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Anadarko, Oklahoma

Anadarko is a city in Caddo County, United States. This city is fifty miles southwest of Oklahoma City; the population was 6,762 at the 2010 census, a 1.8 percent gain from 6,645 at the 2000 census. It is the county seat of Caddo County. Anadarko got its name when its post office was established in 1873; the designation came from the Nadarko Native Americans, a branch of the Caddo, the "A" was added by clerical error. In 1871, the Wichita Agency was reestablished on the north bank of the Washita River after being destroyed in the American Civil War; the Wichita Agency administered the affairs of the Wichita and other tribes. In 1878, the Kiowa-Comanche Agency at Fort Sill was consolidated with the Wichita Agency. In 1901, the federal government allotted the lands of the Kiowa and Arapaho Reservations, opened the surplus land to white settlement. On August 6, 1901, an auction was held for homesteads and town lots. Around 5,000 people were living in "Rag Town" on the east edge of Anadarko awaiting the auction.

Although 20,000 people were present for auction day, Anadarko's population dwindled to 2,190 in 1907. Agriculture has been the principal driver of the local economy, since the Washita Valley has been good for crops and livestock; the second pillar of the local economy has been Native American affairs. As of the census of 2010, there were 6,762 people living in the city; the population density was 937 people per square mile. There were 2,800 housing units at an average density of 390.2 per square mile. The racial makeup of the city was 41.37% White, 6.23% African American, 41.26% Native American, 0.8% Asian, 0.03% Pacific Islander, 3.07% from other races, 7.80% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 9.15% of the population. There were 2,387 households out of which 36.3% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 43.6% were married couples living together, 20.2% had a female householder with no husband present, 30.6% were non-families. 27.1% of all households were made up of individuals and 13.6% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older.

The average household size was 2.72 and the average family size was 3.32. In the city, the population was spread out with 32.6% under the age of 18, 9.3% from 18 to 24, 25.8% from 25 to 44, 18.8% from 45 to 64, 13.5% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 32 years. For every 100 females, there were 87.9 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 81.3 males. The median income for a household in the city was $24,035, the median income for a family was $27,633. Males had a median income of $26,063 versus $17,666 for females; the per capita income for the city was $12,062. About 23.3% of families and 28.5% of the population were below the poverty line, including 38.8% of those under age 18 and 18.5% of those age 65 or over. Anadarko is the home of the Native American drum group Cozad Singers. Anadarko, self-titled "Indian Capital of the Nation", is home to the annual American Indian Exposition, it is one of two places in Oklahoma where a Lenape tribe is headquartered, the other being Bartlesville.

The city houses the National Hall of Fame for Famous American Indians. Anadarko is named after the Nadaco, a Caddo band now affiliated with the Caddo Nation. In the Caddo language, Nadá-kuh means "bumblebee place"; the Caddo are a federally recognized Native American tribe. Culturally, Anadarko is rare among Oklahoma cities. Locals are familiar with a few basic Indian words, such as haw-nay, Kiowa for "no." Wichita and Apache words are sometimes employed in casual conversation as well, such as hangy, ah-ho, bocote. Native American motifs are used for design and other aspects of daily life. Anadarko has a Bureau of Indian Affairs office; the town is situated between the Wichita and Delaware reservations to the north, the Kiowa and Apache reservations to the south. These reservations, along with all but the Osage Reservation in northeastern Oklahoma, were dismantled by the allotment of tribal lands to individual members, the opening of the "excess" lands to settlement, in a series of land openings.

The area surrounded by Anadarko was opened to settlement by a 1901 land lottery affecting the Kiowa, Comanche and Caddo lands. Anadarko is home to Riverside Indian School, a Bureau of Indian Education boarding and day school for Native American students. Indian City USA cultural center, now owned by the Kiowa Tribe, is located 2–1/2 miles southeast of Anadarko. Indian City is now closed. Anadarko Public Schools consists of three elementary schools, Sunset Elementary, East Elementary, Mission Elementary. There are 1,950 students. Eric Dabbs, former Oklahoma State University wrestler City of Anadarko Anadarko Chamber of Commerce Encyclopedia of Oklahoma History and Culture - Anadarko "Daily Democrat" newspaper hosted by the Gateway to Oklahoma History

Euphoria's Id

Euphoria's Id was an American garage rock band formed in Saco, Maine, in 1963. Remembered as a popular live attraction in the New England teen scene, the group released two singles in their recording career, including the band's regarded cover version of "Hey Joe". A favored inclusion on the New England Teen Scene compilation album series, a retrospective album was released in response to Euphoria's Id's reinterest; the band was active under the name the Electrons with a line-up that existed in 1963. Founding member Jay Snyder and David Wakefield were the only pieces of the first incarnation of the group to remain when personnel changes took place late in 1963; the line-up, which would record and remain for the duration of the group's existence, included Jimmy Drown, Skip Smith, Jimmy's cousin Terry Drown. Performing as the Nomads, the band became known as the Id in late-1964; as the Id became a well-attended attraction, the group received a role as house band at the teen dance club Trudeau's and hosted a series of dances called the Cherry a-Go-Go.

