The American Quarter Horse, or Quarter Horse, is an American breed of horse that excels at sprinting short distances. Its name is derived from its ability to outrun other horse breeds in races of a quarter mile or less; the Quarter Horse breed began when colonists in the 1600s on the Eastern seaboard of what today is the United States began to breed imported English Thoroughbred horses with assorted "native" horses. This included the Chickasaw horse, a breed developed by Native American people from horses descended from Spain and brought to the United States by the Conquistadors.. These horses were developed from Iberian and Barb stock brought to what is now the Southeastern United States; the American Quarter Horse is the most popular breed in the United States today, the American Quarter Horse Association is the largest breed registry in the world, with 3 million living American Quarter Horses registered in 2014. The American Quarter Horse is well known both as a race horse and for its performance in rodeos, horse shows and as a working ranch horse.
The compact body of the American Quarter Horse is well-suited for the intricate and quick maneuvers required in reining, working cow horse, barrel racing, calf roping, other western riding events those involving live cattle. The American Quarter Horse is used in English disciplines, show jumping, dressage and many other equestrian activities. In the 1600s on the Eastern seaboard of what today is the United States began to breed imported English Thoroughbred horses with assorted "native" horses; this included the Chickasaw horse, a breed developed by Native American people from horses descended from Spain, developed from Iberian and Barb stock brought to what is now the Southeastern United States by the Conquistadors. One of the most famous of these early imports was Janus, a Thoroughbred, the grandson of the Godolphin Arabian, he was foaled in 1746, imported to colonial Virginia in 1756. The influence of Thoroughbreds like Janus contributed genes crucial to the development of the colonial "Quarter Horse".
The breed is sometimes referred to as the "Famous American Quarter Running Horse". The resulting horse was small, hardy and was used as a work horse during the week and a race horse on the weekends; as flat racing became popular with the colonists, the Quarter Horse gained more popularity as a sprinter over courses that, by necessity, were shorter than the classic racecourses of England. These courses were no more than a straight stretch of road or flat piece of open land; when competing against a Thoroughbred, local sprinters won. As the Thoroughbred breed became established in America, many colonial Quarter Horses were included in the original American stud books; this began a long association between the Thoroughbred breed and what would become known as the "Quarter Horse", named after the 1⁄4 mile race distance at which it excelled. Some Quarter Horses have been clocked at up to 55 mph. In the 19th century, pioneers heading West needed a willing horse. On the Great Plains, settlers encountered Spanish stock horses that were brought to New Spain, which today includes the Southwestern United States and Mexico, by Hernán Cortés and other Conquistadors.
The horses of the West included herds of feral animals known as Mustangs, as well as horses domesticated by Native Americans, including the Comanche and Nez Perce tribes. As the colonial Quarter Horse was crossed with these western horses, the pioneers found that the new crossbred had innate "cow sense", a natural instinct for working with cattle, making it popular with cattlemen on ranches. Early foundation sires of Quarter horse type included Steel Dust, foaled 1843. Another early foundation sire for the breed was Copperbottom, foaled in 1828, who tracks his lineage through the Byerley Turk, a foundation sire of the Thoroughbred horse breed; the main duty of the ranch horse in the American West was working cattle. After the invention of the automobile, horses were still irreplaceable for handling livestock on the range. Thus, major Texas cattle ranches, such as the King Ranch, the 6666 Ranch, the Waggoner Ranch played a significant role in the development of the modern Quarter Horse; the skills required by cowboys and their horses became the foundation of the rodeo, a contest which began with informal competition between cowboys and expanded to become a major competitive event throughout the west.
