The American League Championship Series is a best-of-seven playoff and one of two League Championship Series comprising the penultimate round of Major League Baseball's postseason. It is contested by the winners of the two American League Division Series; the winner of the ALCS wins the AL pennant and advances to the World Series, MLB's championship series, to play the winner of the National League's Championship Series. The ALCS began in 1969 as a best-of-five playoff and used this format until 1985, when it changed to its current best-of-seven format. Prior to 1969, the American League champion was determined by the best win-loss record at the end of the regular season. There was one ad hoc single-game playoff held, in 1948, due to a tie under this formulation; the ALCS started in 1969, when the AL reorganized into two divisions and West. The winners of each division played each other in a best-of-five series to determine who would advance to the World Series. In 1985, the format changed to best-of-seven.
In 1981, a division series was held due to a split season caused by a players' strike. In 1994, the league was restructured into three divisions, with the three division winners and a wild-card team advancing to a best-of-five postseason round, known as the American League Division Series; the winners of that round advanced to the best-of-seven ALCS. In 2012, the playoffs were expanded again so that two wild card teams face off in a one-game wild card round to determine which team advances to the division series, with the playoffs continuing as it had before 2012 after the end of the wild card round; this is the system in use. The ALCS and NLCS, since the expansion to best-of-seven, are always played in a 2–3–2 format: Games 1, 2, 6, 7 are played in the stadium of the team that has home field advantage, Games 3, 4, 5 are played in the stadium of the team that does not; the series concludes. Since 1998, home field advantage has been given to the team that has the better regular season record, unless that team happens to be the Wild Card team.
In that case, the other team gets home field advantage, because by rule the Wild Card team is never allowed home field advantage in a Division Series or LCS. In the event that both teams have identical records in the regular season, home field advantage goes to the team that has the winning head-to-head record. From 1969 to 1993, home field advantage alternated between the two divisions, from 1995 to 1997 home field advantage was determined before the season; the Milwaukee Brewers, an American League team between 1969 and 1997, the Houston Astros, a National League team between 1962 and 2012, are the only franchises to play in both the ALCS and NLCS. The Astros are the only team to have won both an NLCS and an ALCS; every current American League franchise has appeared in the ALCS. The William Harridge Trophy is awarded to the ALCS champion; the trophy's namesake comes from the American League president from 1931 to 1959. See: League Championship Series Most Valuable Player Award#American League winnersThe Lee MacPhail Most Valuable Player award is given to the outstanding player in the ALCS.
No MVP award is given for Division Series play. Although the National League began its LCS MVP award in 1977, the American League did not begin its LCS MVP award till 1980; the winners are listed in several locations: in the below ALCS results table, in the "Series MVP" column in the article League Championship Series Most Valuable Player Award on the MLB website Click the link on the far left for detailed information on that series. Key In the sortable table below, teams are ordered first by number of appearances by number of wins, by year of first appearance. In the "Season" column, bold years indicate winning ALCS appearances. List of American League pennant winners List of American League Wild Card winners American League Division Series National League Championship Series ALCS Boxscores and Play-by-Play at Baseball-Reference.com
The French Agricultural Research Centre for International Development is a French agricultural research and international cooperation organization working for the sustainable development of tropical and Mediterranean regions. It is a public industrial and commercial establishment founded in 1984, with its Head Office in Paris. In France, CIRAD has two research centres, one in Montpellier and the other in nearby Montferrier-sur-Lez and research stations in the French overseas regions. Through its twelve regional offices spread over every continent, CIRAD works with more than 100 countries. CIRAD was founded in 1984 from most dating back to the 1940s; the institutes were non-profit-making organizations, each working to promote a specific production chain. They joined forces in 1958 to form a liaison committee specializing in the French overseas regions, before merging in 1970 to form the Groupement d'étude et de recherche pour le développement de l'agronomie tropicale, the direct predecessor to CIRAD.
Original institutes: Institut de recherches pour les huiles et oléagineux. CIRAD's main task is to contribute to rural development in tropical and subtropical countries through research activities, experimentation and the dissemination of scientific and technical information, it works with more than 100 countries in Africa, the Pacific, Latin America and Europe. Its operations are conducted at its own centres and those belonging to national agricultural research systems in its partner countries. CIRAD makes its scientific and institutional expertise available to fuel public policy in those countries and the global debate on the main issues surrounding agriculture, it supports French scientific diplomacy. CIRAD has a staff of 1650, its annual operating budget totals 200 million euros, two thirds of, covered by the State research and technological development budget and the remainder by contractual resources. Research in interaction with field projects; the Montpellier centre provides scientific methods and tools.
