Ames Research Center

The Ames Research Center known as NASA Ames, is a major NASA research center at Moffett Federal Airfield in California's Silicon Valley. It was founded in 1939 as the second National Advisory Committee for Aeronautics laboratory; that agency was dissolved and its assets and personnel transferred to the newly created National Aeronautics and Space Administration on October 1, 1958. NASA Ames is named in honor of Joseph Sweetman Ames, a physicist and one of the founding members of NACA. At last estimate NASA Ames has over US$3 billion in capital equipment, 2,300 research personnel and a US$860 million annual budget. Ames was founded to conduct wind-tunnel research on the aerodynamics of propeller-driven aircraft. Ames plays a role in many NASA missions, it provides leadership in astrobiology. Ames develops tools for a safer, more efficient national airspace; the center's current director is Eugene Tu. The site is mission center for several key current missions and a major contributor to the "new exploration focus" as a participant in the Orion crew exploration vehicle.

Although Ames is a NASA Research Center, not a flight center, it has been involved in a number of astronomy and space missions. The Pioneer program's eight successful space missions from 1965 to 1978 were managed by Charles Hall at Ames aimed at the inner Solar System. By 1972, it supported the bold flyby missions to Jupiter and Saturn with Pioneer 10 and Pioneer 11; those two missions were trail blazers for the planners of the more complex Voyager 1 and Voyager 2 missions, launched five years later. In 1978, the end of the program brought about a return to the inner solar system, with the Pioneer Venus Orbiter and Multiprobe, this time using orbital insertion rather than flyby missions. Lunar Prospector was the third mission selected by NASA for full development and construction as part of the Discovery Program. At a cost of $62.8 million, the 19-month mission was put into a low polar orbit of the Moon, accomplishing mapping of surface composition and possible polar ice deposits, measurements of magnetic and gravity fields, study of lunar outgassing events.

Based on Lunar Prospector Neutron Spectrometer data, mission scientists have determined that there is indeed water ice in the polar craters of the Moon. The mission ended July 31, 1999, when the orbiter was guided to an impact into a crater near the lunar south pole in an attempt to analyze lunar polar water by vaporizing it to allow spectroscopic characterization from Earth telescopes; the 11-pound GeneSat-1, carrying bacteria inside a miniature laboratory, was launched on December 16, 2006. The small NASA satellite has proven that scientists can design and launch a new class of inexpensive spacecraft—and conduct significant science; the Lunar Crater Observation and Sensing Satellite mission to look for water on the Moon was a'secondary payload spacecraft.' LCROSS began its trip to the Moon on the same rocket as the Lunar Reconnaissance Orbiter, which continues to conduct a different lunar task. It launched in April 2009 on an Atlas V rocket from Florida; the Kepler mission was NASA's first mission capable of finding Earth-size and smaller planets.

The Kepler mission monitored the brightness of stars to find planets that pass in front of them during the planets' orbits. During such passes or'transits,' the planets will decrease the star's brightness. Stratospheric Observatory for Infrared Astronomy is a joint venture of the U. S. and German aerospace agencies, NASA and the German Aerospace Center to make an infrared telescope platform that can fly at altitudes high enough to be in the infrared-transparent regime above the water vapor in the Earth's atmosphere. The aircraft is supplied by the U. S. and the infrared telescope by Germany. Modifications of the Boeing 747SP airframe to accommodate the telescope, mission-unique equipment and large external door were made by L-3 Communications Integrated Systems of Waco, Texas; the Interface Region Imaging Spectrograph mission is a partnership with the Lockheed Martin Solar and Astrophysics Laboratory to understand the processes at the boundary between the Sun's chromosphere and corona. This mission is sponsored by the NASA Small Explorer program.

The Lunar Atmosphere Dust Environment Explorer mission has been developed by NASA Ames. This launched to the Moon on September 6, 2013. In addition, Ames has played a support role in a number of missions, most notably the Mars Pathfinder and Mars Exploration Rover missions, where the Ames Intelligent Robotics Laboratory played a key role. NASA Ames was a partner on the Mars Phoenix, a Mars Scout Program mission to send a high-latitude lander to Mars, deployed a robotic arm to dig trenches up to 1.6 feet into the layers of water ice and analyzing the soil composition. Ames is a partner on the Mars Science Laboratory and its Curiosity rover, a next generation Mars rover to explore for signs of organics and complex molecules; the Aviation Systems Division conducts research and development in two primary areas: air traffic management, high-fidelity flight simulation. For air traffic management, researchers are creating and testing concepts to allow for up to three times today's level of aircraft in the national airspace.

Automation and its attendant


Ganon known as Ganondorf in his Gerudo form, is a fictional character and the main antagonist of Nintendo's The Legend of Zelda video game series. Ganon is the final boss in many Zelda titles. In the games, the character alternates between two forms: a massive, demonic boar-like creature and a tall built Gerudo, a race of desert nomad women. Ganon is the archenemy of the series' main protagonist and the leader of the Gerudo, his specific motives vary from game to game, but most involve capturing Princess Zelda and planning to conquer Hyrule and the world at large. To this end, he seeks the Triforce, an omnipotent artifact that grants any wish its bearer desires, manipulates several other villains to realize his ambitions. In most games, he possesses the Triforce of Power, a third of the full Triforce that gives him godlike strength, boundless mystical power, invulnerability to all but the most powerful sacred weapons, such as the Master Sword; the character has been well received by critics, becoming one of the most popular and recognizable villains in gaming.

