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Amstrad CPC

The Amstrad CPC is a series of 8-bit home computers produced by Amstrad between 1984 and 1990. It was designed to compete in the mid-1980s home computer market dominated by the Commodore 64 and the Sinclair ZX Spectrum, where it established itself in the United Kingdom, France and the German-speaking parts of Europe; the series spawned a total of six distinct models: The CPC464, CPC664, CPC6128 were successful competitors in the European home computer market. The 464plus and 6128plus, intended to prolong the system's lifecycle with hardware updates, were less successful, as was the attempt to repackage the plus hardware into a game console as the GX4000; the CPC models' hardware is based on the Zilog Z80A CPU, complemented with either 64 or 128 KB of RAM. Their computer-in-a-keyboard design prominently features an integrated storage device, either a compact cassette deck or 3 inch floppy disk drive; the main units were only sold bundled with either a colour, green-screen or monochrome monitor that doubles as the main unit's power supply.

Additionally, a wide range of first and third party hardware extensions such as external disk drives and memory extensions, was available. The CPC series was pitched against other home computers used to play video games and enjoyed a strong supply of game software; the comparatively low price for a complete computer system with dedicated monitor, its high resolution monochrome text and graphic capabilities and the possibility to run CP/M software rendered the system attractive for business users, reflected by a wide selection of application software. During its lifetime, the CPC series sold three million units; the philosophy behind the CPC series was twofold, firstly the concept was of an “all-in-one”, where the computer and its data storage device were combined in a single unit, sold with its own dedicated display monitor. Most home computers at that time such as Sinclair’s ZX series, the Commodore 64 and the BBC Micro relied on the use of the domestic television set and a separately connected tape recorder or disk drive.

In itself, the all-in-one concept was not new, having been seen before on business-oriented machines and the Commodore PET, but in the home computer space, it predated the Apple Macintosh by a year. Secondly, Amstrad founder Alan Sugar wanted the machine to resemble a “real computer, similar to what someone would see being used to check them in at the airport for their holidays”, for the machine to not look like “a pregnant calculator” – in reference to the Sinclair ZX81 and ZX Spectrum with their low cost, membrane-type keyboards; the CPC 464 sold more than two million units. The CPC 464 featured an internal cassette tape deck, it was introduced in June 1984 in the UK. Initial suggested retail prices for the CPC464 were GBP£249.00/DM899.00 with a green screen and GBP£359.00/DM1398.00 with a colour monitor. Following the introduction of the CPC6128 in late 1985, suggested retail prices for the CPC464 were cut by GBP£50.00/DM100.00. In 1990, the 464plus replaced the CPC 464 in the model line-up, production of the CPC 464 was discontinued.

The CPC664 features 64 KB RAM and an internal 3-inch floppy disk drive. It was introduced in May 1985 in the UK. Initial suggested retail prices for the CPC664 were GBP£339.00/DM1198.00 with a green screen and GBP£449.00/DM1998.00 with a colour monitor. After the successful release of the CPC464, consumers were asking for two improvements: more memory and an internal disk drive. For Amstrad, the latter was easier to realize. At the deliberately low-key introduction of the CPC664 in May 1985, the machine was positioned not only as the lowest-cost disk system but the lowest-cost CP/M 2.2 machine. In the Amstrad CPC product range the CPC664 complemented the CPC464, neither discontinued nor reduced in price. Compared to the CPC464, the CPC664's main unit has been redesigned, not only to accommodate the floppy disk drive but with a redesigned keyboard area. Touted as "ergonomic" by Amstrad's promotional material, the keyboard is noticeably tilted to the front with MSX-style cursor keys above the numeric keypad.

