most numerous.
Until about 1830, South Carolina had more Jews than anywhere else in North America. Large-scale Jewish immigration commenced in the 19th century, when, by mid-century, many German Jews had arrived, migrating to the United States in large numbers due to antisemitic laws and restrictions in their countries of birth, they became merchants and shop-owners. Early Jewish arrivals from the east coast would travel westward, in the fall of 1819 the first Jewish religious services west of the Appalachian Range were conducted during the High Holidays in Cincinnati, the oldest Jewish community in the Midwest; the Cincinnati Jewish community would adopt novel practices under the leadership Rabbi Isaac Meyer Wise, the father of Reform Judaism in the United States, such as the inclusion of women in minyan. A large community grew in the region with the arrival of German and Lithuanian Jews in the latter half of the 1800s, leading to the establishment of Manischewitz, one of the largest producers of American Kosher products now based in New Jersey, the oldest continuously published Jewish newspaper in the United States, second-oldest continuous published in the world, The American Israelite, established in 1854 and still extant in Cincinnati.
By 1880 there were 250,000 Jews in the United States, many of them being the educated, secular, German Jews, although a minority population of the older Sephardic Jewish families remained influential. Jewish migration to the United States increased in the early 1880s, as a result of persecution and economic difficulties in parts of Eastern Europe. Most of these new immigrants were Yiddish-speaking Ashkenazi Jews, most of whom arrived from poor diaspora communities of the Russian Empire and the Pale of Settlement, located in modern-day Poland, Belarus and Moldova. During the same period, great numbers of Ashkenazi Jews arrived from Galicia, at that time the most impoverished region of the Austro-Hungarian empire with a heavy Jewish urban population, driven out by economic reasons. Many Jews emigrated from Romania. Over 2,000,000 Jews landed between the late 19th century and 1924, when the Immigration Act of 1924 restricted immigration. Most settled in the New York metropolitan area, establishing the world's major concentrations of Jewish population.
In 1915 the circulation of the daily Yiddish newspapers was half a million in New York City alone, 600,000 nationally. In addition thousands more subscribed to the numerous weekly papers and the many magazines. At the beginning of the 20th century, these newly arrived Jews built support networks consisting of many small synagogues and Landsmanshaften for Jews from the same town or village. American Jewish writers of the time urged assimilation and integration into the wider American culture, Jews became part of American life. 500,000 American Jews fought in World War II, after the war younger families joined the new trend of suburbanization. There, Jews became assimilated and demonstrated rising intermarriage; the suburbs facilitated the formation of new centers, as Jewish school enrollment more than doubled between the end of World War II and the mid-1950s, while synagogue affiliation jumped from 20% in 1930 to 60% in 1960. More recent waves of Jewish emigration from Russia and other regions have joined the mainstream American Jewish community.
Americans of Jewish descent have been disproportionately successful in many f
The Sony Xperia XA is an Android smartphone produced by Sony. Part of the Xperia XA Series, the device was unveiled along with the Sony Xperia X and Sony Xperia X Performance at MWC 2016 on February 22, 2016; the device features a 5.0-inch 720p screen and a 64-bit 2.0 GHz octa-core Mediatek MT6755 system-on-chip with 2 GB of RAM. The device has 16 GB internal storage with microSD card expansion up to 200 GB and includes non-removable 2300 mAh battery; the rear-facing camera of the Xperia XA is 13 megapixels with sensor size of 1/3 inch, featuring Sony Exmor RS IMX258 image sensor with quick launch and features hybrid autofocus that utilizes phase detection autofocus that can focus the object within 0.03 seconds. The Xperia XA is preinstalled with Android 6.0.1 Marshmallow with Sony's custom interface and software. On August 23, 2016, Sony announced that the Xperia XA would receive an upgrade to Android 7.0 Nougat. On June 16, 2017, it was reported that Android 7.0 Nougat was rolling out to the Xperia XA.
Here are the complete description of the Xperia XA variants in the world: The Sony Xperia XA was launched in India on June 27, 2016 with The device was launched in USA on July 17, 2016. Sony Xperia X Sony Xperia X Performance Sony Xperia M4 Aqua Sony Xperia M5 Official website Official Press Release Official Whitepaper Official Whitepaper
The Osaka Asian Film Festival is an annual film festival held in Osaka City, Osaka Prefecture, Japan in March. The festival began in 2005 and introduces Asian films. In December 2005, the Korean Entertainment Film Festival was inaugurated in Osaka to celebrate the 40th anniversary of the establishment of Japan–South Korea relations. In 2016, the festival was renamed Osaka Asian Film Festival to include not only Korea films, but those from East Asian countries, such as Hong Kong and China. In addition and Thai films from South Asia were introduced in the 3rd Festival in 2007. At the 4th festival in 2009, film critic Sōzō Teruoka was appointed the programming director. "From Osaka, to the whole Japan to Asia!" was adopted as the theme in order to introduce premiering films and new directors from Japan. From the 4th onwards, the festival was held in March at the ABC Hall of Asahi Broadcasting Building in Hotarumachi, with the exception of the 8th festival in 2013; the Audience Award was introduced.
