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American Labor Party

The American Labor Party was a political party in the United States established in 1936, active exclusively in the state of New York. The organization was founded by labor leaders and former members of the Socialist Party of America who had established themselves as the Social Democratic Federation; the party was intended to parallel the role of the British Labour Party, serving as an umbrella organization to unite New York social democrats of the SDF with trade unionists who would otherwise support candidates of the Republican and Democratic parties. In 1934, the factional war which had dominated the life of the Socialist Party of America had reached a turning point. After beating back a challenge to their position and authority in 1932, the New York-based "Old Guard" of the party had been resoundingly defeated at the 1934 National Convention of the Socialist Party. A coalition of radical pacifists surrounding the charismatic former preacher Norman Thomas and a growing body of young Marxists, known as the Militant faction, had won control of the organization's governing National Executive Committee.

They passed a provocative Declaration of Principles, which the Old Guard regarded as a direct call to insurrection. Further galling from the perspective of the Old Guard, was the eagerness of Thomas and the Militants to build what they called an "all-inclusive party," bringing radical intellectuals into party ranks from various oppositional communist orbits and working with the Communist Party USA in united front actions; the New York Old Guard returned home to organize the Committee for the Preservation of the Socialist Party, raising funds, selecting a "Provisional Executive Committee," building a mailing list, maintaining an office in New York City. Headed by former New York State Assemblyman Louis Waldman, the Old Guard took steps to lock up the ownership and funds of various party-affiliated institutions, including The Jewish Daily Forward, the English weekly The New Leader, the Rand School of Social Science. A year and a half of bitter factional warfare ensued. In January 1936, the governing National Executive Committee of the Socialist Party revoked the charter of its dissident New York state organization.

The New York Old Guard and their cothinkers exited the Socialist Party and reorganized as the Social Democratic Federation of America. The SDF sought to build close relations with the existing trade union movement and disliked and disavowed many of their former Socialist Party comrades and their pretensions to electoral office. In the New York municipal elections of 1935, the Socialists had polled nearly 200,000 votes, a showing which threatened to be a "spoiler" for the chances of Franklin D. Roosevelt in the forthcoming 1936 presidential elections; this view was shared with the Social Democrats by many in the New York trade union movement, who sought to bolster Roosevelt's chances in some way. On April 1, 1936, Sidney Hillman, John L. Lewis, other officials of the unions of the American Federation of Labor and the Congress of Industrial Organizations established Labor's Non-Partisan League, an organization akin to the modern political action committee, designed to channel money and manpower to the campaigns of Roosevelt and others standing for the declared interests of organized labor.

During the summer of 1936, the New York state organization of LNPL was transformed into an independent political party in an effort to bolster Roosevelt's electoral chances in the state by gaining him a place on a second candidate ballot line. The opportunity to pull the lever for the new American Labor Party, it was hoped, would siphon away a good percentage of the nearly 200,000 votes cast in 1932 for Norman Thomas and the Socialists; the ALP's most common strategy was to co-endorse the candidate of one or the other of the two major parties, based upon the perceived favorability of each to the cause of labor. It nominated its own candidates for some positions, offering competition when neither of the two old party candidates passed muster. Although the organization was founded as a vehicle to help assure Roosevelt's victory in New York in the 1936 campaign, in that election the victorious Democratic gubernatorial candidate, Herbert H. Lehman, had polled over 250,000 votes on the ALP line.

Under New York state law, this meant that the ALP was henceforth qualified to register voters and conduct primary elections, thus insuring the organization's continued existence as a political party in the state. The organization was funded by the needle trades unions of the state; the ALP found itself $50,000 in debt at the end of the 1936 campaign, but substantial contributions from labor groups erased the red ink. The ILGWU itself contributed nearly $142,000 to the 1936 campaign, a huge sum for a third party campaign, given that only $26,000 from all sources had been raised and spent by Norman Thomas' Socialist campaign in the previous presidential election. Party decision-making in the first year was handled by ILGWU executive secretary Fred Umhey, the Amalgamated Clothing Workers Union's Jacob Potofsky, Alex Rose of the Milliners'; the success of the ALP in its initial campaign was a beacon for other radical organizations. Although its constitution barred Communists from the organization, there was no enforcement for this provision and large numbers flocked to registration as ALP members from the Communist-led United Electrical Workers, Transport Workers, State and Municipal Workers.