Compared to the CPC464's multicoloured keyboard, the CPC664's keys are kept in a much quieter grey and pale blue colour scheme. The back of the CPC664 main unit features the same connectors as the CPC464, with the exception of an additional 12V power lead. Unlike the CPC464's cassette tape drive that could be powered off the main unit's 5V voltage, the CPC664's floppy disk drive requires an additional 12V voltage; this voltage had to be separately supplied by an updated version of the bundled green screen/colour monitor. The CPC664 was only produced for six months. In late 1985, when the CPC6128 was introduced in Europe, Amstrad decided not to keep three models in the line-up, production of the CPC664 was discontinued; the CPC6128 features an internal 3-inch floppy disk drive. Aside from various hardware and firmware improvements, one of the CPC6128's most prominent features is the compatibility with the CP/M+ operating system that rendered it attractive for business uses; the CPC6128 was released in August 1985 and only sold in the US.

Imported and distributed by Indescomp, Inc. of Chicago, it was the first Amstrad product to be sold in the United States, a market that at the time was traditionally hostile towards European computer manufacturers. By the end of 1985, it replaced the CPC664 in the CPC model line-up. Initial suggested retail prices for the CPC6128 were US$699.00/£299.00/DM1598.00 with a green sc


Môtiers was a municipality in the district of Val-de-Travers in the canton of Neuchâtel in Switzerland. On 1 January 2009, the former municipalities of Boveresse, Couvet, Les Bayards, Môtiers, Saint-Sulpice and Travers merged to form the administrative district of Val-de-Travers; the old castle, dating in part from the 14th century, stands on a rock spur 1km due south of the village. Today the property of the canton of Neuchâtel, it is used to host cultural events. Since the ban on absinthe was lifted in March 2005, Môtiers has become the focal point of production and promotion of the fée verte. Acknowledging the fact that absinthe was illicitly distilled in the area for generations, the Val de Travers chose Môtiers for the national Maison de l'Absinthe, opened in July 2014 though neighbouring Couvet claims to be the place where the drink originated. Jean-Jacques Rousseau sought and found protection in Môtiers under Lord Keith, the local representative of the free-thinking Frederick the Great of Prussia.

While living in Môtiers, Rousseau was visited by James Boswell and drafted a Constitution for Corsica. After his house was stoned on the night of 6 September 1765, Rousseau left to seek refuge in Great Britain with David Hume, who found lodgings for him at a friend's country estate in Wootton in Staffordshire

Jim Johnson (ice hockey, born 1962)

James Erik Johnson is an American ice hockey coach and former player, most an assistant coach for the San Antonio Rampage. Johnson played junior hockey before playing for University of Minnesota Duluth with Brett Hull in 1984, he graduated from Robbinsdale Cooper High School in 1980. During career Johnson played for the Pittsburgh Penguins, Minnesota North Stars, Dallas Stars, Washington Capitals and Phoenix Coyotes. A defenseman, Johnson was signed as a free agent in 1985 by the Pittsburgh Penguins. In 1989 he was awarded the Aldege "Baz" Bastien Memorial Good Guy Award, he played for the Penguins until he was traded early in the 1990–91 NHL season to the Minnesota North Stars. He followed the North Stars franchise when it moved to Dallas in 1993, played with them until the trade deadline of the 1993–94 NHL season, when he was dealt to the Washington Capitals. Johnson played for two full seasons with the Capitals before signing with the Phoenix Coyotes as a free agent in 1996, retired two years later.

After retirement Johnson became a youth hockey coach in the state of Arizona. In that time he coached the VOSHA Mustangs to a USA Hockey Amateur National Championship back in 2005. Later on he became the director of the P. F. Chang's Partner / Co-Founder of On November 29, 2011, he replaced Bob Woods as an assistant coach of the Washington Capitals. On July 10, 2012, general manager Doug Wilson and head coach Todd McLellan named Johnson an assistant coach of the San Jose Sharks. On April 20, 2015, the team announced fired head coach Todd McLellan, assistant coaches Jim Johnson and Jay Woodcroft, as well as video coordinator Brett Heimlich. On June 25, 2015, the Edmonton Oilers appointed Jim Johnson and Jay Woodcroft as assistant coaches, rejoining the hired head coach Todd McLellan in Edmonton; the Oilers relieved Johnson and fellow assistant Ian Herbers of their coaching duties on April 27, 2018. In 2019, Johnson was hired as an assistant coach with the San Antonio Rampage in the American Hockey League.