Services to researchers and farmers in warm regions. Expertise: project design and assessment, national and international agricultural research policy support. Training: the centre receives more than 800 researchers and technicians each year. Scientific and technical information: publishing journals, books and CD-ROMs. CIRAD has three scientific departments: Biological Systems Performance of Tropical Production and Processing Systems Environment and Societies, it is split into 33 research units: nine internal research units, 23 joint research units and a service unit. Since 2006, its publishing operations have been under the banner of Editions Quae, based at INRA. INRA Organisme public civil de recherche français Institut national de recherche en sciences et technologies pour l'environnement et l'agriculture Institut agronomique, vétérinaire et forestier de France Institut des fruits et légumes coloniaux official CIRAD website Éditions Quæ Agritrop, the CIRAD open publications archive Cirad in a nutshell
Carroll County Almshouse and Farm known as the Carroll County Farm Museum, is a historic farm complex located at Westminster, Carroll County, Maryland. It consists of a complex of 15 buildings including dependencies; the 30-room brick main house was designed and constructed for use as the county almshouse. It is a long, three-story, rectangular structure, nine bays wide at the first- and second-floor levels of both front and rear façades, it features a simple frame cupola sheltering a farm bell. A separate two-story brick building with 14 rooms houses the original summer kitchen, wash room, baking room, may have once housed farm and domestic help. On the property is a brick, one-story dairy with a pyramidal roof dominated by a pointed finial of exaggerated height with Victorian Gothic "icing" decorating the eaves; the original Carroll County Almshouse was founded in 1852 and the Farm Museum was established in 1965. It was listed on the National Register of Historic Places in 1975; the Carroll County Farm Museum provides the public with the opportunity to experience mid-19th century rural life.
It was the first of its kind in Maryland. Exhibits support the Museum by presenting artifacts with appropriate interpretation, both to show how they once looked, how they were utilized by farmers and their families in the history of agriculture in Carroll County. Visitors are given the opportunity to explore the collections of horse-powered machines and farm implements used for plowing and harvesting during the 19th century; the grounds include a croquet lawn, a fish pond, an heirloom garden. The grounds have hosted the Maryland Wine Festival since 1985. Open-air museum Carroll County Almshouse and Farm, Carroll County, including undated photo, at Maryland Historical Trust Farm Museum website
Issaquah Salmon Days is a festival held in Issaquah, United States, held from 10am to 6pm on the Saturday and Sunday of the first full weekend of October. It is initiated by a parade, celebrating the return of the salmon to their birth-waters, that embraces Issaquah's history and ethnic diversity; the festival showcases over crafts artisans, attracting many Northwest artists. The art sold offers unique gifts and treasures and includes wood, jewelry, paintings and metal. There are five stages for live entertainment, with 40 plus musical bands including cover bands, a kids' stage, a Bluegrass stage. Sporting events include 5K/10K runs, a Sporting Weekend, held the weekend prior to the festival and includes geoteaming, a treasure hunt around Issaquah using GPS. Veterans' Memorial Park is used as the "Field of Fun" offering entertainment for children; the Kiwanis salmon barbecue at the festival is a crowd favorite. The 2010 register revealed over 180,000 people attended the event. In 1970 the Greater Issaquah Chamber of Commerce presented the first Issaquah Salmon Days Festival.
The event grew out of the desire to replace the once popular Labor Day Festival, as well as a need to celebrate one of Issaquah’s greatest treasures. In the beginning, attractions included the Kiwanis BBQ, hatchery tours, an art show, children's parade led by J. P. Patches, little league football games at Memorial Field, fire crew competitions; the Festival remained small for much of the 1970s, driven by the Salmon Days Parade. In 1980, the Salmon Days Festival and Parade underwent two major changes that have been credited with altering the course of the Festival: Salmon Days became a Seafair-sanctioned event and the first Festival float was created; as a result, throughout much of the 1980s, the parade and the Festival grew, subsequently transformed itself from a small-town event to one of the Northwest's premier festivals. To aid in the growth process, merchandise was introduced, the first paid Festival Director was hired, large official sponsors came on board. In 1990, the Festival introduced the Salmon Days Limited Edition Print, a signed and numbered run of 450 prints featuring original artwork.