The chief race in 1937 was that for Mayor of New York, pitting pro-Roosevelt progressive Republican Fiorello LaGuardia against a Democratic state supreme court justice, Jeremiah Mahoney. As LaGuardia was on excellent terms with the New York needle trades unions and was a leading spir

Julia J├Ąger

Julia Jäger is a German actress. She was born in Angermünde and grew up in Frankfurt, where her father Diether Jäger was a stage actor. At the age of 13, she appeared in the children's film Moritz in der Litfaßsäule. From 1988 to 1991 she studied at the Theaterhochschule Leipzig and was afterwards engaged by the municipal theatre of Leipzig, being an ensemble member until 1995. Jäger has appeared in multiple movies like Karniggels, Outside Time, Berlin is in Germany, the Oscar-winning short film Toyland, she won the Best Actress award of the Cairo International Film Festival 1996 and the 2014 Grimme Award. Julia Jäger on IMDb

Natural Cures "They" Don't Want You to Know About

Natural Cures "They" Don't Want You To Know About is a 2005 self-published book by American author Kevin Trudeau, promoting a variety of non-drug and non-surgical purported cures for many diseases in support of his business selling such products. Trudeau accuses pharmaceutical companies and the United States government of censoring these products and methods on the basis that it would cut into their profit-margin; the book is the subject of widespread allegations of fraud. In the book, Trudeau claims that there are all-natural cures for serious illnesses including cancer, arthritis, AIDS, acid reflux disease, various phobias, obesity, multiple sclerosis, chronic fatigue syndrome, attention deficit disorder, muscular dystrophy, that these are being deliberately hidden and suppressed from the public by the Food and Drug Administration, the Federal Trade Commission, the major food and drug companies, in an effort to protect the profits of these industries and the authority of the governmental agencies.

Trudeau claims that the source of illness are toxins from processed food, nutritional deficiencies, other environmental sources. Trudeau claims that his lack of medical training or expertise is what makes him most qualified to investigate alternative medicine, reports his opinions in his self-published book; the first edition of the book lacked any mention of specific, brand-name products for any illnesses within its pages, as Trudeau claims the FDA and FTC censored this information and prohibited him from publishing it in the book. Instead, the book contained references to Trudeau's subscription-based website where the actual'cures' were posted and accessible for a monthly fee. In May 2006, Trudeau self-published More Natural "Cures" Revealed: Previously Censored Brand Name Products That Cure Disease; this book responded to complaints that its earlier version did not contain any cures but pointed consumers to his subscription website. In More Natural "Cures" Revealed, Trudeau says that workers at the FDA and FTC want to censor him and, burn his books.

The original book contained 271 pages. After he released More Natural "Cures" Revealed: Previously Censored Brand Name Products That Cure Disease in response to earlier criticism, an "Updated Edition" of the original Natural Cures was sold shortly thereafter, containing 563 pages; this adds a new Introduction, a Frequently Asked Questions chapter and a chapter on website information. It adds three appendices, containing newsletter articles, "No-Hunger Bread: A True FDA Horror Story," and locations of several health care practitioners; the FDA article a short letter and summary of the case in the original book, is included in its entirety in the updated edition. One omission in the updated edition is a Glossary section containing several New Age techniques. According to Trudeau, the chapter "The Cures For All Diseases" was censored by the FTC in the original book; the chapter is included titled as "Natural Cures for Specific Diseases" in the updated edition. His website contains a number of references and articles, notably "FDA Horror Stories" such as "No-Hunger Bread," which describe alleged instances of the FDA suppressing natural cures.

Another article addresses a disproven cancer treatment developed in Canada. The book has been the focus of much controversy since its publication, with widespread allegations of fraud; the New York State Consumer Protection Board issued a warning in 2005 that the book "does not contain the'natural cures' for cancer and other diseases that Trudeau is promising." It asserted that "Trudeau is not only misrepresenting the contents of his self-published book, he is using false endorsements to encourage consumers to buy Natural Cures "They" Don’t Want You to Know About." The Board alleged that Trudeau was selling the consumer's contact information to other marketers without their consent and hitting purchasers with unauthorized charges. Skeptical author Michael Shermer writes: As for the "natural cures" themselves, some are not cures at all but just obvious healthy lifestyle suggestions: eat less, exercise more, reduce stress; some of the natural cures are flat-out wrong, such as oral chelation for heart disease, whereas others are laughably ludicrous, such as a magnetic mattress pad and crocodile protein peptide for fibromyalgia.

Worst of all are the natural cures. When you go there and click on a disease to get the cure, you first have to become a Web site member at $1000 lifetime or $9.95 a month. It is a classic con man's combo: switch and double-dipping. Shermer and other critics have argued that Trudeau has used Natural Cures to circumvent a Federal Trade Commission ruling that Trudeau is barred "from appearing in, producing, or disseminating future infomercials that advertise any type of product, service, or program to the public." The FTC issued its decision after it found that Trudeau had defrauded consumers by making numerous false claims about his merchandise in infomercials. Others have criticized the book for making such claims as, "If your body is alkaline, you cannot get cancer and if you have cancer, it goes away."The book makes extensive unreferenced claims that some drugs cause such conditions as AIDS, bloating, heartburn, allergies, fibromyalgia, diabetes, yeast infections, acne, fatigue, depression and inability to lose weight.

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