Biographical information and career statistics from, or, or, or Legends of Hockey, or The Internet Hockey Database

Worst Year of My Life Again

Worst Year of My Life Again is an Australian children's television series that premiered on 26 April 2014 on ABC3. It was produced by the Australian Children's Television Foundation and Reflective Pictures for the Australian Broadcasting Corporation. Filming for the show began on 23 April 2013 at Camberwell High School and ended on 15 November 2013; the show aired on CBBC. On 18 October 2014, the show's cancellation was announced; when Alex King goes to bed on the eve of his 15th birthday, he is relieved that the last disastrous year is over. But when he wakes up, time has reset itself and he's going to have to relive the worst year of his life all over again. Ned Napier as Alex King, the main character who has the bad luck. Clumsy, awkward and impulsive, his attempts to alter the timeloop leads to disaster and humiliation for him. Laurence Boxhall as Simon Birch, Alex's main best friend, he is quick-witted and comical. He loves Alex's older sister, though she doesn't feel the same, he can be cocky and overconfident, which gets him into trouble often.

He claims to be of English heritage. Tiarnie Coupland as Maddy Kent, Alex's friend, she is intelligent, yet ditzy and spontaneous, with a bit of a bubbly side. She is trying to convince Alex that he doesn't belong with Nicola because she secretly has a liking towards him and explaining why the universe reset his year. Lana Golja as Nicola Grey, Alex's love interest. Blonde and beautiful, but self-centered and a snobbish bully, she was said to "stuff a kid in a small backpack." She was said to have, "stuck a sausage up a boy's nose!" She tolerates Alex but has no feelings for him. Xander Speight as Parker, the school bully. Parker and his assistant, humiliate Alex wherever they can, his last name or reasons for bullying are never revealed. Liam Erck as Howe, Parker's assistant Kaiting Yap as Loren, Nicola's snobbish friend Jessie Blott as Amy Nicola's rude friend Bellamy Duke as Big Hannah, an unusually tall, tough girl who has a crush on Alex. Fergus McLaren as Toby McPherson Arielle O'Neil as Samantha King, Alex's elder sister.

She is dominant over Alex despite him being taller than her. Sam seems to enjoy seeing her brother's antics turn into humiliation for him, whereas she has good fortunes. Like Parker, she picks on Alex and blackmails him for her own pleasures. Annie Jones as Johanna King and Sam's rather naive mother, she can be well-intentioned but rash. Jeremy Stanford as Lanford King and Sam's father, he has an unhealthy competitive streak that can work against him at times, leading to great humiliation. Syd Brisbane as Quinnford Norris, the school dean and math teacher. An bitter and disciplinary man, he gives detentions at the drop of a hat. Quinnford smiles, rather always having a scowl on his face, despies romance and art, believes all children deserve harsh punishments for goofing off, he has a deep hatred of Alex, treating him coldly for being late for class or just encountering him in the hall. His first name or why he hates Alex so are never mentioned; however it resulted from an incident from his past with Alex's father, his best friend.

Kingsley O'Connor as Troy, Seagate's own sporting superstar, captain of the boys' football team. However, his grades are less than adequate in other subjects. Worst Year of My Life Again on IMDb

Trimdon Grange

Trimdon Grange is a village in County Durham, in England. It is situated ten miles to the west of Hartlepool, a short distance to the north of Trimdon. At 14:40 on 16 February 1882 the Trimdon Grange colliery suffered a major explosion causing the deaths of 69 men and boys; the coroner reported to both houses of Parliament: The mine was a dusty mine and watering should have been daily but it was done "not in all places, but where it was necessary." The mine was not "more than ordinarily gassy", but there is some evidence that the identified points of leakage might have been points of accumulation from leaks elsewhere. The lamps in use were Davy pattern and naked lights called "midgies" in some areas; the coroner found no evidence. Good order and discipline prevailed in Trimdon Grange Colliery; the air pressure had been exceptionally low, the lowest it had been that month, falling to 29.10 inches of mercury on the morning of the explosion. The roof above the workings in the narrow pit district had been observed to be dangerous.

