Albert Cuyp Market
The street and market are named for Albert Cuyp, a painter from the 17th century. The market began as an ad hoc collection of street traders, by the beginning of the 20th century, this had become so chaotic that in 1905, the city government decided to set up a market, at first only held on Saturday evenings. In 1912, the became a daytime market open six days a week. Originally the street was accessible while the market was taking place, the product selection at the market varies from the traditional range of vegetables and fish to clothing and even cameras. There are many products sold that are of interest to the residents of Surinamese, Turkish. The market is the busiest in all of the Netherlands and is reputedly the largest daytime market in Europe and it is an important tourist attraction. The famous Dutch Stroopwafels are prepared fresh here, popular are the many ethnic restaurants and bars that are found behind the market stalls. Frommers Europe, p.732 Amsterdam Day by Day, p.171000 Places to See before You Die, p.299 Market page Market page 100 Jaar Albert Cuyp Markt, Marcella van der Weg en Maria Douwes
EYE Film Institute Netherlands
EYE Film Institute Netherlands is a Dutch archive and museum in Amsterdam that preserves and presents both Dutch and foreign films screened in the Netherlands. The museum collection includes 37,000 film titles,60,000 posters,700,000 photographs and 20,000 books, the earliest materials date from the start of the film industry in the Netherlands in 1895. EYE is located in the Overhoeks neighborhood of Amsterdam in the Netherlands and it includes a cinematography museum formerly called Filmmuseum, founded in 1952. Its predecessor was the Dutch Historical Film Archive, founded in 1946, the Filmmuseum was situated in the Vondelparkpaviljoen since 1975, but in 2009, plans were announced for a new home on the north bank of Amsterdams waterfront. It was officially opened on April 4,2012 by Queen Beatrix, the EYE building was designed by Delugan Meissl architects, which specializes in buildings that appear to be in motion, e. g. the Porsche Museum in Stuttgart. EYE is performing a major film digitization and preservation project together with IBM and Thought Equity Motion, the project involves scanning and storing more than 150 million discrete DPX files on LTO Gen5 Tape in the Linear Tape File System format.
List of film archives Association of European Film Archives and Cinematheques List of museums in Amsterdam Official website
Amsterdam is the capital and most populous municipality of the Kingdom of the Netherlands. Its status as the capital is mandated by the Constitution of the Netherlands, although it is not the seat of the government, which is The Hague. Amsterdam has a population of 851,373 within the city proper,1,351,587 in the urban area, the city is located in the province of North Holland in the west of the country. The metropolitan area comprises much of the part of the Randstad, one of the larger conurbations in Europe. Amsterdams name derives from Amstelredamme, indicative of the citys origin around a dam in the river Amstel, during that time, the city was the leading centre for finance and diamonds. In the 19th and 20th centuries the city expanded, and many new neighborhoods and suburbs were planned, the 17th-century canals of Amsterdam and the 19–20th century Defence Line of Amsterdam are on the UNESCO World Heritage List. As the commercial capital of the Netherlands and one of the top financial centres in Europe, Amsterdam is considered a world city by the Globalization.
The city is the capital of the Netherlands. Many large Dutch institutions have their headquarters there, and seven of the worlds 500 largest companies, including Philips and ING, are based in the city. In 2012, Amsterdam was ranked the second best city to live in by the Economist Intelligence Unit and 12th globally on quality of living for environment, the city was ranked 3rd in innovation by Australian innovation agency 2thinknow in their Innovation Cities Index 2009. The Amsterdam seaport to this day remains the second in the country, famous Amsterdam residents include the diarist Anne Frank, artists Rembrandt van Rijn and Vincent van Gogh, and philosopher Baruch Spinoza. The Amsterdam Stock Exchange, the oldest stock exchange in the world, is located in the city center. After the floods of 1170 and 1173, locals near the river Amstel built a bridge over the river, the earliest recorded use of that name is in a document dated October 27,1275, which exempted inhabitants of the village from paying bridge tolls to Count Floris V.
