American University of Beirut

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Coordinates: 33°53′59.87″N 35°28′56.22″E / 33.8999639°N 35.4822833°E / 33.8999639; 35.4822833

American University of Beirut
الجامعة الأمريكية في بيروت
American University of Beirut logo.svg
Former name
Syria Protestant College (1866-1920)
Motto That they may have life and have it more abundantly.[1]
Type Private
Established 1866
Endowment $500 million
President Fadlo R. Khuri[1]
Provost Mohamad Harajli
Academic staff
538 full-time and 300 part-time instructional faculty.[2]
Students 8,815 (Fall 2016)[3]
Undergraduates 7,063 (Fall 2016)[3]
Postgraduates 1,752 (Fall 2016)[3]
Location Beirut, Lebanon
Campus Urban, 61-acre (250,000 m2); and AREC (Agricultural Research and Education Center), a 247-acre (1.00 km2) research farm and educational facility in the Beqaa Valley
Website www.aub.edu.lb

The American University of Beirut (AUB); Arabic: الجامعة الأميركية في بيروت‎‎)[4] is a private, secular and independent university in Beirut, Lebanon. Degrees awarded at the American University of Beirut (AUB)[4] are officially registered with the New York Board of Regents.

The university is ranked number 2 in the Arab region and 235 in the world in the 2018 QS World University Rankings.[5]

The American University of Beirut is governed by a private, autonomous Board of Trustees and offers programs leading to bachelor's, master's, MD, and PhD degrees, it collaborates with many universities around the world, notably with Columbia University, George Washington University School of Medicine & Health Sciences in Washington, DC; Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, and the University of Paris. The current president is Fadlo R. Khuri, MD.

The American University of Beirut (AUB) boasts an operating budget of $380 million[6] with an endowment of approximately $500 million,[7] the campus is composed of 64 buildings, including the American University of Beirut Medical Center (AUBMC, formerly known as AUH – American University Hospital) (420 beds), four libraries, three museums[8] and seven dormitories. Almost one-fifth of AUB's students attended secondary school or university outside of Lebanon before coming to AUB. AUB graduates reside in more than 120 countries worldwide, the language of instruction is English.

History[edit]

Daniel L. Bliss, who helped found Syrian Protestant College (American University of Beirut) and was its first president
At the Main Gate

On January 23, 1862, W.M. Thomson proposed to a meeting of the American Board of Commissioners for Foreign Missions that a college of higher learning, that would include medical training, should be established in Beirut with Daniel Bliss as its president.[9] On April 24, 1863, while Dr. Daniel Bliss was raising money for the new college in the United States and England, the State of New York granted a charter for the Syrian Protestant College, the college, which was renamed the American University of Beirut[4] in 1920, opened with a class of 16 students on December 3, 1866. Dr. Bliss served as its first president, from 1866 until 1902.[10]

AUB alumni have had a broad and significant impact on the region and the world for many years, for example, 19 AUB alumni were delegates to the signing of the United Nations Charter in 1945—more than any other university in the world. AUB graduates continue to serve in leadership positions as presidents of their countries, prime ministers, members of parliament, ambassadors, governors of central banks, presidents and deans of colleges and universities, leading academics, businesspeople, scientists, engineers, doctors, teachers, and nurses, they work in governments, the private sector, and in nongovernmental organizations.

During the Lebanese Civil War (1975–1990) AUB pursued various means to preserve the continuity of studies, including enrollment agreements with universities in the United States, on January 18, 1984, AUB President Malcolm H. Kerr was murdered.

On March 21, 2008, the Board of Trustees selected Peter Dorman to be AUB's 15th president, he succeeded John Waterbury who was president of AUB from 1998 to 2008. Dorman is an international scholar in the field of Egyptology and formerly chaired the University of Chicago's Department of Near Eastern Languages and Civilizations.

On March 19, 2015, the Board of Trustees formally approved the nomination of Fadlo R. Khuri, MD, as the next president. He was officially inaugurated as AUB's 16th president on January 25, 2016.[11][12]

As of June 2011, the total number of degrees and diplomas awarded totaled 82,032.