The inquest concluded: There is no room for doubt that the explosion had its origin in the Pit Narrow Board District, that it was caused by the diffusion of a sudden "squeeze" or outburst of gas forced, with accompanying dust, towards the working face by a heavy fall of roof over the northern edge of the Pit Narrow Board goaf, driven out with a velocity which sent the flame through a miner's lamp. The coroner further observed: the result of this inquiry is a further proof, if further proof were needed, that the Davy lamp affords no security whatever against the occurrence of grave disasters of a similar kind, that its employment in dusty mines during long-wall working operations, carried on under conditions of ventilation and roof formation similar to those prevailing in Trimdon Grange Colliery, ought to be prohibited. Not all the men were killed by the fire. After the explosion the burnt methane forms carbon monoxide; the resulting mixture will suffocate and kill. Indeed, the gas forced its way through a passage into the adjoining Kelloe Pit where six men lost their lives from the afterdamp.

The incident was recounted in the song "Trimdon Grange Explosion" by the local collier-bard Thomas "Tommy" Armstrong. Armstrong performed the song within a few days of the disaster in the local Mechanics' Hall; the lyrics of the song include an accounting of the events that took place, such as: Men and boys left home that morning For to earn their daily bread Little thought before the evening They'd be numbered with the deadThe song asks the local community to help out in the wake of the incident: God protect the lonely widow Help to raise each drooping head Be a Father to the orphans Never let them cry for breadThe song became known outside of Trimdon Grange and has been recorded by other artists, including Martin Carthy, The Mekons and Alan Price. There is a small wind farm near the village. Controversy arose in 2004 when the agent of the Prime Minister, Tony Blair, claimed the location was unsuitable. George Bradshaw, professional footballer Albert Brallisford, professional footballer who played for several clubs including Trimdon Grange Colliery between 1930 and 1934.

Peter Lee. Miner's leader, early Labour county councillor and Methodist local preacher, born in Trimdon Grange. National Archive lesson on life in Trimdon in the 19th century Trimdon Times a local on-line newspaper Media related to Trimdon Grange at Wikimedia Commons

Ramon Estevez

Ramón Luis Estevez, sometimes billed as Ramón Sheen, is an American actor and director who runs Estevez Sheen Productions. Estevez is the second of four children born to artist Janet Templeton, his siblings are actors Emilio Estevez, Charlie Sheen, Renée Estevez. His father is of Spanish descent. Estevez's movies include That Was Then... This Is Now and Cadence. In Cadence, he played a sycophantic "spineless corporal" to the stockade's commanding officer. Estevez was disguised in Cadence as a funny guard who wore glasses and "his hat most of the time" to prevent being recognized as Charlie Sheen's brother. In 1992, Estevez appeared in The Last P. O. W.? The Bobby Garwood Story, he appeared in Diamond Rio's 1996 video, "It's All in Your Head", has written songs for Diamond Rio. Estevez's plays include a 1982 Burt Reynolds Dinner Theatre performance in One Flew Over the Cuckoo's Nest. Estevez is involved in production development of Warner Bros.-affiliated company, Estevez Sheen Productions, a combination of both their real and stage names.

The production company is located in California. In 2010, Estevez approached Michael Ritchie about staging a play, The Subject Was Roses, at the Mark Taper Forum on the behalf of the production company Estevez runs for Martin Sheen called Estevez Sheen Productions. Martin Sheen created the play's Timmy on Broadway in 1964 and wanted to revisit it as Timmy's dad, John. In collaboration with Ritchie and Sheen, Estevez arranged for Brian Geraghty to play a role with Neil Pepe as the director; the play opened on February 2010, with Estevez in attendance. A 2011 Estevez Sheen Productions project was The Way with James Nesbitt written and directed by Emilio Estevez and starring Martin Sheen. Since 2012, Estevez is co-producing Anger Management with his brother Charlie Sheen, on FX. Film Television Ramon Estevez on IMDb Ramon Estevez at AllMovie Ramon Estevez NY Times Ramon Estevez at Rotten Tomatoes