At the 6th festival in 2011, the competition section was established, which awards the Grand Prix, Most Promising Talent Award and ABC Award. Since the beginning, the Asian Meeting Osaka was set up to handle the release and exchange about the films aided by the Cinema Organisation Osaka and produced by new Asian producers. In 2012, the Cinema Organisation Osaka became the Indie Forum as a result of integration of sections, the organiser was renamed from Osaka Asian Film Festival Executive Committee to Osaka Executive Committee for the Promotion of Moving. In 2015, the Yakushi Pearl Award was established to award the most brilliant performer. In 2016, the Japan Society from New York City established the JAPAN CUTS Award for films with exceptional excitement and creativity for Japanese independent films and films screened by Indie Forum. In 2018, the Housen Short Film Award was given by the Housen Cultural Foundation to the best short film with length of less than 60 minutes which screen at OAFF as Japan Premieres.
2005 – 2006: Recital Hall 2007: Sogo Hall 2009 – 2012: ABC Hall 2013: Umeda Burg 7 2014 onwards: ABC Hall Period: 9–23 December 2005 "Eve": Current Japan-Korea New Wave "Japanese and Korean Famous Film": To a Nearby Nearby country Period: 4–30 November 2006 Film Selection "Fabulous Asian Movie Stars!" Period: 2–23 November 2007Programme: "Movies and Comedies, Million Laughs" Period: 7–22 March 2009 Award Audience Award: Love of Siam Period: 6–14 March 2010 Special Programs In Memory of Yasmin Ahmad SAPPORO Short Fest 2009 Special screenings Award Audience Award: Hear Me Period: 5–13 March 2011 Sections: Competition, Special Screenings Programmes: Directors in Focus" Kōji Fukada Best Selection of Selected Korean Films Johnnie Talks About Love AwardsGrand Prix: Lover's Discourse Most Promising Talent Award: Banjong Pisanthanakun ABC Award: Hello Stranger Audience Award: Love You Ten Thousand Years International Competition Jury: Chairman Isao Yukisada, Kim Dae-woo, Milkman Saitō Period: 9–18 March 2012 Sections: Competition, Special Screenings, Indie Forum Programme Hong Kong Film Festival AwardsGrand Prix: God's Own Child Most Promising Talent Award: Namewee Special Mentions: Lovely Man, The Sword Identity ABC Award: God's Own Child Audience Award: Warriors of the Rainbow International Competition Jury: Chairman Kōshi Ueno, Kim Tai-sik, Adam Wong Period: 8–17 March 2013 Sections: Competition, Special Screenings, Indie Forum Programmes: Special Focus On Hong Kong Directors in Focus: Li Yu's Cinema World Celebrating Seven-something Years ofGTH: New Miracle of Thai Cinema New Frontier of Japanese Filmmakers Memoral 3.11: Two Years from Great East Japan Earthquake Awards:Grand Prix: Beloved Most Promising Talent Award: Huang Peijia Special Mention: Tatsuya Nakadai ABC Award: Cha Cha for Twins Audience Award: Love in the Buff International Competition Jury: Zoë Chan, Tsang Tsui-shan, Yōichirō Takahashi Period: 7–16 March 2014 Sections: Competition, Special Screenings, Indie Forum Programmes: Taiwan: Movies on the Move 2014 Mini collection: Taiwanese language films and Japan Special Focus On Hong Kong 2014 Special Screenings in Memory of Run Run Shaw Memoral 3.11: Three Years from Great East Japan Earthquake Awards:Grand Prix: Shift Most Promising Talent Award: Ha Jung-woo Best Actress Award: Carina Lau Special Mention: Anita's Last Cha-Cha ABC Award: Forever Love Audience Award: KANO International Competition Jury: Eugene Domingo, Tom Lin, Lina Yang Period: 6–15 March 2015 Sections: Competition, Special Screenings, Indie Forum Programmes: New Action!
Southeast Asia Taiwan: Movies on the Move 2015 Mini collection: Edward Yang and Taiwan New Cinema Special Focus On Hong Kong 2015 Memoral 3.11: Four Years from Great East Japan Earthquake Awards:Grand Prix: Meeting Dr. Sun Most Promising Talent Award: Mez Tharatorn Special Mention: Charlene Choi ABC Award: The Continent Yakushi Pearl Award: Preechaya Pongthananikorn