Campus[edit]

Part of the upper campus as seen from Penrose dormitory

The 61-acre (250,000 m2) American University of Beirut campus is on a hill overlooking the Mediterranean Sea on one side and bordering Bliss Street on the other. Based in one of Lebanon’s few geographic locations, AUB’s campus in Ras Beirut consists of 64 buildings, seven dormitories and several libraries; in addition, the university also houses the Charles W. Hostler Student Center, an Archaeological Museum as well as the widely renowned Natural History Museum. Students also benefit from a range of recreational and research facilities, such as the 247 acre research farm and educational complex hosted by the Faculty of Agricultural and Food Sciences' AREC (Agricultural Research and Education Center) in Beqaa, Lebanon.[13]

Faculties[edit]

  • FAFS, Faculty of Agricultural & Food Sciences[14]
  • FAS, Faculty of Arts & Sciences[14]
  • SFEA, Maroun Semaan Faculty of Engineering & Architecture[14]
  • FHS, Faculty of Health Sciences[14]
  • FM, Faculty of Medicine,[15] which includes the Rafic Hariri School of Nursing (HSON)[14]
  • OSB, Suliman S. Olayan School of Business[14]

Students[edit]

In fall 2016, there were 8,815 students enrolled at AUB: 7,063 undergraduates and 1,752 graduate students.

Research[edit]

In 2007, the American University of Beirut reintroduced PhD programs. Currently, it offers doctoral programs in the following programs:[16]

College Hall

AUB also includes dozens of research centers and institute that sponsor and promote research in a variety of fields.[17]

Medical Center[edit]

The AUB Medical Center (AUBMC) is the private, not-for-profit teaching center of the Faculty of Medicine,[15] the AUB Medical Center (AUBMC), which is accredited by the Joint Commission International (JCIA) on hospital accreditation, includes a 420-bed hospital and offers comprehensive tertiary/quaternary medical care and referral services in a wide range of specialties and medical, nursing and paramedical training programs at undergraduate and post-graduate level. Since 1905, AUB’s medical services have included a nursing school; in 2008, the American Association of Colleges of Nursing (AACN) invited AUB’s Rafic Hariri School of Nursing to become a full member, making it the first member of the AACN outside the United States. The American Nurses Credentialing Center's (ANCC) Magnet Recognition Program awarded AUBMC its prestigious Magnet designation on June 23, 2009. AUBMC is the first healthcare institution in the Middle East and the third in the world outside the United States to receive this award.

On April 4, 2011, the American University of Beirut (AUB) announced an ambitious plan for the development and implementation of a new AUBMC 2020 Medical Complex, the AUBMC 2020 Medical Complex will lead to the growth of the hospital from an approximately 350-bed institution to a 600-bed medical complex that will also include new adult and pediatric hospitals, the creation of specialized centers of excellence in oncology, neuroscience, cardiovascular disease, amongst others, as well as an expansion in the existing services and buildings. Another component to AUBMC’s growth, will be the recruitment of top-caliber, highly specialized and accomplished faculty, and the creation of a Heart and Vascular Center and a Multiple Sclerosis Center.[18]

It was known as American University Hospital (AUH).

University Museum[edit]

The Archaeological Museum of the American University of Beirut[8] is the third oldest museum in the Near East with displays covering all periods of history. The museum[8] also carries out archaeological research projects.

Libraries[edit]

Football field at AUB lower campus

The American University of Beirut (AUB) library system includes two main divisions:

University libraries[edit]

The university libraries include the Nami Jafet Memorial Library, the Engineering and Architecture Library and the Science and Agriculture Library, the Agricultural Research and Education Center (AREC) in the Beqaa Valley also includes an annex to the Science and Agriculture Library.[19]

The University Libraries are home to a rich collection that consists of:

  • 587,778 volumes
  • 923 periodical titles, of which 244 are in Arabic.
  • 57,679 electronic journals in 206 databases.
  • 1,139,340 audiovisual items of all formats, the majority of which are microforms of a substantial number of local and regional journals and newspapers going back to the early 20th century.
  • 1,398 manuscripts in “Archives and Special Collections”, some of which have been appraised as museum pieces,
  • 7,714 volumes of theses, projects and dissertations going back to 1907,
  • 3,940 posters and 1,902 maps, as well as 46,418 photographs, of a unique and historical nature.[20]

Saab Medical Library[edit]

The Saab Medical Library (SML) serves the AUB Faculty of Medicine[14][15] and Medical Center, Faculty of Health Sciences,[14] the Rafic Hariri School of Nursing, in addition to the entire AUB campus.[21]

Although many library resources are accessible remotely from on and off campus, the libraries themselves are equipped with e-classrooms, computer labs, and wireless connectivity. Trained and experienced library staff conduct classes and workshops throughout the year to introduce and train users to take advantage of the libraries’ collections, information resources, and innovative technologies.