This allowed the inhabitants of the village of Aemstelredamme to travel freely through the County of Holland, paying no tolls at bridges, the certificate describes the inhabitants as homines manentes apud Amestelledamme. By 1327, the name had developed into Aemsterdam, Amsterdam is much younger than Dutch cities such as Nijmegen and Utrecht. In October 2008, historical geographer Chris de Bont suggested that the land around Amsterdam was being reclaimed as early as the late 10th century. This does not necessarily mean there was already a settlement then, since reclamation of land may not have been for farming—it may have been for peat. Amsterdam was granted city rights in either 1300 or 1306, from the 14th century on, Amsterdam flourished, largely from trade with the Hanseatic League
Stedelijk Museum Amsterdam
The Stedelijk Museum Amsterdam, colloquially known as the Stedelijk, is a museum for modern art, contemporary art, and design located in Amsterdam, Netherlands. The 19th century building was designed by Adriaan Willem Weissman and the 21st century wing with the current entrance was designed by Benthem Crouwel Architects. It is located at the Museum Square in the borough Amsterdam South, where it is close to the Van Gogh Museum, the Rijksmuseum, the collection comprises modern and contemporary art and design from the early 20th century up to the 21st century. In 2015, the museum had an estimated 675,000 visitors, the Stedelijk Museum, opened on 14 September 1895 as an initiative of the local authority and private individuals. The Dutch Neo-Renaissance style museum building was designed by Dutch architect Adriaan Willem Weissman as part of a project spearheaded by local citizens starting in 1850. The construction of the building was funded in 1890 by Sophia Adriana de Bruyn. The Van Eeghen family contributed to the costs and donated paintings from the collection of Christiaan Pieter van Eeghen.
The building was constructed between 1891 and 1895 at Paulus Potterstraat, a walking distance from the Rijksmuseum. The museums original collection included militaria of the Amsterdam militia, Asiatic art, and artifacts from the Museum of Chronometry, in 1905, Cornelis Baard was appointed curator of the Stedelijk and promoted to museum director in 1920. During his time as curator, the local authority began building its own collection of modern art, the Great Depression in the Netherlands led to municipal cutbacks and an increased need for policy reviews in the first half of the 1930s. In 1932, a committee was established with two members from the VVHK and two from the local authority. These four figures oversaw all art purchases for the museum, notably works of Hague and Amsterdam Impressionism, the museum began actively acquiring art in 1930. Nijkerks collection of books came to the Stedelijk, which was expanded to include aesthetic book design. The Museum of Applied Art opened on the floor of the west wing on 15 December 1934.
In 1936, David Röell, who had worked at the Rijksmuseum and was secretary of the VVHK. Röell appointed Willem Sandberg as the new curator in January 1938, Sandberg eventually took over as director of the museum in 1945. By 1962, the VVHK handed over most of its collection, including works by George Hendrik Breitner, Paul Cézanne, Jean-Baptiste-Camille Corot, Gustave Courbet, Vincent van Gogh, and Johan Jongkind. Under the direction of Sandberg, the Stedelijk started a department of applied art in 1945, at the start of 1950, the Stedelijk began to present modern music and films
The Diamantbuurt is a neighborhood of Amsterdam, The Netherlands. It was built in the 1930s and it has streets named after precious stones, Robijnstraat, Smaragdstraat and Granaatstraat. These days the Diamantbuurt includes the area enclosed by the Tweede van der Helststraat, Karel du Jardinstraat, Henrick de Keijserplein, Amstel and it has many special buildings and monuments, like social housing in the Amsterdam School style of architecture
Heineken Lager Beer, or simply Heineken, is a pale lager beer with 5% alcohol by volume produced by the Dutch brewing company Heineken International. Heineken is well known for its signature green bottle and red star, on 15 February 1864, Gerard Adriaan Heineken got his wealthy mother to buy De Hooiberg brewery in Amsterdam, a popular working-class brand founded in 1592. In 1873 after hiring a Dr. Elion to develop Heineken-A Yeast for Bavarian bottom fermentation, the HBM was established, after Prohibition was lifted in 1933, Heineken became the first European beer to be imported to the United States. In 2013 Heineken joined leading alcohol producers as part of a producers commitments to reducing harmful drinking, in Heinekens early years, the beer won four awards, Medaille dOr at the International Maritime Exhibition in Paris in May 1875. Diplome dHonneurs at the International Colonial Exposition in Amsterdam in 1883, Grand Prix at the Exposition Universelle in Paris in 1889. Hors Concours Membre du Jury in Paris in 1900, the two awards that are still mentioned on the label are the Medaille dOr and Diplome dHonneurs.