Ganon has two basic forms that appear throughout the series: one, his large, boar-headed form, while the other is his humanoid Gerudo form. In the original The Legend of Zelda, A Link to the Past, Oracle of Seasons and Oracle of Ages, Four Swords Adventures, A Link Between Worlds, he is depicted as a blue, porcine biped wielding either a large sword or a trident. Ocarina of Time marks the first appearance of his humanoid form, the physically imposing and armor-clad Lord of Gerudo, he displays physical traits typical of Gerudo: olive dark skin, amber eyes, red hair. Ganondorf is around a foot taller than Link and other characters, his Gerudo form reappears in The Wind Twilight Princess. Ganon was known as "Hakkai" during development of the original The Legend of Zelda, in reference to a humanoid pig character known as Zhu Bajie from the 16th century Chinese novel Journey to the West; the character is given the surname "Dragmire" in the English version of the A Link to the Past instruction manual.

These names have not appeared in any of the games or other manuals, though the name "Ganondorf Dragmire" is used once on the official Zelda website. Ganon is named inconsistently throughout the series. In the Japanese versions of the first three games, his name is anglicized as "Gannon"; this spelling appears in two Western releases: the original The Legend of Zelda, the non-canonical Zelda's Adventure. Since The Adventure of Link, the name is given as "Ganon". A Link to the Past uses "Ganon", while Ocarina of Time predominately uses "Ganondorf". For the development of Ocarina of Time, Ganon was conceived by character designer Satoru Takizawa. Takizawa had imagined Ganon as a "crooked and complex thief, an all-around abominable human being". However, script director Toru Osawa claimed that this image was "not the case", he began to speak of how Ganondorf was meant to have "parts where he is rather good", comparing him to the character of Raoh in Fist of the North Star. With this idea in mind, Takizawa created a tentative model of Ganondorf based on actor Christopher Lambert.

The end result of Ganondorf was different from this model, with three forms of the character being created: one of Ganondorf in the beginning. Since Ganon appeared as a boar-like creature, Takizawa decided that Ganondorf should transform into such at the end of the game, despite the opinions of other staff members, he decided on making Ganon a beast "with the feeling of a pig". Ganon / Ganondorf is depicted as the ultimate embodiment of evil, his roles range from plotting politicians to a deformed madman to a superpowered entity, sometimes in the course of a single game. Ganondorf is arrogant, believing himself to be always in the right; because of this, he never considers anything to be a threat and appears to put minimal effort into fighting, unless he believes it too important. Unsurprisingly, Ganondorf is in total disbelief when he is defeated, he is not beyond sympathy, though. He is portrayed in Ocarina of Time as an ambitious, cunning manipulator, gaining the king's trust before betraying him and using Link to open the Door of Time, which allows him to access the Triforce.

In Twilight Princess, Ganondorf is stated as "the Scourge of Hyrule". In The Wind Waker, trying to find Zelda, ordered a mind-controlled bird to capture twelve-year-old, blonde-haired Hylian girls. Ganon / Ganondorf is a formidable warrior and sorcerer, he is skilled enough a swordsman to combat Link. Despite his size, Ganondorf is agile and is capable of dodging sword attacks and arrows; the Triforce of Power, a powerful artifact of the Kingdom of Hyrule, can make Ganon larger. In Ocarina of Time, he teleports her to his castle. In Twilight Princess, He uses the Triforce of Power to open portals, he has survived events as severe as having an entire castle collapse on him and being impaled by a sword, due to various abilities of the Triforce of Power. Once injured, he can be thrown into a portal, taking him either to the Hidden Realm, or the Gap Between Dimensions, but this is not effective, since he can escape, either by using the Triforce of Power to open portals, or by creating an opening in a thin spot in the continuum of the Gap Between Dim

J. William Ditter

John William Ditter was a Republican member of the U. S. House of Representatives from Pennsylvania. J. William Ditter was born in Pennsylvania, he graduated from the law department of Temple University in Philadelphia in 1913. He worked as a professor of history and commerce in Philadelphia high schools from 1912 to 1925. In 1925 he moved to Ambler and commenced the practice of law, he served as workmen's compensation referee for eastern Pennsylvania in 1929. Ditter was elected as a Republican to the Seventy-third from the 17th District of Pennsylvania and to the five succeeding Congresses. During his years in Washington, Ditter served on the House Committee on Appropriations, he was a member of the subcommittee on Navy Department appropriation bills, at the time of his death was ranking minority member. He served until his death in an airplane crash near Pennsylvania, he is buried in Whitemarsh Memorial Cemetery in Pennsylvania. USS J. William Ditter was named for him. List of United States Congress members who died in office United States Congress.

"J. William Ditter". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. Retrieved on 2009-5-18 The Political Graveyard This article incorporates text from the public domain Dictionary of American Naval Fighting Ships