Fundraising[edit]

Looking northwest across the campus towards the Mediterranean Sea.

On January 16, 2017, AUB President Fadlo R. Khuri announced BOLDLY AUB: The Campaign to Lead, Innovate, and Serve during an event on campus in Beirut, Lebanon.[22] [23] The New York launch was on March 16, 2017,[24] the goals of the five-year $650 million Campaign are to enrich the educational and research experience of students and faculty; serve the healthcare needs of the region; prioritize innovation and entrepreneurship; engage with communities in the region to achieve real impact; and secure the University's long-term sustainability.[25]

In January 2017, AUB also announced the largest gift in its history from the Semaan Foundation to name the Maroun Semaan Faculty of Engineering and Architecture. AUB has received major gifts in support of the BOLDLY AUB Campaign as well from the Dar Group (to design a Medical Center and develop a Campus Master Plan) and from Jamal Daniel and the Levant Foundation for an expansion of the Medical Center.[26]

Accreditation[edit]

Degrees awarded by the American University of Beirut[4] are officially registered with the Ministry of Higher Education in Lebanon and with the Board of Education in the State of New York. AUB was granted institutional accreditation in June 2004[27] by the Commission on Higher Education of the Middle States Association of Colleges and Schools. The University’s accreditation was most recently reaffirmed in June 2009.[27]

In September 2006, the Council on Education for Public Health (CEPH) acted to accredit the University’s Graduate Public Health Program in the Faculty of Health Sciences (FHS),[14] the AUB Graduate Public Health Program is the first CEPH accredited public health program outside the North American continent.

The Commission on Collegiate Nursing Education (CCNE) accredited AUB’s Rafic Hariri School of Nursing for five years beginning October 13, 2007.

In April 2009, the Association to Advance Collegiate Schools of Business (AACSB) granted the Suliman S. Olayan School of Business (OSB) initial accreditation.[27] AACSB is the leading international accrediting agency for undergraduate, master’s, and doctoral degree programs in business administration and accounting. Less than five percent of business schools worldwide have earned AACSB International accreditation.[28] AUB's Olayan School of Business is the first business school in Lebanon and the second in the region to receive such accreditation.[27]

The Maroun Semaan Faculty of Engineering and Architecture[14] at the American University of Beirut received accreditation from the Accreditation Board of Engineering and Technology (ABET) in July 2010,[27] becoming the first university in Lebanon to receive such an accreditation. The accredited programs include the undergraduate BE degrees in civil engineering, computer and communications engineering, electrical and computer engineering, and mechanical engineering.[29][30]

Board of Trustees[edit]

The reconstructed College Hall at AUB

The American University of Beirut (AUB)[4] is governed by an autonomous Board of Trustees consisting of a diverse group of highly accomplished men and women, most notably:

Notable Alumni[edit]

AUB has 64,417 living alumni, they reside in more than 120 countries. [31]