In 2014 Heineken celebrated its 150th anniversary, in 2015 Heineken won the Creative Marketer of the Year Award, becoming the second company to win the award twice. The original brewery where Gerard Adriaan Heineken first started making Heineken is now the Heineken Experience Museum, since 1975 most Heineken brand beer has been brewed at their brewery in Zoeterwoude, Netherlands. Sold in more than 170 countries, Heineken is the worlds most international premium beer and it has been incorporated with numerous beer brands from different countries all over the world including Mexico and Africa. Heineken was the sponsor of UEFA Champions League and Rugby World Cup. In 2016, Heineken became the Official Beer of the Formula One World Championship starts from Canadian Grand Prix
The Rijksmuseum is a Dutch national museum dedicated to arts and history in Amsterdam. The museum is located at the Museum Square in the borough Amsterdam South, close to the Van Gogh Museum, the Stedelijk Museum Amsterdam, and the Concertgebouw. The Rijksmuseum was founded in The Hague in 1800 and moved to Amsterdam in 1808, the current main building was designed by Pierre Cuypers and first opened its doors in 1885. On 13 April 2013, after a renovation which cost €375 million. In 2013 and 2014, it was the most visited museum in the Netherlands with record numbers of 2.2 million and 2.47 million visitors and it is the largest art museum in the country. The museum has a small Asian collection, which is on display in the Asian pavilion, in 1795, the Batavian Republic was proclaimed. The Minister of Finance Isaac Gogel argued that a museum, following the French example of The Louvre. On 19 November 1798, the government decided to found the museum, on 31 May 1800, the National Art Gallery, precursor of the Rijksmuseum, opened its doors in Huis ten Bosch in The Hague.
The museum exhibited around 200 paintings and historic objects from the collections of the Dutch stadtholders, in 1805, the National Art Gallery moved within The Hague to the Buitenhof. In 1806, the Kingdom of Holland was established by Napoleon Bonaparte, on the orders of king Louis Bonaparte, brother of Napoleon, the museum moved to Amsterdam in 1808. The paintings owned by city, such as The Night Watch by Rembrandt. In 1809, the museum opened its doors in the Royal Palace in Amsterdam, in 1817, the museum moved to the Trippenhuis. The Trippenhuis turned out to be unsuitable as a museum, in 1820, the historical objects were moved to the Mauritshuis in The Hague, and in 1838 the 19th-century paintings were moved to Paviljoen Welgelegen in Haarlem. In 1863, there was a design contest for a new building for the Rijksmuseum, Pierre Cuypers participated in the contest and his submission reached the second place. In 1876 a new contest was held and this time Pierre Cuypers won, the design was a combination of gothic and renaissance elements.
The construction began on 1 October 1876, on both the inside and the outside, the building was richly decorated with references to Dutch art history. Another contest was held for these decorations, the winners were B. van Hove and J. F. Vermeylen for the sculptures, G. Sturm for the tile tableaus and painting and W. F. Dixon for the stained glass. The museum was opened at its new location on 13 July 1885, in 1890 a new building was added a short distance to the south-west of the Rijksmuseum
Hoofddorppleinbuurt is a neighborhood of Amsterdam, part of the borough of Amsterdam-Zuid. The district had 10,771 inhabitants as of January 1,2005, the total area is 96.71 hectares. Hoofddorppleinbuurt was built in the twenties, since 1927 the neighborhood through the Zeilbrug has been connected to Amstelveenseweg. It is a mostly a residential neighborhood, but there are few companies and other institutions
The Heineken Experience, located in Amsterdam, is a historic brewery and corporate visitor center for the internationally distributed Dutch pilsner, Heineken beer. In 1991, the brewery opened to the public as a tour and visitor centre, known as the Heineken Treat. The attraction grew to one of Amsterdams most popular tourist attractions. After a year of extensive remodeling and expansion, the Heineken Experience reopened to visitors on 3 November,2008. In renovating this visitor experience, the tour was designed to educate the public on the process of pilsner brewing as well as to bringing the Heineken product. The European Route of Industrial Heritage presents 845 sites in 29 European countries, of these,66 Anchor Points compose the ERIH main route
North Holland is a province in the northwest of the Netherlands. It is situated on the North Sea, north of South Holland and Utrecht, in 2015, it had a population of 2,762,163 and a total area of 2,670 km2. From the 9th to the 16th century, the area was a part of the County of Holland. During this period West Friesland was incorporated, in the 17th and 18th century, the area was part of the province of Holland. At that time, the distinction between the Noorderkwartier and the Zuiderkwartier became common, in 1840, the province of Holland was split into the two provinces of North Holland and South Holland. In 1855, the Haarlemmermeer was drained and turned into land, the capital and seat of the provincial government is Haarlem, and Amsterdam, the Netherlands capital city, is the provinces largest city. The Kings Commissioner of North Holland is Johan Remkes, there are 51 municipalities and three water boards in the province. For most of its history, the province of North Holland was an integral part of Holland.