Among the musical acts the Id opened for were Herman's Hermits, Chubby Checker, the Strangeloves. According to Snyder in an interview with music historian Mike Dugo, the group's sound "was all about Jimmy’s single-coil, chunky-sounding Fender Strat, he was both a lead and rhythm player with deep roots into rock guitar traditions". He mentions "an organ, droning; that came about because of a harmonium drone part I heard and loved on Rubber Soul". In 1965, the Id entered Triple A Studios in Dorchester, Massachusetts to record their debut single, which included a cover version of "Morning Dew" and the proto-punk original "I Just Don't Understand You Baby". Although the release was regionally successful, it was Snyder's composition "Deception's Ice" and a cover version of "Hey Joe" which the band became best-remembered for. Per Jimmy Drown's suggestion, the Id's rendition featured a Byrds-inspired raga guitar line, with lyrics on par with the Shadows of Knight's take on the tune. Released under the name Euphoria's Id on Eadit Records in 1966, "Deception's Ice" in more recent times is catalogued at number 221 on the G45 Central website's 1,000 rarest garage records.

The group's rendition has swelled in popularity among garage rock revivalists, as it appears on compilation albums such as Pebbles, Volume 22, New England Teen Scene, I'm Losing Tonight! Volume 6; the website describes the cover as a "standout in a pack of heavyweight'Hey Joe' contenders". In September 1966, Euphoria's Id was forced to disband after Jimmy and Terry Drown were drafted to fight in the Vietnam War. Although the group considered reforming upon their return, Terry Drown was killed in combat a year later. Snyder and Smith continued jamming at University of Maine in the group Fate; the band recorded a test-pressing of Sgt. Death, a protest album focusing predominantly on the Vietnam War. Intended to be issued in 1968, the album was scrapped, but released 30 years on Rockadelic Records. After the death of Jim Drown in 2003, Snyder was encouraged to release an album which configured all of Euphoria's Id's recorded material. Issued on his own record label, Mastering the Art of French Kissing features the band's released songs as well as unreleased early rehearsal tapes.

Among the tracks is "Don't Count on Me", an original tune that bears a strong resemblance to the Standells' "Dirty Water". Euphoria's Id's song was recorded and performed live two years prior to the Standells releasing their hit song

John Freeman Loutit

John Freeman Loutit CBE FRS FRCP Also known as'Ian'. was an Australian haematologist and radiobiologist. He was born in the son of a locomotive engineer, he contributed to the development of improved techniques for the storage and transfusion of blood during the Second World War. After the war he became a leading researcher in the novel field of radiobiology, he established and ran the Medical Research Council's Radiobiology Unit at Harwell from 1947 to 1969. He gave the 1969 Bradshaw Lecture to the Royal College of Physicians on the subject of malignancies caused by radium, he was elected a Fellow of the Royal Society in 1963. His candidature citation read: Distinguished for his experimental studies of tissue transplantation after lethal doses of ionising radiation. Skilful experiments led Loutit to form the opinion that, contrary to the prevailing view, the survival of irradiated mice after the implantation of haematropoietic tissue was due to colonization by living cells; the truth of this interpretation has been confirmed.

Loutit was the first to recognize'secondary disease' in irradiated mice restored by the transplantation of foreign cells, his interpretation of the disease as the consequence of a reaction of the grafted cells against their recipient is now accepted. Loutit has further shown that a substantial proportion of mice with leukaemia can be cured by whole body irradiation followed by the grafting of bone marrow cells. Earlier, he separated the mechanisms of origin of congenital haemolytics and acquired icterus and developed a practical method of increasing the storage time of bllod for transfusion. Loutit's work is fundamental to an understanding of the mechanism and repair of radiation injury and has important bearings on immunology and the study of leukaemias, he died in 1992. He had married Thelma Salusbury in 1941. Blood bank