To this day, the Quarter Horse dominates in events that require speed as well as the ability to handle cattle. Sprint races were popular weekend entertainment and racing became a source of economic gain for breeders; as a result, more Thoroughbred blood was added into the developing American Quarter Horse breed. The American Quarter Horse benefitted from the addition of Arabian and Standardbred bloodlines. In 1940, the American Quarter Horse Association was formed by a group of horsemen and ranchers from the Southwestern United States dedicated to preserving the pedigrees of their ranch horses. After winning the 1941 Fort Worth Exposition and Fat Stock Show grand champion stallion, the horse honored with the first registration number, P-1, was Wimpy, a descendant of the King Ranch foundation sire Old Sorrel. Other sires alive at the founding of the AQHA were given th
Thomas Brooke, 8th Baron Cobham, lord of the Manor of Cobham, was an English peer. Thomas Brooke was the heir of Sir John Brooke, 7th Baron Cobham and Margaret Neville. Daughter of Edward Neville, 3rd Baron Bergavenny, his second wife, Catherine Howard. Thomas took part in the wars with France and was at the Siege of Tournay in 1513, fought at the Battle of the Spurs on 16 August 1513, he was made Knight Banneret by King Henry VIII in 1514, attended the Field of the Cloth of Gold in 1520. He was summoned to Parliament from 1514 to 1523. In 1521 he was one of the twelve Barons for the trial of the Duke of Buckingham. Thomas Brooke married Dorothy Heydon, daughter of Sir Henry Heydon of Baconsthorpe and Anne, daughter of Sir Geoffrey Boleyn and Anne Hoo, they had six daughters. His daughter, Elizabeth Brooke, married Sir Thomas Wyatt, he was twice widowed. He married secondly Elizabeth Fowthewel widow of Robert Southwell and thirdly Elizabeth Hart, had no issue from them. Thomas Brooke died on 19 July 1529 and was buried at St Mary Magdalene New Churchyard, Kent
2 Broke Girls is an American television sitcom that aired on CBS from September 19, 2011, to April 17, 2017. The series was produced for Warner Bros. Television and created by Michael Patrick Whitney Cummings. Set in the Williamsburg neighborhood of Brooklyn, New York City, the show's plot follows the lives of friends Max Black and Caroline Channing. Whereas Caroline was raised as the daughter of a billionaire, Max grew up in poverty, resulting in differing perspectives on life, although together they work in a local diner while attempting to raise funds to start a cupcake business. Since its debut, the series has received a polarized response from audiences alike; the on-screen chemistry between the two lead characters has been praised, while others have condemned the show's reliance on sexualized humor and stereotypes. It was nominated for 12 Emmy Awards. During the course of the series, 136 episodes of 2 Broke Girls aired over six seasons. On May 12, 2017, CBS cancelled the series after six seasons.
The series chronicles the lives of two waitresses in their mid-20s: Max Black, the child of a poor working-class mother and an unknown father, Caroline Channing, born rich but is now disgraced and penniless because her father, Martin Channing, got caught operating a Bernard Madoff-esque Ponzi scheme. The two work together at a Brooklyn diner, soon becoming roommates and friends while building toward their dream of one day opening a cupcake shop. Among those working with them at the restaurant are their boss, Han Lee. Featured starting late in the first season is their neighbor and part-time boss Sophie, a Polish immigrant who runs the house-cleaning company Sophie's Choice. During most of the first season, Max is a part-time nanny for the twin babies of Peach Landis, who during the season adopts Caroline's horse Chestnut. At the end of each episode, a tally shows how much they have made toward their goal of $250,000. Early in the second season, Sophie lends the girls $20,000, enough for them to start their business.
However, the business fails, in the 18th episode, they are forced to give up the lease of their cupcake shop with just enough money to pay off Sophie's loan, resetting the end of episode tally to $1. During the third season, the girls reopen the business in the back room of the diner, using the window as a walk-up window. Max enrolls in, Caroline goes to work for, the Manhattan School of Pastry, where Max finds a love interest, marking the first time in the series that Max gets emotional for a man. Caroline has a brief affair with the Pastry School Head Chef Nicholas, which leads to Nicholas closing down the school and moving back to France with his wife, they attempt to get Deke's parents to invest in the pastry school, planning to run it by themselves, but do not succeed. During season four, the girls start their cupcake T-shirt business, which succeeds before going into the red. Max and Caroline end up in an elite-class pastry shop called "The High" to make more money to return the loan they took for their business.
In the end of season four and Sophie get married, with the girls realizing they have their own business to worry about and their own dream to work towards, which leads to them quitting "The High" and coming back to their business. In season five, Caroline sells her life story to a film producer for $250,000, she uses most of the money to expand their old cupcake space into the adjacent pizza shop, converting it into a dessert bar. The remaining $30,000 are used to purchase part ownership of the diner to help Han pay off his debts from gambling on women's tennis. While in Hollywood with Caroline consulting on her life story script, Max meets her second major love interest in the series, a Los Angeles-based "lawyer to the stars" named Randy. Meanwhile, despite her advancing age, Sophie becomes pregnant with Oleg's child. Season six has Oleg welcoming their baby daughter Barbara to the world. Randy returns to continue his relationship with Max, but it does not work out. Randy wants Max to move to California, but Max, publicly acknowledging her strong friendship with Caroline for the first time, says she cannot do so because she has important people in her life now.