Nineteen former AUB students were delegates to the signing of the United Nations Charter in 1945,[32] perhaps the most famous among them was Charles Malik, a Lebanese philosopher, diplomat and president of the United Nations General Assembly from 1958 to 1959.[33] The legal advisor to the Lebanese delegation was Sobhi Mahmassani, a legal scholar and public figure who served on the AUB faculty until 1964.[34] Another notable alumni is Omar Al-Saqqaf, who was the former minister of foreign affairs of the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia. Afghan president Ashraf Ghani is an AUB graduate, as is Eliyahu Eilat, a diplomat, orientalist, ambassador of Israel to the USA and former education secretary of Pakistan Sir Manzoor Ahmed Nizami done his BT-Administration from AUB.[citation needed]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "History". [dead link]
  2. ^ http://www.aub.edu.lb/oira/institutional_research/Documents/FB201314.pdf
  3. ^ a b c "Fact Book 2016/17" (PDF). American University of Beirut. Office of Institutional Research and Assessment. Retrieved 6 June 2017. 
  4. ^ a b c d e "American University of Beirut - AUB Home - Home". Aub.edu.lb. Retrieved 2013-02-22. 
  5. ^ "American University of Beirut (AUB)". Top Universities. 2015-07-16. Retrieved 2017-09-18. 
  6. ^ "AUB - About Us - Facts and Figures". www.aub.edu.lb. Retrieved 2017-09-18. 
  7. ^ IRS Form 990 FY2010
  8. ^ a b c "AUB Museum". Ddc.aub.edu.lb. Retrieved 2013-02-22. 
  9. ^ Dodge, Bayard (1958) The American University of Beirut - A brief history. Khayat's Beirut. p.10
  10. ^ "Rev. H.H. Jessup Dead,". New York Times. 1910-04-29. 
  11. ^ "AUB - 2015 - AUB appoints its 16th president, Fadlo R. Khuri, MD". Retrieved 29 June 2015. 
  12. ^ "American University of Beirut - Presidential Inauguration - Home". www.aub.edu.lb. Retrieved 2017-09-18. 
  13. ^ "Campus". Uniandi. Retrieved 30 March 2013. [permanent dead link]
  14. ^ a b c d e f g h i j "Faculties - Faculties". AUB. Retrieved 2013-02-22. 
  15. ^ a b c "FM Home - home". AUB. 1999-05-07. Retrieved 2013-02-22. 
  16. ^ "AUB - Academics - Majors and Programs". Retrieved September 18, 2017. 
  17. ^ "AUB - Research - Centers and Institutes". Retrieved September 18, 2017. 
  18. ^ "AUB Retrieved on 2012-4-29". Aub.edu.lb. Retrieved 2013-02-22. 
  19. ^ "Home – Academics – Libraries AUB Retrieved on 2010-11-04". Aub.edu.lb. Retrieved 2013-02-22. 
  20. ^ "About the Libraries". AUB. 
  21. ^ "Welcome to Saab Medical Library Smlweb.aub.edu.lb 2010-04-19 Retrieved on 2010-11-04". Smlweb.aub.edu.lb. 1999-05-07. Retrieved 2013-02-22. 
  22. ^ "AUB - 2017 - Boldly AUB campaign to safeguard more abundant future". www.aub.edu.lb. Retrieved 2017-09-17. 
  23. ^ American University of Beirut (2017-01-16), BOLDLY AUB: The Campaign to Lead, Innovate, and Serve, retrieved 2017-09-17 
  24. ^ "AUB - 2017 - Launch of Boldly AUB Campaign in North America". www.aub.edu.lb. Retrieved 2017-09-17. 
  25. ^ "AUB - 2017 - Boldly AUB campaign to safeguard more abundant future". www.aub.edu.lb. Retrieved 2017-09-17. 
  26. ^ Administrator. "Support for the American University of Beirut Medical Center". www.thelevantfoundation.org. Retrieved 2017-09-17. 
  27. ^ a b c d e "American University of Beirut - Accreditation at AUB - Accreditation and Re-accreditation". Aub.edu.lb. 1999-05-07. Retrieved 2013-02-22. 
  28. ^ OSB joins ranks of 5 percent of business schools in the world with AACSB accreditation, AUB News Highlights (Official Press Release)[dead link]
  29. ^ Undergraduate engineering degree programs receive internationally recognized ABET accreditation Archived August 20, 2010, at the Wayback Machine.
  30. ^ AUB News Highlights (Official Press Release)
  31. ^ Cite error: The named reference http:.2F.2Fwww.aub.edu.lb.2Fmain.2Fabout.2FPages.2Ffacts.aspx was invoked but never defined (see the help page).
  32. ^ "News from ICTP 98 – Features – CAMS Ictp.trieste.it (1999-01-15) Retrieved on 2010-11-04". Ictp.trieste.it. 1999-01-15. Retrieved 2013-02-22. 
  33. ^ Glendon, M.A., 1999. Foundations of Human Rights: The Unfinished Business. American Journal of Jurisprudence, 44, pp. 1–14
  34. ^ United Nations Association of Lebanon.

External links[edit]