From the 9th century to the 16th century, Holland was a county ruled by the counts of Holland, during this period an area known as West Friesland was conquered and integrated into Holland. For centuries afterwards Holland would be officially called Holland and West Friesland, the people of West Friesland had a strong sense of identity as a region within Holland. From the 16th century to 1795, Holland was the wealthiest and most important province in the United Provinces in the Dutch Republic, as the richest and most powerful province, Holland dominated the union. During this period a distinction was made between the North Quarter and the South Quarter, areas that roughly correspond to the two modern provinces. The province of North Holland as it is today has its origins in the period of French rule from 1795 to 1813 and this was a time of bewildering changes to the Dutch system of provinces. In 1795 the old order was swept away and the Batavian Republic was established, in the Constitution enacted on 23 April 1798, the old borders were radically changed.
The republic was reorganised into eight departments with roughly equal populations, Holland was split up into five departments named Texel, Delf, Schelde en Maas, and Rijn. The first three of these lay within the borders of the old Holland, the two were made up of parts of different provinces. In 1801 the old borders were restored when the department of Holland was created and this reorganisation had been short-lived, but it gave birth to the concept of breaking up Holland and making it a less powerful province. This time the two departments were called Amstelland and Maasland and this did not last long
Amsterdam-Zuid is a borough of Amsterdam, Netherlands. The borough was formed in 2010 as a merger of the former boroughs Oud-Zuid, the borough has almost 138,000 inhabitants. With 8,500 homes per square kilometer, it is one of the most densely populated boroughs of Amsterdam and it has the highest income per household of all boroughs in Amsterdam. Amsterdam-Zuid is the borough of Amsterdam situated to the south and southwest of the Singelgracht canal, the Singelgracht canal had been Amsterdams city border since the 17th century, when the Amsterdam canal belt was constructed. The taking down of the surrounding the Singelgracht, the outer canal. South of the wall, the first neighborhoods to develop were the Oude Pijp neighborhood, the neighborhood surrounding the Rijksmuseum. This area is now known as Oud Zuid. In 1917, the area was further developed southwards on the basis of Plan Zuid, berlages plan included wide streets lined with four-story apartment blocks for the middle class. The plan included public art to be installed in the new residential areas, between 1920 and 1940, the Plan Zuid neighborhoods of Nieuwe Pijp, Rivierenbuurt and Apollobuurt were constructed, with many buildings designed in Amsterdam School style.
This area is known as Nieuw Zuid. Another neighborhood built in the 1920s is the Hoofddorppleinbuurt, west of the Schinkel river and this neighborhood is part of Plan West, another urban expansion plan by Berlage which was designed for the western area of the city on the territory of the former municipality of Sloten. In the 1950s and 1960s, the Buitenveldert neighborhood and the smaller Prinses Irenebuurt became the last major developments in the southern part of the city. In 1961, the Amsterdam RAI Exhibition and Convention Centre opened, the A10 motorway, which runs through the southern borough, was constructed in 1962. In 1978, the first section of the Weesp–Leiden railway and the Amsterdam Zuid railway station opened along the part of the A10 motorway. In the 1990s and 2000s, the surrounding the railway station became the rapidly developing business district of Zuidas. Since the 2014 municipal elections, the councils have been abolished and replaced by smaller. The district committees are elected every four years, on the day as the citys central municipal council.
Each district committee elects three of its members to form an executive committee, the district committees jurisdiction is determined by the central municipal council