The Festival retired the collection at the end of 2003 and all the past prints have sold out. Today, Salmon Days is still presented by the Issaquah Chamber of Commerce with the goal of providing a community celebration focused on honoring the return of the salmon; the Kiwanis continue with the amount now having increased to more than a ton a year. The Grande Parade is still featured, with more than 100 entries annually. Memorial Field, now the Field of Fun hosts free activities for families. Official sporting events have replaced the once popular fire crew competitions. What began as an art show has become a marketplace of more than 300 artists selling their handcrafted pieces. A proclamation signed by the Issaquah Mayor in 2014 declares that every year, for the weekend of Salmon Days, the City of Issaquah shall "ohfishally" be known as "Fishaquah." Salmon Days includes more than 270 artists that line Front Street and Sunset Way, more than fifty food vendors, the Field of Fun with free activities, five stages offering live entertainment.
Front Street from Newport Way to Gilman Boulevard and Sunset from Newport Way to Second Avenue SE are closed during the festival due to the different arts and craft vendors and other Salmon Days sponsor booths. During the festival, booths are set up on the side of the roads with items for people to look at and buy. Different arts and crafts offered include jewelry, children's toys, pottery, glass sculptures, gourmet food, home & garden art, metal, musical products and wood sculptures; the streets reopen at 7 p.m. during both days of the festival. During Salmon Days, Veterans' Memorial Park has many activities for children; this area is known as the Field of Fun. Activities include pony rides, trampoline jumping, Puget Sound DockDogs competition, fish prints. A kids' train circles the parking lot adjacent to the Memorial Park. In the area south of the Veterans' Memorial Park in the Train Depot parking lot is the Foods of the World, which has many different foods, such as hamburgers and fries, Chinese, Japanese and Korean foods.
Drink options include fresh-squeezed lemonade. Dessert choices include caramel apple, strawberry shortcake, apple dumpling, elephant ears, chocolate-dipped strawberries on a stick; the Issaquah Salmon Hatchery, operated by the Washington State Department of Fish & Wildlife, remains open during the festival. There are several locations on the hatchery grounds where visitors can see chinook and sockeye salmon that have returned to their native waters to spawn; these viewing areas include a pedestrian bridge across Issaquah Creek and windows that provide a view of the hatchery's fish ladder and holding pond. Although tours are not available during Salmon Days, docents from Friends of the Issaquah Salmon Hatchery are stationed throughout the hatchery to answer questions from visitors during the festival. Salmon Days official site Friends of the Issaquah Salmon Hatchery
Clanawley is a barony in County Fermanagh, Northern Ireland. To its east lies Upper Lough Erne, it is bordered by three other baronies: Magheraboy to the north, it borders three baronies in the Republic of Ireland: Tullyhaw to the south. The territory of Clanawley was first recorded in 1306, derives its name from Amhlaoibh, the son of the first Maguire king of Fermanagh, Donn Carrach Mag Uidhir; this makes the MacAwleys a branch of the Maguires. The name Amhlaoibh is derived from the Norse name Olaf, which became popular in a number of Gaelic families. Amblaoibh Mag Uidhir when he died in 1306 is noted as being the taísech of the small sept or territory of Muintir Pheodacháin, it was spelt Clonawley and Scoticised to Glenawley during the plantation of Ulster. Below is a list of civil parishes in Clanawley: Boho, County Fermanagh Cleenish Killesher Kinawley Rossory
West Point Village Seaplane Base is a public use seaplane base located in West Point, in the Kodiak Island Borough of the U. S. state of Alaska. It is owned by the West Point Canning Co. Scheduled passenger service to Kodiak, Alaska, is subsidized by the United States Department of Transportation via the Essential Air Service program. West Point Village Seaplane Base has one seaplane landing area designated E/W with a water surface measuring 10,000 by 500 feet; the following airline offers scheduled passenger service: Topographic map from USGS The National Map Resources for this airport: FAA airport information for KWP AirNav airport information for KWP ASN accident history for KWP FlightAware airport information and live flight tracker SkyVector aeronautical chart for KWP