Meanwhile, Caroline meets Bobby, a contractor who rebuilds the dessert bar after a storm, the two start a relationship. By the end of the season, the movie about Caroline's life has been made, but Caroline destroys a $10,000 on-loan dress at the premiere, which wipes out the girls' savings and returns them to "broke" status. Randy comes back to New York, this time permanently, proposes to Max, who accepts; the series ends at this point, as 2 Broke Girls was unexpectedly cancelled by the network without allowing the creative team to resolve the show's continuing plotlines. Kat Dennings as Maxine "Max" George Black, one of the waitresses at the Williamsburg Diner, she is a poor working-class girl who had a rough childhood in Hope, Rhode Island, an rough adult life, driven by both genuine poverty and being raised by a mother, absent and dangerously incompetent when she was around. Han allowed her to sell homemade cupcakes in the diner, which led to her going forward with Caroline's idea to go into the cupcake business.
In computability theory the smn theorem, is a basic result about programming languages. It was first proved by Stephen Cole Kleene; the name "smn" comes from the occurrence of an s with subscript n and superscript m in the original formulation of the theorem. In practical terms, the theorem says that for a given programming language and positive integers m and n, there exists a particular algorithm that accepts as input the source code of a program with m + n free variables, together with m values; this algorithm generates source code that substitutes the values for the first m free variables, leaving the rest of the variables free. The basic form of the theorem applies to functions of two arguments. Given a Gödel numbering φ of recursive functions, there is a primitive recursive function s of two arguments with the following property: for every Gödel number p of a partial computable function f with two arguments, the expressions φ s and f are defined for the same combinations of natural numbers x and y, their values are equal for any such combination.
In other words, the following extensional equality of functions holds for every x: φ s ≃ λ y. Φ p. More for any m, n > 0, there exists a primitive recursive function s n m of m + 1 arguments that behaves as follows: for every Gödel number p of a partial computable function with m + n arguments, all values of x1,…,xm: φ s n m ≃ λ y 1, …, y n. Φ p. The function s described above can be taken to be s 1 1. Given arities m and n, for every Turing Machine T M x of arity m + n and for all possible values of inputs y 1... Y m, there exists a Turing Machine T M k of arity n, such that ∀ z 1... Z n: T M x = T M k. Furthermore, there is a Turing Machine s that allows k to be calculated from x and y. Informally, s finds the Turing Machine T M k, the result of hardcoding the values of y into T M x; the result generalizes to any Turing Complete computing model. The following Lisp code implements s11 for Lisp. For example, evaluates to. Currying Kleene's recursion theorem Partial evaluation Kleene, S. C.. "General recursive functions of natural numbers".
Mathematische Annalen. 112: 727–742. Doi:10.1007/BF01565439. Kleene, S. C.. "On Notations for Ordinal Numbers". The Journal of Symbolic Logic. 3: 150–155. Nies, A.. Computability and randomness. Oxford
The Sikorsky S-31 was a 1920s American sesqiuplane designed and built by the Sikorsky Manufacturing Corporation and configured for aerial photography. The S-31 was a sesquiplane built for photographic work by the Fairchild Flying Corporation, it had a cabin for the photographic equipment. The S-31 was powered by a 200 hp Wright Whirlwind J-4 engine and first flew in September 1925. Following participation in the New York Air Races in October 1925 it was shipped to Brazil to be used by Fairchild for aerial photographic work. At some point the S-31 had twin Lewis machine guns ring-mounted on the rear cockpit. Data from General characteristics Crew: two Length: 26 ft 0 in Wingspan: 45 ft 0 in Height: 10 ft 4 in Wing area: 260 ft2 Empty weight: 1700 lb Gross weight: 2900 lb Powerplant: 1 × Wright Whirlwind J-4, 200 hp Performance Maximum speed: 35 mph Endurance: 6 hours 0 min Service ceiling: 15000 ft
John "Johnnie" Bevan is an American former competitive figure skater. He finished in the top six at two World Junior Championships. Bevan was born on November 1, 1976, he married Kathy Larsen, with whom he has two children and Drew. Bevan began skating at age three. Early in his career, he was coached by Joan Bellessa at the Lilac City FSC in Washington. Competing in men's singles, he won the U. S. junior national bronze medal in 1993 and 1994. He placed fourth at the 1993 World Junior Championships in Seoul, South Korea, sixth at the 1994 World Junior Championships in Colorado Springs, Colorado. Bevan withdrew from the 1995 World Junior Championships in Hungary. By 2000, he was coached by Frank Carroll in California. Bevan competed in pair skating with Jacqueline Matson, they placed 11th in junior pairs at the 2002 U. S. Championships